Hélène Thomas-Guyon

Hélène Thomas-Guyon
La Rochelle Université · LIENSs

About

103
Publications
13,125
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2,716
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Publications

Publications (103)
Preprint
Full-text available
This study evaluated the toxicity of dispersant application which is, in nearshore area, a controversial response technique to oil spill. Through an experimental approach with juveniles of Liza aurata, the toxicity of five exposure conditions was evaluated: (i) a chemically dispersed oil simulating dispersant application; (ii) a single dispersant a...
Preprint
Full-text available
The decrease of ice cover in the Arctic will lead to an increase of ship traffic in the upcoming decades. Consequently, oil pollution is expected. In this context, the goals of this study were to evaluate the biological impact of marine diesel contamination and, on this basis, to determine analytical tools of interest (biomarkers) for future biomon...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although the variegated scallop Mimachlamys varia seems to be a suitable sentinel species for contaminants monitoring, no study identified valuable responding biomarkers in this species. In order to fill this gap, this study conducted an in situ biomarker approach. M. varia were collected in contaminated and uncontaminated areas and responsiveness...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dispersant use is a controversial technique used to respond to oil spills in nearshore areas. In order to assess the toxicity of this technique, this study evaluated the cardiac toxicological effects on juvenile golden grey mullets Liza aurata exposed for 48 h to either dispersant alone, chemically dispersed oil, mechanically dispersed oil, the wat...
Preprint
Full-text available
In ectotherms, temperature modulates oxidative stress, a key driver of aging. However, the effects of temperature on oxidative stress have not been investigated at several life stages of an ectotherm. In order to improve understanding of aging processes, we conducted a cross-sectional study in short-lived ectotherm vertebrates, the killifish Nothob...
Article
The variegated scallop Mimachlamys varia (Linnaeus, 1758) lives in soft sediments of the subtidal zone and is known to accumulate contaminants. Previous ecotoxicological studies have indicated that this species is a good candidate for biomonitoring along the French Atlantic coast. The species is a potential model for evaluating the effects of chemi...
Article
Full-text available
Wastewater treatment plant effluents from urban area are a well-known source of chronic multiple micropollution to the downstream living organisms. In this study, ecologically relevant laboratory-bred freshwater gastropods, Lymnaea stagnalis, were exposed for 29 days to raw effluents of a wastewater treatment plant in Lyon area (France). A time-cou...
Article
Increasing activity along the French Atlantic coast has led to chronic pollution with, in particular, mixtures of con- taminants such as hydrocarbons, phytosanitary products, PCBs and heavy metals. Based on previous research, pollution biomarkers were used in this study as they can indicate health status when monitoring the impact of pollutants on...
Article
This work was designed to investigate biological impacts on blue mussels (Mytilus edulis spp) after being exposed to diesel spill. On December 2013, an 180,000-litre accidental acute diesel spill was reported in a small harbour of northern Norway (Skjervøy). In order to assess the biological effects on the wild population of blue mussels, bivalves...
Article
In ectotherms, temperature modulates oxidative stress, a key driver of aging. However, the effects of temperature on oxidative stress have not been investigated at several life stages of an ectotherm. In order to improve understanding of aging processes, we conducted a cross-sectional study in short-lived ectotherm vertebrates, the killifish Nothob...
Article
The impact of dispersed crude oil and dispersant on adult Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, was evaluated through an integrative biomarker approach including (1) biochemical (plasma catecholase- and laccase-type phenoloxidase and superoxide dismutase), (2) histological (digestive cell lysosomal responses, digestive gland histopathology) and (3) p...
Article
The production of melanin is a complex process involving biochemical cascades, such as the pro-phenoloxidase (proPO) system, and enzymes, such as phenoloxidases (POs). Different studies have shown a strong correlation between the decrease in PO activities and the occurrence of diseases in bivalve invertebrates, leading to mortalities in the host. R...
Article
Metallothioneins and vitellogenins are low molecular weight proteins that have been used widely in environmental monitoring as biomarkers of exposure and damage to metals and estrogenic compounds, respectively. In the present study, the responses of metallothionein and vitellogenin tissue concentrations were measured following acute (96h) aqueous e...
Article
Evaluating diffuse sediment contamination in the environment is a major concern with the aim of reaching a good chemical and ecological state of the littoral zone. In this study the risks of chronic chemical contamination and consequences in the bivalves Crassostrea gigas, Mytilus sp. and Mimachlamys varia were evaluated in coastal environments. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The decrease of ice cover in polar areas is expected to lead to an increase in ship traffic. In this context, the risk associated with exposure of the aquatic environment to oil-related chemicals from spills and/or accidental fuel discharges from ships will increase in the near future, potentially causing negative impacts on sensitive Arctic specie...
Article
Full-text available
In order to evaluate the potential toxicity of dispersant application in an oil slick in near-shore areas, this study presents an experimental system designed to perform toxicity tests on fish. Three possible oil spill scenario issues during an oil spill were tested on juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax); the Water Soluble Fraction of oil; the...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the effects of chronic chemical contamination on natural populations of marine organisms is complex due to the combined effects of different types of pollutants and environmental parameters that can modulate the physiological responses to stress. Here, we present the effects of a chronic contamination in a marine bivalve by combining...
Data
Detailed methodologies for biochemical material preparation, genetic analysis, pollutant measurements and biomarker assessments. (DOCX)
Data
Supplementary results for organic contaminants concentrations. (DOCX)
Data
Individual data for biomarker levels and metal concentrations. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
The decrease of ice cover in the Arctic will lead to an increase of ship traffic in the upcoming decades. Consequently, oil pollution is expected. In this context, the goals of this study were to evaluate the biological impact of marine diesel contamination and, on this basis, to determine analytical tools of interest (biomarkers) for future biomon...
Article
Full-text available
Dispersant application is used as a response technique to minimize the environmental risk of an oil spill. In nearshore areas, dispersant application is a controversial countermeasure: environmental benefits are counteracted by the toxicity of dispersant use. The effects of the use of chemical dispersant on meiobenthic organisms and nematodes were...
Article
Contaminant effects on defence responses of ecologically and economically important organisms, such as the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, are likely to influence their ability to resist infectious diseases, particularly at the young stages. The aim of this study was to explore the potential relationships between organic contaminants accumulated...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to take biological risks in deployment of resources into account, and to manage the representativeness of scientific work for decision aid with multiple kinds of crisis situation and pollutant, hazardous and noxious substances (HNS), radionuclide, etc. Maritime pollutions have a strong impact on coastal populations. The C...
Book
Identifying efficient solutions to protect coastal regions from marine pollution requires expertise from a range of specialties and strategic approaches. This book gathers information on the impact of oil spills at a coastal level from different experts’ points of view, identifying synergies between domains such as mathematics, numerical modeling,...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to synthesize results from seven published research papers employing different experimental approaches to evaluate the fate of metal-based nanoparticles (Ag NPs, Au NPs, CuO NPs, CdS NPs, ZnO NPs) in the marine environment and their effects on two marine endobenthic species, the bivalve Scrobicularia plana and the rag...
Article
Dispersant use is a controversial oil spill response technique in coastal areas. Using an experimental approach, this study evaluated the toxicity of dispersant use upon juveniles of golden grey mullet (Liza aurata). Fish were exposed for 48h to either dispersant only, chemically dispersed oil, mechanically dispersed oil, the water soluble fraction...
Article
Full-text available
Dispersant use is a controversial technique used to respond to oil spills in nearshore areas. In order to assess the toxicity of this technique, this study evaluated the cardiac toxicological effects on juvenile golden grey mullets Liza aurata exposed for 48 h to either dispersant alone, chemically dispersed oil, mechanically dispersed oil, the wat...
Article
This study evaluated the toxicity of dispersant application which is, in nearshore area, a controversial response technique to oil spill. Through an experimental approach with juveniles of Liza aurata, the toxicity of five exposure conditions was evaluated: (i) a chemically dispersed oil simulating dispersant application; (ii) a single dispersant a...
Article
In order to identify biomarkers of oil pollution in fish we tested the effects of an experimental Light Cycle Oil (LCO) exposure on vertebral bone of sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax L. A total of 60 adult fish were acclimated for fifteen days, then twenty were collected as controls (Day 0) while 40 were exposed to a soluble fraction of LCO (1136 ng...
Article
Phenoloxidases (POs) are a group of copper proteins including tyrosinase, catecholase and laccase. In several insects and crustaceans, antibacterial substances are produced through the PO cascade, participating in the direct killing of invading microorganisms. However, although POs are widely recognised as an integral part of the invertebrate immun...
Article
Hydrocarbons are major contaminants that may affect biota at various trophic levels in estuaries and coastal ecosystems. The effects of accidental pollution by light cycle oil (LCO), a refined product of heavy fuel oil, on bioaccumulation, depuration processes and immune-related parameters in the European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, were invest...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chemically dispersed oil on an economically and ecologically important species inhabiting coasts and estuaries, the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Studies were carried out with juveniles, known to generally be more sensitive to environmental stress than adults. A set of enzyme activities invol...
Article
Dispersant use in nearshore areas is likely to increase the exposure of aquatic organisms to petroleum. To measure the toxicity of this controversial response technique, golden grey mullets (Liza aurata) were exposed to mechanically dispersed oil, chemically dispersed oil, dispersant alone in seawater, water-soluble fraction of oil and to seawater...
Article
Dispersing an oil slick is considered to be an effective response to offshore oil spills. However, in nearshore areas, dispersant application is a controversial countermeasure: environmental benefits are counteracted by the toxicity of dispersant use. In our study, the actual toxicity of the dispersant response technique in the nearshore areas was...
Article
Full-text available
Dispersants are often used after oil spills. To evaluate the environmental cost of this operation in nearshore habitats, the experimental approach conducted in this study exposed juvenile golden grey mullets (Liza aurata) for 48 h to chemically dispersed oil (simulating, in vivo, dispersant application), to dispersant alone in seawater (as an inter...
Article
Phenoloxidases (POs) are a family of enzymes including tyrosinases, catecholases and laccases, which play an important role in immune defence mechanisms in various invertebrates. The aim of this study was to thoroughly identify the PO-like activity present in the hemolymph of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, by using different substrates (i.e....
Article
Full-text available
In this study, a suite of sublethal stress biomarkers were analyzed in juveniles of the sentinel species, the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, with a view to using them as pollution monitoring tools. The aim of this work was (1) to study baseline seasonal variations of biomarkers in different body compartments of C. gigas in the reference site and...
Article
The prophenoloxidase (proPO) system catalyzing the melanin production is considered as implicated in the innate immune system in invertebrates. The phenoloxidase (PO)-like activity was detected in the cuttlefish embryo sampled at the end of the organogenesis and few hours before hatching. Various modulators of the PO activity were used to assess th...
Article
The effects of a soluble fraction of light cycle oil (LCO) on haemocyte parameters, phenoloxidase (PO) activity and mRNA expression of immune-related genes, in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, were tested after seven days of exposure and two weeks of recovery period. Five polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) out of ten detected in tank wat...
Article
Dispersants transfer oil from the water surface into the water column and consequently modify hydrocarbons petroleum fish uptake. It appears that toxicity will depend on whether oil dispersion increases or decreases the exposure of aquatic species to the toxic components of oil. Lethal bioassays were conducted on Liza aurata. During 48 h, fish were...
Article
The presence of phenoloxidase (PO) activity was detected in different developmental stages of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. A significant reduction in PO activity was observed from the 6h embryo stage to the day 11 larvae by spectrophotometry. A progressive increase was also observed from the day 13 larvae right through to the juvenile sta...
Article
The European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, and the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, were exposed to a soluble fraction of heavy fuel oil for 5 and 9 days, respectively. The organisms were then transferred to non-contaminated seawater for 1 month. The bioaccumulation and elimination of PAHs in contaminated tissues were dissimilar between species...
Article
The in vitro effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on two plasmatic immune parameters, lysozyme concentration and haemolytic alternative complement activity, of the European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, were tested using field (10(-7) and 10(-9) mg mL(-1)) and high concentrations (10(-3) and 10(-5) mg mL(-1)) observed during oil spi...
Article
The in vitro effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on haemocyte and haemolymphatic parameters of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, were tested using field concentrations (10(-7) and 10(-9) mg mL(-1)) observed in the Marennes-Oleron Basin (Charente-Maritime, France) and high concentrations (10(-3) and 10(-5) mg mL(-1)) observed dur...