Hélène Macher

Hélène Macher
National Institute of Applied Science | INSA · Civil Engineering and Surveying

Surveying engineer - PhD

About

29
Publications
22,183
Reads
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647
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - January 2021
National Institute of Applied Science
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
February 2018 - July 2018
Carleton University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • New Paradigm/New Tools for Architectural Conservation: SSHRC Training Program
February 2017 - February 2018
National Institute of Applied Science
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • http://meurthe.crai.archi.fr/wordpressFr/Urbania/
Education
February 2014 - February 2017
University of Strasbourg
Field of study
  • Surveying
September 2008 - September 2013

Publications

Publications (29)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The simulation of the energy balance at the scale of a street become a huge issue. The accurate geometry of the area, detailed atmospheric measurements, and eco-physiological information are necessary to perform faithful simulations. In addition, thermal images showing surface temperatures are also of highly interest to analyse the energy balance b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While BIM (Building Information Modelling) appears as a solution to reduce the cost and environmental impact of buildings, its implementation on existing buildings is still a major challenge. In the last five years, an important number of publications on the topic have been published. This paper proposes an up-to-date overview about the automation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mangrove forests play an important role in the balance of biodiversity. However, they are threatened by agriculture, aquaculture, urbanization and global warming. That’s why it is imperative to monitor this ecosystem and understand how it evolves in the face of these threats in order to better preserve it. The traditional methods are invasive and t...
Article
Full-text available
Documentation of heritage objects has advanced significantly with the invention and development of many 3D sensors and processing algorithms. These technical advancements are of the utmost interest for cultural heritage stakeholders; knowledge transfer between key players is therefore essential and is indeed the main philosophy behind the CIPA Heri...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, 3D acquisition methods involving different types of scanners have undergone a phenomenal technological growth. Nowadays, mobile acquisition devices are popular because of their ease of use and their fairly competitive cost. Static scanners provide higher accuracy and more detail, but the acquisition time required with these systems...
Article
Full-text available
The detection of openings based on point clouds is generally based on geometric features namely the X, Y and Z coordinates of points. Existing methods exploit geometric features but ignore most of the time other attributes as colour and intensity. Such information may be however particularly interesting to recognise and segment openings in facades....
Article
Full-text available
Heritage documentation has benefitted greatly from significant developments in sensor technology during the past two decades. Miniaturisation of sensors is also an important aspect in the development of low cost sensors, always interesting in heritage projects where budgetary constraints are often present. Among these sensors, the solid-state lidar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With their high recording rate of hundreds of thousands of points acquired per second, speed of execution and a remote acquisition mode, SLAM based mobile mapping systems (MMS) are a very powerful solution for capturing 3D point clouds in real time, simply by walking in the area of interest. Regarding indoor surveys, these MMS have been integrated...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of building renovation, energy audits of buildings are performed in order to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Infrared cameras allow analyzing precisely the energetic performances and the thermal comfort of a building and the analysis of thermal images of buildings represents a key step on the way to the reduct...
Article
Built heritage documentation involves the 3D modelling of the geometry (typically using 3D computer graphics, photogrammetry and laser scanning techniques) and information management of semantic knowledge (i.e., using Geographic Information System (GIS) and ontology tools). The recent developed Building Information Modelling (BIM) technique combine...
Article
Full-text available
Laser scanning and photogrammetry methods have seen immense development in the last years. From bulky inaccessible systems, these two 3D recording systems has become more or less ubiquitous, which is also the case in the heritage domain. However, automation in point cloud classification and semantic annotation remains a much studied topic. In this...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of building renovation, infrared (IR) cameras are widely used to perform the energy audit of buildings. They allow analysing precisely the energetic performances of existing buildings and thermal analyses represent a key step for the reduction of energy consumption. They are also used to assess the thermal comfort of people living or...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As the use of building information model (BIM) for architectural heritage becomes more relevant, this paper explores different solutions to further automatize the modelling process. The scan-to-BIM process still requires manual intervention that is time consuming, subject to errors and user-dependent. In this paper, the main focus is the automated...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The use of remote sensors to acquire metric information for building information modelling (BIM) of heritage buildings is now common. Problematically, the creation of models from that information is still largely a manual and non-quantifiable process. As a result, a key aspect of the scan-to-BIM process is verification of the accuracy of the model...
Article
Full-text available
The creation of as-built Building Information Models requires the acquisition of the as-is state of existing buildings. Laser scanners are widely used to achieve this goal since they permit to collect information about object geometry in form of point clouds and provide a large amount of accurate data in a very fast way and with a high level of det...
Article
Full-text available
The French collection of Plan-Reliefs, scale models of fortified towns, constitutes a precious testimony of the history of France. The aim of the URBANIA project is the valorisation and the diffusion of this Heritage through the creation of virtual models. The town scale model of Strasbourg at 1/600 currently exhibited in the Historical Museum of S...
Thesis
Full-text available
La création d'une maquette numérique d'un bâtiment existant nécessite le relevé du bâtiment. Le scanner laser terrestre est largement utilisé pour atteindre cet objectif. Il permet d'obtenir la géométrie des objets sous forme de nuages de points. Il fournit une grande quantité de données précises de manière très rapide et avec un niveau élevé de dé...
Article
Full-text available
Laser scanners are widely used for the modelling of existing buildings and particularly in the creation process of as-built BIM (Building Information Modelling). However, the generation of as-built BIM from point clouds involves mainly manual steps and it is consequently time consuming and error-prone. Along the path to automation, a three steps se...
Article
Full-text available
Laser scanners are widely used for the modelling of existing buildings and particularly in the creation process of as-built BIM (Building Information Modelling). However, the generation of as-built BIM from point clouds involves mainly manual steps and it is consequently time consuming and error-prone. Along the path to automation, a three steps se...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we discuss the potential of integrating both semantically rich models from Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to build the detailed 3D historic model. BIM contributes to the creation of a digital representation having all physical and functional building characteristics in several dimensio...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, RGB-D cameras - also called range imaging cameras - have known a permanent evolution. Because of their limited cost and their ability to measure distances at a high frame rate, such sensors are especially appreciated for applications in robotics or computer vision. The Kinect v1 (Microsoft) release in November 2010 promoted the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, the 3D documentation of the full structure of the Romanesque church of Dugny-sur-Meuse is discussed. In 2012 and 2013, a 3D recording project was carried out under the supervision of the Photogrammetry and Geomatics Research Group from INSA Strasbourg (France) in cooperation with C. Kraemer, archaeologist from Nancy (France). The goa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, a three steps segmentation approach is proposed in order to create 3D models from point clouds acquired by TLS inside buildings. The three scales of segmentation are floors, rooms and planes composing the rooms. First, floor segmentation is performed based on analysis of point distribution along Z axis. Then, for each floor, room seg...
Conference Paper
3D modeling of objects such as statues, moldings or ornaments, answers to a need of documentation and analysis in the field of cultural heritage. Several sensors based on different technologies are used to obtain information on the geometry of an object in form of point clouds: laser scanners, digital cameras or more recently RGB-D cameras. Among t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RGB-D cameras, also known as range imaging cameras, are a recent generation of sensors. As they are suitable for measuring distances to objects at high frame rate, such sensors are increasingly used for 3D acquisitions, and more generally for applications in robotics or computer vision. This kind of sensors became popular especially since the Kinec...
Article
This paper presents a semi-automatic approach for creating a 3D model from point clouds. The proposed approach consists in the development of two successive algorithms. First, the segmentation of the point cloud in geometric primitives is made based on RANSAC paradigm. Then, in a modelling step, the geometric primitives are used for either surface...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a semi-automatic approach for creating a 3D model from point clouds. The proposed approach consists in the development of two successive algorithms. First, the segmentation of the point cloud in geometric primitives is made based on RANSAC paradigm. Then, in a modelling step, the geometric primitives are used for either surface...

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