Helena Stabile

Helena Stabile
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Molecular Medicine

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56
Publications
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1,534
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Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
NKG2D ligands play a relevant role in Natural Killer (NK) cell-mediated immune surveillance of multiple myeloma (MM). Different levels of regulation control the expression of these molecules at cell surface. A number of oncogenic proteins and miRNAs act as negative regulators of NKG2D ligand transcription and translation, but the molecular mechanis...
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies and leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Despite its complex pathogenesis and progression, CRC represents a well-fitting example of how the immune contexture can dictate the disease outcome. The presence of cytotoxic lymphocytes, both CD8+ T cells and natural killer (NK) c...
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Type 1 innate lymphoid cells (ILC1) are tissue-resident lymphocytes which provide early protection against bacterial and viral infections. Discrete transcriptional states of ILC1 have been identified in homeostatic and pathological contexts. However, whether these states delineate ILC1 with different functional properties is not completely understo...
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Rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton is critical for cytotoxic and immunoregulatory functions as well as migration of Natural Killer (NK) cells. However, dynamic reorganization of actin is a complex process which remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the role of the protein Cereblon (CRBN), an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex co-receptor and...
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Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are innate lymphocytes playing essential functions in protection against microbial infections and participate in both homeostatic and pathological contexts, including tissue remodeling, cancer, and inflammatory disorders. A number of lineage-defining transcription factors concur to establish transcriptional networks whi...
Article
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and tissue-resident natural killer (NK) cells ensure immunity at environmental interfaces and help maintain barrier integrity of the intestinal tract. This wide range of innate lymphocytes is able to provide fast and potent inflammatory responses that, when deregulated, have been associated with pathogenesis of inflamma...
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Abstract: The Ikaros zing-finger family transcription factors (IKZF TFs) are important regulators of lymphocyte development and differentiation and are also highly expressed in B cell malignancies, including Multiple Myeloma (MM), where they are required for cancer cell growth and survival. Moreover, IKZF TFs negatively control the functional pr...
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Background: Personalised medicine in oncology needs standardised immunological assays. Flow cytometry (FCM) methods represent an essential tool for immunomonitoring, and their harmonisation is crucial to obtain comparable data in multicentre clinical trials. The objective of this study was to design a harmonisation workflow able to address the mos...
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Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) strongly contribute to multiple myeloma (MM) progression, promoting the survival and growth of malignant plasma cells (PCs). However, the possible impact of these cells on the immune-mediated recognition of MM cells remains largely unknown. DNAM-1 activating receptor plays a prominent role in NK cell anti-MM respon...
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CD155 is an adhesion molecule belonging to the Nectin/Nectin-like family often overexpressed on tumor cells and involved in many different processes such as cell adhesion, migration and proliferation. In contrast to these pro-tumorigenic functions, CD155 is also a ligand for the activating receptor DNAM-1 expressed on cytotoxic lymphocytes includin...
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Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β is a central immunosuppressive cytokine within tumor microenvironment inhibiting the expansion and function of major cellular components of adaptive and innate immune system. Among them, compelling evidence has demonstrated that TGF-β is a key regulator of natural killer (NK) cells, innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) wi...
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T-cell-depleted (TCD) human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haploidentical (haplo) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) (TCD-haplo-HSCT) has had a huge impact on the treatment of many haematological diseases. The adoptive transfer of a titrated number of T cells genetically modified with a gene suicide can improve immune reconstitution and repres...
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The immune system employs an array of effector cells to ensure tissue homeostasis and protection against pathogens. Lymphocytes belonging to both the adaptive and innate branches share several functions, comprising the ability to directly kill stressed or transformed cells, and to provide helper responses through specific production of cytokines. T...
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DNA damage and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are key mechanisms of apoptotic cell death by commonly used genotoxic drugs. However, the complex cellular response to these pharmacologic agents remains yet to be fully characterized. Several studies have described the role of transcription factor octamer-1 (Oct-1)/Pit-1, Oct-1/2, and...
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Natural Killer (NK) cells play a pivotal role in the immunosurveillance of Multiple Myeloma (MM), but it is still undefined whether the NK cell functional properties underlying their protective activity against MM are confined to distinct NK cell populations. Interestingly, herein we report that the CD56lowCD16low NK cell subset displayed higher cy...
Article
Study question: Have decidual natural killer (dNK) cells a different microRNA (miRNA or miR) expression pattern compared to NK cells circulating in the peripheral blood (pb) of healthy pregnant women in the first trimester of gestation? Summary answer: dNK cells have a unique miRNA profile, showing exclusive expression of a set of miRNAs and sig...
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Immunity to pathogens is ensured through integration of early responses mediated by innate cells and late effector functions taking place after terminal differentiation of adaptive lymphocytes. In this context, innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and adaptive T cells represent a clear example of how prototypical effector functions, including polarized exp...
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Natural Killer cells (NK) are innate effector cells with a critical role in immunosurveillance against different kinds of cancer cells, including Multiple Myeloma (MM). However, the number and/or function of these lymphocytes are strongly reduced during MM progression and in advanced clinical stages. A better understanding of the mechanisms control...
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Natural killer (NK) cells are cytotoxic members of type I innate lymphocytes (ILC1) with a prominent role in anti-tumor and anti-viral immune responses. Despite the increasing insight into NK cell biology, the steps and stages leading to mature circulating NK cells require further investigation. Natural killer cell development and functional matura...
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Three groups of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) can be defined based on transcription factor requirements, cytokine production profiles, and roles in immunity. Given their strategic anatomical location into barrier tissues and the ability to rapidly produce cytokines and to cross-talk with other immune and non-immune cells, ILCs play fundamental funct...
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Natural Killer cells are innate lymphocytes involved in tumor immunosurveillance. They express activating receptors able to recognize self-molecules poorly expressed on healthy cells but up-regulated upon stress conditions, including transformation. Regulation of ligand expression in tumor cells mainly relays on transcriptional mechanisms, while th...
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We recently described the CD56lowCD16low subset of Natural Killer (NK) cells that both mediate cytotoxic activity and produce IFNγ, being more abundant in bone marrow (BM) than in peripheral blood (PB) of pediatric normal subjects. Given the multifunctional properties of this subset, we examined its development and functional recovery in a cohort o...
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The tumor microenvironment consists of both malignant and non-malignant cells and a plethora of soluble mediators. Different types of tumors have specific tumor microenvironments characterized by distinct chemokines and chemotactic factors that influence leukocyte recruitment. The immune cell infiltrate continuously interacts with stroma cells and...
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2017): High expression levels of IP10/CXCL10 are associated with modulation of the natural killer cell compartment in multiple myeloma, Leukemia & Lymphoma To link to this article: http://dx.
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Natural killer (NK) cells, the prototypic member of innate lymphoid cells, are important effectors of anticancer immune response. These cells can survey and control tumor initiation due to their capability to recognize and kill malignant cells and to regulate the adaptive immune response via cytokines and chemokines release. However, several studie...
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Table of contents MELANOMA BRIDGE 2015 KEYNOTE SPEAKER PRESENTATIONS Molecular and immuno-advances K1 Immunologic and metabolic consequences of PI3K/AKT/mTOR activation in melanoma Vashisht G. Y. Nanda, Weiyi Peng, Patrick Hwu, Michael A. Davies K2 Non-mutational adaptive changes in melanoma cells exposed to BRAF and MEK inhibitors help the establi...
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The identification of activation pathways linked to anti-tumor T-cell polyfunctionality in long surviving patients is of great relevance in the new era of immunotherapy. We have recently reported that dacarbazine (DTIC) injected one day before peptide-vaccination plus IFN-α improves the anti-tumor lytic activity and enlarges the repertoire of Melan...
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Treatment of hematological malignant disorders has been improved over the last years, but high relapse rate mainly attributable to the presence of minimal residual disease still persists. Therefore, it is of great interest to explore novel therapeutic strategies to obtain long-term remission. Immune effector cells, and especially natural killer (NK...
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Natural killer cells (NKs) are important effectors of the innate immune system with marked anti-tumor activity. Imaging NKs trafficking in vivo may be relevant to follow-up the efficacy of new therapeutic approaches aiming at increasing tumor-infiltrating NKs (TINKs). Specific aims of present study were (1) to efficiently target NKs using a (99m)Tc...
Article
We phenotypically and functionally characterized a distinct CD56low natural killer cell subset based on CD16 expression levels in bone marrow and peripheral blood of healthy children and pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Our findings demonstrate for the first time that CD56lowCD16low natural killer cells are more abundant in bon...
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Herein, we phenotypically and functionally characterize a distinct CD56low natural killer cell subset based on CD16 expression levels in bone marrow and peripheral blood of healthy children and pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Our findings for the first time demonstrate that CD56lowCD16low natural killer cells are more abundant...
Article
In this study, we have dissected the mature CD56 NK cell subsets based on the expression levels of CD16, one of the major NK cell activating receptor. We analyzed the phenotypic and functional profile of CD56brightCD16low, CD56brightCD16high, CD56dimCD16high and CD56dimCD16low NK cells in the peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) from healthy...
Article
Context: Although decidual natural killer (NK) cell accumulation and vascular remodeling are critical steps to ensure successful pregnancy, the molecular mechanisms controlling these events are poorly defined. Objective: Herein we analyzed whether chemerin, a recently identified chemoattractant involved in many pathophysiological processes, coul...
Chapter
Natural killer (NK) cells are a small subset of lymphocytes that represent critical effector cells of innate immunity as they are endowed with the ability to mediate cytotoxic activity and to secrete a variety of cytokines and chemokines. NK cells' prompt response, without the need for prior activation, represents a first line of defence against mi...
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Fetal trophoblast cells invading the decidua in the early phase of pregnancy establish complex interaction with the maternal extracellular matrix. We discovered that C1q was widely distributed in human decidual stroma in the absence of C4 and C3 and was actively synthesized by migrating extravillous trophoblasts. The cells expressed the messages fo...
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We analyzed the involvement of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp), a critical regulator of actin cytoskeleton remodeling, in the control of natural killer (NK)-cell migration. NK cells derived from patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome/X-linked thrombocytopenia (WAS/XLT), carrying different mutations in the WASP coding gene, displayed reduced...
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HMGA1 is a member of a small family of architectural transcription factors involved in the coordinate assembly of multiprotein complexes referred to as enhanceosomes. In addition to their role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and development, high-mobility group proteins of the A type (HMGA) family members behave as transforming protoncogene...
Article
Natural killer (NK) cells represent the most prominent immune cell type found in the uterus in the first trimester of human pregnancy and in the secretory phase of menstrual cycle. The role of NK cells in pregnancy has been largely discussed over the past years and it is now becoming increasingly clear that they may influence pregnancy outcome at s...
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During early pregnancy, uterine mucosa decidualization is accompanied by a drastic enrichment of CD56(high)CD16(-) natural killer (NK) cells. Decidual NK (dNK) cells differ from peripheral blood NK (pbNK) cells in several ways, but their origin is still unclear. Our results demonstrate that chemokines present in the uterus can support pbNK cell mig...
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Angiogenesis plays a key role in various physiologic and pathologic conditions, including tumor growth. Drm/gremlin, a member the Dan family of bone morphogenic protein (BMP) antagonists, is commonly thought to affect different processes during growth, differentiation, and development by heterodimerizing various BMPs. Here, we identify Drm/gremlin...
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Angiogenesis is the process of generating new capillary blood vessels. Uncontrolled endothelial cell proliferation is observed in tumor neovascularization and in angioproliferative diseases. Tumors cannot grow as a mass above few mm3 unless a new blood supply is induced. It derives that the control of the neovascularization process may affect tumor...
Article
Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) exerts antitumor activity in clinical trials. The K5 polysaccharide from Escherichia coli has the same structure as the heparin precursor. Chemical and enzymatic modifications of K5 polysaccharide lead to the production of biotechnological heparin-like compounds. We investigated the fibroblast growth factor-2 (FG...
Article
A set of racemic conformationally constrained analogues of the antitumor antibiotic acivicin (+)-1 has been prepared through a strategy based on 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of bromonitrile oxide to suitable dipolarophiles. The bromo analogue (2) of acivicin was also synthesized and tested as a reference compound, together with its stereoisomer 3. The...
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The cytokine/extracellular matrix protein osteopontin (OPN/Eta-1) is an important component of cellular immunity and inflammation. It also acts as a survival, cell-adhesive, and chemotactic factor for endothelial cells. Here, subtractive suppression hybridization showed that serum-deprived murine aortic endothelial (MAE) cells transfected with the...
Article
Full-text available
Angiogenesis is the process of generating new capillary blood vessels. Uncontrolled endothelial cell proliferation is observed in tumor neovascularization and in angioproliferative diseases. Tumors cannot growth as a mass above few mm(3) unless a new blood supply is induced. It derives that the control of the neovascularization process may affect t...
Article
Full-text available
Recombinant Fibroblast Growth Factor-4 (FGF4) and FGF2 induce extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 activation and DNA synthesis in murine aortic endothelial (MAE) cells. These cells co-express the IIIc/Ig-3 loops and the novel glycosaminoglycan-modified IIIc/Ig-2 loops isoforms of FGF receptor-2 (FGFR2). The affinity of FGF4/FGFR2 interaction...
Article
Azospirillum brasilense glutamate synthase is a complex iron-sulfur flavoprotein that catalyses the NADPH-dependent reductive transfer of glutamine amide group to the C(2) carbon of 2-oxoglutarate to yield L-glutamate. Its catalytically active alphabeta protomer is composed of two dissimilar subunits (alpha subunit, 164.2 kDa; beta subunit, 52.3 kD...

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Projects (2)
Project
Sharing expertise, reagents and Standard Operating Procedures. Harmonization of flow-cytometry based assays.