Helena Maria Martins Lastres

Helena Maria Martins Lastres
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | UFRJ · Economics Institute

Ph.D. in Development, Science, Technology and Industrialization, SPRU, University of Sussex, UK

About

97
Publications
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2,290
Citations
Citations since 2016
21 Research Items
943 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150

Publications

Publications (97)
Chapter
Full-text available
The framework of Local Innovation and Production Systems (LIPS) is a focusing device that combines the system of innovation approach with the contributions of the Latin American Structuralist School on development and technical change. This chapter discusses the relevance of the central elements in the LIPS’ framework for development: knowledge, in...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this chapter is to discuss some important features of Brazil’s national innovation system (NSI) and its potential to address social, environmental and development challenges. The first section is the introduction. Departing methodologically, the second section, based on the previous research, describes the broad understanding of the...
Article
Full-text available
A originalidade e o pragmatismo, assim como a visão contextualizada e sistêmica, mar-caram o pensamento de Celso Furtado. Seus esforços resultaram em uma construção te-órica inovadora, marcada por noções analí-ticas e propositivas ausentes na ortodoxia econômica. Dentre outras seminais contri-buições, ressaltou de modo pioneiro a função central do...
Chapter
Full-text available
O centenário de nascimento de Celso Furtado coincide com a pandemia de coronavírus (Covid-19), um dos maiores e mais urgentes desafios da his-tória da humanidade. Suas contribuições se tornam especialmente valiosas num momento como este. A celebração do centenário oferece a oportunidade de rever a sua obra e extrair elementos que auxiliam compreend...
Chapter
Full-text available
El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la elaboración y uso de los nuevos enfoques teóricos y conceptuales para entender y promover los procesos de producción, innovación y desarrollo. Para ello, de modo articulado con los primeros capítulos de este libro, se retoman los principales progresos alcanzados en el entendimiento del concepto de innovac...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dialogues are dynamic processes of interaction based on directed communication and participation, designed to facilitate concertation and consensus dynamics that, from an instrumental point of view, allow diverse objectives of social action to be achieved. These objectives can range from mediation to Conflict resolution until the construction of pu...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper aims to discuss some of the essential features of the Brazilian national system of innovation (NSI) and the possibilities for addressing these socio- environmental and developmental challenges. It departs methodologically from the broad understanding of the NSI framework and builds upon past works (Cassiolato 2015; Cassiolato et al. 2003...
Article
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O principal objetivo desse artigo é estimular a reflexão sobre a oportunidade de aprofundar os modos de entendimento da nova ordem mundial e de avançar na proposição de uma nova agenda de ensino, de pesquisa e de política para o desenvolvimento. A proposta de refletir sobre o futuro do desenvolvimento e suas políticas objetiva fundamentalmente refo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Throughout its twenty years of existence, a Brazilian research network, RedeSist, has developed and improved the conceptual and methodological framework of Local Innovation and Production Systems (LIPS). This paper has two articulated aims. The first is to presents the main results of RedeSist’s efforts, drawing attention to the relevance of the ce...
Book
Full-text available
O livro marca os 20 anos da RedeSist e representa uma síntese do profícuo caminho trilhado. Ele está organizado em quatro blocos. O primeiro bloco tem como foco de análise as Origens e Avanços no Referencial Teórico e Metodológico. Os capítulos recuperam e explicitam as bases conceituais mobilizadas para entender os impactos das transformações no c...
Article
Some ideas and policy proposals on development and innovation, disseminated in the second decade of the 2000s, reintroduce obsolete visions, which isolate economic phenomena from their territorial, historical and socio-political contexts. Hence, there is a need to recuperate Freeman’s and Furtado’s systemic and contextualized contributions to the u...
Article
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The paper reviews some of the most important achievements both in analytical and normative terms revealed by the set of studies undergone by RedeSist. It presents the main different conceptual frameworks that have been used to analyze transformations of productive activities at local level. It also explains RedeSist’s focusing device of LIPS, a com...
Book
Full-text available
Con el correr de los años la comunidad de investigadores que estudia el comportamiento de los sistemas innovativos nacionales de Ibero-américa ha ido adquiriendo solidez y comprensión de los aspectos dinámicos, no solo económicos sino también políticos e institucionales, así como sobre la interdependencia sistémica entre los diversos actores que in...
Chapter
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O capítulo discute as possibilidades para o desenvolvimento , a partir das contribuições de Luciano Coutinho, resumidas em quatro eixos: desenvolvimento produtivo e inovativo ; globalização, financeirização e crises; coordenação de políticas e o futuro do desenvolvimento brasileiro
Book
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Os autores discorrem sobre as novas formas de entender o desenvolvimento e as consequentes implicações em termos de novos paradigmas produtivos e inovativos, requerimentos de política e modos de apoio. Mais especificamente, buscam pensar o desenvolvimento brasileiro em período de crescente financeirização da economia, aprofundamento da crise global...
Book
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Este libro, intitulado “Universidad y desarrollo local: contribuciones latinoamericanas”, coordinado por Jorge Núñez y Ariamnis Alcázar Quiñones, reúne una variedad muy importante de contribuciones de distinguidos científicos sociales latinoamericanos sobre un tema de importancia toral: la universidad y su vinculación, políticas de relacionamiento,...
Book
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This book is a collection of papers produced by Brazilian authors in honour of Professor François Chesnais
Chapter
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Chapter 6 presents and discusses the Brazilian experience with the use and development of the LIPS framework, emphasizing its territorial dimension, both in analysis and in the orientation of capabilities for production and innovation. It draws attention to the possibilities of using this framework for the area of health, in analytical and normativ...
Article
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RESUMO Um dos elementos mais marcantes desses primeiros anos do terceiro milênio motivou a elaboração deste artigo: a busca por uma nova geração de políticas para o desenvolvimento produtivo e inovativo, capaz de garantir a inclusão, equidade e sustentabilidade. A análise das políticas implementadas, no Brasil e no mundo, contribui para um aprendiz...
Chapter
This chapter summarizes the debate regarding further understanding concerning the concept of innovation, focusing on one of its most important developments: innovation and production systems and arrangements. Its central aim was to discuss the results for the purpose of adjusting current policies implemented in Brazil and, hopefully, throughout Lat...
Chapter
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One important feature of the mid-20th century was the unfolding of a policy agenda characterized by the inclusion of the development question. The setting up of a global institutional framework to deal directly with development issues ignited a research agenda on the subject that included economic, social and cultural processes of production and kn...
Book
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This series of books brings together results of an intensive research programme on aspects of the national systems of innovation in the five BRICS countries — Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. It provides a comprehensive and comparative examination of the challenges and opportunities faced by these dynamic and emerging economies. In di...
Article
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This work surveys the insertion of women in the scientific, technological and innovation systems in Brazil. It assumes that, despite the impressive growth of women with a university degree, female participation in the production of knowledge and in teaching relating to technology and innovation remains behind the female presence in the University....
Article
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Introduction One of the central preoccupations of the international research and policy agenda after the end of the Second World War was to come to terms with underdevelopment. Arguably, one of the most influential schools of thought on development during this period was the Latin American Structuralist Approach (LASA). Development theory and polic...
Book
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As atividades intensivas em cultura estão dentre as que mais vêm contribuindo para o crescimento da economia mundial. Contudo, ainda é imenso o desafi o de analisar e mensurar sua importância econômica e inovativa. É nesta direção que o livro se propõe a avançar, oferecendo um diferencial ao dar visibilidade à contribuição que turismo e cultura apo...
Article
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submitted to the International Seminar: Science, Technology, Innovation and Social Inclusion It has been consensually recognized the importance of innovation in the present phase of world development. Although producing novelties is a characteristic of humanity's evolution, the rate at which it is being introduced and the possibilities new technolo...
Article
Full-text available
In the final decades of the 20th century, renewed attention began to be paid to processes of generating, diffusing and using knowledge. Various analytical and normative approaches have been developed to try and understand and guide these processes. The aim of this article is to present and discuss the concept of innovation systems, and its advantag...
Article
Full-text available
In the final decades of the 20th century, renewed attention began to be paid to processes of generating, diffusing and using knowledge. Various analytical and normative approaches have been developed to try and understand and guide these processes. The aim of this article is to present and discuss the concept of innovation systems, and its advantag...
Book
Full-text available
Os sistemas e arranjos produtivos têm atraído interesse nas esferas públicas e privadas de diversos países e em agências internacionais. A difusão e uso deste enfoque têm descortinado importantes oportunidades e desafios. Sua introdução no Brasil foi muito rápida, tanto no âmbito das pesquisas, quanto das políticas sobre desenvolvimento industrial...
Article
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Starting with a discussion about a co-evolution of conceptual and analytical ideas about the innovation process and the design of industrial and technological policies in developed countries, the paper argues that the misunderstanding of the specificities of the innovation process has led to the design and implementation of adequate policies to dea...
Chapter
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Na virada do milênio, ao mesmo tempo em que se observa a importância de transformações que afetam as formas como produzimos e organizamos a nossa própria existência, os desafios ao desenvolvimento parecem ainda mais esmagadores. Qual a natureza dessas transformações? Que interesses e forças as orientam? Quais os impactos sobre as capacidades de pro...
Chapter
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At the turn of the millennium, as radical transformations affect the ways we produce, reproduce and organize our very existence, the challenges to social and economic development seem, at times, overwhelming. What is the nature of these transformations? What are the interests and forces orienting them? What are the impacts of these transformations...
Chapter
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No conjunto das transformações que marcaram a passagem do milênio, re-nasceu o interesse sobre o papel que as micro e pequenas empresas (MPEs) po-dem ter na reestruturação produtiva, assim como no desenvolvimento de regiões e países. Em trabalhos anteriores, apontamos que tal interesse coincidiu com uma série de outros importantes desdobramentos. E...
Book
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This significant book demonstrates how the 'systems of innovation' approach can be utilised to understand the complex interactions between innovation and growth which, in turn, can enhance the prospects of developing nations. Systems of Innovation and Development confronts the challenges and opportunities of the knowledge era, focusing particularly...
Article
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This article addresses the need to identify the main characteristics of the information age, as well as to monitor and guide the new standards for accumulating and disseminating knowledge. It further underscores the urgency of developing new policy tools to manage the challenges and enhance the opportunities associated with Brazil's entrance into t...
Article
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During the 1980s and early 1990s, Brazil set up an important telecommunications cluster in Campinas, a medium-sized city located 60 miles from Sao Paulo. Fostered by government policies, the cluster has evolved around a telecoms R&D Centre. Several small high-tech firms were established, grew, competed and cooperated with the local infrastructure a...
Article
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This paper discusses two related issues. One refers to the use of the notion of systems of innovation in environments characterized by relatively poor domestic innovation processes and relatively high levels of diversity. The other relates to the analysis of the empirical results of an on-going research (involving a network of researchers in Brazil...
Article
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Este artigo discute o papel da informação e do conhecimento na nova ordem mundial. O foco central é o advento e a difusão da denominada economia da informação e do conhecimento, a qual vem induzindo novas atividades, conceitos de competitividade, estratégias organizacionais e formatos institucionais (que influenciam empresas, centros de ensino e pe...
Chapter
The group of advanced materials includes ceramics, polymers, metals and composites. These were introduced into the world economy on a significant scale in the second half of the twentieth century; they are characterized by a high degree of purity, high technical performance features, and by high value added in the production process.
Article
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A number of recent studies have concentrated on discussing explanations of the Japanese economic and technological performance in the last two decades. This has resulted in the identification of various important features of the Japanese System of Innovation - JSI. However, even if most studies mention the issue, few of them focus on the JSI from t...
Article
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Nas últimas décadas, observou-se um debate intenso no âmbito da economia e teoria da inovação. Tal debate claramente influenciou e produziu diferentes posturas e orientações políticas quanto ao desenvolvimento científico e tecnológico em vários países. No entanto, o desenvolvimento de alguns conceitos fundamentais, a partir de meados dos anos 80,...
Article
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Durante as duas últimas décadas a economia internacional vem atravessando um período de profunda transformação e reestruturação, acompanhado pela intensificação do nível e formas de competição entre empresas, setores industriais e países. Tal situação colocou ainda mais claro o papel da inovação como um dos instrumentos principais da estratégia com...
Chapter
This book has attempted to test the hypothesis that changes in the techno-economic paradigm create opportunities for the rise of new firms, industries and countries to technological leadership. The case-study showing how the Japanese system of innovation has responded to the development of advanced materials (AMs) was used to elaborate this hypothe...
Chapter
In this chapter, the findings obtained during the fieldwork on Japanese firms’ strategies towards the development of advanced materials are examined. The main objective is to discuss how companies belonging to different sectors have defined strategies and built up technological capabilities in the area. Section 7.2 examines the length of time of co...
Chapter
The importance of changes in materials and their role in economic expansion are not always easy to realise. Many of the strategic materials presently in use are virtually invisible and account for a small proportion of the volume and value of the end product. When the development of a new material is linked to the birth of a new area its importance...
Chapter
The objectives of this chapter are twofold. First, it presents the evidence supporting the argument that a revolution in materials has taken place during the last two decades. The following three sections focus on the changes that caused a discontinuity in their evolution. For example, section 3.2 analyses the recent trend in patterns of materials...
Chapter
This chapter does not intend to provide a survey of the whole body of relevant literature,1 and is organised as described below. In section 2.2 the approach to technical change is examined. It begins by highlighting some of the rather restrictive assumptions of neo-classical theory — rendering it of little use for the work proposed in this book. So...
Chapter
The objective of this chapter is to analyse the formation and main components of the most significant Japanese basic research programme in superconductivity — the International Superconductivity Technology Centre (Istec) — which aims at promoting national and international cooperation. This example will also be used to assess how the Japanese syste...
Chapter
The objective of this chapter is to provide an introduction to the analysis of the data collected during the field work by summarising the history and main characteristics of Japanese policies and strategies for advanced materials and superconductors. Section 6.2 discusses the conditions which led to the adoption of measures promoting the developme...
Chapter
As seen in Chapter 3, the term advanced materials applies to four different groups of materials: polymers, advanced ceramics, new metallic materials and composites. The analysis made in the previous chapter has provided a general view of Japanese firms’ strategy towards these materials. However, it is obvious that any detailed discussion would bene...
Chapter
This chapter aims at providing a bridge between the analytical basis of Chapters 2, 3 and 4 and the discussion of the data obtained during the interviews with Japanese institutions about how they have responded to the development of advanced materials and superconductors (Chapters 6 to 9). As noted in Chapter 2, a number of recent studies have conc...
Book
List of Figures - List of Tables - List of Abbreviations - Acknowledgements - Foreword - Introduction - The Innovation Process and National Systems of Innovation - Changes in Materials Evolution - Advanced Materials Revolution - The Japanese System of Innovation: JSI - Japanese R&D Policies and Strategies for Advanced Materials and Superconductors...
Article
Developments in Advanced Materials are part and parcel of a deeper economic and technological revolution. This revolution brings about profound changes in the economy. It permits the emergence of new products and new leading sectors and has fundamental and pervasive effects on various branches of the economy. Policies designed and implemented by de...
Article
Full-text available
The millennium transition has the characteristics of a high intensity of changes of great importance and economic, political and social impacts. The emergency of the society, era or economy of knowledge, presents a set of opportunities and challenges for countries, regions, organizations and individuals. The new standard of accumulation, marked for...