Helen O'Shea

Helen O'Shea
University of Limerick | UL · Department of Psychology

PhD . MPsychSc

About

16
Publications
3,096
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111
Citations
Introduction
Helen is a chartered psychologist and lecturer & researcher at University of Limerick. Her research combines cognitive psychology and human movement science to understand the interdependence between cognition and action; it places emphasis on enhancing movement skill, preventing motor function decay, and improving movement ability where dysfunction occurs. Helen is also interested in imagery-related neurocognition and cognitive reserve.

Publications

Publications (16)
Article
Full-text available
Motor simulation theory (MST; Jeannerod, 2001) purports to explain how various action- related cognitive states relate to actual motor execution. Specifically, it proposes that 78 79 motor imagery (MI; imagining an action without executing the movements involved) shares certain mental representations and mechanisms with action execution, and hence,...
Article
Motor imagery (MI) involves consciously performing an action in our minds without engaging in overt physical movement. Although inhibition is crucial to MI, few studies have explored the nature of inhibitory mechanisms underlying this construct. Therefore, little progress has been made in elucidating how or when inhibition is implemented during MI....
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the influence of the mind on behaviour and experience requires a comprehensive account of underlying mechanisms (i.e., the processes that underlie behaviour). This opinion article explores the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying imagery-related psychopathology. Imagery is a psychological process that exploits mental representations t...
Article
Full-text available
Research shows that motor imagery practice (MIP) is effective in enhancing skilled performance both in healthy populations and in clinical groups. Despite such findings, relatively little is known about certain cognitive changes induced by, and/or associated with, MIP. In this opinion piece, we consider four such questions. Firstly, how do particip...
Article
Full-text available
O’SHEA, H. and S. J. Redmond. A review of the neurobiomechanical processes underlying secure gripping in object manipulation. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV XXX-XXX, 2021. Humans display skilful control over the objects they manipulate, so much so that biomimetic systems have yet to emulate this remarkable behaviour. Two key control processes are assumed to...
Article
Motor imagery (MI; or, the mental simulation of actions without engaging in overt movement) shares certain mental representations and processes with executed movement (ME). This neurocognitive overlap between MI and ME may explain why the systematic use of MI (known as mental practice) improves skilled performance in numerous domains. Unfortunately...
Poster
Full-text available
Motor imagery is a cognitive ability whereby actions are simulated and experienced in the mind without engaging in physical movement. According to motor simulation theory, motor imagery and physical movement activate similar neural motor systems and operate according to shared representational systems and functional mechanisms. However, a key diffe...
Poster
Full-text available
The attentional mechanisms underlying motor imagery remain unclear. Thus, two studies using pupillometry investigated attentional allocation during expert pianists’ executed and imagined piano playing. Results revealed that easy movements required similar levels of attentional effort during execution and imagery. However, neurocognitive congruence...
Article
The Waterford Mental Health Survey aimed to document the prevalence of personality disorders (PDs) in patients attending the public mental health service in Waterford, Ireland and outline the implications of this for service development. Between July 2011 and June 2014, 100 inpatients and 99 outpatients were evaluated with the Structured Clinical I...
Article
The SCORE (Systemic Clinical Outcome and Routine Evaluation) is a 40-item questionnaire for completion by family members 12 years and older to assess outcome in systemic therapy. Twenty-eight and 15-item short versions of the SCORE have previously been validated with samples containing some families attending adult mental health services and some a...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have witnessed an upsurge of research interest in motor imagery (MI; sometimes known as mental practice) or the mental simulation of actions without any concomitant bodily movement. While numerous experimental studies have demonstrated the efficacy of MI in improving skilled performance in fields such as music, sport and medical surger...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Kinaesthetic motor imagery (MI) is an extraordinary human cognitive capacity allowing individuals to simulate and experience actions without engaging in the physical movements involved. Research has demonstrated that MI enhances skilled-performance, and that actual and imagined actions share similar neural substrates. Jeannerod’s simulation theory...
Article
One-hundred-ninety-nine adult mental health service users were interviewed with a protocol that included the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Structured Clinical Interviews for Axis I and II DSM-IV disorders, the Global Assessment of Functioning scale, the SCORE family assessment measure, the Camberwell Assessment of Need Short Appraisal Schedul...

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