Helen Gurgel

Helen Gurgel
University of Brasília | UnB · Department of Geography

PhD (Geography)

About

179
Publications
59,254
Reads
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794
Citations
Introduction
Geographer, specialization in Geoinformatics, PhD in Geography and Development Practice (Paris X University, 2006). Currently holds a associate professor and advisor in University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil. Coordinator of Laboratory the Geography, Environment and Health (LAGAS-UnB). Visiting Fellow at IRD - UMR ESPACE-DEV (French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development). It operates in research and teaching in the field of Geography and Health, with an emphasis on Geotechnology.
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - February 2018
Institute of Research for Development
Position
  • Researcher
November 2011 - present
University of Brasília
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
May 2009 - November 2011
Ministério do Meio Ambiente do Brasil
Position
  • Expert Technical
Education
September 2001 - July 2006
Université Paris Nanterre
Field of study
  • Geography and development practice
March 1998 - March 2000
March 1993 - December 1998
Universidade Federal Fluminense
Field of study
  • Graduation

Publications

Publications (179)
Article
Full-text available
Background Brazil has been severely impacted by COVID-19 pandemics that is aggravated by the absence of a scientifically-driven coordinated informative campaign and the interference in public health management, which ultimately affected health measures to avoid SARS-CoV2 spread. The decentralization and resultant conflicts in disease control activi...
Article
Full-text available
The research aims to describe the temporal-spatial dynamics of deaths from esophageal cancer in the southern region of Brazil, from sex and age group, during the years 2007 to 2017, according to municipalities of residence. The research is a descriptive study, with a quantitative methodological approach. The annual temporal distribution of cases is...
Article
Full-text available
Timely and accurate forecasts of dengue cases are of great importance for guiding disease prevention strategies, but still face challenges from (1) time-effectiveness due to time-consuming satellite data downloading and processing, (2) weak spatial representation capability due to data dependence on administrative unit-based statistics or weather s...
Article
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Empirical studies of urban expansion have increased rapidly in recent decades worldwide. Previous studies mainly focused on cities in China, the United States or African countries, with Brazilian cities receiving less attention. Moreover, such studies are rare in purpose-built cities. Taking the urban expansion from scratch (1960) to urban agglomer...
Article
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Poliomyelitis has been eliminated in Brazil since the 1990s, attributed to the success of vaccination campaigns in the country, with the last case recorded in 1989. However, low vaccination coverage is one of the warning factors for the return of wild virus circulation in the country and the permanent sequelae caused by the virus, thus requiring co...
Article
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Context: health geography is a research branch that has been growing more relevant each day, especially in Brazil where the presence of a unified and public health care system is the target for multiple researches, on an effort to understand the reach of the teaching of health geography in the geography courses, a study was developed to evaluate th...
Article
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Dengue has significant impact on the health system, from epidemiological surveillance to issues of access to service. The objective of the study is to analyze, through dengue notifications, the flow between the place of residence to health facilities in the Administrative Region (AR) Plano Piloto of the Federal District in the period from 2010 to 2...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Poliomyelitis has been eliminated in Brazil since the 1990s, attributed to the success of vaccination campaigns in the country, with the last case recorded in 1989. However, low vaccination coverage is one of the warning factors for the return of wild virus circulation in the country and the permanent sequelae caused by the virus, thus requiring co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The research aims to describe the temporal-spatial dynamics of deaths from esophageal cancer in the southern region of Brazil, from sex and age group, during the years 2007 to 2017, according to municipalities of residence. The research is a descriptive study, with a quantitative methodological approach. We found that Rio Grande do Sul, Espírito Sa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Dengue has a significant impact on public health, whereas, in addition to the concern with epidemiological surveillance, there is the issue of access to health services. Thus, the objective of this work is to identify the flow of access of dengue cases to health facilities in the administrative region of the Plano Piloto in the Federal District fro...
Conference Paper
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This work aims to analyze the spatial distribution of incidence and mortality rates due to COVID-19 in the RIDE of the Federal District and Surroundings, as well as to demonstrate the capacity of the health care network and to identify the main contingency measures adopted from May / 20 to May / 21. This is a descriptive ecological study that analy...
Conference Paper
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This article intends to show the importance and capillarity of teaching Health Geography at college/university level, as well as understanding the reality of the teaching of this thematic at public universities in Brazil. Health Geography, or Medical Geography, such term should eventually fall into disuse due to the recent epistemological developme...
Article
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RESUMO: A mobilidade humana se constitui em um dos principais desafios para a saúde global na atualidade. Com uma população mundial de migrantes, voluntários e forçados, estimada de 258 milhões em 2017, o acesso aos serviços de saúde afeta tanto a saúde do migrante quanto a sociedade na qual se insere, sendo um dos temas centrais em fóruns multilat...
Article
Dynamics of COVID-19 outcomes is driven by political landscape and socio-economic factors at local level in Brazil Abstract Background: Brazil has been severely impacted by COVID-19 pandemics that is aggravated by the absence of a scientifically-driven coordinated campaign. The decentralization and resultant conflicts in disease control activitie...
Article
Full-text available
As áreas protegidas possuem grande importância na manutenção do ambiente saudável para as pessoas e a natureza. Esses territórios, são essenciais para a conservação da biodiversidade e vital para as culturas e meios de subsistência das comunidades tradicionais (UNEP; WCMC; IUCN, 2018). Nesse contexto, o presente estudo, possui o objetivo de desenvo...
Article
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PM2.5 severely affects human health. Remotely sensed (RS) data can be used to estimate PM2.5 concentrations and population exposure, and therefore to explain acute respiratory disorders. However, available global PM2.5 concentration forecast products derived from models assimilating RS data have not yet been exploited to generate early alerts for r...
Article
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Sustainable Use Units have been carrying out sustainable management since the 1990s in the State of Amazonas, leading to research on the influence of management plans on restoring ecosystems. We developed an integrative review and analyzed official documents, data from the Brazilian government and information obtained from fishermen on the Unini Ri...
Article
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The book brings together lived experiences, reflections and knowledges about the health problems and ways of life of field, forest and water communities, while considering the reciprocal relations between man and the moral, social and economic environment in the territory where he lives in. It also highlights the applicability of the ecology of kno...
Article
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In recent years there has been an increasing use of satellite Earth observation (EO) data in dengue research, in particular the identification of landscape factors affecting dengue transmission. Summarizing landscape factors and satellite EO data sources, and making the information public are helpful for guiding future research and improving health...
Article
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Este artigo visa analisar a espacialização das taxas de incidência e mortalidade por COVID-19 na RIDE, a capacidade de atendimento da rede de saúde e as medidas sanitárias de contingência adotadas. Foram analisadas as taxas de incidência, mortalidade e ocupação dos leitos de UTI, a disponibilidade de respiradores e ambulâncias de emergência bem com...
Article
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The specific characteristics of the Federal District (DF) favor the introduction, reproduction, dissemination, and permanence of dengue vector and viruses. Here, we aimed to analyze the spatiotemporal patterns of dengue epidemics in the Administrative Regions (RAs) of the DF from January 2007 to December 2017. We used Fourier partial series model t...
Article
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Dengue's increasing trends raise concerns over global health and pose a challenge to the Brazilian health system, highlighting the necessity of a strong surveillance system to reduce morbidity, mortality, and the economic burden of this disease. Although the Brazilian surveillance system reports more dengue cases than any other country, recent stud...
Article
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To date, there is no effective treatment to cure dengue fever, a mosquito-borne disease which has a major impact on human populations in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Although the characteristics of dengue infection are well known, factors associated with landscape are highly scale dependent in time and space, and therefore difficult to monito...
Book
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O crescente interesse pela temática da geografia e saúde em diversas áreas do conhecimento tanto no âmbito acadêmico quanto nos serviços públicos tem estimulado espaços para a discussão. O Simpósio Nacional de Geografia da Saúde (GeoSaúde), o maior sobre o tema no Brasil, teve sua primeira edição em 2003 realizada em Presidente Prudente – SP. Em 20...
Article
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One way of looking at the relationship between health and its geographical context is through the notion of place, that is, the part of the territory in which we live, that we go to, where unfolds our daily life and that we practice different experiences. Space can be considered as a set of territories and places where events occur simultaneously,...
Article
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Diarrhea constitutes a major public health problem in Brazil and in the world and its seasonal dynamics of occurrence is associated with environmental conditions, such as climate-related factors. This research studied the temporal pattern of hospitalizations motivated by diarrhea and gastroenteritis with presumed infectious origin (DGOIP) in 27 Bra...
Article
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In health studies, obtaining spatialized demographic data is essential for understanding diseases transmission and dispersal processes, and for calculating the incidence rate as well, which are fundamental to control and prevention strategies. The development and application of population estimation methods, in a detailed scale, aiming to obtain po...
Article
Full-text available
One way of looking at the relationship between health and its geographical context is through the notion of place, that is, the part of the territory in which we live, that we go to, where unfolds our daily life and that we practice different experiences. Space can be considered as a set of territories and places where events occur simultaneously,...
Article
Full-text available
Disasters associated with floods and dam ruptures cause direct and indirect impacts on health and their damages depend on the vulnerability and resilience present in the affected areas. In this paper, we reflect on the sectoral public policies involved in disaster risk management in Brazil, as illustrated by the floods due to the rupture of ore tai...
Article
Full-text available
In health studies, obtaining spatialized demographic data is essential for understanding diseases transmission and dispersal processes, and for calculating the incidence rate as well, which are fundamental to control and prevention strategies. The development and application of population estimation methods, in a detailed scale, aiming to obtain po...
Article
Full-text available
The creation of protected areas is considered as the main strategy for preservation and conservation of the natural and cultural heritage of the planet (Diegues, 2000). However, Hockings et al. (2006) state that in order to achieve these objectives, it is necessary to carry out and advance the management and administration of these protected areas....
Article
Reservoirs are closely related to anthropic activities, and quantifying the long-term dynamics of surface water in reservoirs could be useful for decision-makers to improve the actual strategies of reservoir management. This study used the global Moran’s I index, modified Normalized Difference Water Index (MNDWI) and a total of 596 Landsat images du...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dengue is a viral disease and currently 5 serotypes are known and transmitted mainly by two mosquitoes of the genus Aedes, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Despite efforts in several areas and by various actors, dengue still proves difficult to control. Several anthropogenic factors can influence the spatio-temporal behavior of disease. Thus, kn...
Chapter
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The resumption of intensification of migratory flows to Brazil since the 2000s has stimulated debate on a number of issues, including health. The objective of this study was to obtain a preliminary scenario about the use of health services by migrant populations in Brazil and in the Federal District. To do so, the databases of the National Health C...
Chapter
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Air pollution is one of the consequences of fires, because of the amount of particulate matter and chemical compounds that are released into the atmosphere during the combustion process. In this regard, respiratory morbidities are routine, associated with the intensity and persistence of the fire. From 2008 to 2018, DATASUS registered, on average,...
Chapter
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In the year of 2015, a Samarco’s dam ruptured in the municipality of Mariana - MG, resulting in 18 deaths and uncountable impacts to the region’s population and environment. We aimed to identify the potential impacts of this disaster over the human health analyzing, mainly, the alterations in the registers of neoplasias in the municipality on the y...
Chapter
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This article aims to propose a methodological model of summative evaluation, for use of geoprocessing tools in the services and actions of the Unified National Health System (SUS), considering two: effectiveness and efficiency of the seven pillars of the evaluation method. The evaluation consists of the following steps: understanding the role and m...
Chapter
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After the rapid spread of the Zika virus in Brazil and the consequences that this virus caused, especially in the health and development of children, the discussion about the importance of early stimulation activities was resumed. In this context, the importance of the guiding documents and the intersectionality in the care and rehabilitation of th...
Chapter
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magnitude. In this sense, the objective of this study is to analyze the spatial and temporal dynamics of violence against women in the municipality, and to understand the different types of Intentional Lethal Violent Crimes (CVLI) and Violent Non - Lethal Crimes (CVNLI) influence the health and quality of life of women. In order to do so, spatial a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMO A dengue é uma doença viral e atualmente são conhecidos 5 sorotipos e transmitida principalmente por dois mosquitos do gênero Aedes, o Aedes aegypti e o Aedes albopictus. Apesar dos esforços em diversas áreas e por diversos atores, a dengue ainda se mostra de difícil de controle. Diversos fatores antropo-ambientais podem influenciar no comp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMO: A retomada da intensificação dos fluxos migratórios para o Brasil a partir dos anos 2000 tem estimulado o debate em diversos temas, incluindo a saúde. O objetivo deste trabalho foi obter um cenário preliminar sobre a utilização dos serviços de saúde pelas populações migrantes no Brasil e no Distrito Federal. Para tanto, foram exploradas as...
Article
Mediterranean coastal lagoons and their peripheral areas often provide a collection of habitats for many species, and they often face significant threats from anthropogenic activities. Diverse human activities in such areas directly affect the spatio-temporal dynamic of surface water and its ecological characteristics. Monitoring the surface water...
Preprint
Mediterranean coastal lagoons and their peripheral areas often provide a collection 20 of habitats for many species, and they often face significant threats from anthropogenic 21 activities. Diverse human activities in such areas directly affect the spatio-temporal dynamic of 22 surface water and its ecological characteristics. Monitoring the surfa...
Conference Paper
O bioma Cerrado é adaptado à ocorrência natural do fogo, quando atividades antrópicas não fragilizam a relação fogo-diversidade ecológica. Os órgãos ambientais utilizam como principal fonte de monitoramento séries históricas de focos de queima de vegetação obtidos por satélites; entretanto, análises são necessárias para definir locais críticos para...
Article
Full-text available
Nas últimas duas décadas surgiram metodologias e procedimentos técnicos, que visam avaliar o nível de efetividade das áreas protegidas, com o intuito de identificar a real capacidade dessas áreas em planejar e implementar políticas públicas, relacionadas a temática socioeconômica e ambiental. Nesse contexto o presente estudo, surge com a finalidade...
Article
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O presente estudo objetiva expor o desenvolvimento do Índice de Controle Ambiental-ICA das Unidades de Conservação do Maranhão, a partir da mensuração de indicadores ambientais e institucionais. Busca-se dessa forma, representar a influência da dinâmica territorial sobre a efetividade das 11 UCs do Maranhão. Metodologias como esta tornam-se cada ve...
Article
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O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar a dinâmica social e econômica das Unidades de Conservação do Estado do Maranhão, a partir do desenvolvimento do Índice de Desenvolvimento Social - IDS. Com a finalidade de avaliar de forma sintética se a dinâmica social e econômica das UCs do estado alinhada com os objetivos da área protegida, bem como s...
Article
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The present study aims to analyze the social and economic dynamics of the Conservation Units of the State of Maranhão, based on the development of the Social Development Index (IDS). With the purpose of evaluating in a synthetic way the social and economic dynamic of the PAs of the state aligned with the objectives of the protected area, as well as...
Book
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Clima, Saúde e Cidadania, abrange os antecedentes e aspectos históricos do tema, as interfaces relevantes com a saúde, englobando riscos e vulnerabilidades ambientais, o clima e áreas específcas de atuação para a saúde pública, além da produção bibliográfca nesse campo.
Article
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The present study aims to develop the Environmental Control Index –ECI (ICA, in portuguese) of the protect areas of Maranhão, based on the measurement of environmental and institutional indicators. This research seeks to represent the influence of territorial dynamics on the effectiveness of protected areas applied in 11 PAs of Maranhão. Methodolog...
Article
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The distribution of mosquito vectors of malaria is controlled by various factors such as climate, land cover and land use, or human activities. In the Amazon region, endemic foci of malaria persist, particularly on the border between French Guiana and Amapa State in Brazil. This area, long by 300 km, presents many difficulties in collecting informa...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of mosquito vectors of malaria is controlled by various factors such as climate, land cover and land use, or human activities. In the Amazon region, endemic foci of malaria persist, particularly on the border between French Guiana and Amapa State in Brazil. This area, long by 300 km, presents many difficulties in collecting informa...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a discussion of the issues inherent in the decisions that interfere with environmental sustainability and the health of populations across the impact with the implementation of hydropower in the Brazilian Amazon. From the case of the Belo Monte hydroelectric dam, one can observe how the process of environmental licensing in Br...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a discussion of the issues inherent in the decisions that interfere with environmental sustainability and the health of populations across the impact with the implementation of hydropower in the Brazilian Amazon. From the case of the Belo Monte hydroelectric dam, one can observe how the process of environmental licensing in Br...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The study proposes to analyze the influence of local socioeconomic characteristics and the level of effectiveness of the Extractive Reserves of Maranhão. The aim is to understand how socioeconomic characteristics in the local and regional context influence the achievement of protect areas objectives. For this, the study proposes its development und...
Article
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THE PAST AND PRESENT OF THE MARANHÃO CONSERVATION UNITS, BRAZIL It is understood the protect areas as the most important strategic instrument directed to the protection of the environmental patrimony and socio-cultural. With this understanding, it is inferred to the study the objective of analyzing the level of effectiveness of the protect areas o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Apresentação/Introdução O Brasil, desde 2015, encontra-se em estado de alerta em razão do aumento dos casos de infecção por Zika. Após confirmação da relação entre o Zika vírus e os casos e microcefalia pelo Ministério da Saúde, houve a necessidade de se intensificar o acompanhamento desses casos. Diante disso, a atenção básica alinhado à Estratégi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O predomínio da dengue nas cidades remete a questões complexas que envolvem uma ecologia urbana da epidemia, bem como a sua relação com determinantes sociais. Existe um número crescente de estudos sobre a distribuição da dengue em cidades brasileiras, mas poucos enfocaram Brasília, que tem um histórico relativamente recente de surtos e característi...