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Resistance training (RT) may have a positive impact on specific correlates of physical activity (PA) in inactive and/or obese youth, with strength as a possible underlying mechanism. The aim of this study was to investigate this. Twelve participants (aged 8.9 ± 1.0 years) were assigned to an experimental group (EG) or control group (CG). Pre and po...
Background: There is growing evidence that physical activity (PA) is beneficial for the mental health of young people. One area that has been widely examined is the impact of PA on 'the self', which is a term that encompasses a range of specific and related terms (e.g. self-esteem, self-efficacy, self-perceptions). There is evidence that PA is str...
Background: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are strongly related to physical activity (PA) in childhood and beyond. To develop FMS, resistance training (RT) may be a favourable intervention strategy. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to systematically examine the effect of RT interventions on FMS in youth. Methods: Meta-analysis followed t...
Background: There has been a rise in research into obesity prevention and treatment programmes in youth, including the effectiveness of resistance-based exercise. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effect of resistance training interventions on weight status in youth. Methods: Meta-analysis followed the Preferred Reporting Item...
In adults the cranium is a rigid bony vault of fixed size and therefore the intra-cranial volume is a constant which equals the sum of the volume of the brain, the intra-cranial volume of CSF and the intra-cranial volume of blood. There can be marked changes in the volumes of these three intra-cranial compartments which may influence susceptibility...
The stereological method of cross-counting based on the Cavalieri principle is widely used in neuroimaging to estimate the volume of cerebral structures. Although superficially simple, the stereological technique is validated by arcane mathematical proofs, so the cross size is determined by most investigators on a pragmatic basis with the assumptio...
To systematically review and analyse the literature on the topic of resistance training interventions in youth, with a particular focus on weight status.