Heike Wiese

Heike Wiese
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | HU Berlin · Department of German Studies and Linguistics

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101
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Introduction
Professor for German in Multilingual Contexts, Humboldt-University of Berlin. Research interests: Multilingualism, Urban contact dialects ("Kiezdeutsch" and others), Linguistic Diversity, Linguistic Architecture, Grammar-Pragmatics Interface

Publications

Publications (101)
Chapter
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The paper investigates sociolinguistic coherence and differentiation for the example of Namibian German (‘Namdeutsch’), based on corpus data and a copy-editing task. The Namdeutsch speech community draws on a local Namibian identity as well as an ethnic German identity. At the linguistic level, this leads to a tension between a tendency for Namdeut...
Technical Report
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I bring together two research strands that rarely interact and might even seem incommen-surable, namely sociolinguistic approaches to linguistic fluidity and multi-competence on the one hand, and structural approaches to linguistic coherence and grammatical systems on the other hand. I show that we can reconcile insights from these two strands in a...
Chapter
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We investigate emoji as graphic discourse markers in German WhatsApp® messages. As comparably novel devices in the rapidly evolving domain of digital messenging, emoji provide an interesting example to observe change in progress. We present a corpus study and an experimental study. Main results are (i) an overall salience of subjective and intersub...
Chapter
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This chapter looks at cities as vibrant sites of language contact. Urban areas have always been a magnet for immigration, from surrounding areas as well as from more distant regions and other countries, and as a result they have always been characterised by a rich diversity of social groups, (sub-)cultures, and the different languages, dialects, an...
Chapter
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Recent findings from spoken language use outside formal standard German provide evidence for linearizations that violate the V2 constraint, suggesting that there might be extensions of V2 in German to a more liberal forefield that can also accommodate V3. Evidence for this was first reported from Kiezdeutsch, an urban dialect from informal peer-gro...
Conference Paper
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In this paper, I describe a 'Language Situations' method that allows us to systematically tap into speakers' repertoires: it captures naturalistic productions across different communicative situations, including informal as well as formal, and written as well as spoken settings. In order to do so, the 'Language Situations' method combines the advan...
Preprint
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This paper describes the corpus Deutsch in Namibia (DNam, 'German in Namibia'), which will be openly accessible via the Datenbank für Gesprochenes Deutsch (DGD, 'Database for Spoken German'). This corpus is a new digital resource that comprehensively and systematically documents the language use of the German-speaking minority in Namibia and relate...
Chapter
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Kiez goes Uni-SchülerInnen untersuchen Sprachvariation und Mehrsprachigkeit mit MentorInnen der Universität Mit Unterstützung der Robert-Bosch-Stiftung im Rahmen ihres "Denk-werk"-Programms führten mehrsprachige Berliner SchülerInnen zusammen mit Studierenden und WissenschaftlerInnen der Germanistik der Universität Potsdam eigene Forschungsprojekte...
Article
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Manuscript / Authors’ copy: a shorter version will appear as a contribution to HSK 30.4, "Language & Space: Deutsch" (de Gruyter), eds. Joachim Herrgen & Jürgen Erich Schmidt; Chapter 38.
Article
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Registerdifferenzierung im Namdeutschen: Informeller und formeller Sprachgebrauch in einer vitalen Sprechergemeinschaft. English Abstract: Namibian German has an interesting status among German contact varieties outside Europe. It has its roots in colonisation, but is used by a speech community with German ancestry who live in Namibia today, which...
Article
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In examples as (i), there are two constituents, rather than one, occupying the domain in front of the finite verb (the "forefield") in a German sentence, in violation of the Germanic V2 rule. (i) Heute ich werd meine Zigaretten mitbringen today I will my cigarettes with-bring 'Today, I will bring my cigarettes with me.' Accordingly, such exam...
Chapter
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Sprache ist eine wesentliche Domäne zur Aushandlung sozialer Klassifikationen und Legitimationen und der Zuschreibung unterschiedlicher Gruppenzugehörigkeiten. Der Beitrag untersucht Prozesse in der sprachlichen Konstruktion sozialer Gruppen an einem spezifischen Fallbeispiel, nämlich der öffentlichen Diskussion zu Kiezdeutsch. Diese Diskussion lie...
Article
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Among (post-)colonial varieties of German, Namibian German is a particularly interesting case. It has a unique status compared to the other extra-territorial varieties as well as to those in the German-speaking area in Europe. First, it is based on a speech community with German ancestry who still live in Namibia today, which distinguishes it from...
Book
Mit dem neuen Rahmenlehrplan für die Länder Brandenburg und Berlin wird der Kompetenzentwicklung der Schülerinnen und Schüler unter den Bedingungen lebensweltlicher Erfahrungen ein besonderer Stellenwert beigemessen. Der Sammelband enthält Beiträge, in denen den Lehrerinnen und Lehrern vielfältige Unterrichtsmaterialien und didaktische Anregungen f...
Article
In present-day German we find new word order options, particularly well-known from Turkish-German bilingual speakers in the contexts of new urban dialects, which allow violations of the canonical verb-second position in independent declarative clauscs. In these cases, two positions are occupied in the forefield in front of the finite verb, usually...
Article
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This paper investigates evidence for linguistic coherence in new urban dialects that evolved in multiethnic and multilingual urban neighbourhoods. We propose a view of coherence as an interpretation of empirical observations rather than something that would be "out there in the data", and argue that this interpretation should be based on evidence o...
Article
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This paper analyses usage restrictions on such noncanonical local expressions as Ich geh Kino 'I go cinema' compared to canonical full PPs with DP complement (? ins Kino 'to the cinema'). In public discourse, bare local NPs have become emblematic for Kiezdeutsch, a new way of speaking from multiethnic urban Germany, although they also appear in inf...
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Working Paper
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Der Beitrag beschreibt neue Varianten von Majoritätssprachen, wie sie sich heute im mehrsprachigen urbanen Europa entwickeln, als neue urbane Dialekte. Diese Perspektive erlaubt es uns, systematische Charakteristika auf sprachstruktureller Ebene ebenso zu berücksichtigen wie ihre Variation in unterschiedlichen sprachlichen und sozialen Kontexten, ä...
Article
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In Folge von Migration und generell gestiegener Mobilität ist das moderne Europa geprägt durch eine große Diversität, die sich auch auf sprachlicher Ebene niederschlägt. Insbesondere in den urbanen Zentren findet sich ein hohes Maß an Mehrsprachigkeit: Viele Sprecher/innen beherrschen nicht nur die Majoritätssprache des jeweiligen Landes, sondern b...
Article
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This paper analyses the expressions with pejorative functions in the dynamic multilinguals setting of urban German, and their possible Turkish sources. The focus of our investigation is on pejorative functions of mreduplication (“Cola Mola”). In addition, we discuss usages of “Scherz” / “Spaß” ‘joke, fun’ in urban German, as well as their Turkish c...
Research
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Anhand von Korpusdaten und den Ergebnissen einer Sprecherbefragung untersuchen wir in diesem Beitrag grammatische und lexikalische Entwicklungen in zwei relativ neuen Varietäten des Gegenwartsdeutschen: Kiezdeutsch und Namdeutsch, die jeweils von urbanen mehrsprachigen Sprechergemeinschaften in Deutschland bzw. in Namibia getragen werden. Der Vergl...
Article
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We discuss an intervention programme for kindergarten and school teachers' continuing education in Germany that targets biases against language outside a perceived monolingual ‘standard’ and its speakers. The programme combines anti-bias methods relating to linguistic diversity with objectives of raising critical language awareness. Evaluation thro...
Chapter
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Introduction Contemporary urban multilingual settings in Europe lead to rich sources of language contact involving the majority languages and a range of typologically diverse minority languages, such as Arabic, Urdu, Turkish, Kurdish, Croatian and Sranan. The linguistic outcomes of these settings may result in the emergence of what we shall refer t...
Article
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This article investigates a public debate in Germany that put a special spotlight on the interaction of standard language ideologies with social dichotomies, centering on the question of whether Kiezdeutsch , a new way of speaking in multilingual urban neighbourhoods, is a legitimate German dialect. Based on a corpus of emails and postings to media...
Chapter
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This paper discusses best practices for the syntactic annotation of noncanonical language, using Kiezdeutsch (’hood German) as a test case. Kiezdeutsch is a variety of German spoken by adolescents from multiethnic urban areas (Wiese, 2009; Freywald et al., 2011) and can be considered non-canonical in two ways. First, it is a spoken variety of Germa...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents the first release of the KiezDeutsch Korpus (KiDKo), a new language resource with multiparty spoken dialogues of Kiezdeutsch, a newly emerging language variety spoken by adolescents from multiethnic urban areas in Germany. The first release of the corpus includes the transcriptions of the data as well as a normalisation layer an...
Research
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Heike Wiese is Professor of Contemporary German Language at the University of Potsdam, Germany and Speaker at the university’s Centre for Language, Variation, and Migration. She has research interests in linguistic variation, grammar, lexicon, and linguistic architecture, and her most recent work has investigated the urban vernacular Kiezdeutsch (l...
Article
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Nach einer Unterrichtsstunde, in der intensiv Präpositionen behandelt wurden, dreht sich eine Schü-lerin zu ihrer Freundin um und sagt "Lassma Cafeteria gehen, lan." Wie geht man mit so etwas um? War das Bemühen um korrekte Grammatik im Deutschunterricht völlig umsonst? Wieso erscheint hier ein türkisches Wort ("lan"-"Typ/Mann") im deutschen Satz?...
Article
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We used event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate the neurocognitive mechanisms associated with processing light verb constructions such as “give a kiss”. These constructions consist of a semantically underspecified light verb (“give”) and an event nominal that contributes most of the meaning and also activates an argument structure of its own...
Data
This papers investigates the discursive processes at work in public debates on a type of new urban dialect that has been under intense, often heated public discussion in recent years: variants of majority languages that emerged in multiethnic and multilin-gual neighbourhoods in urban Europe. Against the background of findings from a range of Europe...
Article
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In the domain of motion event encoding, many of the world’s languages fall into one of two types: verb-framed (the path is encoded in the verb) or satellite-framed (the path is encoded outside the verb in a prefix, particle or adverbial while the verb contains information about the manner of movement). A number of studies have investigated the lang...
Article
Language can strongly influence the emotional state of the recipient. In contrast to the broad body of experimental and neuroscientific research on semantic information and prosodic speech, the emotional impact of grammatical structure has rarely been investigated. One reason for this might be, that measuring effects of syntactic structure involves...
Data
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This paper investigates a new urban vernacular that developed in linguistically diverse, mul-tiethnic and multilingual, areas in urban Germany, "Kiezdeutsch", from the perspective of German dialects. I show that the grammatical and pragmatic patterns we find here indicate a system in its own standing (rather than a mere accumulation of features) th...
Data
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Das Potential multiethnischer Sprechergemeinschaften Zusammenfassung Der Beitrag behandelt den Sprachgebrauch in multiethnischen Sprechergemeinschaften im urbanen Raum. Ich zeige, dass die Varietät, die sich hier entwickelt, als neuer Dialekt des Deutschen verstanden werden kann. Dieser Dialekt ist gekennzeichnet durch Charakteristika auf lexikalis...
Data
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List of terms (incl. languages) for the index: animacy Arabic Burmese classifier coercion collective counting / counting constructions / countability DP (functional layers) German grammatical semantics group nouns Hungarian indefinite article individuation Kurdish Mandarin measurement / measure constructions / measure units minimal parts object Per...
Data
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Der Beitrag beschreibt ein Korpus spontansprachlicher Daten von Jugendlichen aus urbanen Wohngebieten und präsentiert Ergebnisse darauf basierender Korpusanalysen. Die Daten stammen aus Selbstaufnahmen von Gesprächen Berliner Jugendlicher (23 Ankersprecher/innen, 14 bis 17 Jahre alt). Das Korpus umfasst rund 333.000 Token. Den größeren Teil stellen...
Book
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Article
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I give a unified account of numeral classifiers as lexical items that are reduced to the function of individuation in cardinal counting constructions with transnumeral nouns. I argue that individuation is a lexical-semantic phe- nomenon that triggers a focus shift from a whole set to its individual elements, but does not affect the conceptual repre...
Data
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This paper discusses a hitherto undescribed usage of the particle so as a dedi-cated focus marker in contemporary German. I discuss grammatical and prag-matic characteristics of this focus marker, supporting my account with natural linguistic data and with controlled experimental evidence showing that so has a significant influence on speakers' und...
Data
In this article, I present evidence for an information-structural basis for linguistic variation in a German multiethnolect, Kiezdeutsch. Using data from word order variation and new particle usages in Kiezdeutsch, I show that variation that seems random from a morphosyntactic point of view, can be motivated by systematic choices at the level of in...
Data
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Populäre Mythen vom ,gebrochenen Deutsch' bis zur ,doppelten Halbsprachigkeit' türkischstämmiger Jugendlicher in Deutschland Heike Wiese, Universität Potsdam Brigitte Handwerker gewidmet Populäre Mythen zum ‚Sprachverfall' in multiethnischen Wohngebieten Der Sprachgebrauch Jugendlicher in multiethnischen urbanen Wohngebieten Deutschlands ist seit l...
Article
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This paper deals with Kiezdeutsch, a way of speaking that emerged among adolescents in multiethnic urban neighbourhoods of Germany. We argue for a view of Kiezdeutsch as a multiethnolect, based on: (a) A lin-guistic analysis of the lexical and grammatical characteristics that have been reported for it so far, and their interaction with information...
Chapter
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Der Beitrag behandelt eine neue Jugendsprache aus multiethnischen urbanen Wohngebieten Deutschlands, das sogenannte " Kiezdeutsch ". Ich zeige, dass Kiezdeutsch entgegen einer verbreiteten öffentlichen Wahrnehmung kein gebrochenes Deutsch ist, sondern ein neuer, urbaner Dialekt des Deutschen, der sich im gemeinsamen Alltag Jugendlicher mit und ohne...
Article
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Dieser Band versammelt Originaldaten aus einer Erhebung, die im Rahmen des SFB-Teilprojekts B6 „Kiezdeutsch“ im Frühjahr 2010 in Berlin und İzmir, Türkei, durchgeführt wurde. Sämtliche hier dokumentierten Daten wurden schriftlich produziert; sie stammen von drei verschiedenen Sprechergruppen: Jugendliche aus einem multiethnischen Berliner Wohngebie...
Data
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Etwa seit Mitte der 90er Jahre ist mit Kiezdeutsch eine Jugend-sprache in den Blick der Öffentlichkeit getreten, die sich in Wohn-gebieten mit hohem Migrantenanteil ausgebildet hat. Hier einige Beispiele aus diesem Sprachgebrauch: "Lassma Viktoriapark gehen, lan." "Ich höre Alpa Gun, weil der so aus Schöneberg kommt." "Ich hab meiner Mutter so Zung...
Article
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This paper deals with Kiezdeutsch, a way of speaking that emerged among adolescents in multiethnic urban neighbourhoods of Germany. We show that, in Kiezdeutsch, we find evidence for both grammatical reduction and new developments in the domain of information structure, and hypothesise that this points to a systematic interaction between grammar an...
Article
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This paper discusses a phenomenon that has recently been observed in areas with a large migrant population in European cities: the rise of new linguistic practices among adolescents in multiethnic contexts. The main grammatical characteristics that have been described for them are (1) phonological/phonetic and lexical influences from migrant langua...
Article
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Humans possess a number concept that differs from its predecessors in animal cognition in two crucial respects: (1) it is based on a numerical sequence whose elements are not confined to quantitative contexts, but can indicate cardinal/quantitative as well as ordinal and even nominal properties of empirical objects (e.g. ‘five buses’: cardinal; ‘th...
Article
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The phrase ,,Ich mach dich Messer“ (lit.: I make you knife) is a ritualised threat used in a variety of contemporary German that is popularly known as ,Kanak Sprak' (kanak language), but is also referred to as ,Kiez-Sprache' (,hood language') by its speakers. Kiez-Sprache is a multi-ethnic variety that combines features of a youth language with tho...
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The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
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The article disdusses the diminution of particles in German, e.g. Hallö.chen (hallo-DIM), Tschüss.i (bye-DIM) or Jau.i (yes-DIM). The diminution of particles by the suffixes -chen and -i is a productive and frequent phenomenon in German, yet tends to be ignored in grammatical descriptions, which rather focus on nominal diminution. However, the full...
Article
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This paper discusses constructions such as We'll have two beers and a coffee that are typically used for beverage orders in restaurant contexts. We compare the behavior of nouns in these constructions in three Germanic languages, English, Icelandic, and German, and take a closer look at the correlation of the morphosyntactic and semantic-conceptual...
Article
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1. Overview This paper presents an account of semantics as a system that inte- grates conceptual representations into language. I define the seman- tic system as an interface level of the conceptual system CS that translates conceptual representations into a format that is accessible by language. The analysis I put forward does not treat the make u...
Article
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What constitutes our concept of numbers and makes it possible for us to work with them the way we do? Which mental faculties contribute to our grasp? What qualities do we share with other species, and which ones are specific to us? This book addresses these questions to reveal that language plays a crucial role in the development of systematic numb...
Article
Is language the key to number? This article argues that the human language faculty provides the cognitive equipment that enables humans to develop a systematic number concept. Importantly, the number concept is based on non-iconic representations that involve relations between relations: relations between numbers are linked with relations between o...
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What role does language play in the development of numerical cognition? In the present paper I argue that the evolution of symbolic thinking (as a basis for language) laid the grounds for the emergence of a systematic concept of number. This concept is grounded in the notion of an infinite sequence and encompasses number assignments that can focus...
Article
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I discuss the status of WH-words for interrogative interpretations, and show that the deriva-tion of constituent questions evolves from a specific interplay of syntactic and semantic rep-resentations with pragmatics. I argue that WH-pronouns are not 'interrogative'. Rather, they are underspecified elements; due to this underspecification, WH-words...
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1 Overview This volume brings together a cross-section of recent research on the grammar and representation of pronouns, centering around the typology of pronominal paradigms, the generation of syntactic and semantic representations for constructions containing pronouns, and the neurological underpinnings for linguistic distinctions that are releva...
Article
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In linguistics and the philosophy of language, the mass/count distinction has traditionally been regarded as a bi-partition on the nominal domain, where typical instances are nouns like 'beef' (mass) vs. 'cow' (count). In the present paper, we argue that this partition reveals a system that is based on both syntactic features and conceptual feature...
Article
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What role does language play in the development of numerical cognition? In the present paper I argue that the evolution of symbolic thinking (as a basis for lan-guage) laid the grounds for the emergence of a system-atic concept of number. This concept is grounded in the notion of an infinite sequence and encompasses number assignments that can focu...
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å � 3 4 " We believe that an interdisciplinary approach to this phenomenon is productive. Employing lin- guistic analyses in the investigation, we claim that the pupils' deviations are due to a specific problem in the relation between fractional numbers and number words in German. To help pupils avoid difficulties in this domain, it is not only imp...
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Mathematik und Sprache – ein Problem aus dem Bereich der "gemischten Zahlen" 1 Vorbemerkung Wir stellen im folgenden ein Phänomen aus dem Bereich des Erwerbs soge-nannter "gemischter Zahlen" (genauer: "gemischter" Bezeichnungen von Bruchzahlen) vor, das an der Schnittstelle sprachlichen und mathematischen Wissens angesiedelt ist. Zum Problembereich...
Article
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In the present paper, I will discuss the semantic structure of nouns and nominal number markers. In particular, I will discuss the question if it is possible to account for the syntactic and semantic formation of nominals in a parallel way, that is I will try to give a compositional account of nominal semantics. The framework that I will use is "tw...
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Die Bezeichnung von Anzahlen durch Numeralia und andere sprachliche Mittel ist ein uni-verselles Charakteristikum natürlicher Sprachen, ein Sachverhalt, der bereits auf die große Be-deutung des Zahlkonzepts für das menschliche Denken hinweist: 2 Der Begriff der Zahl, der in der Auffassung diskreter Objekte wurzelt, bildet nach neueren kognitionswis...