Heidi Wittmer

Heidi Wittmer
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung | UFZ · Department of Environmental Politics

Dr

About

131
Publications
139,606
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
6,082
Citations
Citations since 2017
36 Research Items
4046 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
Introduction
Heidi Wittmer currently works at the Department of Environmental Politics, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung. Heidi does research at the Science Policy interface, Environmental Politics especially concerning biodiversity and ecosystem services, Qualitative Social Research and Environmental Science. She has worked on TEEB The economics of ecosystems and biodiversity. One current project is 'EKLIPSE' creating a support mechanism for biodiversity and ecosystem services. From October 2018 to September 2019 she is taking a year off to cycle around Europe.
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - September 2018
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung
Position
  • Head of Department
January 2008 - present
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung
Position
  • The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity TEEB
December 2001 - present
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung

Publications

Publications (131)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Global scientific assessments increasingly reach the conclusion that transformative change of global production and consumption systems is necessary to safeguard and maintain global commons, such as biodiversity, natural forests and the ocean. Against this background the present study analyses the conclusions of global assessments and derives recom...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract In this paper, we operationalize the concept of Societal Relationships with Nature (SRN) as a framework for understanding nature‐related conflicts and multiple values. Based on three dimensions knowledgescape, interactions and identity, we propose a set of questions for the empirical analysis of conflict situations. We use two case studies...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Dieser Kurzbericht wirft ein Schlaglicht auf aktuelle Positionen und Argumente in der deutschen Waldpolitik. Er zeigt Handlungsmöglichkeiten zu Waldumbau, Förderung, globalen Debatten und einer Überwindung der Lagerbildung auf.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Das Tempelhofer Feld in Berlin ist in seiner Dimension, Geschichte und Vielfalt der Möglichkeiten ein einzigartiger Ort. Das Zusammenspiel von großen Naturschutz- und Erholungsflächen inmitten der Dichte der Stadt ist in dieser Form nur hier zu finden. Das Feld bietet als urbaner Naturraum eine Kombination verschiedener ökologischer Leistungen wie...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Die vorliegende Publikation ist die Kurzversion der englischsprachigen Studie „Transformative change for a sustainable management of global commons. Recommendations for international cooperation based on a review of global assessment reports and project experience“ (im Erscheinen) und wurde im Rahmen des Projekts „Transformativer Wandel zum Schutz...
Article
Transformative changes in agriculture at multiple scales are needed to ensure sustainability, i.e. achieving food security while fostering social justice and environmental integrity. These transformations go beyond technological fixes and require fundamental changes in cognitive, relational, structural and functional aspects of agricultural systems...
Article
Full-text available
In order to advance ongoing efforts in the (still emerging) field of marine restoration, different forms of knowledge must be combined: not only the biological and technical aspects, but also the social and cultural dimensions of marine restoration efforts. This calls for a newly combined array of methods that allows for a bridging of these differe...
Article
Full-text available
Cambridge Core - Ecology and Conservation - Conservation Research, Policy and Practice - edited by William J. Sutherland
Article
There is a momentum towards finding financing solutions for halting deforestation at the landscape level for the benefit of climate, biodiversity and delivery of ecosystem services. The Unlocking Forest Finance (UFF) project has, between 2013 and 2018, worked on the development of innovative financing mechanisms for sustainable landscapes in three...
Article
Full-text available
Germany faces on-going degradation and biodiversity loss. As a consequence, goods and services provided by biodiversity for human well-being, so-called ecosystem services, are being lost. The associated economic costs and benefits are often unknown. To fill this gap, we conducted a literature review and developed a database of monetary values for t...
Data
Monetary values of changes in ecosystem services in Germany. (XLSX)
Data
Reporting of systematic review. (DOCX)
Data
Carbon balance of major ecosystem conversion processes in Germany and related ecosystem service costs and benefits. (XLSX)
Chapter
This chapter highlights how ecosystem-based adaptation—informed conservation and management practices that help people adapt to climate change—can enhance the resilience of island communities and reduce ecosystem service risks. On islands, terrestrial, coastal, and marine ecosystems are highly interconnected and provide important ecosystem services...
Article
Ecosystem services frameworks effectively assume that nature's contributions to human well-being derive from people receiving benefits from nature. At the same time, efforts (money, time, or energy) for conservation, restoration or stewardship are often considered costs to be minimized. But what if caring for nature is itself an essential component...
Book
Full-text available
Das seit 2012 laufende Vorhaben »Naturkapital Deutschland – TEEB DE« ist die deutsche Nachfolgestudie der internationalen TEEB-Studie (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity), die den Zusammenhang zwischen den Leistungen der Natur, der Wertschöpfung der Wirtschaft und dem menschlichen Wohlergehen zum Thema hatte. »Naturkapital Deutschland – T...
Book
Full-text available
The project »Natural Capital Germany – TEEB DE«, which has been running since 2012, is the German follow-on study to the international TEEB study (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity), which explored the links between the ecosystem services of nature, economic activity and human well-being. By adopting an economic perspective, »Natural Cap...
Article
Full-text available
To address the pressing problems associated with biodiversity loss, changes in awareness and behaviour are required from decision makers in all sectors. Science-policy interfaces (SPIs) have the potential to play an important role, and to achieve this effectively, there is a need to understand better the ways in which existing SPIs strive for effec...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of EKLIPSE is to develop a mechanism to inform European-scale policy on biodiversity and related environmental challenges. This paper considers two fundamental aspects of the decisionsupport mechanism being developed by EKLIPSE: 1) the engagement of relevant actors from science, policy and society to jointly identify evidence for decision m...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The financial resources needed for globally implementing the Aichi Biodiversity Targets have been estimated at US$ 150–440 billion per year (CBD COP11, 2012) – of which only a fraction is currently available. Significant efforts have been undertaken in many countries to increase funding for biodiversity conservation. Nonetheless, this funding short...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter we will mainly focus on biodiversity challenges in relation to human health. We will do this from a science-society interface perspective. What are the important challenges regarding this topic when aiming for policy and society practice relevant reseaerch and action? First, we will briefly introduce the main biodiversity-human heal...
Article
Full-text available
Nature is perceived and valued in starkly different and often conflicting ways. This paper presents the rationale for the inclusive valuation of nature’s contributions to people (NCP) in decision making, as well as broad methodological steps for doing so. While developed within the context of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosy...
Technical Report
Full-text available
‘Knowledge synthesis’ refers to a set of methods used to review, collate and communicate the best available knowledge on a specific topic or question, including explicit scientific knowledge, but also indigenous and local knowledge, or tacit technical or opinion-based knowledge held by stakeholders. The process of knowledge synthesis is a crucial e...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we reflect on the implications for science, policy and practice of the recently introduced concept of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS), with a focus on the European context. First, we analyse NBS in relation to similar concepts, and reflect on its relationship to sustainability as an overarching framework. From this, we derive a set of q...
Article
Full-text available
We present options for a National Ecosystem Assessment in Germany (NEA-DE) that could inform decision-makers on the state and trends of ecosystems and ecosystem services. Characterizing a NEA-DE, we argue that its cross-sectoral, integrative approach would have the advantages of increased scientific understanding, addressing specific policy questio...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we reflect on the implications for science, policy and practice of the recently introduced concept of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS), with a focus on the European context. First, we analyse NBS in relation to similar concepts, and reflect on its relationship to sustainability as an overarching framework. From this, we derive a set of q...
Research
Full-text available
Key messages: • Financial resource mobilisation needs to go hand in hand with efforts to slow the drivers of conservation costs and to improve effective spending capacity. • Constraints to financial sustainability of biodiversity conservation are highly diverse and need to be better understood at country level. • Innovative financing mechanisms can...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge brokerage on biodiversity and ecosystem services can apply communication tools such as policy briefs to facilitate the dialogue between scientists and policymakers. There is currently considerable debate on how to go beyond the linear communication model, outdated in theoretical debate but still often implicitly leading interaction with p...
Article
Full-text available
Economic instruments that promise “win-win” solutions for both biodiversity conservation and human livelihoods have become increasingly popular over recent years. There however remains a gap in terms of practical and policy-relevant guidance about appropriate approaches that take into account the local needs and the specific cultural, legal, and ec...
Article
Full-text available
Responding to different questions generated by biodiversity and ecosystem services policy or management requires different forms of knowledge (e.g. scientific, experiential) and knowledge synthesis. Additionally, synthesis methods need to be appropriate to policy context (e.g. question types, budget, timeframe, output type, required scientific rigo...
Article
Full-text available
Science–policy-interfaces (SPIs) are expected to go beyond the linear model of scientific policy advice through creating spaces for exchange and dialogue between ‘policy’ and ‘knowledge’. Given that most environmental issues require inter- and transdisciplinary approaches, SPIs must take into account a variety of knowledge types, views and interest...
Article
Full-text available
Developing an interface between knowledge holders, stakeholders and decision makers on biodiversity issues, just as any science-policy interface, will face many challenges. In the crucial endeavour to tackle all those challenges, determining an ethical course of actions will be essential to the prestige and credibility of such an interface. The pap...
Article
Full-text available
The absence of a good interface between scientific and other knowledge holders and decision-makers in the area of biodiversity and ecosystem services has been recognised for a long time. Despite recent advancements, e.g. with the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), challenges remain, particularly concerning th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Excerpted from Annex II: Stepwise approach to “assessing diverse conceptualizations of multiple values of nature and its benefits, including biodiversity, ecosystem functions, and services”: a summary and directions to the guidance document (Preliminary Guide, Annex III). This summary provides an introduction to the guidance document and illustrate...
Article
Assessments of ecosystem services (ES), that aim at informing decisions on land management, are increasing in number around the globe. Despite selected success stories, evidence for ES information being used in decision making is weak, partly because ES assessments are found to fall short in targeting information needs by decision makers. To improv...
Chapter
The contribution of biodiversity to human well-being and the economy is multifaceted. Functioning ecosystems contribute goods and services that can satisfy many human needs, with the poorest groups in developing countries often depending the most on biodiversity and the ecosystem services it provides (TEEB, 2012). The interdependency between biodiv...
Article
Since the presentation of its international reports at the 2010 Convention on Biological Diversity Conference of Parties, TEEB (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity)—an international multi-stakeholder initiative—has been taken up in a number of countries to initiate TEEB Country Studies (TCSs). Their common aim is to take stock of natural c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Acknowledgements: This synthesis report complements the 'ValuES collection of case studies: Experiences with ecosystem service assessment processes'. It would not have been possible without the willingness of experts and practitioners to share their inside views of assessment processes with the research team of the ValuES project: Cross are gratefu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Practitioners in the fields of sustainable development, land management, and biodiversity conservation are increasingly interested in using economic instruments that promise “win-win” solutions for conservation and human livelihoods. However, practitioners often lack guidance for selecting and implementing suitable economic approaches that take the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
document available at: http://www.ipbes.net/images/documents/plenary/third/information/INF_7/IPBES_3_INF_7.pdf
Method
Full-text available
There are many different approaches to, and methods for, doing an assessment. This online navigator guides through possible purposes for doing an assessment before suggesting a sub-set from the 60+ method profiles available online. Diverse scoping tools, and qualitative, quantative and monetary assessment methods are being covered. Profiles come wi...
Article
Der Wert von Ökosystemen und ihr Beitrag zum menschlichen Wohlergehen werden weit über den Bereich des Umweltschutzes hinaus zunehmend diskutiert. Trotz einer wachsenden Zahl wissenschaftlicher Arbeiten liegt bisher jedoch kein umfassendes und integriertes Wissen zum Zustand und der Entwicklung von Ökosystemleistungen in Deutschland vor. Ziel der S...
Book
Full-text available
Die Sondierungsstudie für ein Nationales Assessment von Ökosystemen und ihren Leistungen in für Gesellschaft und Wirtschaft in Deutschland (NEA-DE) untersucht, wie ein Assessment derart konzipiert und implementiert werden könnte, dass es möglichst effektiv und im Interesse seiner potenziellen Nutzer in Politik, Verwaltung, Wirtschaft und Gesellscha...
Chapter
The present chapter develops a brief, introductory account of some of the more stringent perspectives and proposals on how to inquire into the governance of ecosystem services. The objective is not to provide a state-of-the-art document, but to propose a limited set of contingent domains of inquiry. The double shift from government to governance an...
Chapter
Ecosystem governance deals with the management of not only the ecosystem, but also of related social aspects such as decision making, social interaction, and power relations. Taking a closer look at this social side of ecological issues, we learn that these issues are not straightforward or self-evident: What to take into account when describing an...
Article
The concept of ecosystem services (ES) - broadly described as the contributions of ecosystems to human well-being - is increasingly being integrated into current policy-making. However, the results of a survey conducted among experts at regional level in Saxony (Germany), Satakunta (Finland) and Silesia (Poland) show that this integration faces som...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services An analytical framework for ecosystem assessments under action 5 of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 : discussion paper – final, April 2013 Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 calls Member States to map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services in their national t...
Article
Maps of ecosystem services are repeatedly mentioned in the ‘‘EU biodiversity strategy to 2020’’ as being necessary to achieve the goals of this strategy. On regional and landscape levels too, maps are more and more often suggested to be essential for proper management of ecosystems and their services. This paper presents results drawn from intervie...
Article
Full-text available
Internationally, the importance of a coordinated effort to protect both biodiversity and public health is more and more recognized. These issues are often concentrated or particularly challenging in urban areas, and therefore on-going urbanization worldwide raises particular issues both for the conservation of living natural resources and for popul...
Article
Full-text available
Against the background of a continuing biodiversity loss there is a strong need to improve the interfaces between science and policy. Many approaches for such interfaces exist, the most recent being the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). A less prominent approach to interface science with policy consists of r...
Chapter
Full-text available
An overview is given about the history of a conflict-laden relationship between Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) and humans in Saxony for more than 100 years. The development of the conflict is described in front of the background of otter persecution, population development, social and economical factors as well as legal instruments in four historica...