Heidar Sharafi

Heidar Sharafi
Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM) | CHUM

PhD

About

107
Publications
18,347
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1,003
Citations
Citations since 2017
53 Research Items
813 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
Background: People who inject drugs (PWID) continue to experience the highest burden of hepatitis C virus (HCV). We aimed to characterize HCV antibody prevalence, determinants of infection, and the cascade of engagement in HCV care among PWID in Iran. Methods: Participants were recruited in 11 cities of Iran using respondent-driven sampling. PWI...
Article
Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a burgeoning health problem worldwide. Genetic predisposition increases susceptibility to NAFLD. The PNPLA3 rs738409 and TM6SF2 rs58542926 polymorphisms are genetic risk factors for NAFLD. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association of rs738409 and rs58542926 polymorphisms wit...
Article
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Background: High-risk behaviors in people with severe mental illnesses, such drug injection by shared equipment and unprotected sex, expose them to the risk of blood-borne infections such as hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of HBV and HCV serum markers in people...
Article
Background Studies have reported that the immune system modulation genes are involved in the seroconversion during hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Here, a systematic review with meta-analysis is implemented on the association of polymorphisms in immune-related genes with the spontaneous hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroconversion. Method...
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Introduction Low-cost generic direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) are available in several low-income/middle-income countries, important for treatment scale-up. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of genotype-dependent and pan-genotypic DAA regimens in Iran as an example of a resource-limited sett...
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Background People who inject drugs (PWID) are at high risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and its complications in many countries, including Iran. This pilot study aimed to evaluate the effect of a community-based HCV model of care on HCV testing and treatment initiation among PWID in Kerman, Iran. Methods This study is part of the Rostam s...
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Background NS5A and NS5B proteins of hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the main targets of compounds that directly inhibit HCV infections. However, the emergence of resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) may cause substantial reductions in susceptibility to inhibitors. Methods Viral load and genotyping were determined in eighty-seven naïve HCV-infec...
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Introduction: To realize the global goals of eliminating hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) by 2030, it is necessary to monitor the status of disease among target populations and undertake the required interventions. This study is the third round of surveys to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B and C infections among incarcera...
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Background Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is one of the most important comorbidities in patients with hereditary bleeding disorders (HBD). The present study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of direct-acting antiviral agent (DAA)-based interferon-free HCV antiviral regimens in patients with HBD. Patients and methods The present study was performed...
Article
Background: Although several regimens have been approved for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, sofosbuvir-based regimens are not approved for the treatment of HCV infection in patients with severe renal impairment. Methods: This study was conducted on 51 hemodialysis patients infected with HCV. The patients received a constant dos...
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Background Understanding the reasons for loss to follow-up (LTFU) in cohort studies, especially among marginalized groups such as people who inject drugs (PWID), is needed to strengthen the rigor of efficacy trials for prevention and treatment interventions. We assessed the proportion and reasons for loss to follow-up in a recent cohort of PWID enr...
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Background Hepatitis C virus (HCV), non-structural 5A (NS5A), and non-structural 5B (NS5B) resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) are the main causes of failure to direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs). NS5A and NS5B RASs can occur in patients with HCV infection naturally and before exposure to DAAs. Objectives This study aimed to evaluate nat...
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Background Prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Iran is high. Since 2005, the Iranian government has implemented a harm reduction program to control HCV. We aimed to describe the prevalence of HCV antibody (Ab) in Iranian PWID before and after the implementation of harm reduction with cumulative me...
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Context: Hepatic manifestations of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) are common among people living with Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). Objectives: This systematic review aimed to summarize the evidence on COVID-19 patients living with HBV or HCV co-infections. Data Sources: We searched multiple electronic databases and pr...
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Context: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as the most common type of primary liver cancer (accounting for 70% - 90% of all liver cancers), is the seventh most common malignancy worldwide. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a specific group of enzymes that are responsible for the detoxification of carcinogens. According to the available literature...
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Background People with criminal justice involvement contribute remarkably to the rising hepatitis C virus (HCV) burden; however, the continuum of care is a major barrier to prison-based programs. We aimed to evaluate a comprehensive HCV care model in an Iranian provincial prison. Methods Between 2017–2018, in the Karaj Central Prison, newly admitt...
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Coinfections of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and/or hepatitis B virus (HBV) with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) are associated with high morbidity and mortality and poor prognosis. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of HCV and/or HBV coinfections among people who inject drugs (PWID...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: People with criminal justice involvement contribute remarkably to the rising hepatitis C virus (HCV) burden; however, the continuum of care is a major barrier to prison-based programs. We aimed to evaluate a comprehensive HCV care model in an Iranian provincial prison. Methods: Between 2017-2018, in the Karaj Central Prison, newly admit...
Article
Background and aim: Cirrhosis is a major public health problem worldwide. The prevalence of cirrhosis is various in different geographical regions. The aim of the present study was to determine the distribution of the etiologies of cirrhosis and their proportional changes through recent 11 years in Iran. Methods: In this retrospective, observati...
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The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) and their co-infections among people who inject drugs (PWID) and female sex workers (FSWs). Data sources were searched from January 2008 to October 2018 in...
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Context: Hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection, as the main coinfection in patients with chronic hepatitis B, leads to progressive liver disease. Elucidating the global distribution of HDV genotypes may be beneficial for the development of HDV vaccines and antiviral agents. Objectives: Through this systematic review, we aimed to present a clear picture...
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Background: Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with recently introduced direct-acting antiviral agents (DAA) is effective and safe, however there is little known regarding safety and efficacy of generic DAAs in the real-life clinical setting. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of generic sofosbuvir/ledipasvir (SOF/LDV...
Article
Background: Stimulants substances use, particularly methamphetamine use, is increasing globally, including in Iran. This study assessed the drug use and risk behaviour profile, and prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) among a large population using methamphetamine as their primary drug in Iran. Methods: This cr...
Article
Using direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) against hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection results in a high treatment response rate. However, several factors can significantly alter this outcome such as resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) in HCV NS5A gene. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of naturally occurring RASs of NS5A in HCV gen...
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Background: Due to the increasing number of immigrations worldwide, the immigrants' health assessment is a major issue especially in the working children of immigrants. Objectives: In the current study, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections were tested in working children of Afghan immig...
Article
Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) point-of-care testing using rapid diagnostic test (RDT) is the solution for large-scale, feasible, fast and reliable screening of HCV infection. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of HCV RDT for screening of HCV infection in a real-life prison setting. Study design:...
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Context: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a significant cause of chronic liver disease in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Introduction of HCV direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) revolutionized the treatment of hepatitis C in patients with HIV/HCV co-infection. In this study, we systematically reviewed the treatment...
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Background: The hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections are significant concerns in patients with inherited disorders of hemoglobin (IDH). Objectives: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of HCV and HBV infections in a large cohort of patients with IDH in Sistan and Baluchistan province, Iran. Methods: In this retrospect...
Article
Introduction Resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) in the NS5A gene of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been studied as one of the predictors of response to NS5A inhibitor-containing regimens. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of pre-treatment naturally-occurring NS5A RASs in HCV isolates from patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 (HCV-1)...
Article
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Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has evolved greatly through the recent decade. The availability of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) targeting the functional proteins of HCV has resulted in the introduction of DAA-based combination therapies, providing an optimal rate of treatment success. Among the DAAs, NS5A inhibitors are used...
Article
Chronic liver disease (CLD) is a major health problem worldwide. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), chronic hepatitis C (CHC), chronic hepatitis B (CHB), and alcoholic liver disease (ALD) are the most common etiologies of CLD. Liver biopsy is the gold standard for assessment of liver fibrosis, however, it is an invasive method. This review...
Article
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is known as one of the common and fatal cancers in the Asian and African countries. Two significant factors could cause this type of cancer including having diets contaminated with aflatoxin and chronic viral hepatitis infections. This study aimed to compare the level of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in those who had viral hepa...
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Background Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is an important cause of chronic liver disease which has been affected 3% of world’s population. Some studies have shown that adding Sofosbuvir (SOF), an HCV polymerase inhibitor to the conventional therapy of Pegylated-interferon (PegIFN) plus Ribavirin (RBV) can increase the rate of sustained virologic...
Article
Background and aim: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a worldwide health issue and is well known to be the main cause of developing secondary liver complications such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The PNPLA3 rs738409 polymorphism has been investigated conclusively with occurrence risk of steatosis and cirrhosis. Therefore, pe...
Article
Context: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been the main cause of post transfusion hepatitis. Long-term hepatitis can ultimately result in cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Viral hepatitis, especially HCV infection, is a major health concern in the Middle East. The current study carried out a systematic search concerning HCV seroprevalence among bl...
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Context: Recurrence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection after liver transplantation (LT) can be prevented, using antiviral therapy and new treatment regimens. Combination of protease, NS5A, and NS5B inhibitors, with or without pegylated-interferon and ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV), results in significantly high rates of sustained virologic response (SVR...
Article
Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV), as a global health concern, has infected around 1.6% of the world population. Introduction of direct-acting antiviral regimens such as sofosbuvir/ledipasvir (SOF/LDV) made the treatment of HCV infection superior to previous HCV antiviral therapies in terms of efficacy and feasibility. The current study aimed at...
Article
Background: Sustained virologic response (SVR) to pegylated-interferon (PegIFN) and ribavirin (RBV) in hepatitis C virus (HCV)- infected patients could be predicted by detection of serum HCV RNA whereas detection of HCV RNA in other reservoirs such as peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) for prediction of treatment response is still a mystery...
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Background and Aims: The presence of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) in cells of extrahepatic organs like peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) have important implications for transmission, disease progression, and effective treatment of HCV-infected patients. The impact of host genetics such as polymorphisms near Interferon lambda 3 (IFNL3) on cl...
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Background: New treatment and vaccination strategies provide the opportunity for eliminating viral hepatitis. Lack of adequate knowledge seems to be a barrier against hepatitis elimination due to the emergence of newly infected cases. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of Iranian (bio)medical students regarding hepatiti...
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Background and aim. The combination of Sofosbuvir (SOF) and Ledipasvir (LDV) has been lead to considerable enhancement of treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection. A meta-analysis of the currently available studies was undertaken with the aim to evaluate the antiviral efficacy of SOF/LDV therapy for 12 or 24 weeks with or without R...
Article
Background The IFNL4 rs368234815 polymorphism plays a prominent role in spontaneous and treatment-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study aimed to develop a polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method for assessment of rs368234815 polymorphism. Methods We genotyped the rs368234815...
Article
Introduction: Methotrexate is one of the most effective agents in chemotherapy regimens for childhood ALL. However, methotrexate has remarkable side effects, which causes complications in various tissues and organs of some patients under treatment of this drug. It is proved that genetic factors can determine methotrexate toxicity. The aim of this s...
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Context Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is characterized by a high degree of genetic heterogeneity and classified into 7 genotypes and different subtypes. It heterogeneously distributed through various risk groups and geographical regions. A well-established phylogenetic relationship can simplify the tracing of HCV hierarchical strata into geographical reg...
Article
We read with great interest the article by Maimone et al. (1) recently published in your prestigious journal. In this study, the diagnostic characteristics of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) level and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) for differentiation of HBsAg inactive carrier (IC) state from hepatitis B en...
Article
Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether two polymorphisms of the human interferon lambda 4 (IFNL4) gene (rs12979860 and rs8099917) can predict sustained virologic response (SVR) following antiviral therapy in patients with inherited bleeding disorder and chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Methods: This retrospective study was conducte...
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Background: A dinucleotide variant rs368234815 in interferon lambda 4 (IFNL4) gene was recently found to be associated with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment response. This study aimed to assess the impact of IFNL4 rs368234815 polymorphism on treatment response to pegylated-IFN alpha (Peg-IFN-α) and ribavirin (RBV) in hemophilic patients with...
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Context The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is classified into seven genotypes and more than 100 subtypes. The treatment regimen, duration and efficacy of HCV therapy may vary according to the HCV genotype. Therefore, the HCV genotype should be determined prior to antiviral therapy. The objective of the current study was to review systematically all studie...
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Context Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health issue worldwide, including Iran. The new direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) with high efficacy have changed the landscape of HCV treatment. This guideline provides updated recommendations for clinical management of HCV infection in Iran. Evidence Acquisition The recommendations...
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Background: Molecular studies have demonstrated that the hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype and host genetics play predictive roles in the management of patients infected with HCV. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the HCV genotype, core amino acid (aa) 70 substitution, and polymorphisms near the IFNL3 gene (including rs12979860 and rs80...
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Context: After the introduction of safe and highly effective hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatments, eradication of HCV in the next 20 years is the ultimate goal. Since 2011, the advent of first generation direct acting antivirals (DAAs) were started and followed by the introduction of a new wave of DAAs in 2013 which exhibit outstanding efficacy. It...
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Background: It has been found that ITPase deficiency is caused by ITPA gene polymorphisms. It was observed that ITPA polymorphisms have impact on hematological changes, including hemoglobin (Hb)-decline during treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients with pegylated-interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV). Objectives: This study aimed to...
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Background: Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) is the major cause of liver failure in thalassemic patients. In these patients, iron overload and their comorbidities make difficulties during Pegylated-Interferon (PEG-IFN) and Ribavirin (RBV) therapy. Objectives: We aimed to assess the impact of polymorphisms near the IL28B gene on virological response in HC...
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Background: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) and Hepatitis E virus (HEV) are both transmitted by the fecal-oral route and are known as the leading causes of acute viral hepatitis in the world, especially in developing countries. There is a lack of updated data on HAV and HEV seroprevalence in Iran. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the s...
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To evaluate the efficacy of pegylated interferon in Iranian chronic hepatitis C patients in relation to interferon-λ (IFNL) polymorphisms. This study enrolled patients with chronic hepatitis C referred to the Tehran Blood Transfusion Hepatitis Clinic in 2011. Patients were included in the study if they had no concomitant hepatic illness, were negat...
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Context: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients show differences in methotrexate-induced toxicity after treatment with this anti-cancer drug. Pharmacogenetics is an important determining factor for toxicity diversity. Objective: In this study, the effect of +452 CT and 401CT polymorphisms of Gamma-glutamyl hydrolase (GGH) gene on methotrexate serum...
Article
Scarce data is available on the efficacy of Pegylated Interferon (Peg-IFN) and Ribavirin (RBV) combination therapy in hemophilic children with chronic hepatitis C. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Peg-IFN and RBV combination therapy for hemophilic children infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) in comparison with adult hemophili...
Article
Evaluation of trends in the rate of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) in blood donors is essential for monitoring blood supply safety and donor screening effectiveness. The aim of this study was to determine the trends and prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and syphilis seroma...
Article
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Previous studies using pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) combination therapy suggested that patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 and low pretreatment HCV RNA level who achieved rapid virological response (RVR) can be treated for 24 weeks without compromising sustained virological response (SVR) rate. The current study a...