Hector A. Orengo

Hector A. Orengo
Catalan Institute of Classical Archaeology | ICAC · Landscape Archaeology Research Group

PhD in Classical Archaeology

About

133
Publications
55,894
Reads
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1,623
Citations
Citations since 2017
56 Research Items
979 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Introduction
Hector A. Orengo currently works at the Catalan Institute of Classical Archaeology
Additional affiliations
March 2018 - November 2022
Catalan Institute of Classical Archaeology
Position
  • Ramón y Cajal Researcher
March 2016 - March 2018
University of Cambridge
Position
  • Research Associate
May 2014 - March 2016
The University of Sheffield
Position
  • Marie Curie Intra-European Fellow

Publications

Publications (133)
Article
Full-text available
This article presents AgriExp, a remote-based workflow for the rapid mapping and monitoring of archaeological and cultural heritage locations endangered by new agricultural expansion and encroachment. Our approach is powered by the cloud-computing data cataloguing and processing capabilities of Google Earth Engine and it uses all the available scen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a method for the merging of lidar-derived point clouds of the same area taken at different moments, even when these are not co-registered. The workflow also incorporates the filtering of vegetation allowing the classification of unclassified point clouds using the ground points of reliable coverages. The objective is to produce...
Poster
Full-text available
0,8 εκατ. στρ. Το κριθάρι έχει πλεονεκτήματα έναντι των άλλων σιτηρών στα Μεσογειακά-ξηροθερμικά περιβάλλοντα, λόγω της ευρείας προσαρμοστικότητα, της ικανοποιητικής παραγωγής και σε καλλιεργητικές περιόδους με πολύ χαμηλή βροχόπτωση, της μειωμένης ανάγκης για αζωτούχο λίπανσης και της ανταγωνιστικότητας στα ζιζάνια. Μια σημαντική πηγή γενετικού υλ...
Article
This paper presents an algorithm for automated detection and classification of multi-cell phytoliths, one of the major components of many archaeological and paleoenvironmental deposits. This identification, based on phytolith wave pattern, is made using a pretrained VGG19 deep learning model. This approach has been tested in three key phytolith gen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the preliminary results of the Archaeological Project at Abdera and Xanthi (APAX), a systematic regional survey applying intensive pedestrian sample collection conducted in Greek Thrace. This new archaeological programme has investigated different landscape settings in the Xanthi area. Different collection strategies were develo...
Poster
Full-text available
Monitoring and Field Data Collection • Monitoring of moisture levels, early detection of plant diseases, and manual extermination of arable weeds or other pests secure the plants' growth, and the crop's yield. • Data extraction from every stage of the plants' development, harvest process and post harvest physiological condition. • Regular agronomic...
Article
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In this paper, we describe the development and state of archaeological surface survey in the Mediterranean. We focus especially on surface survey as a means of documenting long-term settlement patterns at various scales, as an approach to the archaeology of regions, and as a pathway to the interpretation of past landscapes. Over the last decades, t...
Article
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The Empordà plain attests to a remarkable mixture of Late-Holocene cultural exchanges and colonial processes. This includes the founding of Emporion, the earliest Greek colony in Iberia, and of the Roman city of Emporiae. This study aims at assessing landscape changes related to indigenous and colonial settlement in this unique scenario where the s...
Article
Full-text available
This contribution deals with the study of ancient agrarian field systems, land-use and the phenomenon of centuriation in the coastal plain of Empordà (northeast of Catalonia). Characterized by complex socio-environmental interactions, the Empordà coastal plain is marked by the presence of large land areas and wetlands linked to river flooding as we...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an algorithm for large-scale automatic detection of burial mounds, one of the most common types of archaeological sites globally, using LiDAR and multispectral satellite data. Although previous attempts were able to detect a good proportion of the known mounds in a given area, they still presented high numbers of false positives...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents new developments on drone-based automated survey for the detection of individual items or fragments of material culture visible on the ground surface. Since the publication of our original proof of concept, awarded with the Journal of Archaeological Science and Society for Archaeological Sciences Emerging Investigator Award 2019...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines agriculture, farming and dietary resources in east Crete, and re-evaluates the role of grape and olive in its prehistoric economy, these being key in debates on the emergence of social complexity. To do so bioarchaeological, paleoenvironmental and landscape survey data from the Bronze Age town at Palaikastro and its territory ar...
Article
Full-text available
There are strong interactions between an economic system and its ecological context. In this sense, livestock have been an integral part of human economies since the Neolithic, contributing significantly to the creation and maintenance of agricultural anthropized landscapes. For this reason, in the frame of the ERC-StG project ’ZooMWest’ we collect...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract The complex evolution of the Valencian territory makes it one of the most interesting historical landscapes in Europe. But this complexity is also the main problem for its study, as intensive historical occupation and geomorphological dynamics in combination with modern changes have deeply transformed the territory. For this reason, its an...
Article
Full-text available
Historical maps present a unique depiction of past landscapes, providing evidence for a wide range of information such as settlement distribution, past land use, natural resources, transport networks, toponymy and other natural and cultural data within an explicitly spatial context. Maps produced before the expansion of large-scale mechanized agric...
Article
Full-text available
Significance This paper illustrates the potential of machine learning-based classification of multisensor, multitemporal satellite data for the remote detection and mapping of archaeological mounded settlements in arid environments. Our research integrates multitemporal synthetic-aperture radar and multispectral bands to produce a highly accurate p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper introduces a novel approach for the detection, classification and characterisation of nowadays disappeared or seriously compromised archaeological sites and various off-site ancient landscape features in the Kambos area in the western Thessalian plain. Despite efforts of the members of the Greek Archaeological Service, the archaeological...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a new reading of the Neolithic archaeological record of western Thessaly. Eastern and coastal Thessaly exhibit exceptional density of Neolithic settlements, whereas the striking scarcity of Neolithic presence in the western plain, has been usually attributed to unspecified ‘unwelcoming physiographic characteristics’. This pictur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
After the success of last year's session on Machine Learning (ML) and the fruitful discussion that followed, it became apparent that there is plenty of interest in the application of these methods in archaeology. This interest might be partly ascribed to advances made in Deep Learning-in particular Convolution Neural Networks-across various discipl...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological pedestrian survey is one of the most popular techniques available for primary detection of archaeological sites and description of past landscape use. As such it is an essential tool not just for the understanding of past human distribution, economy, demography and so on but also for cultural heritage management and protection. The m...
Article
Full-text available
Incomplete datasets curtail the ability of archaeologists to investigate ancient landscapes, and there are archaeological sites whose locations remain unknown in many parts of the world. To address this problem, we need additional sources of site location data. While remote sensing data can often be used to address this challenge, it is enhanced wh...
Code
This is a modified version of the original script. GEE made some changes to the Landsat 5 collection that rendered previous code unusable. The changes can be summarised in: a. Use of the atmospherically corrected surface reflectance instead of TOA. b. Inclussion of a bit cloud mask instead of the Fmask algortihm used in the previous TOA dataset.
Code
This is a modified version of the MSRM code originally published in Earth Surface and Landforms. This version includes the posibility to employ ALOS DSM to generate MSRMs.
Article
This paper presents the results of a pilot study using dental microwear analysis on 23 sheep and goat teeth dated to the 6th century BC from the Iron Age site of El Turó Font de la Canya (Barcelona, Spain). This study aimed to reconstruct livestock management practices and landscape use. The dental microwear pattern indicates that sheep and goats c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Archaeological pedestrian survey is one of the most widespread and reliable techniques available to the archaeologist for the detection and description of archaeological sites and past landscape use. As such it is an essential tool not just for the understanding of past human distribution, economy, demography, environmental impact and so on but als...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since 2010, an integrated archaeological and paleoenvironmental research program has been developed in the Eastern Pyrenees (Catalonia), with the aim of studying the long-term landscape shaping of Mediterranean high-mountain environments. This program involved extensive surveying, geographical information systems, archaeological excavation and the...
Article
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This paper explores the historical inundation of the city of Dera Ghazi Kkan (Punjab, Pakistan) in 1909. The rich documentation about this episode available-including historic news reports, books and maps-is used to reconstruct the historical dynamics between an urban settlement and the river morphodynamics in the Indus alluvial plain. Map and docu...
Article
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A range of data sources are now used to support the process of archaeological prospection, including remote sensed imagery, spy satellite photographs and aerial photographs. This paper advocates the value and importance of a hitherto under-utilised historical mapping resource—the Survey of India 1” to 1-mile map series, which was based on surveys s...
Article
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Animal mobility is a common strategy to overcome scarcity of food and the related over-grazing of pastures. It is also essential to reduce the inbreeding rate of animal populations, which is known to have a negative impact on fertility and productivity. The present paper shows the geographic range of sheep provisioning in different phases of occupa...
Poster
Full-text available
This contribution will present the first results of the MSCA-IF funded project Water management strategies and climate changes in the Indus civilization (WaMstrIn). This project participates in a coordinated program carried out by researchers from the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research with the aim to develop consistent methodologies fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Environmental and landscape archaeologies have been mainly applied to the analysis of rural spaces, but these approaches have been scarcely applied to urban and suburban contexts where the study of archaeological structures and materials still prevails. However, these suburban spaces are characterised by their dynamic and transitional nature. This...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Thessaly has been traditionally perceived as the ‘cradle’ of the Greek Neolithic (7th to 4th millennium BC) and a key area to understand and contextualise the route(s), timing, ways and tempo of the Neolithic beginnings in Europe. From the beginning of the 20th century onwards, archaeological research in Thessaly embodied all major theoretical and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The tell site ‘Plateia Magoula Prodromos’, a type site for the early Neolithic in Greece, is located in the broad alluvial plain of western Thessaly, central Greece. It was rescue excavated in the early 70’s. Regretfully, only short excavation reports with little contextual information are available, while the stratigraphy of a trench is the only p...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural production and the palatial redistribution of staples have played a key role in the debate concerning the emergence of social complexity in Minoan Crete. However, much of the focus has fallen on major settlements where such products were consumed, rather than on the landscape where agricultural surplus was produced. While there is no s...
Data
Data S1. Supporting Information.
Poster
Full-text available
Dins el programa de Conservació Preventiva d' El Born CCM, una de les alteracions que més preocupen és la presència d' humitats estacionals que afecta l'espai arqueològic de manera discontinua i irregular. Finalitzades les excavacions, l'any 2002, comencen a detectar-se diferències de comportament del subsòl segons ens situem en zones de composició...
Article
Full-text available
Morphological analysis of landforms has traditionally relied on the interpretation of imagery. Although imagery provides a natural view of an area of interest (AOI) images are largely hindered by the environmental conditions at the time of image acquisition, the quality of the image and, mainly, the lack of topographical information, which is an es...
Article
Full-text available
On the east Mediterranean island of Crete, a hierarchical society centred on large palatial complexes emerges during the Bronze Age. The economic basis for this significant social change has long been debated, particularly concerning the role of olive cultivation in the island's agricultural system. With the aim of studying vegetation changes and h...
Presentation
Full-text available
Call for papers for EAA session 625, The Bioarchaeology of Landscapes
Article
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En aquest treball s’ofereix una panoràmica dels estudis realitzats pel Grup d’Investigació en Arqueologia del Paisatge (GIAP) als espais altimontans pirenaics orientals en els darrers 10 anys. Des d’un enfocament multidisciplinari en el marc de l’arqueologia del paisatge, els resultats obtinguts permeten trencar amb la visió tradicional d’aquestes...
Article
Full-text available
Morphological analysis of landforms has traditionally relied on the interpretation of imagery. Although imagery provides a natural view of an area of interest (AOI) images are largely hindered by the environmental conditions at the time of image acquisition, the quality of the image and, mainly, the lack of topographical information, which is an es...
Article
Full-text available
Remote sensing has considerable potential to contribute to the identification and reconstruction of lost hydrological systems and networks. Remote sensing-based reconstructions of palaeo-river networks have commonly employed single or limited time-span imagery, which limits their capacity to identify features in complex and varied landscape context...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For centuries, one of the main challenges faced by the inhabitants of Barcelona was to ensure the provision of water to the city. Indeed, historical Bàrcino does not stand near a river although the historic core was bordered by seasonal streams. For this reason, during Roman period, a long aqueduct was built to transfer drinking water from the Besò...
Article
Full-text available
Remote sensing has considerable potential to contribute to the identification and reconstruction of lost hydrological systems and networks. Remote sensing-based reconstructions of palaeo-river networks have commonly employed single or limited time-span imagery, which limits their capacity to identify features in complex and varied landscape context...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Durant segles, un dels principals objectius dels habitants de Barcelona ha estat assegurar l’aprovisionament d’aigua a la ciutat. De fet, cal tenir present que el nucli històric de Barcelona no es localitza proper a cap curs d’aigua permanent natural. Per aquest motiu, amb la fundació de Barcino en època d’August, es construí un aqüeducte d’11,3 km...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The historic territory of Valencia is being analysed in the frame of a new research project, Valentia Landscape Project, aiming to characterise the dynamics of the Valencian Cultural Landscape from the Iron Age (seventh - sixth century BC) to the Modern period. An important part of the project is focused on Antiquity and one of its major goals is r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Archaeomorphology, the study of human-made landscape forms such as roads, field systems, terraces, water channels, etc. is an important part of landscape studies. The archaeological features studied through archaeomorphological approaches display a long-term chronology and play an important role in the configuration of human habitat, movement and s...
Presentation
Full-text available
The complex evolution of Valencia’s territory has made it one of the most complex historical landscapes in Europe. But this complexity can also be problematic for its study, since the intensive historical occupation and geomorphological dynamics in combination with modern changes have deeply transformed the territory. Therefore, for its meaningful...
Article
The Secret History of the Roman Roads of Britain. By M.C. Bishop . Pen & Sword, Barnsley, 2015. Pp. xiii + 210, illus, maps, plans. Price: £19.99. isbn 978 1 848846 15 9. - Volume 47 - Hector A. Orengo
Article
Full-text available
Integration of geomorphological, stratigraphic, malacological, sedimentological and micropalaeontological techniques and 14C dating allows us to characterise the processes and evolution of the coastal barrier–lagoon system of Valencia (Spain), from the middle Holocene to the historical epoch, as well as the responses to global climate events. Four...
Article
Full-text available
The archaeomorphological analysis developed as part of the first author’s PhD, has reevaluated the historical road network systems and the origin and evolution of the Valencian cultural landscape. This paper aims at presenting the results for an area studied for the first time employing a combination of archaemorphological approaches, historical do...
Chapter
Full-text available
Article in Catalan dealing with the reconstruction of the Rec Comtal Early Medieval water channel from its origins as a Roman aqueduct to the Modern period. GIS topographic analyses, excavation data and historical documentation have been employed to show how its course influenced the urban layout while being influenced by the complex history of the...
Chapter
Full-text available
An analysis of the current state (as of 2014) of the application of open source geospatial software in Archaeology. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and related geospatial software have been increasingly employed in archaeological research and practice during the last twenty years. They have transcended their initial use in territory studies t...