Hector Garcia Montero

Hector Garcia Montero
Universidad Pública de Navarra | UPNA · Department of Economy

PhD Economics

About

23
Publications
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214
Citations

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes the evolution of inequality in mean male height in central Spain considering the generations born from 1837 to 1915, measured in the drafts from 1858 to 1936 (n = 53,503). Mean adult height reflects a crude indicator of net nutritional status, a proxy for currently known measures of stunting and wasting. The results reveal a c...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: la desigualdad en el estatus nutricional neto calculada a través de la estatura media adulta y su evolución son desconocidos para la España de finales del siglo XVIII. Objetivo: evaluar las diferencias sociales y ocupacionales en la estatura media adulta de los nacidos a finales del siglo XVIII y su evolución. Método: estudio de la...
Article
inequality in net nutritional status, measured through the average adult male height, and its evolution, is still unknown as far as Spain in the late XVIII century is concerned. Objective: assess social and occupational differences in the average adult male height of cohorts born in the late 18th century and their evolution over time. Method: a...
Poster
Full-text available
The project aims to analyze the evolution of inequality and nutritional poverty in Spain in the very long term since anthropometric history. The socioeconomic and environmental differences (occupation, place of residence and access to education, mainly) are analyzed. Nutritional differences at the regional level with height data from the mid - 19th...
Article
This article analyses the relative level and evolution of the net nutritional status of manufacturing workers and craftsmen born in the last third of the eighteenth century in central Spain. It uses the anthropometric and occupational data included in the records of the general conscription carried out during the Napoleonic invasion. The findings a...
Poster
Full-text available
Analiza la dimensión biológica del nivel de vida y la desigualdad en España en los siglos XVIII-XX y las relaciones cambiantes que se establecen entre la estatura y los indicadores de bienestar. Entre otros objetivos, estudia la variabilidad y adaptabilidad de las estaturas a los diferentes contextos ambientales, explora la vertiente biológica de l...
Article
Full-text available
This paper offers new quantitative evidence on living standards in Bourbon America through the study of wages and heights. Neither were wages low nor were heights short by the international standards of the period. Thus, living standards of the Spanish Americans compare favourably with those of other regions of the world, including Europe. As in ma...
Article
Full-text available
The essential aim of this article is to analyze the evolution of prices and real wages in Madrid between 1680 and 1800. The basic source for this research consists of the account books from different charity institutions. The main conclusions are: 1) after 1690, the cost of living in Madrid and in most European cities evolved in a similar way; 2) y...
Article
Full-text available
This paper attempts at contributing to the ongoing debate on the historical roots of the high economic inequality of contemporary Iberian America. Basically empirical, our approach departs from mainstream scholarship. We show new data on wages and heights in several viceroyalties that: 1) suggest relatively medium to high levels of material welfare...
Article
Full-text available
En este artículo se presentan y analizan los índices del costo de la vida de tres ciudades españolas, Palencia, Madrid y Sevilla, que cubren el periodo 1680-1800. Las contabilidades de diversos hospitales, colegios e instituciones benéficas han constituido la fuente principal para la elaboración de los referidos índices. En las tres urbes objeto de...
Article
This article deals with the heights of cohorts born between 1837 and 1915 in the rural areas surrounding Madrid. Important differences across regions are found at the beginning of the period considered. Those differences started to fade from mid nineteenth century in coincidence with the building of the railways network. Available evidence shows th...
Article
Full-text available
Based on substantial empirical work, our paper contributes to the ongoing debate on the historical causes of contemporary Latin America problems of development (slow growth and high inequality). It shows solid quantitative evidence on wages and heights for Bourbon Hispanic America that, in our opinion, challenges mainstream assumptions about the –a...
Article
Full-text available
The presentation and analysis of a cost of living index and of different wage indices for the city of Madrid, covering the period 1680-1800 is the essential aim of this article. The accounts books of several charitable institutions have been the basic source of information for this research. The main conclusions of the work are as follows: 1) in th...
Article
Full-text available
La presentación y el análisis de un índice del coste de la vida y de distintos índices de salarios de la ciudad de Madrid, que cubren el período 1680-1800, constituyen el objetivo esencial de este trabajo. Los libros de cuentas de diversas instituciones benéficas han sido el pilar informativo básico de esta investigación. Las principales conclusion...
Article
This paper attempts at contributing to the ongoing debate on the historical roots of the high economic inequality of contemporary Iberian America. Basically empirical, our approach departs from mainstream scholarship. We show new data on wages and heights in several viceroyalties that: 1) suggest relatively medium to high levels of material welfare...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Contribute to the debate about the evolution of inequality in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution, using the example of Navarra.
Project
Goal: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/biological_nutritional_inequality The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) welcomes submissions for a Special Issue under the section of Children’s Health, focusing on “Biological Living Standards and Nutritional Health Inequality in Transition to the Developed World”. This Special Issue aims to publish manuscripts on the dynamics of biological living standards and nutritional health in human populations in social and economic transition. The historical experience of the industrialized and urbanized western world can be useful for the poorest populations today. We welcome the submission of manuscripts that explore the short- and long-term effects of the environment on biological well-being, using the main anthropometric indicators by generational cohorts. The goal is to cover aspects of height and body mass evolution at different stages of the life cycle, mainly on the basis of data from children and adolescents from both the remote and recent past. Analyses of the social height gap and rural–urban and intra-urban differences in biological well-being are of special interest. Studies that analyze the impact of nutritional crises and of the prevalence of malnutrition on the evolution of stature and other anthropometric or physiological variables are welcome. Likewise, comparative studies of countries, regions, social classes, and different socioeconomic circumstances are of interest. We encourage research papers in disciplines such as anthropology, public health, history, economics, and sociology. Submissions should include original articles, brief reports, or critical reviews (systematic reviews or meta-analyses). We especially encourage submission of papers that report on: • Nutritional Health • Inequality • Anthropometric Indicators • Human Height • Body Mass Index • Biological Well-Being • Living Standards • Child Growth • Determinants of Height • Low Birth Weight • Sexual Dimorphism • Obesity • Nutritional Transition All manuscripts will be subject to the journal’s normal peer review process. For further reading, please refer to hhttps://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/biological_nutritional_inequality. If you have any questions, please contact me at cici.zhou@mdpi.com or ijerph@mdpi.com. IJERPH is an open access peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes articles and communications in the interdisciplinary area of environmental health sciences and public
Project
The main purpose of the project is to explore the 'Great Escape' of malnutrition, poverty and deprivation in populations of the past, and to examine the biological well-being and nutritional inequality in three dimensions: by region, socioeconomic groups and trends in the very long term. And also it analyzes the determinants that were influenced by environmental and institutional conditions. (Sponsored by MINECO and the Seneca Foundation)