Heba Salem

Heba Salem
Cairo University | CU · Department of Poultry Diseases

Associate professor of Poultry and Rabbits Diseases

About

71
Publications
19,592
Reads
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506
Citations
Citations since 2016
65 Research Items
505 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Additional affiliations
June 2015 - present
Cairo University
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • lecturer of poultry and rabbit diseases

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
The yellow polyphenolic pigment known as curcumin, originating from the rhizome of the turmeric plant Curcuma longa L., has been utilized for ages in ancient medicine, as well as in cooking and food coloring. Recently, the biological activities of turmeric and curcumin have been thoroughly investigated. The studies mainly focused on their antioxida...
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Plants are subjected to a wide range of abiotic stresses, such as heat, cold, drought, salinity, flooding, and heavy metals. Generally, abiotic stresses have adverse impacts on plant growth and development which affects agricultural productivity, causing food security problems, and resulting in economic losses. To reduce the negative effects of env...
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Plant diseases and pests are risk factors that threaten global food security. Excessive chemical pesticide applications are commonly used to reduce the effects of plant diseases caused by bacterial and fungal pathogens. A major concern, as we strive toward more sustainable agriculture, is to increase crop yields for the increasing population. Micro...
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Sturdy is a disease caused by Coenurus cerebralis (C. cerebralis) that typically affects the brain and spinal cord of sheep. So, this study aimed to detect the pathological, hematological and immunological changes caused by C. cerebralis in sheep. On examination, a total of 17 sheep out of 30 sheep (56.7%) from various regions in Egypt were found i...
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Poultry production contributes markedly to bridging the global food gap. Many nations have limited the use of antibiotics as growth promoters due to increasing bacterial antibiotic tolerance/resistance, as well as the presence of antibiotic residues in edible tissues of the birds. Consequently, the world is turning to use natural alternatives to im...
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Aquaculture is the practice of developing aquatic animals and plants under artificial environmental conditions, either in a controlled or semi-controlled environment. Due to high animal protein demand, it is one of the world’s growing food production industries. It plays a vital role in contributing to food security and lowering the unemployment ra...
Article
Aquaculture, also known as aqua farming, is defined as farming fish, crustaceans, mollusks, aquatic plants, algae, and other marine organisms. It includes cultivating fresh- and saltwater populations under controlled conditions compared to commercial fishing or wild fish harvesting. Worldwide, carp, salmon, tilapia, and catfish are the most common...
Article
Global climate change is accelerating at an unprecedented rate, and the consequences of global warming are expected to worsen. Many heat waves have recently hit various parts of the world, causing major losses in livestock, particularly in the poultry sector, resulting in massive mortalities and catastrophic economic losses. Therefore, the current...
Article
There has been a rapid increase in the world's output of main poultry products (meat and eggs). This reflects customer desire for these high‐quality and safe products and the comparatively low price. Recently, natural feed additives, plants and products have been increasingly popular in the poultry and livestock industries to maintain and improve t...
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Mycoplasma and Salmonella are serious pathogens threaten the poultry industry. This study aimed to prepare and evaluate an inactivated pentavalent vaccine targeting bacteria, including Salmonella typhimurium (ST), Salmonella enteritidis (SE), Salmonella kentucky (SK), Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), and Mycoplasma synoviae (MS), from locally isolate...
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Recently, developing countries have focused on using innovative feed in poultry nutrition. The plant Moringa oleifera is native to India but grows worldwide in tropical and subtropical climates. Moringa is planted on a large scale as it can tolerate severe dry and cold conditions. All parts of this plant can be used for commercial or nutritional pu...
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The alimentary tract in chickens plays a crucial role in immune cell formation and immune challenges, which regulate intestinal flora and sustain extra-intestinal immunity. The interaction between pathogenic microorganisms and the host commensal microbiota as well as the variety and integrity of gut microbiota play a vital role in health and diseas...
Article
Off-flavours in fish products generated from recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) are a major problem in the fish farming industry affecting the market demand and prices. A particular concern is the muddy or musty odour and taste in fish due to the presence of secondary metabolites geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB), produced by actinobacter...
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Increasing market pressure to reduce the use of antibiotics and the Veterinary Feed Directive of 2019 have led to expanded research on alternate antibiotic solutions. This review aimed to assess the benefits of using essential oils (EOs) and their nanoemulsions (NEs) as feed supplements for poultry and their potential use as antibiotic alternatives...
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In line with the substantial increase in the broiler industry worldwide, Clostridium perfringens-induced necrotic enteritis (NE) resembles a continuous challenge leading to high economic losses, especially after antimicrobial growth promoters in feeds were banned by many countries. The disease is distributed worldwide in either clinical or subclini...
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Parasitism is a divesting problem that is frequently overlooked and may result in severe prominent clinical manifestation. This study aimed to investigate the seasonal and sexual prevalence of the gastrointestinal nematode Ascaridia columbae (A. columbae) infection among domestic pigeons in Giza governorate, Egypt, during the period from 2020 to 20...
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Coccidiosis is a devastating worldwide disease and is considered a dreadful disease in lovebirds. Indeed, a problem has been appeared cocktail lovebirds kept in a private pet birdhouse, Sheikh Zayed City, Giza, Egypt, in the shape of blood-tinged diarrhea, birds huddled together and showing signs of inappetence, ruffled feathers, unable to fly, gen...
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In this investigation, the incidence and intensity of gastrointestinal parasites of domestic pigeons were evaluated, additionally, in vitro and in vivo evaluation of the antiparasitic activity of chitosan nanoparticles against the most predominant gut parasite. Therefore, two hundred and forty domestic pigeons (160 adults and 80 squabs) obtained fr...
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Probiotics are increasingly used in aquaculture to protect cultivated organisms from pathogens and improve water quality and feed efficiency. Shrimp are the most commonly cultivated aquaculture species worldwide. In this current review, we will explore the current challenges that impact shrimp aquaculture and summarize how probiotics are utilized t...
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This work aimed to co-digest various wastes to assess the best combination of all mixing ratio, also at choosing the best ratio between untreated primary sludge (UPS) singly from two sources, (South valley University (SUPS) and Abu tesht wastewater station (AUPS) and raw chicken manure (RCM) and comparing the results in either case. The co-digestio...
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Salmonellosis is a severe problem that threatens the poultry sector worldwide right now. Salmonella gallinarium and Salmonella pullorum (Fowl typhoid) are the most pathogenic serovars in avian species leading to systemic infection resulting in severe economic losses in the poultry industry. Non-typhoidal serotypes of Salmonella (Paratyphoid disease...
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This study was aimed to assess the impacts of Aloe vera (AV) and Clove (Cv) powder supplementation on growth performance, carcass quality, blood biochemistry and hematology of Japanese quails and studying the possibility of using them as alternatives to antibiotics growth promotors as a natural safe products. Four hundred, seven-day old mixed sex c...
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The poultry industry contributes significantly to bridging the nutritional gap in many countries because of its meat and eggs products rich in protein and valuable nutrients at a cost less than other animal meat sources. The natural antibiotics alternatives including [probiotics, prebiotics, symbiotics, organic acids, essential oils, enzymes, immun...
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Globally, several studies have investigated the utilization and efficacy of promising medicinal herbal plants to enhance livestock and poultry production. The most commonly investigated phytobiotics in broiler ration were oregano, garlic, thyme, rosemary, black pepper, hot red pepper (HRP), and sage. Phytobiotics are classified on the basis of the...
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Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is one of the oldest spices in the world additionally, it is highly demanded. Several biotic and abiotic variables pose black pepper production worldwide. Plant-parasitic nematodes play a key role among biotic factors, causing considerable economic losses and affecting the production. Different synthetic nematicides w...
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This study was carried out in Desert Research Center and Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Egypt, under North Sinai conditions during three growing seasons, i.e., summer 2018, fall 2018/2019 and summer 2019 to assess the effect of radiation mutants on leaf histological features and genetic stability of the productivity of some potato cult...
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Avian coccidiosis is a major parasitic disorder in chickens resulting from the intracellular apicomplexan protozoa that target the intestinal tract leading to a devastating disease. Eimeria life cycle is complex and consists of intra- and extra-cellular stages inducing a potent inflammatory response that results in tissue damage associated with oxi...
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Mycoplasma is a vertically transmitted disease causing severe economic losses in poultry industry, so this study aimed to prepare a local inactivated a bivalent Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) and Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) vaccine. Vaccine was adjuvanted with Montanide ISA70 then evaluated for safety, sterility, and potency. The vaccine efficacy was e...
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Heavy metals are considered among the most serious contaminants of aquatic ecosystems, due to their biomagnifications in the tissues of fish and humans. Thus, the current study was planned to shed the light on the importance of heavy metal biomonitoring on a regular basis to ensure high quality, healthy fish, and fish products for consumers. Labora...
Article
Nanotechnology is an innovative promising technology that has a great scope of applications as well as a socioeconomic potential in poultry industry sector. Nanoparticles (NPs) show advantages of high absorption and bioavailability with more effective delivering to the target tissue compared to their bulk particles. Nanomaterials show variable form...
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Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is a worldwide ruined bacteria affecting different avian species, causing severe economic losses. Consequently, the current research sought to detect the incidence of MG among different commercial broiler, layer chickens and turkey farms, and environmental litter samples in different Egyptian governorates (Damietta, Gi...
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Malaria is a disease caused by protozoan species of the genus Plasmodium. It is widespread and becoming a challenge in several African countries in the tropical and subtropical regions. In 2010, a report was published showing that over 1.2 million death cases were occurred globally due to malaria in just one year. The transmission of the disease fr...
Article
Betaine can operate as an osmolyte and a methyl donor. Betaine is an osmolyte and a methyl donor. Betaine is likewise a zwitterion with osmotic capabilities that can help an animal cope with osmotic stress. Previous investigations have suggested that betaine has various impacts, albeit these studies do not consistently provide the same results. Die...
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The current experiment was adopted during the summer 2018, fall 2018/2019 and summer 2019 respectively at the Experimental Farm of Baloza station, Desert Research Center. North Sinai Governorate Egypt to study the effect of different doses of irradiation (0, 20, 30 and 40 Gy), three irrigation levels (100, 80 and 60 % field capacity on growth, yiel...
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The study aimed to investigate the effect of various doses of betaine supplemented dietary on Japanese quail performance, carcass characteristics, and blood chemistry. Therefore, 400 seven days old Japanese quails were classified randomly into four equal groups. Each group was subdivided into five replicates of 20 birds each. Four rations were form...
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Diabetes is a worldwide public health disease. Currently, the most effective way to treat diabetes is to mitigate postprandial hyperglycemia by inhibiting carbohydrate hydrolysis enzymes in the digestive system. Plant extracts are rich in bioactive compounds, which can be used in diabetes treatment. This study aims to evaluate the polyphenols conte...
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This study aimed to highlight the low host specificity of Hippobosca equina (H. equina) that poses a danger in diseases transmission between different animal species as well as, identification of the collected flies using light microscope and molecular characterization of H. equina in Egypt. Two hundred and forty flies were collected weekly from di...
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This study aimed to assess the effects of Parascaris equorum (P. equorum) in infected donkeys through evaluation the oxidative stress and different gene parameters in infected tissues. Fifty donkeys were examined in Giza Zoo abattoir from the period of January to March 2021. Blood and sera samples were collected from each examined donkey P. equorum...
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This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and intensity of external parasites in domestic pigeons in Giza, Egypt, from January 2020 to December 2020. A total of 300 domestic pigeons (25 pigeons per month) were examined. The birds were divided into groups based on their age. The oxidative stress parameters; serum zinc concentration, serum malon...
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This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and intensity of external parasites in domestic pigeons in Giza, Egypt, from January 2020 to December 2020. A total of 300 domestic pigeons (25 pigeons per month) were examined. The birds were divided into groups based on their age. The oxidative stress parameters; serum zinc concentration, serum malon...
Article
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Background: Clostridium perfringens-associated necrotic enteritis (NE) is a serious problem affecting broiler production. A major global challenge is to reduce the use of antibiotics in poultry industry due to their negative impacts on public health. One alternative is to use nanoparticles (NPs) to overcome bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Sil...
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In this study, three concentrations (250, 500, and 1000 ppm) of abamectin 2% suspension concentration (SC) were used as cucumber seeds treatment. The seeds were treated with abamectin to reduce nematodes reproduction and their ability to penetrate the roots, then seed germination and plant growth were observed. All the concentrations didn’t negativ...
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This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of chitosan-silver nanocomposites in the treatment of experimentally infested pigeons with Pseudolynchia canariensis (P. canariensis) with evaluation of different immunological parameters before and after treatment. Therefore, fourteen birds were divided into 2 groups; group1(infested group including 12 bir...
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The current study aimed to discuss the impact of total sulfur amino acids (TSAA) %, photoperiod, and their interaction on growth performance, carcass and blood indices of broiler chicks. A total of 300 unsexed IR broiler chicks one-week old were used in a factorial arrangement (2×3), including two photoperiod systems (22 L: 2 D and 16 L: 8 D) and t...
Article
This study aimed to detect the incidence, seasonal variation, age susceptibility of domestic pigeon to P. canariensis as well as ultra-morphological and molecular identification of circulating species (spp.) in Egypt. To achieve this aim; different pigeon premises in El- Gharbia governorate were investigated to correlate the findings with environme...
Article
Broiler chicken’s production considered a very important sector of Egyptian poultry production. Diarrhea is a common problem that Threaten poultry production. There are many causes of broiler chicken’s diarrhea as; nutritional causes, infectious causes (viral, bacterial and parasitic). Larvae rarely infest and cause diarrhea in chickens but if pres...
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Background: Encephalitozoon cuniculi is an important microsporidian parasite with zoonotic potential. The present study highlights the impact of encephalitozoonosis on rabbit health in Egypt. Three rabbit farms in Giza, with a total of 16,400 rabbits were investigated due to occurrence of rabbits displaying clinical signs consistent with encephali...
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With the continuity of great losses in poultry farms due to the emergence of very virulent strains of IBDV in recent years combined with the failure of some conventional vaccines to provide full protection, the study of field vaccines efficacy is a mandatory. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the protective efficacy of two conventi...
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Objectives The study reveals a picture for M. gallisepticum (MG) and M. synoviae (MS) in poultry industry of Egypt. Methods A total of 628 samples were collected from different species of diseased and apparently healthy poultry species from 15 Egyptian governorates. The isolates identified based on mgc2 and 16s rRNA specific primers for MG and MS...
Article
Ocular drug administration is usually problematic and suffers low bioavailability due to several physiological and biological factors that hinder their effective treatment. Terconazole (TZ) is considered as one of the effective ocular antifungal agents that is usually administrated intravitreally for higher efficacy. The aim of the work in this stu...
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This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of Bacillus subtilis spores probiotic as an alternative to antibiotic growth promoter by monitoring its effect on broiler chickens performance and determination of the intestinal bacterial count. Three experimental trials were conducted on 480 broiler chickens, 160 birds per each one, four treatment...
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AB S T RA C T Riemerella anatipestifer infection in ducks is an epizootic disease causing huge economic losses. In the current study, samples from 50 duck (five ducks / farm) showing septicemia and polyserositis were collected from four governorates and subjected to phenotypic and genotypic identification to exclude Pasteurella multocida due to sim...
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p class="Default">Myxomatosis is an endemic infectious, severe and often fatal disease of rabbit caused by myxoma virus. In the present study, myxomatosis outbreaks were reported in 7 domestic rabbit farms in Egypt. Rabbits showed oedema of the eyelids, facial oedema and blepharoconjunctivitis. The morbidity and lethality rates were 18-100% and 20-...
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One day-old male Arbor Acres plus broiler chickens (n=240) were used to study the effects of bovine IgG-rich fraction preparation (intramuscularly inoculated) on mortality, production performance, gut integrity (Histomorphometric analysis), macroscopic and microscopic lesion scoring, C. perfringens enumeration from intestine and caecum under NE cha...
Article
group supplemented with microencapsulated phytonutrient, T2=Chicken group supplemented with an acidifiers blend, T3=Chicken group supplemented with microencapsulated phytonutrient and an acidifiers blend, PBS =Phosphate buffered saline, ND=Newcastle disease, HI=Haemagglutination inhibition. Abstract: The protective effect of orally supplemented pla...
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Fabricus, T1=Chicken group supplemented with microencapsulated phytonutrient, T2=Chicken group supplemented with an acidifiers blend, T3=Chicken group supplemented with microencapsulated phytonutrient and an acidifiers blend, , ND=Newcastle disease, HI=Haemagglutination inhibition, CDS=Coccidial developmental stages, V/C ratio=Villi hight/Crypt dep...
Poster
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A. Animals and treatments: ▪ Animals: 200 laying hens (HyLine Brown) ▪ Trial duration: 16 weeks (31-47 wks of age) ▪ Treatments: 2x2 factorial design (Table 1)  2 levels of energy: 2,650 (HE) ME/kg 2,550 kcal (LE) ME/kg  2 levels of probiotic:  no probiotic supplementation (C) 1x10e6 CFU/kg feed Pediococcus acidilactici MA18/5M (PA) ▪ Feed: c...
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Infectious Bronchitis is one of the major viral diseases affecting poultry causing severe economic losses. The prevalence of Infectious Bronchitis viruses was studied in commercial chicken farms in Egypt between 2014 and 2016. A total of 1722 organ samples (trachea, kidney, caecal tonsils and lungs) were collected from 246 problematic flocks, showi...
Conference Paper
Some epidemiological studies on avian viral respiratory diseases in poultry Manal, A.Afifi1; Magdy, F. Elkady2; Hassanin, H. Abozeid1; Sahar, A. Zoelfakar1; Heba, M. Salem1; Eman, Anter1 and Khaled, S. Shahaban1. 1 Dep. Of poultry diseases, Fac. of Vet. Med., Cairo University. 2 Dep. Of poultry diseases, Fac. of Vet. Med., Bani-Suef University....
Article
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Infection with Mannheimia haemolytica (M. haemolytica) causes severe economic losses among different animal species as sheep, goat, swine and cattle, while in poultry it is usually seen as secondary bacterial infection to other avian pathogens. The present study highlights the impact of M. haemolytica on the health and egg production in White Shave...
Thesis
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ABSTRACT A surveillance study for diagnosis of C. perfringens enteritis affecting early weaned rabbits was carried out on sixteen rabbit flocks, during the period 2012 - 2014. Two hundred and sixty seven rectal swabs from diseased rabbits suspected to be infected with C. perfringens, moreover tissue samples from intestine and liver of 48 freshly de...