Hayo Reinders

Hayo Reinders
Anaheim University · Education

PhD

About

215
Publications
131,735
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4,196
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Introduction
Dr Hayo Reinders (www.innovationinteaching.org) is TESOL Professor and Director of the doctoral programme at Anaheim University in the USA and Professor of Applied Linguistics at KMUTT in Thailand. Hayo has published over 25 books and 100 articles in the areas of autonomy, technology, teacher education and out-of-class learning. He edits a book series for Palgrave Macmillan and is editor of the journal Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching.

Publications

Publications (215)
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, Language MOOCs have attracted a lot of interest for their potential to enhance language learning. However, how learners engage with MOOC environments and realise their benefits, remains unclear. The current study adopts activity theory (Engeström in J Educ Work 14:133–156, 2001) as a lens to comprehend the affordances and limita...
Article
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There has been an exponential growth in Language Massive Open Online Courses (LMOOCs) in the past decade. LMOOCs have also become an emergent and topical area of research in CALL, in particular, vis-a-vis learners’ perceptions and experiences. However, not much attention has been paid to analysing the features of LMOOCs. We argue that a systematic...
Article
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Given the large amounts of learning data they generate and their flexible nature, Language Massive Open Online Courses (LMOOCs) allow for the emergence of various forms of personalisation. This study examines how 137 language learners personalised their learning in a Language MOOC on English presentation skills. It also investigates learner-reporte...
Article
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This classroom-based study investigated the antecedents of epistemic curiosity among 25 Thai university students in an English oral communication course. Using a whole-class survey and focus group interview, we recursively asked the students to describe a time in class when they experienced epistemic curiosity and the reasons behind it. A modified...
Article
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This paper reports on the development and piloting of Classmoto, an online application designed to measure learner engagement. The application enables teachers to collect real-time analytics of student social, affective, and cognitive engagement. The results are immediately visible to the teacher. We investigated and reported on the engagement leve...
Article
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Learner autonomy is a vibrant and diverse field. In its approximately 40-year history, it has drawn liberally on theoretical constructs and research methodologies from other disciplines. In turn, it has contributed to the field of applied linguistics by drawing attention to the fundamental importance of understanding the language learner as an acti...
Article
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This study investigates the role of emotions in second language learning, in particular, that of anxiety. Research has shown that positive and negative emotions are interrelated and that negative emotions are negatively correlated with motivation. It is, therefore, important to investigate how learners regulate their emotions. In this case study, o...
Article
Despite their popularity, there remains a challenge as to how success should be measured in Language MOOCs. Although traditional metrics such as completion rates have often been adopted, they have failed to take into account the fact that learners enrol in LMOOCs with different learning goals. This study examined how success is perceived in an LMOO...
Article
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In the last decade, there has been a great deal of interest in language MOOCs (LMOOCs) and their potential to offer learning opportunities for large audiences, including those in disadvantaged communities. However, experiences and research have shown MOOCs to suffer from several challenges. Chief among these have been low participation and completi...
Article
In the last decade, there has been a great deal of interest in language MOOCs (LMOOCs) and their potential to offer learning opportunities for large audiences, including those in disadvantaged communities. However, experiences and research have shown MOOCs to suffer from several challenges. Chief among these have been low participation and completi...
Article
Positive Behaviour for Learning (PB4L) is a flexible framework that can be localised to ensure it is a culturally responsive approach to protect and promote student wellbeing and positive behaviour. One of the downsides is that it requires much paperwork. Teachers need to record behaviour, reward positive and report negative behaviour, and file inc...
Chapter
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Article
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Qualitative research in computer-assisted language learning (CALL) has received more attention recently, most evidently from the publications of two special issues on qualitative research in CALL by CALICO Journal (2015) and Language Learning & Technology (2018). The inherent strength of qualitative studies in CALL is that they celebrate depth of i...
Article
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This study attempts to answer one straightforward question: “what is the relationship between students’ proficiency level and their willingness to communicate?”, i.e., their “readiness to enter into discourse at a particular time with a specific person or persons”, using an L2 Understanding the link between proficiency and WTC is important as a gre...
Preprint
Full-text available
Learner autonomy is a vibrant and diverse field. In its approximately 40-year history, it has drawn liberally on theoretical constructs and research methodologies from other disciplines. In turn, it has contributed to the field of applied linguistics by drawing attention to the fundamental importance of understanding the language learner as an acti...
Preprint
Full-text available
CALL research, like other sub-fields in applied linguistics, has been dominated by explanatory, quantitative studies which aim to understand the effectiveness of technological innovations. Qualitative research in CALL, on the other hand, has received more attention in recent years, most evidently from the publications of two special issues on quali...
Article
This classroom-based study investigated the antecedents of boredom among Thai university students enrolled in an English oral communication course. The primary data collection tool was a whole-class survey (n = 25) eliciting the learners’ boredom experiences in a particular class over the course of seven weeks. Concurrently, focus group interviews...
Chapter
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Critical Presencing is a synergistic merging of two, till now, distinct concepts and disciplines: presencing and Critical Learnership. This fusion permits us to obtain the greatest possible value from presence and presencing, criticality, and continuous and purposeful learning. Each of the concepts and disciplines are explained fully in the body of...
Article
This article recounts my experience in enhancing my students' boredom regulation by designing, implementing, and evaluating a strategy instruction project. The project was undertaken with 25 Thai university students enrolled in my English oral communication course for 15 weeks. The project began with exploring how and why my students experienced bo...
Article
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This study compared the effect of the timing of focus on form on the acquisition of the past counterfactual conditional (PCC) and framing expressions (FEs) for English questions. Sixty-three EFL adult learners received a total of six hours of initial or embedded focus on form on the target features. Acquisition was measured by means of cloze tests...
Article
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Emotions and emotion regulation are well researched in mainstream psychology. Although the study of emotions is currently receiving increased attention in the literature on second language learning, little empirical evidence is available on the emotional effect of feedback on language learning. This study investigates the emotions experienced by ad...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, it aims to identify the challenges and barriers experienced in implementing problem-based Learning (PBL) in a language program at Sultan Qaboos University in the Sultanate of Oman. Second, it proposes a working model for integrating PBL into an existing program. The research was conducted using a case st...
Chapter
The field referred to as ‘learning beyond the classroom’ (LBC) (also known as ‘learning in the wild’) comprises a wide range of research agendas in areas as diverse as informal and non-formal learning, community-based learning, self-access learning, language advising, naturalistic learning, study abroad, lifelong learning, lifewide learning and man...
Article
Teknologiak hizkuntzen irakaskuntzan eta ikaskuntzan duen eraginari buruzko itxaropenek askotan gainditu egin dituzte benetako emaitzak; izan ere, maiz uste dugu teknologia sortu berriak eraginkorragoak direla lehendik zeudenak baino, besterik gabe berriagoak direlako, lotutako pedagogietan dauden aldeak ia kontuan hartu gabe (ikus Bax, 2003; Levy...
Preprint
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In the past 10 to 15 years, researchers have begun to explore the possibility of synthesizing research on task-based language teaching (TBLT) and computer-assisted language learning (CALL) in the interests of advancing the development of both fields as well as informing practice. In particular, there has been an increasing number of naturalistic, c...
Chapter
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In this chapter we look at the topic of getting published and—more broadly—at disseminating your work. We start by looking at the many reasons (personal, professional and academic) that teachers have for sharing their research, observations, reflections and experiences with the wider community, and the range of possible forms of ‘outputs’ to get pu...
Chapter
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If we see the 1960s as the time when the term ‘applied linguistics’ was coined, then the pioneers associated in this field have now mostly retired. Some have spent the years post full-time employment doing activities that build on their professional lives while a very few have said they want nothing more to do with that aspect of their life. In thi...
Article
This study examined the effect of choice on EFL learners' task engagement. Twenty-four Thai university students completed two opinion-gap tasks. In one, they discussed and agreed on three items among given options (+constraint). In the other, they discussed and agreed on three items among the options they generated (-constraint). Spoken interaction...
Article
Full-text available
In the past 10 to 15 years, researchers have begun to explore the possibility of synthesizing research on task-based language teaching (TBLT) and computer-assisted language learning (CALL) in the interests of advancing the development of both fields as well as informing practice. In particular, there has been an increasing number of naturalistic, c...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the widespread interest in autonomy and its inclusion in many teacher education programmes, if and how teachers foster autonomy in the classroom is not well-known (Nasri et al., 2015). Especially, in-depth studies of teachers’ practices and the factors that influence these are thin on the ground. For this reason, this study was conducted to...
Article
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This article introduces sustainable learning and education (SLE), an emerging philosophy of learning and teaching founded on principles of sustainability. SLE is not necessarily education for sustainability, but rather sustainable learning, a new and different idea. The intention behind SLE is to create and proliferate sustainable curricula and met...
Chapter
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Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) have been dramatically used in language education and identified in computer-assisted language learning (CALL) research as playing a central role in second language acquisition (SLA). This chapter addresses the integration of a commercially developed MMORPG Ragnarok Online into a language co...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter pursues the question: How viable is Sustainable Development? Framed alternatively as, "Is Sustainable Development sustainable?", this questions is particularly germane in the early decades of the 21 st Century, as business and government leaders are plagued by a continuous onslaught of vexing problems, dramatically-changing strategic l...
Article
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Technology, Motivation and Autonomy, and Teacher Psychology in Language Learning: Exploring the Myths and Possibilities - CORRIGENDUM - Glenn Stockwell, Hayo Reinders
Article
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MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) were first introduced to the wider public in 2008, with the first language MOOCs appearing in 2012. Following the initial hype (The New York Times crowned 2012 the Year of the MOOC), practical experiences and research studies have surfaced a number of problems with the way they had been conceived and implemented....
Chapter
The focus of this volume is the study of innovation in English language teaching and learning environments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The chapters draw on classroom, administrative and learning experiences from seven of the countries in the region. This chapter begins with the establishment of a definition of innovation in educatio...
Article
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The expectations of the impact of technology for language teaching and learning have often exceeded the actual results themselves, where emerging technologies are often believed to be more effective than existing ones simply because they are newer, with little consideration of the differences in associated pedagogies (see Bax, 2003; Levy & Stockwel...
Article
In a time of constant change and disruption in education, it is common for teachers to feel anxious about their chosen career. Teacher ‘resistance’ is a natural response in such circumstances and one that can take a significant personal and professional toll, both on the individual and those in their community. In this article, I aim to take a more...
Article
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The notion of language learner autonomy, which is defined as ‘a capacity to control important aspects of one’s language learning’ (Benson, 2013, p. 839), is now widely considered a key educational goal in language teaching programmes around the world (Reinders & Benson, 2017). Despite the increasing number of studies on language learner autonomy, a...
Chapter
In addition to introducing the various contributions to the book, this chapter also discusses some of the core themes informing the book. The chapter provides a platform for the subsequent contributions to the book by establishing what is meant by the term ‘innovation’ and highlighting why innovation is so important for effective educational practi...
Chapter
This chapter simultaneously functions as a summary of the contents of the book and as a practical guide for educators looking to implement their own future innovations. Drawing on the lessons of the various initiatives described and discussed in the book, both the successful and the not-so-successful, the chapter identifies common concerns informin...
Book
This book examines a wide range of innovations in language learning and teaching in Japan. Each of the chapters describes the impetus for a change or new development in a particular context, from early childhood to adult learning, details its implementation and provides an evaluation of its success. In doing so, they provide a comprehensive overvie...
Book
This edited collection presents a study of innovation in teaching, learning, assessment and teacher development practices in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The thirteen research-based chapters in this collection examine recent innovations in English language teaching, drawing on classroom, administrative and learning experiences from seve...
Article
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In 2004, the Chinese Ministry of Education issued the College English Curriculum Requirements in an effort to revitalise English language teaching in China. This official document underpins “College English”, a compulsory course for non-English majors in the first 2 years of university study. In a break with the past, the policy document placed con...
Article
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This article aims to provide teachers with a practical introduction to the capabilities of augmented and virtual reality (AR/VR) in foreign language education. We first provide an overview of recent developments in this field and review some of the affordances of the technologies. This is followed by detailed outlines of a number of activities that...
Chapter
Full-text available
Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) have been dramatically used in language education and identified in computer-assisted language learning (CALL) research as playing a central role in second language acquisition (SLA). This chapter addresses the integration of a commercially developed MMORPG Ragnarok Online into a language co...
Article
Full-text available
To keep abreast of technological innovations, social change, and advances in subject matter knowledge, professional practitioners must continually learn. To solve new and different problems and capitalise on emerging opportunities that arise in practice requires learning. Tendencies to learn and solve problems on one‘s own are limiting and unsustai...
Article
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Over the past three decades, the role of written corrective feedback in improving L2 writing has been controversial. Although, a considerable amount of research has investigated WCF from a range of perspectives, limitations in the research design of many studies call into question the validity of their findings, thereby reducing their generalizabil...
Article
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Most language learning research is carried out either in classrooms or among classroom learners. As Richards (2015) points out, however, there are two dimensions to successful learning: what happens inside classrooms and what happens outside them. Rapid development of online media, communications technologies and opportunities for travel has also e...
Chapter
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The language teaching profession in China faces a number of significant challenges in providing university students with high-quality instruction, as many studies have shown there is considerable room for improvement. A recent move towards EAP teaching appears to have a number of benefits for learners, but significantly more research is needed to m...
Chapter
Language instruction in China has a long and varied history. In this chapter we briefly describe this history and identify the drivers of change, past and present. We show how national, regional and local policies have influenced learning and teaching practice, and how these have interacted with international movements and pressures. We particularl...
Chapter
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With the inclusion of learner autonomy as an educational objective in many educational programs around the world, it is becoming increasingly important to be able to measure to what extent different interventions are successful. Although some general tests exist, we argue in this chapter for the need to develop localized instruments that are cultur...
Book
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This is an ambitious work, covering the whole breadth of the field from its theoretical underpinnings to research and teaching methodology. The Editors have managed to recruit a stellar panel of contributors, resulting in the kind of 'all you ever wanted to know about instructed SLA' collection that should be found on the shelves of every good libr...
Book
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Faces of English Education provides an accessible, wide-ranging introduction to current perspectives on English language education, covering new areas of interest and recent studies in the field. In seventeen specially commissioned chapters written by international experts and practitioners, this book: offers an authoritative discussion of theoreti...
Chapter
Full-text available
As interactive, multimodal, immersive, and extremely popular environments, digital games have received increasing interest from educators in recent years for their potential to enhance the language learning experience, both inside and outside the classroom. Review studies from general education have confirmed that “playing computer games is linked...
Chapter
Full-text available
Despite the ubiquity of technology in language learning and teaching, and a widespread interest in its potential to enhance, and potentially transform, language education, research in the area of technology-assisted second language acquisition (SLA) is both recent and rela- tively limited. In this chapter we first review how the field has developed...
Article
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Developing English for communicative purposes is a key objective of language classes in many parts of the world. As a logical prerequisite to communication practice, learners need to have Willingness to Communicate (WTC) before they will engage in L2 interaction (Macintyre et al., 1998). Teachers can play an important role in helping learners to de...
Article
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Learner autonomy has become an assumed goal of language education in many parts of the world. In the 20 years since the launch of Language Learning & Technology, the relationship among computer-assisted language learning research and practice and autonomy has become both more complex and more promising. This article traces how the two fields have d...
Chapter
Full-text available
As interactive, multimodal, immersive, and extremely popular environments, digital games have received increasing interest from educators in recent years for their potential to enhance the language learning experience, both inside and outside the classroom. Review studies from general education have confirmed that “playing computer games is linked...
Article
Full-text available
This study reports on the effects of using social media on Thai EFL students' Willingness to Communicate (WTC) in English. An intact class of 40 university students was asked to use one particular type of social media program, Instagram, to post pictures of what they did in class and to reflect on their learning experience in English. WTC questionn...
Article
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Considerable resources are expended on the development of learner autonomy (LA), and in particular on the provision of self-access facilities as one of the most common ways in which institutions have tried to foster autonomy. Whether the intended outcomes are achieved depends in large part on teachers’ agreement with and understanding of the ration...