Hassanali Vatanparast

Hassanali Vatanparast
University of Saskatchewan | U of S · School of Public Health and College of Pharmacy & Nutrition

MD,PhD

About

351
Publications
29,214
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3,418
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2009 - present
University of Saskatchewan
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (351)
Article
Food insecurity is a significant public health problem for Indigenous peoples in Canada. A comprehensive literature review is needed to organize the evidence according to the four pillars of food security (i.e., availability, access, utilization, and stability) and identify gaps in the published literature on this topic. Therefore, this scoping rev...
Article
Over the last decade, the increasing sustainability discourse has pushed interest in investments in the nexus of economy, bioeconomy, and the circular economy (CE). Consequently, the emerging circular bioeconomy (CBE) concept with a special focus on biomass and organic waste valorization to close product lifecycle loops has gained momentum. This re...
Article
Objectives Identify the impacts of climate changes on food production, community food security and household food security in rural Momostenango, Guatemala. Methods Cross sectional mixed methods study involving in-depth interviews with 12 agricultural group leaders in six communities and surveys with 55 mothers in 13 distinct communities. Food sec...
Article
Public recreation facilities are preferred gathering places for families to participate in physical, social, intellectual, and creative pursuits, and the importance of food environments in these facilities is gaining recognition. Evidence from other Canadian jurisdictions describes such food environments as unsupportive of health, which contradicts...
Article
Temporary foreign farm workers (TFWs) are among the most vulnerable and exploitable groups. Recent research shows alarming rates of food insecurity among them. This review explores research focusing on food security of TFWs in Canada and the United States (U.S.), summarizes findings, and identifies research gaps. Online databases, including MEDLINE...
Article
Temporary foreign farm workers (TFWs) are among the most vulnerable and exploitable groups. Recent research shows alarming rates of food insecurity among them. This review explores research focussing on food security of TFWs in Canada and the United States (U.S.), summarizes findings, and identifies research gaps. Online databases, including MEDLIN...
Article
Full-text available
Newcomers’ ability to access healthcare can be impacted by cultural, religious, linguistic, and health status differences. A variety of options are available to support the development of healthcare systems to equitably accommodate newcomers, including the use of basic English and other languages in public health information, engagement with immigr...
Article
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Using cross-sectional data from the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey–Nutrition, we aimed to identify and characterize the top 10 most frequently consumed plant-based foods and red/processed meat dishes in the Canadian population. Plant-based foods and red/processed meat dishes categories included 659 and 265 unique food codes, respectively, fr...
Article
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Background The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is increasing globally and is associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome, autoimmune disease, and cardiovascular disease. Vit D deficiency is also associated with increased systemic inflammation. The current study aimed to determine the efficacy of low-fat milk and yogurt fortified with...
Article
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There are 26 million refugees globally, with as many as 80% facing food insecurity irrespective of location. Food insecurity results in malnutrition beginning at an early age and disproportionately affects certain groups such as women. Food security is a complex issue and must consider gender, policies, social and cultural contexts that refugees fa...
Article
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The objective of this study was to evaluate the construct validity and reliability of the Healthy Eating Food Index-2019 (HEFI-2019), which was developed to measure adherence to Canada’s Food Guide 2019 (CFG-2019) recommendations on healthy food choices. Dietary intake data from 24-hour dietary recalls in the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey-N...
Article
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The release of Canada’s Food Guide (CFG) in 2019 by Health Canada prompted the development of indices to measure adherence to these updated dietary recommendations for Canadians. This study describes the development and scoring standards of the Healthy Eating Food Index (HEFI-2019), which is intended to measure alignment of eating patterns with CFG...
Article
The recent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has warranted the need to investigate potential therapies or prophylaxis against this infectious respiratory disease. There is emerging evidence about the potential role of nutrients on COVID-19 in addition to using medications such as hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin. This scoping review a...
Article
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This study examines the importance of income in determining the diet quality of Canadian adults measured based on Nutrient Rich Food Index version 9.3. We used the latest available data on Canadians' consumption of foods and nutrients from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition 2015. The Canada’ Food Guide classification was used for catego...
Article
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Background Milk and milk products make important contributions to the diet of Canadians. The aim of this study was to examine trends in Milk & Alternatives consumption among Canadians (≥2 years) from 2004 to 2015. Methods We used nutrition data from 2 nationally representative cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2004 and 2015 [Canadian Community...
Article
Background and aim The current study aimed to assess the effect of fortified yogurt with nano-encapsulated vitamin D on serum pro-oxidant anti-oxidant balance (PAB) in adults with or without metabolic syndrome. Methods In a quadruple blind clinical trial study, 139 adults with an age range of 30–50 years were randomly selected to receive either 15...
Article
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Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is known to increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Diet is a key factor in prevention and development of MetS. This study aimed to determine the association between dietary patterns and MetS among Canadians 12-79 years old using the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) combined Cycles 1 a...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Good nutrition affects children’s health, well-being, and learning, and schools offer an important setting to promote healthy behaviors that can last a lifetime. Once children reach school age, they spend more of their waking hours in school than in any other environment. Children’s eating habits may be easier to influence than those of...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to evaluate whether having an overweight/obese child, gender disparities and socio-economic factors can be a predictor of food insecurity among Afghan refugee households in Tehran province in Iran. The paper was carried out by cross-sectional data analysis. Household Food Insecurity Assess Scale (HFIAS) questionnaire was circulated...
Article
Introduction Vitamin D is obtained from dermal synthesis and dietary sources. The serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], may be used to evaluate vitamin D status, and this has been related to different dietary patterns (DPs) in previous studies. The bioavailability of vitamin D may be affected by adiposity. We aimed to investigate th...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives In this study, socio-economic factors associated with Afghan refugee households’ food insecurity, anxiety and uncertainty, insufficient quality, and food intake were determined. Design Household Food Insecurity Assess Scale (HFIAS) measurement was applied to assess food insecurity, anxiety and uncertainty, insufficient quality, and insu...
Article
Newcomers experience a variety of barriers to healthcare services. The study objective is to identify newcomers’ healthcare barriers. During 2014-2015, we conducted in-depth interviews with service providers, and newcomer parents who had been in Saskatchewan for under 5 years. Primary themes include: 1) navigation difficulty, 2) limited awareness,...
Article
Introduction: Early childhood overweight and obesity, as a result of unhealthy dietary habits and sedentary life, is a growing global public health concern, particularly in Canada. There are limited data on how socioeconomic factors influence dietary habits of young children living in developed countries. Methods: We conducted a scoping review to e...
Article
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It remains unclear if participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) differs between children with ASD and typically developing children (TDC). We compared daily MVPA, time spent in MVPA during physical education (PE) and recess, and odds of not meeting MVPA recommendation (60 min/day) between children with ASD and TDC. Nine studies...
Preprint
UNSTRUCTURED Good nutrition impacts children’s health, wellbeing and learning, and schools offer an important setting to promote healthy behaviors that can last a lifetime. Once children reach school age, they spend more of their waking hours in school than in any other environment. Children’s eating habits may be easier to influence than those of...
Article
Background Good nutrition affects children’s health, well-being, and learning, and schools offer an important setting to promote healthy behaviors that can last a lifetime. Once children reach school age, they spend more of their waking hours in school than in any other environment. Children’s eating habits may be easier to influence than those of...
Article
Full-text available
Vitamin/mineral supplements are used for improving micronutrient intake and preventing deficiencies, particularly for shortfall nutrients. We assessed the prevalence of vitamin/mineral supplement use and associated factors among a representative sample of Canadians aged ≥1 years. We used nationally representative data from the 2015 Canadian Communi...
Article
A number of studies have demonstrated that patients with autoimmune disease have lower levels of vitamin D prompting speculation that vitamin D might suppress inflammation and immune responses in children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). The objective of this study was to compare vitamin D levels in children with JIA at disease onset with...
Article
In Canada, unhealthy diets are associated with several chronic conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity, and thus negatively impact the health and well-being of Canadians. Consequently, unhealthy diets are associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in Canada. Recently, plant-based diets have gained...
Article
Background: Current evidence suggests a shift from conventional dairy milk to plant-based beverages (PBBs) due to a number of lifestyles and perceived health-related reasons. Methodology: Using nationally representative cross-sectional data from the 2004 and 2015 Canadian Community Healthy Surveys, our main objectives were to 1) examine the tren...
Article
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Healthy Start/Départ Santé (HS/DS) intervention program on improving menu planning practices and improving the congruence between planned menus and actual food served in licensed childcare centres in Saskatchewan. Overall, 39 licensed childcare centres in the province of Saskatchewan, Ca...
Article
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Background/objectives Identifying groups at risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and improving prevention strategies are important due to the high rates of these diseases in the world. We aimed to determine the 10-year ASCVD risk and cardiovascular age gap (CAG) of Canadians 40–79 and the association between prevalent dietary pat...
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Background: Women living in the Arab world present low breast cancer screening rates, delayed diagnosis, and higher mortality rates. Purpose: To further explore the Muslim Syrian refugee women's breast self-examination (BSE), utilization of clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive exploratory st...
Article
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Afghan refugees are one of the most vulnerable migrant groups in terms of food insecurity status around the world. We aimed to investigate the association between Afghan protracted refugees' food insecurity and its socio– economic determinants in Mashhad, Iran. In a cross– sectional design, information was gathered through face– to– face interviews...
Article
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Background Vitamin D deficiency is now very common globally. Although ultraviolet B (UVB) light dermal exposure is an important endogenous source of vitamin D, dietary supplementation and routine food fortification are of benefit for increasing serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. However, there remains a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (∼4...
Article
Background: It is essential to identify factors associated with depression as it is a highly prevalent and disabling mental disorder. The aim of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and household food security status among the Canadian adult population. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of the adult populatio...
Article
Newcomers are often healthy when they arrive in Canada, yet experience health declines shortly thereafter, possibly due to lifestyle changes. As part of the Healthy Immigrant Children study, this mixed-methods study aims to analyze possible predictors of physical activity among 300 newcomer children, and explore their lived experiences using a sub-...
Article
Background & aims: Vitamin D deficiency is widespread worldwide. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of a nano encapsulated form of vitamin D used for fortifying low-fat dairy products (milk and yogurt) on anthropometric indices, glycemic status, and lipid profile in subjects with abdominal obesity. Methods: In a totally (quadruple) blin...
Article
In Canada, the prevalence of food insecurity is high among low-income households, particularly recent refugees. We evaluated the prevalence of food security among recent Syrian refugees and the associated factors in two Canadian cities, Toronto and Saskatoon. We collected data using the Household Food ‎Security Model, sociodemographic and socioecon...
Article
Currently, the COVID-19 outbreak is spreading fast in 185 countries and has engaged most people around the world. COVID-19 imposes severe and tragic consequences on people’s health due to the high rate of spread and potentially fatal impacts. In this study, the association of socio-economic factors with food security and dietary diversity is assess...
Article
Purpose This study aims to provide a qualitative in-depth account of the status and experience of food insecurity for Syrian refugee households in Toronto and Saskatoon, Canada. The study considers the range of geographic, socio-economic, cultural and gendered components shaping and determining the barriers and management of food insecurity. Desig...
Article
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Background: Despite continued efforts to address malnutrition, there is minimal reduction in the prevalence rates of stunting in developing countries, including Ethiopia. The association between nutritional and socioeconomic factors collected from a national survey in Ethiopia and stunting have not been rigorously analyzed. Therefore, this study a...
Article
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Background: The location and time of snack consumption may influence the composition, nutrient content and portion sizes of snacks. In this study, we aimed to determine and compare the time, location and frequency of snack consumption among different age groups of Canadians. Methods: Nationally representative dietary data from the 2015 Canadian...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Plant-based foods, including pulses (dry beans, lentils, chickpeas, and peas), have gained worldwide attention due to their health and environmental benefits. Despite high productions, the consumption of pulses is low in Canada. Behavior change interventions systematically designed to promote the consumption of pulse-based foods are scar...
Article
Full-text available
Background Plant-based foods, including pulses (dry beans, lentils, chickpeas, and peas), have gained worldwide attention owing to their health and environmental benefits. Despite high production, the consumption of pulses is low in Canada. Behavior change interventions systematically designed to promote the consumption of pulse-based foods are sca...
Article
Full-text available
Current evidence suggests a link between red and processed meat consumption and the risk of various cancers and other health outcomes. Using national survey data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)-Nutrition 2015, we aimed to model a dietary scenario to assess the potential effects of increasing the intake of currently consumed plant-b...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Sleep disorders are a common condition globally. Vitamin D receptors are present on cells in several regions of the brain. It is possible that vitamin D status may affect brain function, including sleep patterns. We aimed to evaluate the 1,500 IU of Nano‐encapsulated vitamin D fortified in dairy products on the symptoms of insomnia and...
Article
Purpose: Consuming nutritious food is essential to learning. The purpose of this research was to determine the diet quality of elementary school lunches, both those in meal programs and those bringing food from home, in urban and rural locations in Saskatchewan. Methods: Using a School Food Checklist and digital photography we compared food group s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It is essential to identify factors associated with depression as it is a highly prevalent and disabling mental disorder. The aim of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and household food security status among the Canadian adult population. This is a cross-sectional study of the adult population in the five provinc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Since young children spend approximately 30 h per week in early childcare centres (ECC), this setting is ideal to foster healthy behaviours. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé (HSDS) randomized controlled trial in increasing physical activity (PA) levels and improving healthy eating and funda...
Article
IntroductionHypertension (HTN) is a common medical condition associated with many adverse health outcomes. Diet plays a crucial role in the pathology, prevention, and management of HTN.AimTo identify nutrient patterns (NPs) and to investigate their association with the risk of HTN among adults in the United States (US).Methods This cross-sectional...
Preprint
Background: The increased risk of complications among diabetes patients poses a serious threat to population health. Pharmacy-based interventions can decrease the burden of diabetes and its related complications. This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of pharmacy-based interventions and offers insights on the practicality of their adoption by...
Article
Backgrounds: To assess the validity and reliability of the Persian version of Nutrition Screening Tool for Every Preschooler (NutriSTEP®), a community-based nutrition screening tool in preschool children. Design and methods: A cross-cultural validation study was conducted on 192 Iranian preschool children in Mashhad, Iran. Forward and backward t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Maternal vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy is a widespread public health concern. Race and ethnicity as biological and cultural factors, respectively, can affect vitamin D status through differences in skin color, sunlight exposure, and dietary intake. Low maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy may affect both mother and fetus adversely. Vitamin D...
Article
Background In light of the publications (2008–2014) linking calcium intake, mainly from supplements, to the elevated risk of cardiovascular events, there is a need to determine if there have been any changes in usual intakes of calcium among Canadians. Objective We aimed to examine changes in dietary and total usual intake of calcium among Canadia...
Article
Background: Evidence is lacking to determine whether there have been any changes in dietary or total usual intakes of vitamin D among Canadians, in the light of recent evidence of beneficial health effects beyond bone. Objective: We aimed to examine trends in dietary and total usual intake of vitamin D among Canadians aged ≥1 y. Methods: This...
Preprint
Background: Since young children spend approximately 30 hours per week in early childcare centres (ECC), this setting is ideal to foster healthy behaviors. This study aimed to asses the effectiveness of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé (HSDS) randomized controlled trial in increasing physical activity (PA) levels and improving healthy eating and fund...
Article
Background: Home environment, modeling of weight-related behaviors, and general parenting style are very important predictors of obesity in children. The effect of parent engagement in prevention of obesity in children is not clear. The main objective of this systematic review was to address the effects of parent engagement in obesity prevention in...
Article
Objectives: In this study, we estimated the prevalence of diabetes-related complications and the factors associated with them in Canadian patients with diabetes. Methods: Data from the 2011 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada---Diabetes Component (SLCDC-DM-2011) were used to calculate the weighted prevalence of 16 diabetes-related c...
Preprint
Background Since young children spend approximately 30 hours per week in early childcare centres (ECC), this setting is ideal to foster healthy behaviors. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé (HSDS) randomized controlled trial in increasing physical activity (PA) levels and improving healthy eating and fund...
Article
Full-text available
The new Canada’s Food Guide (CFG) recommends whole grains foods as the primary choice of grain products in the daily diet. This study examined whether higher shares of whole-grain consumption, beyond the recommended levels (i.e., above half) of the daily grain intake, are linked with optimal diet quality and intakes of some key nutrients, for both...
Article
Objective To explore the dietary habits, nutrient adequacies and dietary change experiences of immigrant and refugee children. Design Mixed-methods cross-sectional design. Children completed three 24 h dietary recalls to determine nutrient inadequacies. Parents and service providers were interviewed to capture dietary practices. Setting Healthy I...
Preprint
Background: Since young children spend approximately 30 hours per week in early childcare centres (ECC), this setting is ideal to foster healthy behaviors. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé (HSDS) randomized controlled trial in increasing physical activity (PA) levels and improving healthy eating and fun...