Hassan Argani

Hassan Argani
university of Shahidbeheshti · transplant devision

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152
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Publications

Publications (152)
Preprint
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Cisplatin is a therapeutic drug widely used to treat various solid tumors. Nephrotoxicity is a well-known side effect in patients treated with cisplatin. Falcarindiol (FAD), natural polyacetylene compound greatly found in Apiaceae family, has anti-cancer, -bacterial, -inflammatory and -oxidant activity which is utilized in the present study. Thirty...
Article
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Objectives: Hypercholesterolemia is a common metabolic disorder in developing and developed countries and is associated with the increased rates of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Statin therapy could reduce cholesterol synthesis as well as progression of CKD. Diversity between statins causes variety in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and also...
Article
The incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) has alarmingly been increased over the last decades. Despite taking measures aimed at controlling hyperglycaemia and blood pressure, the rate of end‐stage renal disease (ESRD) is continually growing. Upon increased amounts of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their correspondent receptors (RAGEs), AG...
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Hyperlipidemia and oxidative stress are indispensable features of chronic kidney disease (CKD) that favor the development of atherogenic plaques and cardiovascular disease (CVD). A number of vasoactive mediators including proprotein convertase subtilisin–kexin type 9 (PCSK9), endothelin-1, nitric oxide, and angiotensin II have fundamental roles in...
Article
Background: One of the important factors in the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) among renal transplant patients (RTPs) is ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI). The current study aimed at determining the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects of melatonin on the complications of IRI and the level of Klotho expression in these patients....
Article
Cisplatin is a broadly prescribed anti-tumor agent for the treatment of diverse cancers. Therapy with cisplatin, however, is associated with various adverse effects including nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity. AMP kinase (AMPK), an evolutionarily conserved enzyme, functions as the fundamental regulator of energy homeostasis. While AMPK activation prot...
Article
Objectives Several previous studies have shown that regular isometric handgrip (IHG) exercise reduces blood pressure in hypertensive individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the responses of hemodynamic variables to five IHG protocols of different combinations but similar workloads. Equipment and methods Fifteen sedentary men with pre...
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Objectives: Empagliflozin, a sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor, possesses verified anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effects against diabetic nephropathy. The present investigation aims to examine empagliflozin effects on the renal levels of high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), a potent inflammatory cytokine, and its respec...
Article
To avoid the ethical issues of embryonic stem cells, genome engineering has focused on inducible pluripotent stem cells, which can develop into all 3 germ layers. The ability to detect methylation patterns in these cells allows research into pluripotency markers. The recently developed CRISPR system has allowed widespread application of genome engi...
Article
Recent developments have been achieved for better matching in solid-organ transplantation by epitope matching. HLA matching remains a standard immunologic strategy to determine organ compatibility for recipients. Advancements in tissue typing have introduced HLA matching at the epitope level. For this, B cells are able to recognize polymorphic amin...
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Objective(s) Cisplatin is an effective antineoplastic agent; its clinical utility, however, is limited by a few salient toxic side effects like nephrotoxicity. This study aimed to determine the potential protective effects of tangeretin, a citrus-derived flavonoid, against renal tubular cell injury in cisplatin-induced renal toxicity of rats. Mate...
Article
Receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. FPS-ZM1, a selective RAGE inhibitor, in combination with valsartan were investigated for their protective potentials on the renal markers of tubular injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Rats were assigned into groups of receiving...
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Empagliflozin, a SGLT-2 inhibitor, improves diabetic nephropathy through its pleiotropic anti-inflammatory effects. The present study aims to evaluate empagliflozin effects on renal and urinary levels of tubular epithelial cell injury markers in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Empagliflozin at 10 mg/kg (p.o.) was administered for 4 weeks, beg...
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Introduction: Nontraditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), including mineral disorder, high fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), low klotho, and low soluble TWEAK could predict the incipient risk of CVD in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The present study evaluates the effect of sevelamer on soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak i...
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Background High serum phosphate and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) levels are well-recognized independent risk factors of mortality and morbidity in patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKDs). Sevelamer, as a phosphate chelating agent, reduces serum phosphate and FGF-23 levels produced by bone osteocytes. This study aimed to determine the b...
Article
Due to the association of oxidative stress and telomere shortening, it was aimed in the present study to investigate the possibility whether cyclosporine‐A exerts its nephrotoxic side effects via induction of oxidative stress‐induced renal telomere shortening and senescent phenotype in renal tissues of rats. Renal oxidative stress markers, 8‐hydrox...
Article
Despite the effectiveness of renin-angiotensin blockade in retarding diabetic nephropathy progression, a considerable number of patients still develop end-stage renal disease. The present investigation aims to evaluate the protective potential of FPS-ZM1, a selective inhibitor of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), alone and in com...
Article
Despite being an efficacious anticancer agent, the clinical utility of cisplatin is hindered by its cardinal side effects. This investigation aimed to appraise potential protective impact of dunnione, a natural naphthoquinone pigment with established NQO1 stimulatory effects, on cisplatin nephrotoxicity of rats. Dunnione was administered orally at...
Article
Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most frequent micro-vascular complications both in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients and is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Although disparate mechanisms give rise to the development of diabetic nephropathy, prevailing evidence accentuates that hyperglycemia-associated generation of advan...
Article
Background: Increasing evidence implies that Adipocytokines may result in cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and metabolic changes in the general population and also increase graft failure rate in the renal transplant recipient. Objectives: To compare the serum levels of Adipocytokines and lipid profiles in renal transplant recipients with healthy...
Article
Post-transplant ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI), secondary to ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI), is a major problem influencing on the short and long term graft and patient survival. Many molecular and cellular modifications are observed during IRI, for example, tissue damage result production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), cytokines, chemoki...
Article
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the management of mineral and bone disorders (MBD) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Iran and the extent to which KDIGO goals were met. Methods: This multi-centre observational studywasconductedonpatients withCKDstages 4, 5, and5D. Data were collectedfroma total of 209patients withnos...
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Allopurinol is an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase (XO) enzyme. This drug is a reducer of uric acid in the body and one of the golden drugs with worldwide administration. XO is an important biological source of free radical generation. Allopurinol as an antioxidant, has direct and indirect antioxidant activity on these free radicals such as hydroxyl r...
Article
Cardiovascular disease, as the leading cause of patient death with chronic kidney disease, could be predicted by carotid atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a possible relationship between serum soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (sTWEAK) and Vitamin D levels with mean right/left carotid intima-me...
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Hydroxy-Methyl-Glutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR) – the main enzyme of the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway – is mostly inhibited by statins in hepatocytes. In spite of the other tissues, liver utilizes cholesterol in different ways such as the synthesis of bile acids, excretion in to the intestine and synthesis of lipoproteins. Therefore, statins theo...
Article
Statins are widely used drugs for their role in decreasing cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic patients. Statins through inhibition of Hydroxy Methyl Glutaryl-CoA Reductase (HMGCR), the main enzyme of the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway, inhibit mevalonate pathway that provides isoprenoids for prenylation of different proteins such as Ras superfam...
Article
Introduction: Various medication regimens have been used to eradicate Helicobacter pylori in dialysis patients; however, optimal response to treatment is still a challenge. This study aimed to compare response to H pylori eradication in dialysis and nonuremic patients. Materials and methods: In a randomized controlled trial, dialysis patients wi...
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Introduction: Cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality and morbidity rates of hemodialysis patients are high despite improvement in dialysis delivery. Materials and methods: Hemodialysis patients (n = 532) from 9 hemodialysis facilities were enrolled in this cohort study in September 2012. Causes of death, hospitalization, and hemodialysis...
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Background Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage renal disease. Objective To evaluate the changes in serum soluble TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (sTWEAK) and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) in hemodialysis (HD) patients and renal transplant recipients (RTR). Methods Serum samples were obtained fro...
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Background: Patients on hemodialysis (HD) generally display a significant decrease in the quality of life owing to comorbidities, malnutrition, and inflammation. Methods: In this multicenter prospective study, the SF36 (short form with 36 questions scored between 0 and 100) and relevant demographic data and comorbidities (charlson comorbidity index...
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Background: Diabetes is the leading cause of end stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. Objectives: We compared the clinical outcomes in diabetic patients on hemodialysis (HD) with non-diabetics. Patients and methods: Adult maintenance HD patients (N= 532) from 9 HD facilities were enrolled to this prospective cohort study in September 2012. Ca...
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Background: Abnormal mineral metabolism is common among hemodialysis patients and has been associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates. Methods: A cohort of 532 hemodialysis patients was selected from nine hemodialysis centers in September 2012 and were prospectively followed-up for a median of 28months. Unadjusted and adjusted (in terms o...
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This paper1 was simultaneously submitted by the authors to "Transplantation" journal under the title "The Effects of Valsartan on Renal Klotho Expression and Oxidative stress in Alleviation of Cyclosporine Nephrotoxicity" and was accepted for publication in that journal. On the basis of BioImpacts policy in accordance with the Committee on Publicat...
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Introduction: Calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity is major problem after organ transplantation. It is multifactorial, but oxidative stress may have an important role in this process. It has been shown that angiotensin II receptor blockers have renoprotective effects but their molecular mechanism is largely unknown. Antioxidative effect is an impo...
Article
In solid-organ transplant, cell therapy is used as an immunomodulation therapy or as a functioning graft (bioengineering medicine). Before such treatment can be more accepted among transplant societies, some uncertainties should be clarified. These include: why is such therapy mandatory? What are the indications for this therapy, and what are the m...
Article
Background: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the optimal vascular access in hemodialysis (HD) patients because of its lower complication rates and better longevity compared to arteriovenous graft (AVG) and central venous catheter (CVC). Methods: A cohort of 532 HD patients from nine HD facilities were recruited in September 2012 and prospectively...
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Introduction: Nephrotoxicity as a side effect caused by the immunosuppressive drug, cyclosporine-A (CsA), can be a major problem in transplant medicine. Oxidative stress may play an important role in the CsA-induced nephrotoxicity. It has been shown that the antihypertensive drug, valsartan (Val), has also renoprotective effects but, its molecular...
Article
Background: Nephrotoxicity side effect of the immunosuppressive drug, Cyclosporine-A (CsA), can be a major issue in transplantation medicine. CsA-induced nephrotoxicity is multifactorial but oxidative stress has a critical role in this process. It has been demonstrated that Valsartan (Val) as an angiotensin receptor blocker has renoprotective effec...
Article
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Objectives: The mortality rate of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients that have undergone renal replacement therapy is very high due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Some studies have indicated that cyclosporine A, a drug used to prevent transplant rejection, is associated with bone loss following transplantation. Furthermore, it has an oxidati...
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Context and objective: Red grape seed extract (RGSE) contains oligomeric proanthocyanidin complexes as a class of flavonoids. These compounds are potent antioxidants and exert many health-promoting effects. This study aimed to determine the effects of RGSE on serum levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein chol...
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Background: The most important surgical complications of renal transplantation are stenosis and obstruction of the ureterovesical anastomosis. Routine use of ureteral stents can prevent this complication, but the optimal time for ureteral stent use is still controversial. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to compare the benefits and compl...
Article
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) attributed to cisplatin is well documented. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are proven to be renotropic. Although they have been shown to improve function in CKD and reduce fibrosis in different experimental rodent models, their efficiency in primates is unknown. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevention of CK...
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Disturbances in metabolism of lipo-proteins and oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein contribute to cardiovascular disease and development of oxidative stress in patients under renal replacement therapy (hemodialysis and renal transplant). This study was designed to compare oxidized low-density lipoprotein levels and lipid profiles in r...
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Plasma protein growth arrest-specific 6 (GAS6) and matrix Gla protein (MGP) are crucial mediators of vascular calcification and are involved in the development of vascular complications in chronic kidney diseases. This study was set out to investigate the relationship between plasma GAS6 levels and MGP in patients with end-stage renal disease on ma...
Article
To explore the probable association of serum hepcidin and haemoglobin levels with iron and inflammation statuses in patients of chronic kidney disease stage 4 with anaemia. The cross-sectional study was conducted at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from March 2011 to October 2012, and comprised patients of chronic kidney disease stage 4...
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A 34-year-old diabetic patient underwent a renal transplant which was complicated by right side lower extremity paresis and numbness with gluteal necrosis. The main reason was ligation of internal iliac artery of the same side as a result of extensive microvascular obstruction due to severe atheromatous plaque. This is a rare complication which is...
Article
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL), oxidant, and antioxidant status in untreated active pulmonary tuberculosis patients (PTB). Serum was obtained from 42 patients with different forms of untreated active PTB and 41 healthy subjects, as the control group...
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Introduction: Low fetuin-A and 1,25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (vitamin D) levels accompanied with high intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) contents are associated with cardiovascular disease in dialysis patients. The aim of present study was to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene FokI and ApaI polymorphisms with serum levels of fe...
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Background Imbalanced Matrix Gla protein (MGP) and Osteoprotegerin (OPG) levels occur in inflammatory diseases. Aim of the work The aim of the present study was to evaluate serum MGP and OPG levels in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients and study their relation to the disease activity. Patients and methods Forty-five female RA patients and 45 age...
Article
Background Clinically, acute kidney injury (AKI) is a potentially devastating condition for which no specific therapy improves efficacy of the repair process. Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) are proven to be beneficial for the renal repair process after AKI in different experimental rodent models, but their efficacy in large animals...
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Background: Endotheline-1 (ET-1), an endothelial mediator, influences on mineral metabolism; especially vascular calcification in uremic patients. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate of ET-1, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and mineral metabolites as the main factors for vascular calcification and inflammation in...
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Introduction: Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) is one of the main complications of diabetes mellitus, mostly ending to end-stage renal disease. Leptin and C-reactive protein (CRP), as inflammatory markers implicated in the progression of DN, increase in diabetes mellitus, while transferrin and albumin, as members of anti-oxidant defense mechanism, are fo...
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Introduction: Inflammation is recognized in up to 50% of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, being a common feature of advanced renal disease and crucial mediator of vascularcalcification which may be relevant in CKD. This study was aimed at evaluating the role ofGrowth arrest-specific 6 (Plasma GAS-6) and mineral metabolism abnormalities inhemo...
Article
Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the intraoperative ultrafiltration effect on postoperative AKI. Methods: In this prospective randomized clinical trail, 159 patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery, were randomly assigned to either hemofilter (N.=87) or control group (N.=72). The primary and secondary outcomes were AKI (d...
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Peritoneal dialysis offers several advantages such as better clearance of intermediate/large molecules and better preservation of renal residual function when compared with hemodialysis. However, dialysis adequacy is one of the subjects of concern of this modality. There are some drugs that are capable of influencing solute transport in the periton...
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The study examined the influence of fish oil (FO) supplementation on serum 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels as indicated by DNA damage markers and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) among male cigarette smokers. This double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized study was conducted among healthy cigarette smokers (n=40) who were part of a la...
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Abstract Hyperlipidemia can lead to atherosclerosis by lipoprotein deposition inside the vessel wall and oxidative stress induction that leads to the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein particles (Ox-LDL) have a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The lipid-lowering properties and antioxidants of the g...
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Background and aims: Anemia and increased inflammation are the main causes of mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. This study was designed to explore the probable relationship of hemoglobin (Hb) with serum haptoglobin (HP), its genotypes and inflammation statues in CKD stage 4 patients with anemia. Methods: The subjects of the study...
Article
Serum receptor activator of nuclear factor-κ B ligand and osteoprotegrin are mediated to vascular calcification in the general population. Our knowledge is very sparse in hemodialysis and renal transplant patients. Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κ B ligand, osteoprotegrin, intact parathyroid hormone, calcium, and phosphorus were measured in b...
Article
Objectives: This study was designed to determine the effects of zinc supplementation on oxidative stress in hemodialysis (HD) patients through evaluating total antioxidant capacity (TAC), whole blood glutathione peroxidase (GSH) level, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and malondialdehyde (MDA) level. Design and setting: Double-blinded random...
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Background and aims: Patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) face an increased risk of atherosclerosis, a crucial problem and the leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of zinc supplementation on paraoxonase (PON) enzyme activity in patients on HD. Methods: This double-blind ran...
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This study was conducted to determine the effect of fish oil (FO) supplements on high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein-AI (Apo-AI), malondialdehyde (MDA), arylesterase (Aryl), and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity in female patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A total of 90 RA patients were randomly allocated into two groups...