Hasan Muhammad Baniamin

Hasan Muhammad Baniamin
North South University · South Asian Institute of Policy and Governance

PhD

About

58
Publications
74,794
Reads
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336
Citations
Citations since 2016
37 Research Items
314 Citations
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Introduction
I am an Assistant Professor of Public Administration and Political Science at the Dept. of Pol. Science and Sociology & South Asian Institute of Policy and Governance (SIPG), North South University (NSU), Bangladesh. Before joining at NSU, i completed my PhD from the Dept of Administration and Organization Theory, University of Bergen, Norway. I mainly work on survey and survey experiments. My key research areas include institutional trust, performance, policy analyses and E-governance.
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - December 2019
University of Bergen
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Worked as a Research Fellow on the project "The Acceptability of Child Protection Interventions: A Cross-Country Analysis" at the Centre for Research on Discretion and Paternalism.
Education
January 2015 - December 2018
University of Bergen
Field of study
  • Public Administration
August 2012 - July 2014
University of Bergen
Field of study
  • Public Administration

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
In this article, we explored the challenges of PA education in developing countries. Based on interviews in two developing countries (Bangladesh and Sri Lanka), we identified a number of challenges that fall under two broader umbrellas: teaching-related and research-related challenges. The teaching-related challenges include the problem with curric...
Article
The article explores institutional trust dynamics in Sri Lanka and asks what accounts for varying levels of trust different ethnic groups have in governance institutions in the post-war context. Three decades of ethnic conflict, the emergence of ethno-religious polarisation since the end of civil war, militarised ethnocracy, and the majoritarian et...
Research
Full-text available
For years, some timber smugglers had been cutting the streets on a hilly forest range and smuggling the timber away. The forest rangers took an unconventional and creative approach – using mosquito coils and firecrackers - in order to apprehend the timber smugglers. Members of the timber smuggling ring were arrested and the smuggling of timber wa...
Research
Full-text available
Case Study Series 2: Negotiation & Conflict Resolution, Case Title- Leading from the back: Recovery of public lands without hurting public sentiment, For submission of cases and to see other cases: http://www.northsouth.edu/sipg/cases.html Problem: For years, some land grabbers were using a religious structure (a makeshift mosque) as an excuse...
Chapter
Despite poor governance and low performance, different surveys, such as the World Value Surveys and the Afrobarometer, show that on average there is high trust in political leadership and public institutions in different African countries. By analyzing recent data from the Afrobarometer the present study tries to look for a possible explanation for...
Article
How do quotas for women in Sri Lanka’s local government institutions affect key governance indicators such as perceived fairness, institutional trust, and perceived performance? These dimensions of governance are underexplored in the context of gender quota policies in patriarchal societies like that of Sri Lanka. The study hypothetically varied th...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyses different social media-based citizens’ initiatives taken during the COVID-19 crisis in Bangladesh. By applying netnography on various Facebook groups, the study finds that people are trying to address the crisis by using social media. The groups provided different crucial support to general people, such as connecting people to g...
Research
Full-text available
Case Study Series: Learning from Innovative and Proactive Civil Servants. For submission of cases and to see other cases: http://www.northsouth.edu/sipg/cases.html
Research
Full-text available
Case Study Series: Learning from Innovative and Proactive Civil Servants. For submission of cases and to see other cases: http://www.northsouth.edu/sipg/cases.html
Article
This article tries to identify people’s degree of acceptance of parental corporal punishment (CP) of children and the nature of the association of different variables, particularly the value variables with such acceptance. For this purpose, the study uses data from the World Values Survey 6 (2010-2014), which is a large survey of attitudes based on...
Article
This study sought to understand the dynamics of institutional trust in three Southeast Asian countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. For this, the study used the latest wave of ‘The Asian Barometer Survey’ (2014–2016). Based on the analysis of the survey data from the Asian Barometer, this study found that along with perceived performance and...
Conference Paper
Based on a survey in South Asia, the study finds that people associate crisis management problems more with government than with civil service. This is because people expect their government to take the lead in dealing with crises. The study finds that problems relating to a government’s commitment to address the COVID-19 crisis generate low trust...
Chapter
The term governance, after its emergence in the 1980s, has led to different conceptions, connotations, and contested understandings. Its wide and diverse uses make it seem all inclusive as well as vague. This chapter recaps some of the popular concepts of governance in political and administrative sciences. These are governance as good governance,...
Chapter
Citizens’ trust in public institutions is thought to indicate how public organizations are managed and how far they are successful. However, various survey responses (e.g., the World Values Survey, Afro-barometer, Asia-barometer, and the Governance and Trust Survey) show that there can be relatively high institutional trust despite relatively low p...
Article
This study explores the relationship between gender representation in bureaucracy and perceived performance and fairness. It uses data from a survey experiment that was part of a national representative survey conducted in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. In the experiment, respondents were informed about a hypothetical ten-member committee respon...
Article
Country-representative surveys indicate that several countries have higher institutional trust despite lower institutional performance and weak governance. To understand this puzzle, the current study explores the role of people's degree of assertiveness (low vs high) in determining institutional trust in 32 African countries and finds that less as...
Research
Full-text available
Problem The process of meeting and informing people was cumbersome and inefficient, frequently resulting in scheduling conflicts Solution Introduction of a digital system that allowed everyone to be notified of any upcoming meeting and addressed the schedule conflict issue Outcome Ease in the process of scheduling and announcing meetings and k...
Book
This book analyzes contemporary issues in governance, policy management, and policy performance both at the central and local levels in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. The focus is on some central social issues such as empowerment, the inclusion of minorities, institutional trust, policy implementation, and local service delivery. Although these...
Article
Full-text available
Based on responses to the Afrobarometer and other surveys, it appears that most Africans believe their country is democratic. Oftentimes they even express satisfaction with the degree of democracy. Experts, however, have shown that many African countries have a flawed democracy or an authoritarian regime. This discrepancy raises questions about try...
Article
Motivation Most studies on the normative roots of political trust argue for its relationship with policy performance rather than with cultural orientation. The article analyses how institutional trust can be affected by both policy performance and cultural orientation in Bangladesh and Nepal. Purpose To revisit the relationship between citizens’ c...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to investigate, firstly, to what extent has Nepal's bureaucracy become representative in terms of reflecting the country's demographic composition, and secondly, has the bureaucracy become more responsive to citizens since the implementation of a quota policy in 2007. Design/methodology/approach-This paper relie...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate, firstly, to what extent has Nepal’s bureaucracy become representative in terms of reflecting the country’s demographic composition, and secondly, has the bureaucracy become more responsive to citizens since the implementation of a quota policy in 2007. Design/methodology/approach – This paper...
Article
Countries have experienced varied success in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. To understand these variations, the study used netnography on news media and websites, and social media. Factors identified as critical to success in managing the pandemic fall into two categories: state-centric and socio-demographic. State-centric factors such as polic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Country-representative surveys indicate that several countries have higher institutional trust despite of lower institutional performance and weak governance. To understand this puzzle, the current study explores the role of people's degree of assertiveness (low vs high) in determining institutional trust in 32 African countries and finds that less...
Article
Full-text available
The article identified the countries which are more successful than others to control the COVID-19 pandemic so far, and then identified the possible factors for variations of such successes. Though, such initial success may not last for long due to another fresh outbreak of the disease, but the factors identified in this article may generate valuab...
Research
Full-text available
Background: Despite empirical evidence for the negative effects of corporal punishment (CP) on children, there is still widespread use of CP around the world. This demands a more systematic understanding of the problem. Objective: This article tries to identify people's degree of acceptance of parental CP on children and examines the nature of asso...
Article
Several non-OECD countries have relatively low socio-economic performance, poor governance, and a fair amount of corruption among civil servants, yet their citizens report higher trust in the civil services than do citizens in OECD countries. To understand this mismatch, this study provides an explanation, arguing that an authoritarian cultural ori...
Book
Full-text available
This dissertation analyzes institutional trust, first, in the three South Asian countries of Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka, and then in 32 African countries. These countries were chosen in order to explore why citizens in developing countries trust public institutions despite those institutions’ poor performance. Most of the existing literature...
Presentation
Full-text available
It is thought that a low quality of governance and poor levels of institutional performance result in lower levels of institutional trust among citizens. This is not the case however in most non-OECD countries. Looking at Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka, Hasan Muhammad Baniamin (University of Bergen), Ishtiaq Jamil (University of Bergen) and Steina...
Article
The existing literature on institutional trust leads us to expect that institutional trust is determined by institutional performance. In the context of three South Asian countries (Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka), we find the opposite – that despite poor performance of the civil service, there is high institutional trust. In this study we examine...
Article
Full-text available
The comparative analyses of citizens’ trust in Anti-Corruption Agencies (ACAs) in three countries’ (Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka) indicate that despite ACA’s low level of effectiveness in curbing corruption, trust level varies. The Nepalese ACA has higher level of trust than Bangladesh and Sri Lanka which is earned by targeting mainly lower lev...
Article
The introduction of an incentive system in order to increase the provision of credence goods such as health services can be problematic. This article identifies the possible magnitude of overtreatment by physicians in private clinics compared with the situation in government and nongovernment health facilities in Bangladesh. The five to ten times h...
Article
This paper analyzes citizens’ trust in anticorruption agencies (ACAs) in Bangladesh and Nepal. An increase in trust over time should indicate that the agencies are performing according to citizens’ expectations. The data come from two waves of surveys. Our findings suggest that in the first wave trust patterns are similar for both countries; in the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
E-governance is gaining popularity as a tool for improved public service delivery in developing countries. It is often argued e-governance reduces corruption risks through improving monitoring of public officials and by reducing the need for citizen interaction with gatekeepers for key services. Recent case evidence from Bangladesh shows that merel...
Article
Working as a nonresident abroad, many Bangladeshis send home their hard-earned money there. And it is thus fair to say that the remittances are the life line of the Bangladesh economy. National revenues from such a remittance now exceed any other types of foreign exchange inflows, as well as official development assistance and net earnings from exp...
Article
Corruption, in its many guises, is a global phenomenon that can be embedded deeply in the very fabric of a society. Amidst the negative consequences and the limited successes in controlling corruption in many countries, the potential to increase transparency and to combat corruption by using E-governance is gaining popularity in the communities of...
Thesis
Full-text available
Corruption has been considered as one of the most prevalent and persistent challenges in enhancing economic growth and improving the quality of life of the citizens across the globe. Amidst the negative consequences of corruption and the limited successes in controlling corruption in many countries, the potentials to combat corruption by using E-go...
Research
Full-text available
Urban local government institutions, comprising of city corporations and municipalities, in Bangladesh are by law expected to provide basic urban services to citizens. More often than not, these institutions fail to deliver on their pledges. They have experienced tremendous fiscal stress, and hence have not been able to operate and maintain existin...
Article
In the traditional model of public service delivery, the procedures are long, time consuming and lack transparency which often helps to create an environment leading to corrupt practices. Slackness in administration, low morale of the services, inherent inertia, absence of incentives, lack of proper authority and accountability are the delay-breede...
Article
Full-text available
National ID card as a legal identity promises a host of goods that have tremendous potential to improve people’s lives. National ID cards are touted to provide greater access to services, benefits, and opportunities; greater protection of human rights and security; a more legitimate and equitable distribution of public resources. Seventy-nine milli...
Book
'Administration for Service of People' was the slogan of the last Reform Commission in Bangladesh. But the present administration is attributed, in many occasions, to tortuous procedures, dinosaurus size, narrow outlook, inefficiency, red-tapism and many other negative connotations. A Development oriented administration may help us uplift from this...
Article
Full-text available
The endeavor to adopt e-government can be mapped as some logical sequential stages. Already there are some models describing the stages of e-government development. The starting point of these models of the stages of e-government development is from describing various phases of web presence. But these models lack the earlier preparatory phases for...
Article
Indian Railways (IR) has been the prime mover of the nation and has the distinction of being the largest railway system in Asia and the second largest railway system in the World under single management. After being written off as a financially unviable concern by industry watchers and nonchalant soothsayers, Indian Railways has staged a dramatic t...
Article
Full-text available
The development of a modern society depends to a large extent on the nature and standard of higher education. Higher education has enormous potential to promote prosperity in the developing nations. Throughout the World, universities change the society and remain the center of change and development. In the context of Bangladesh various Education C...
Article
Seventy-nine million National ID cards (NID) were distributed to Bangladeshi citizens as part of the 2007/2008 voter registration process. The cards served as powerful incentive for voters to come to registration centers. During the voter registration process the Bangladesh Election Commission declared that the ID cards would be required for access...
Article
Full-text available
Administration for Service of People' was the slogan of the last reform commission in Bangladesh. But the present administration is attributed on many occasions to tortuous procedures, dinosaurous size, narrow outlook, inefficiency, red-tapism and many other negative connotations. The training institutions may act as the catalysts to uplift from th...
Article
Poverty alleviation has been a popular slogan of successive political leaderships in Bangladesh since the country’s independence in 1971. According to the Human Development Report 2009 of UNDP, Bangladesh ranked 112th in respect of human poverty. Still high levels of poverty have persisted in spite of massive efforts and aid. This paper argues that...
Article
The “Citizen’s Charters (CC) initiative” is a response to the quest for solving the problems which a citizen encounters, day in and day out, while dealing with organizations providing public services. The impressive feat of the citizen’s charter in the UK has made this administrative tool popular across the globe and Bangladesh is no exception to t...
Article
E-governance has the potential to radically change the face of government. But e-governance is a resource intensive activity in its initial phases. Successful planning and implementation of e-government requires an abundance of technical and financial resources. Lack of these resources is an overriding bottleneck in most developing countries. PPP c...

Questions

Questions (3)
Question
Looking for suggestions to conduct survey by using boost posting option of Facebook
Question
Want to know about the platform from the researchers.
Question
If you upload any preprint and later on if you publish that article somewhere, what should you do?

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
This Case Study Project aims to document different cases from the civil services of South Asia. In the beginning, two types of cases will be collected: the first one will depict proactive and innovative measures that brought significant changes in the mechanism with some concrete solutions to the problems. These cases will encourage other civil servants to be more proactive and innovative. The second type is about different critical situations that do not have any viable solutions and are more thought-provoking to learn about those situations. These cases are expected to aid civil servants in their decision-making in different critical situations. The cases for this project are collected by interviewing the civil servants who are currently serving and have served in various government organizations of different South Asian countries. The project's initial focus is Bangladesh, and then gradually, it will be extended to other South Asian countries.
Project
Understand different dynamics of COVID-19 Pandemic. Particularly socio-political aspects like why some countries are more successful than others or how different issues like digitization and economic aspects are shaped by the pandemic and how people are copying with such pandemic.
Project
1. To identify the range of e-services, citizens can avail from the government offices in Bangladesh and develop a comprehensive “Databook.” 2. To reveal the position (/level) of each e-service offered by the government. 3. To categorize the barriers for the citizens’ that hinder them to avail or access e-services. 4. To provide policy inputs in terms of enhancing e-services.