Harsharan S Bhatia

Harsharan S Bhatia
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich | LMU · Institute for Stroke and Dementia Research (ISD)

Ph.D.

About

43
Publications
11,230
Reads
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1,392
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2017 - June 2019
Institute for Stroke and Dementia Research
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • We develop and implement 3D imaging technologies to be able to generate the highest resolution views of intact rodent organs and bodies, to comprehend the disease induced mechanisms in an unbiased way.
November 2013 - November 2017
University Medical Center Freiburg
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (43)
Preprint
Full-text available
The meninges of the brain are an important component of neuroinflammatory response. Diverse immune cells move from the calvaria marrow into the dura mater via recently discovered skull-meninges connections (SMCs). However, how the calvaria bone marrow is different from the other bones and whether and how it contributes to human diseases remain unkn...
Preprint
Full-text available
Spatial molecular profiling of complex tissues is essential to investigate cellular function in physiological and pathological states. However, methods for molecular analysis of biological specimens imaged in 3D as a whole are lacking. Here, we present DISCO-MS, a technology combining whole-organ imaging, deep learning-based image analysis, and ult...
Article
Full-text available
The increase in the usage of silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) in the industrial and medical fields has raised concerns about their possible adverse effects on human health. The present study aimed to investigate the potential adverse effects of SiNPs at daily doses of 25 and 100 mg/kg body weight intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 28 consecutive days on mark...
Article
Scope Urolithin A is an anti‐inflammatory and neuroprotective gut‐derived metabolite from ellagitannins and ellagic acid in pomegranate, berries and nuts. We investigated the roles of SIRT‐1 and autophagy in the neuroprotective activity of urolithin A. Methods and results Analyses of culture supernatants from lipopolysaccharide‐stimulated BV2 micr...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of entire transparent rodent bodies after clearing could provide holistic biological information in health and disease, but reliable imaging and quantification of fluorescent protein signals deep inside the tissues has remained a challenge. Here, we developed vDISCO, a pressure-driven, nanobody-based whole-body immunolabeling technology to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Analysis of entire transparent rodent bodies could provide holistic information on biological systems in health and disease. However, it has been challenging to reliably image and quantify signal from endogenously expressed fluorescent proteins in large cleared mouse bodies due to the low signal contrast. Here, we devised a pressure driven, nanobod...
Article
Full-text available
Background Neuroinflammation is a key factor of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative conditions. Microglia are the resident mononuclear immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS). They play an essential role in the maintenance of homeostasis and responses to neuroinflammation. Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 is one of the most c...
Article
Full-text available
Exaggerated inflammatory responses in microglia represent one of the major risk factors for various central nervous system’s (CNS) associated pathologies. Release of excessive inflammatory mediators such as prostaglandins and cytokines are the hallmark of hyper-activated microglia. Here we have investigated the hitherto unknown effects of capsaicin...
Article
Thymoquinone is an antioxidant phytochemical that has been shown to inhibit neuroinflammation. However, little is known about the potential roles of intracellular antioxidant signalling pathways in its anti-inflammatory activity. The objective of this study was to elucidate the roles played by activation of the Nrf2/ARE antioxidant mechanisms in th...
Article
Full-text available
Background Hyperactivation of microglia is considered to be a key hallmark of brain inflammation and plays a critical role in regulating neuroinflammatory events. Neuroinflammatory responses in microglia represent one of the major risk factors for various neurodegenerative diseases. One of the strategies to protect the brain and slow down the progr...
Article
Full-text available
Background Microglia recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns such as double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) present in some viruses. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid [poly(I:C)] is a synthetic analog of dsRNA that activates different molecules, such as retinoic acid-inducible gene I, melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5, and toll-like receptor-3...
Article
Full-text available
Background Microglia recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns such as double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) present in some viruses. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid [poly(I:C)] is a synthetic analog of dsRNA that activates different molecules, such as retinoic acid-inducible gene I, melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5, and toll-like receptor-...
Article
Full-text available
MiRNAs, a family of small non-coding RNAs, have emerged as novel post-transcriptional regulators of numerous cellular responses. Although the involvement of miRNAs in the regulation of neuroinflammation in various neurological diseases has been previously studied, their role in the production of inflammatory mediators during microglia activation is...
Poster
Full-text available
MiRNAs, a family of small non-coding RNAs, have emerged as novel post-transcriptional regulators of numerous cellular responses. Although the involvement of miRNAs in the regulation of neuroinflammation in various neurological diseases has been previously studied, their role in the production of inflammatory mediators during microglia activation is...
Article
Modifications of histone deacetylases (HDACs) may be involved in microglia driven neuroinflammatory responses. Recent studies suggest that several inflammatory molecules can regulate the extent of neurodegeneration and regeneration in the central nervous system. In the present study, we investigated the effects of HDAC inhibitors valproic acid (VPA...
Article
Full-text available
Cryptolepine, an indoloquinoline alkaloid in Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, has anti-inflammatory property. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of cryptolepine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- induced neuroinflammation in rat microglia and its potential mechanisms. Microglial activation was induced by stimulation with LPS, and the effects of cr...
Article
Full-text available
Early life trauma is an important risk factor for many psychiatric and somatic disorders in adulthood. As a growing body of evidence suggests that brain plasticity is disturbed in affective disorders, we examined the short-term and remote effects of early life stress on different forms of brain plasticity. Mice were subjected to early deprivation b...
Article
Background: There is evidence from human and animal research that 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) 3 receptor antagonists, particularly tropisetron, exert analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity. We have demonstrated that tropisetron inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha and interleukin- (IL-)1beta release in pri...
Article
Full-text available
Given that the spinal cord is capable of learning sensorimotor tasks and that dietary interventions can influence learning involving supraspinal centers, we asked whether the presence of omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and the curry spice curcumin (Cur) by themselves or in combination with voluntary exercise could affect spinal cord l...
Article
There is evidence from human and animal research that 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) 3 receptor antagonists, particularly tropisetron, exert analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity. We have demonstrated that tropisetron inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha and interleukin-(IL-)1beta release in primary human mo...
Article
Full-text available
Microglia are considered a major target for modulating neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative disease processes. Upon activation, microglia secrete inflammatory mediators that contribute to the resolution or to further enhancement of damage in the central nervous system (CNS). Therefore, it is important to study the intracellular pathways that are...
Data
Composition of experimental diets. (DOC)
Article
Full-text available
Omega-3-fatty acid DHA is a structural component of brain plasma membranes, thereby crucial for neuronal signaling; however, the brain is inefficient at synthesizing DHA. We have asked how levels of dietary n-3 fatty acids during brain growth would affect brain function and plasticity during adult life. Pregnant rats and their male offspring were f...
Article
Full-text available
Resveratrol, a polyphenol present in grapes and red wine, has been studied due to its vast pharmacological activity. It has been demonstrated that resveratrol inhibits production of inflammatory mediators in different in vitro and in vivo models. Our group recently demonstrated that resveratrol reduced the production of prostaglandin (PG) E2 and 8-...
Article
Mangiferin, a naturally occurring glucosylxanthone, has potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as demonstrated in several reports. However, very limited information is available on the effects of this natural polyphenol on microglial activation. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine whether mangiferin is able to reduce prostaglan...
Article
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is among the most important mediators involved in neuroinflammatory processes. The final step of its synthesis is regulated by enzymes termed prostaglandin E2 synthases (PGES). Three PGES are known, cytosolic (c)PGES, membrane-associated (m)PGES-1 and mPGES-2. The expression of mPGES-1 is induced by inflammatory stimuli such...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Reduction of microglial activation has been shown to protect against neuronal death in in vitro and in vivo models of neuronal injury, reinforcing the hypothesis that microglial activation contributes to neuronal demise. One of the hallmarks of neuroinflammation is the dramatic production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) by activated microglial cells. Re...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Neuroinflammatory responses are triggered by diverse ethiologies and can provide either beneficial or harmful results. Microglial cells are the major cell type involved in neuroinflammation, releasing several mediators, which contribute to the neuronal demise in several diseases including cerebral ischemia and neurodegenerative disorde...
Article
Inhibition of neuronal cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and hence prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs has been suggested to protect neuronal cells in a variety of pathophysiological situations including Alzheimer's disease and ischemic stroke. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) has also been shown to protect cerebral tissue in...

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