Harrison Kim

Harrison Kim
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign | UIUC · Department of Industrial and Enterprise Systems Engineering

PhD

About

162
Publications
30,483
Reads
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3,366
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2016 - October 2020
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 2012 - August 2016
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2005 - July 2012
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
January 1997 - August 2001
University of Michigan
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering

Publications

Publications (162)
Article
Full-text available
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a standardized methodology to quantify the environmental footprint of products, processes, and systems. While LCA is an internationally accepted tool to highlight environmental hotspots, it lacks in providing concrete guidance to practitioners (e.g., product designers, material engineers, industrial managers) to reduc...
Article
Full-text available
Considering the growing number of metrics and indicators to assess the circular economy transition, it is paramount to shed light on how they complement and differ from traditional approaches, such as life cycle assessment or sustainability performance indicators. This study provides new empirical insights on the correlation between life cycle asse...
Article
Full-text available
Circular economy (CE) and sustainable development are not systematically synonyms and some trade-offs might occur between circularity and sustainability. This study addresses the nexus—i.e., the potential concurrence, complementarity, or conflict—between circularity and sustainability indicators to develop and monitor more circular and sustainable...
Article
Full-text available
Sudden changes in life and work patterns due to COVID-19 have affected customer requirements for the products. Under these circumstances, companies can achieve high profitability and customer satisfaction when they can efficiently identify and respond quickly to changing customer preferences caused by COVID-19. This article presents empirical resea...
Preprint
Online product reviews are a valuable resource for product developers to improve the design of their products. Yet, the potential value of customer feedback to improve the sustainability performance of products is still to be exploited. The present paper investigates and analyzes Amazon product reviews to bring new light on the following question:...
Preprint
Full-text available
The increasing number of product reviews posted online is a gold mine for designers to know better about the products they develop, by capturing the voice of customers, and to improve these products accordingly. In the meantime, product design and development have an essential role in creating a more sustainable future. With the recent advance of a...
Article
The Kano model is an extensively used technique for understanding different types of customer preferences. It classifies product features based on the effects of their performance on the overall customer satisfaction. Compared to surveys, numerous online reviews can be easily collected at a lower cost. This paper proposes an explainable neural netw...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, online user-generated data has been used as an efficient resource for customer analysis. In the product design area, various methods for analyzing customer preference for product features have been suggested. However, most of them focused on feature categories rather than product components which are crucial in practical applications. To...
Article
Full-text available
While the COVID-19 pandemic has led to many disruptions in industrial value chains, the adoption of circular economy (CE) principles appears to be a commendable solution for more robust, resilient, and sustainable industrial supply chains. In this study, the standpoints and visions of two consecutive classes of engineering students – following the...
Article
Full-text available
Remanufacturing is a representative product recovery strategy that can improve economic profitability and sustainability by restoring discarded or traded-in used products to a like-new condition. Unlike the production process of new products, remanufacturing requires unique production processes, such as collecting used products and dis(re)assembly....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recently, many studies on product design have utilized online data for customer analysis. However, most of them treat online customers as a group of people with the same preferences while customer segmentation is a key strategy in conventional market analysis. To supplement this gap, this paper proposes a new methodology for online customer segment...
Conference Paper
Monitoring the circularity potential of products and materials is key to ensure environmental savings and economic profitability of circular economy loops, such as reuse, remanufacturing, or recycling. The choices and decisions made during the product design phase have a major influence and impact on the circularity performance of products. While n...
Conference Paper
The increasing number of product reviews posted online is a gold mine for designers to know better about the products they develop, by capturing the voice of customers, and to improve these products accordingly. In the meantime, product design and development have an essential role in creating a more sustainable future. With the recent advance of a...
Conference Paper
The exponentially growing online reviews have become a great wealth of information into which many researchers have started tapping. Using online reviews as a source of customer feedback, product designers are able to better understand customers’ preferences and improve product design accordingly. However, while predicting future product demand as...
Conference Paper
Online product reviews are a valuable resource for product developers to improve the design of their products. Yet, the potential value of customer feedback to improve the sustainability performance of products is still to be exploited. The present paper investigates and analyzes Amazon product reviews to bring new light on the following question:...
Conference Paper
Since remanufacturing requires additional processes compared to the production process of new products, various factors need to be considered. First, it is necessary to decide which end-of-life (EoL) product parts/modules to use among the EoL products available for the remanufactured product. At this stage, it is crucial to understand the future cu...
Article
Full-text available
With the growth of online marketplaces and social media, product designers have been seeing an exponential growth of data available, which can serve as an extremely valuable source of information communicated from customers without geographical limitations. The data will reveal customers’ preferences, which can be expensive and slow to obtain via t...
Article
Full-text available
Considering a growing number of metrics and indicators to assess circular economy, it is of paramount importance to shed light on how they differ from traditional approaches, such as life cycle assessment (LCA) or sustainability performance indicators. This study provides new empirical insights on the correlation between LCA, circularity, and susta...
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of the coronavirus disease not only caused many deaths worldwide but also severely affected the development of the global economy, such as supply chain disruptions, plummeted demand, unemployment, etc. These social changes have led to changes in customers' purchasing patterns. Therefore, it is more important than ever for manufacturers...
Article
Full-text available
Providing sufficient testing capacities and accurate results in a time-efficient way are essential to prevent the spread and lower the curve of a health crisis, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. In line with recent research investigating how simulation-based models and tools could contribute to mitigating the impact of COVID-19, a discrete event simul...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Gasoline-powered lawn mowers and garden equipment are emitting 30 million tons of pollutants yearly in the USA, accounting for a quarter of all non-road gasoline emissions. While the US market is dominated by gasoline-powered lawn mowers, this study offers an assessment of the environmental implication and cost of electrifying the lawn mowe...
Article
Context China's livestock and poultry industries have been experiencing a transformation over recent decades, transitioning from family-size farms to larger, confined animal feeding operations. This development has significantly improved animal production capacity and reduced costs but has also created new challenges to manure management. One impor...
Article
Due to recent technological advancements, automation and autonomous solutions are gaining increasing popularity. Yet, a lack of in-depth investigations is noticed on the potential environmental benefits and economic repercussions of implementing autonomous systems. The present study aims to fill part of this gap by quantifying the environmental and...
Article
With the rapid development of new technology and the growing global competition in industry, it is essential for companies to protect their sensitive product designs and technologies. To ensure that their systems are not exploited by potential patent infringers, original equipment manufacturers often apply physical attributes and/or reduce commonal...
Article
Summary statement: The present COVID-19 brief report addresses: (1) the problem of optimal design and resource allocation to mobile testing stations to ensure rapid results to the persons getting tested; (2) the proposed solution through a newly developed discrete event simulation model, experienced in on-campus saliva-based testing stations at th...
Article
Manure management is a concern for many livestock and poultry producers all around the world. Manure is generated, processed, transported, and utilized in various ways. Manure management requires the coordination of animal feeding operations (AFOs), centralized processing facilities (CPFs), and crop farms. Such a manure utilization chain is more th...
Article
The importance-performance analysis (IPA) is a widely used technique to guide strategic planning for the improvement of customer satisfaction. Compared to surveys, numerous online reviews can be easily collected at a lower cost, therefore online reviews provide a promising source for the IPA. This paper proposes an approach for conducting the IPA f...
Article
Implementing circular economy (CE) practices can lead to both environmental savings and competitive advantages for companies. While transitioning from a linear production system to a closed-loop system is not straightforward, adequate methodology and tools can support industrialists in this sustainable shift. This paper proposes a multi-tool approa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The recent development in technology has made bio-based plastics an increasingly attractive alternative to petroleum-based plastics to tackle plastic pollution. However, currently, bio-based plastics have not been widely adopted in the design and manufacturing of new products. To advocate the use of bio-based plastics, this paper proposes two visua...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the rapid development of new technology and the growing global competition in industry, it is essential for companies to protect their sensitive product designs and technologies. To ensure that their systems are not exploited by third-party competitors or remanufacturers, original equipment manufacturers often apply physical attributes and/or...
Article
Identifying product attributes from the perspective of a customer is essential to measure the satisfaction, importance, and Kano category of each product attribute for product design. This paper proposes automated keyword filtering to identify product attributes from online customer reviews based on latent Dirichlet allocation. The pre-processing f...
Article
One of the most significant challenges in existing livestock production is the negative impact of animal waste on the environment. Accumulative manure produced in intensive swine feeding operations (ISFO) cannot be efficiently utilized in a sustainable and economical way. A successful manure management system should maximize the overall economic be...
Conference Paper
Importance-performance analysis (IPA) is a technique used to understand customer satisfaction and improve the quality of product attributes. This study proposes an explainable deep-neural-network-based method to carry out IPA of product attributes from online reviews for product design. Previous works used shallow neural network (SNN)-based methods...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In product design, it is essential to understand customers’ preferences for product features. Traditional methods including the survey and interview are time-consuming and costly. As an alternative, research on utilizing online data for user analysis has been actively conducted. Although various methods have been proposed in this domain, most of th...
Article
Full-text available
While autonomous machines are considered as a new opportunity to augment safety, reliability, productivity, and efficiency, the actual environmental and economic sustainability performances of many autonomous systems remain yet to be quantified. The present research aims to fill part of this gap by evaluating the life cycle impact and cost of auton...
Preprint
Full-text available
Combining new insights from both bibliometric and text mining analyses, with prior relevant research conversations on circular economy (CE) and industrial ecology (IE), this paper aims to clarify the recent development trends and relations between these concepts, including their representations and applications. On this basis, discussions are made...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Autonomous systems - such as self-driven tractors, cars, autonomous lawnmowers, or vacuum cleaner - seem to become increasingly attractive and operationally efficient. Yet, the environmental, economic, and social impacts of implementing autonomous solutions, as a substitution to conventional human-operated ones, still need to be quantitatively inve...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Combining new insights from both bibliometric and text mining analyses, with prior relevant research conversations on circular economy (CE) and industrial ecology (IE), this paper aims to clarify the recent development trends and relations between these concepts, including their representations and applications. On this basis, discussions are made...
Article
Short life cycle products are frequently replaced and discarded, even though they are resource intensive products. Technological advances and rapid changes in demand have led manufacturers to develop their next-generation products quickly and innovatively, which not only enable multiple generations to coexist in the market, but also speed up the te...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates and questions the relevance of product-centric circularity indicators in a product design context. To do so, reviews of eco-design tools and critical analyses of circularity indicators at the micro level of circular economy implementation are combined with a new workshop experimenting four of these indicators with the aim to...
Article
Full-text available
Ecodesign has gained significant traction in recent years ranging from academic research to business applications at a global scale. Initial emphasis on the environmental aspect of design has evolved to include economic and social aspects, with projects ranging from small-scale products to large-scale industrial systems. In this paper, the authors...
Article
This paper proposes a data-driven methodology to automatically identify product usage contexts from online customer reviews. Product usage context is one of the factors that affect product design, consumer behavior, and consumer satisfaction. The previous works identify the usage contexts using survey-based method or subjectively determine them. Th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In response to the growing development of a wide variety of circularity indicators (c-indicators), a taxonomy has been developed to gain clarity about their focuses, purposes and possible usages (e.g., benchmarking several circular economy business models, comparing two product designs on their potential circularity performance). The advisor linked...
Conference Paper
The purpose of this paper is to develop and discuss a framework aiming at monitoring and optimizing the circularity performance of products for ensuring and facilitating green profit design trade-offs whilst meeting or anticipating end-of-life regulations during the design and development process of industrial products. The proposed framework is us...
Article
The recent development in engineering design has incorporated customer preferences by involving a choice model. In generating a choice model to produce a good quality estimate of parameters related to product attributes, a high-quality choice set is essential. However, the choice set data are often not available. This research proposes a methodolog...
Article
Full-text available
Short-life cycle products are frequently replaced and discarded despite being resource-intensive. The short life span and the low utilization rate of the end-of-life products cause severe environmental problems and waste of resources. In the case of short-life cycle products, a new generation of products is released sooner than other products, ther...
Article
Full-text available
In product family design, the commonality of products and performance are competing objectives when designers build platforms. The commonality makes it efficient to manufacture products while it will cause performance loss of products. In this paper, we assume that performance functions evaluate the performance of a product. Targets of performance...
Article
Full-text available
There are three product design contexts that may significantly affect the design of a product and customer preferences towards product attributes, i.e. customer context, market context, and usage context factors. The conventional methods to gather product usage contexts may be costly and time consuming to conduct. As an alternative, this paper aims...
Article
In engineering design problems, performance functions evaluate the quality of designs. Among the designs, some of them are classified as good designs if responses from performance functions satisfy a target point or range. An infinite set of good designs in the design space is defined as a solution space of the design problem. In practice, since th...
Article
This article proposes a method with light data requirements for generating robust wind farm layouts. Robustness in this work is quantified as the lowest energy conversion efficiency of the wind farm across all wind directions. A quadratic integer programming formulation for generating robustness-maximizing layouts is presented. Small instances of t...
Article
In the buying decision process, online reviews become an important source of information. They become the basis of evaluating alternatives before making purchase decision. This paper proposes a methodology to reveal one of the hidden alternative evaluation processes by identifying the relation between the observable online customer reviews and sale...
Conference Paper
In engineering design problems, designers set boundaries of design variables and solve the system to find the design variables that satisfy a target performance. Once lower and upper bounds for each performance index are set, the design problem becomes Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CSP). In this paper, CSP problem is transformed into an optimiza...
Conference Paper
This paper analyzes the value of staged deployment for complex infrastructure system and propose a concept of bootstrapping staged deployment. Staged deployment has been well known for its advantage of providing flexibility in an uncertain environment. In contrast, this paper demonstrates that the proposed bootstrapping staged deployment can even a...
Conference Paper
The power maximizing grid-based wind farm layout optimization problem seeks to determine the layout of a given number of turbines from a grid of possible locations such that wind farm power output is maximized. The problem in general is a nonlinear discrete optimization problem which cannot be solved to optimality, so heuristics must be used. This...
Article
The 0-1 quadratic knapsack problem (QKP) in wind farm layout optimization models possible turbine locations as nodes, and power loss due to wake effects between pairs of turbines as edges in a complete graph. The goal is to select up to a certain number of turbine locations such that the sum of selected node and edge coefficients is maximized. Find...
Article
Optimization of piping supports is a well-known problem. The paper considers the optimization of piping supports with respect to cost and the loads transmitted to the supporting structural elements, when the orientation of the supporting structure is to be determined. This is the case, when new structural elements need to be added to the existing b...
Article
To achieve a “green profit” in their businesses, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) who produce both new and remanufactured products must optimize their pricing and production decisions. They must determine the buyback price and takeback quantity of end-of-life products (i.e., supply) as well as the selling prices and production quantities of...
Chapter
This paper presents a method to correlate relevant product features to the sales rank data. Instead of going through the labor-intensive surveys, online product reviews have become an efficient source to gather consumer preferences. The contribution of the paper is to relate the content of reviews to a product’s sales rank that implicitly reflects...
Conference Paper
Online product reviews have become an efficient source to gather consumer needs, instead of going through the labor-intensive surveys. The contribution of the paper is to relate the content of online reviews to a product’s sales rank, that implicitly reflects the needs and motivation behind what drives customers to purchase the product. In particul...
Conference Paper
This paper uses the method developed by Billionnet et al. (1999) to obtain tight upper bounds on the optimal values of mixed integer linear programming (MILP) formulations in grid-based wind farm layout optimization. The MILP formulations in grid-based wind farm layout optimization can be seen as linearized versions of the 0-1 quadratic knapsack pr...
Article
This paper presents a novel mixed integer linear programing (MILP) formulation for finding the optimal layout of a fixed number of identical turbines that maximizes wind farm power generation. Previous MILP formulations with power maximizing objectives discretize the feasible space by using a grid of possible turbine locations. The proposed MILP fo...
Article
As awareness of environmental issues increases, the pressures from the public and policy makers have forced original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to consider remanufacturing as the key product design option. In order to make the remanufacturing operations more profitable, forecasting product returns is critical due to the uncertainty in quantity...
Article
In order for remanufacturers to succeed in the market, it is important for them to be capable of ensuring in advance that a product is suitable for remanufacturing and that a remanufactured product will provide greater economic and environmental value than a brand-new product. This paper provides an approach to estimate the economic and environment...
Article
This article addresses the challenge of determining optimal product family architectures with customer preference data. The proposed model, predictive data-driven product family design (PDPFD), expands clustering-based approaches to incorporate a market-driven approach. The market-driven approach provides a profit model in the near future to determ...
Conference Paper
This paper proposes a mixed integer linear programming formulation of the unrestricted wind farm layout optimization problem. The formulation is achieved in part by changing the objective from power generation maximization to the maximization of the smallest penalized downstream distance between any pair of turbines, where downstream distance is de...
Conference Paper
As awareness of environmental issues increases, the pressures from the public and policy makers have forced OEMs to consider remanufacturing as the key product design option. In order to make the remanufacturing operations more profitable, forecasting product returns is critical with regards to the uncertainty in quantity and timing. This paper pro...
Article
This article presents a multi-scenario decomposition with complementarity constraints approach to wind farm layout design to maximize wind energy production under region boundary and inter-turbine distance constraints. A complementarity formulation technique is introduced such that the wind farm layout design can be described with a continuously di...
Conference Paper
A new perspective of dynamic LCA (life cycle assessment) is proposed with the predictive usage mining for sustainability (PUMS) algorithm. By defining usage patterns as trend, seasonality, and level from a time series of usage information, predictive LCA can be conducted in a real time horizon. Large-scale sensor data of product operation is analyz...
Conference Paper
Predictive design analytics is a new paradigm to enable design engineers to extract knowledge from large-scale, multidimensional, unstructured, volatile data, and transform the knowledge and its trend into design decision making. Predictive, data driven family design (PDFD) is proposed as one of the predictive design analytics methods to tackle som...
Conference Paper
The Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM) is a distributed algorithm suitable for quasi-separable problems in Multi-disciplinary Design Optimization. Previous authors have studied the convergence and complexity of the ADMM algorithm by treating it as an instance of the proximal point algorithm. In this paper, those previous results are...
Article
Product and design analytics is emerging as a promising area for the analysis of large-scale data and usage of the extracted knowledge for the design of optimal system. The continuous preference trend mining (CPTM) algorithm and application proposed in this study address some fundamental challenges in the context of product and design analytics. Th...
Article
The promise of product and design analytics has been widespread and more engineering designers are attempting to extract valuable knowledge from large-scale data. This paper proposes a new demand modeling technique, Demand Trend Mining (DTM), for Predictive Life Cycle Design. The first contribution of this work is the development of the DTM algorit...
Article
Remanufacturing is emerging as a promising solution for achieving green, profitable businesses. This article considers a manufacturer that produces new products and also remanufactured versions of the new products that become available at the end of their life cycle. For such a manufacturer, design decisions at the initial design stage determine bo...
Conference Paper
Remanufacturing is emerging as a promising solution for achieving green, profitable businesses. This paper considers a manufacturer that produces new products and also remanufactures products that become available at the end of their lifecycle. For such a manufacturer, design decisions determine both the initial profit from manufacturing and future...
Conference Paper
Product and design analytics is emerging as a promising area for the analysis of large-scale data and reflection of the extracted knowledge for the design of optimal system. The Continuous Preference Trend Mining (CPTM) algorithm and a framework that are proposed in this study address some fundamental challenges in the context of product and design...
Conference Paper
To achieve “green profit” in their business, manufacturers who produce both new and remanufactured products must optimize their pricing and production decisions simultaneously. They must determine the buy-back price and take-back quantity of end-of-life products as well as the selling prices and production quantities of new and remanufactured produ...
Chapter
Product family design via component sharing is a widely practiced approach for offering sufficient variety to the market in an economical way. Most of the previous research has focused on the benefits of product family in the design and manufacturing stages—early stages of product family lifecycle. This chapter highlights another important aspect o...