Haroldo Cavalcante de Lima

Haroldo Cavalcante de Lima
Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro · Diretoria de Pesquisas (DIPEQ)

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134
Publications
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3,134
Citations
Citations since 2017
61 Research Items
2082 Citations
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Publications

Publications (134)
Technical Report
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A Floresta Nacional do Tapajós (Flona Tapajós) é uma unidade de conservação (UC) de uso sustentável criada através do Decreto n° 73.684, de 19 de fevereiro de 1974. Delimitada a oeste pelo rio Tapajós e a leste pela rodovia BR-163, ao longo de sua história sua área original foi modificada diversas vezes, possuindo atualmente 527.319 hectares locali...
Article
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Background The present ontogenetic study reveals variations throughout floral development in three morphologically representative species from the genus Tachigali , allowing a better understanding of floral organs diversity, flower symmetry and their homologies, especially in Fabaceae, a diverse family that exhibits a wide variation in floral archi...
Article
Full-text available
Nitrogen‐fixing symbiosis is globally important in ecosystem functioning and agriculture, yet the evolutionary history of nodulation remains the focus of considerable debate. Recent evidence suggesting a single origin of nodulation followed by massive parallel evolutionary losses raises questions about why a few lineages in the N2‐fixing clade reta...
Article
Pollen traits have clarified the classification and understanding of the evolutionary history of different groups of angiosperms, due to their wide morphological diversity. To increase our knowledge on the morphological evolution of the vataireoid clade (Fabaceae, Papilionoideae), a lineage comprising 30 species of Neotropical trees in the genera L...
Article
Pollen traits have clarified the classification and understanding of the evolutionary history of different groups of angiosperms, due to their wide morphological diversity. To increase our knowledge on the morphological evolution of the vataireoid clade (Fabaceae, Papilionoideae), a lineage comprising 30 species of Neotropical trees in the genera L...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nitrogen-fixing symbiosis is globally important in ecosystem functioning and agriculture, yet the evolutionary history of nodulation remains the focus of considerable debate. Recent evidence suggesting a single origin of nodulation followed by massive parallel evolutionary losses raises questions about why a few lineages in the N 2 -fixing clade re...
Article
Full-text available
The shortage of reliable primary taxonomic data limits the description of biological taxa and the understanding of biodiversity patterns and processes, complicating biogeographical, ecological, and evolutionary studies. This deficit creates a significant taxonomic impediment to biodiversity research and conservation planning. The taxonomic impedime...
Article
Full-text available
Comprising 501 genera and around 14,000 species, Papilionoideae is not only the largest subfamily of Fabaceae (Leguminosae; legumes), but also one of the most extraordinarily diverse clades among angiosperms. Papilionoids are a major source of food and forage, are ecologically successful in all major biomes, and display dramatic variation in both f...
Article
Full-text available
The Atlantic Forest is one of the most threatened biomes in the world. Despite that, this biome still includes many areas that are poorly known floristically, including several protected areas, such as the "Floresta Nacional do Rio Preto" ("Flona do Rio Preto"), located in the Brazilian State of Espírito Santo. This study used a published vascular...
Article
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As restingas do estado do Rio de Janeiro se caracterizam por elevada diversidade de hábitats e riqueza florística. O Parque Nacional da Restinga de Jurubatiba (PNRJ) se destaca como o maior remanescente contínuo de restinga no Brasil e apresenta 10 comunidades vegetais distintas. Este trabalho objetiva apresentar a lista atualizada das Fabaceae no...
Article
Full-text available
Como resultado de los esfuerzos de la sinergia entre la taxonomía y ecología en los estudios del género Tachigali Aubl. , se describe e (Caesalpinioideae, Leguminosae) ilustra a la nueva especie Tachigali rodolfo-rocioii, proveniente de los bosques húmedos Amazónicos del sur y centro de Perú. Se compara y discute con las especies morfológicamente m...
Article
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O objetivo foi abordar um mosaico de vegetação de savana (áreas marginais-MS e disjuntas-DS) no Cerrado Setentrional Brasileiro para investigar o papel desempenhado por fatores ambientais como determinantes da organização comunitária em escala espacial, a fim de compreender os padrões divergentes ao longo de uma gradiente ambiental. Analisamos pred...
Article
The plastid genome (plastome), while surprisingly constant in gene order and content across most photosynthetic angiosperms, exhibits variability in several unrelated lineages. During the diversification history of the legume family Fabaceae, plastomes have undergone many rearrangements, including inversions, expansion, contraction and loss of the...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical forests are the most diverse and productive ecosystems on Earth. While better understanding of these forests is critical for our collective future, until quite recently efforts to measure and monitor them have been largely disconnected. Networking is essential to discover the answers to questions that transcend borders and the horizons of...
Preprint
Full-text available
The plastid genome (plastome), while surprisingly constant in gene order and content across most photosynthetic angiosperms, exhibits variability in several unrelated lineages. During the diversification history of the legume family Fabaceae, plastomes have undergone many rearrangements, including inversions, expansion, contraction and loss of the...
Article
Se da a conocer la sinopsis taxonómica, etnobotánica y ecológica del género Tachigali Aubl. (Leguminosae), en la región del Cusco. Los resultados revelan la presencia de nueve especies: Tachigali chrysaloides, T. guianensis, T. macbridei, T. paniculata, T. setifera, T. vasquezii y otras tres morfoespecies. Todas presentan su distribución restringid...
Chapter
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http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/floradobrasil/FB23195
Article
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This study investigated the current Leguminosae tree species composition in coastal forests over lithosoil soil or sandy plains in the eastern and central portion of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. A comparative study between the Atlantic Forest areas of the Southeast Region of Brazil was conducted to evaluate the influence of environmental variables...
Article
Full-text available
Global patterns of species and evolutionary diversity in plants are primarily determined by a temperature gradient, but precipitation gradients may be more important within the tropics, where plant species richness is positively associated with the amount of rainfall. The impact of precipitation on the distribution of evolutionary diversity, howeve...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract. The new species Tachigali inca is described and illustrated. It grows in lowland ‘terra firme’ forest of Amazonian Brazil, in the sub-Andean Amazon region of Peru, and in northeastern Bolivia. The species differs markedly from its most closely related species (T. amarumayu, T. prancei and T. setifera, all belonging to the “setifera group...
Chapter
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El 10 de agosto de 1519 partían desde Sevilla cinco naves con unos 250 tripulantes a bordo. Era el comienzo de la famosa expedición capitaneada por Fernando de Magallanes y finalizada gracias a Juan Sebastián Elcano. Financiada por la Corona de Castilla, su objetivo principal era llegar por occidente a un lugar llamado La Especiería – el archipiéla...
Article
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The pantropical and morphologically diverse genus Aeschynomene (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) comprises ca. 180 species, but its monophyly has never been comprehensively addressed in a molecular phylogenetic context of the dalbergioid clade. Here we have assembled the most complete DNA sequence data (nuclear ribosomal ITS/5.8S and the plastid genes...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents the taxonomic treatment of tree Leguminosae species recorded in a Seasonal Semideciduous tabuleiros forest at Estação Ecológica Estadual de Guaxindiba, São Francisco de Itabapoana, Rio de Janeiro. In the study area 49 species belonging to 36 genera were inventoried, of which Machaerium Pers (five species) and Inga Mill. (four sp...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding of tropical forests has been revolutionised by monitoring in permanent plots. Data from global plot networks have transformed our knowledge of forests’ diversity, function, contribution to global biogeochemical cycles, and sensitivity to climate change. Monitoring has thus far been concentrated in rain forests. Despite increasing appr...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding of tropical forests has been revolutionized by monitoring in permanent plots. Data from global plot networks have transformed our knowledge of forests’ diversity, function, contribution to global biogeochemical cycles, and sensitivity to climate change. Monitoring has thus far been concentrated in rain forests. Despite increasing appr...
Research
Colli-Silva M, Medeiros H, Obermüller FA, Antar G, Amorim AM, Perdiz R, Lima HC, Gil ASB, Secco R, Lima DF, Almeida T, Delprete PG, Pederneiras L, Moraes PRL, Alves-Araújo AG, Koch I, Lohmann LG, Mello-Silva R, Viana PL, Goldenberg R, Daly D, Forzza RC. 2020. Lista de espécies de plantas vasculares da Estação Ecológica de Maracá. In: Catálogo de Pl...
Article
The papilionoid legume trees generally known as tonka , baru and cumaru comprise the taxonomically complex genus Dipteryx . In addition to being ecologically important across the neotropical biomes of rain forests and savannas, Dipteryx species are valuable sources of timber as well as an array of coumarin products. This genus currently comprises 1...
Article
Dipteryx timber has been heavily exploited in South America since 2000's due to the increasing international demand for hardwood. Developing tools for the genetic identification of Dipteryx species and their geographical origin can help to promote legal trading of timber. A collection of 800 individual trees, belonging to six different Dipteryx spe...
Article
Full-text available
Paubrasilia echinata is recognized as the best wood in the manufacture of high-quality bows for string instruments. The wood anatomy of five historic French violin bows of the 19th and 20th century made of Pernambuco wood were investigated in order to reveal the wood anatomic features of these historical bows, to determine which P. echinata morphot...
Article
Full-text available
Key message Tree-ring chronologies were built for wild and cultivated Paubrasilia echinata, a presently endangered species. Significantly P. echinata showed measurably different growth patterns related to the environment where wild and cultivated trees have grown. Abstract Paubrasilia echinata once grew so abundantly along the tropical coast of So...
Article
Chamaecrista ipanorensis, a new arborescent species of caesalpinioid legume restricted to campinarana vegetation (white sand forest) in upper Rio Negro, northern Amazon basin, is described, illustrated, and compared with the morphologically similar species C. hymenaeifolia and C. polystachya.
Article
Full-text available
Comparative studies of floral development and morphology have largely contributed to the understanding of taxonomic classification, phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary trends across many angiosperm clades, particularly in the florally diverse family Leguminosae (alternatively Fabaceae). This study aimed to characterize the middle to late st...
Article
Full-text available
Global patterns of species and evolutionary diversity in plants are primarily determined by a temperature gradient, but precipitation gradients may be more important within the tropics, where plant species richness is positively associated with the amount of rainfall. The impact of precipitation on the distribution of evolutionary diversity, howeve...
Data
List of 2,025 tree community surveys used in this study with their respective metadata, including sources, genus and species richness, lineage diversity (standardised effect size of phylogenetic diversity), climatic variables, protection status, and loss of native area over the last 30 years in the municipality where these communities occur.
Data
List of angiosperm clades (nodes) used to date the phylogeny via fossil-derived calibrations, taxa assigned as a reference for fossil placement, minimum age used as offset, mean age of the clades, and their respective sources. Ages in myrs.
Data
List of 1,100 angiosperm genera used in the phylogenetic reconstructions, their respective sources of rbcL and matK sequences, GenBank accession numbers, when applicable; collectors, collector numbers and herbaria where vouchers were deposited, when applicable. RBG = Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Asterisk indicates the 852 genera used in the comm...
Article
Full-text available
Amazonia is one of the most diverse biomes worldwide, and, as well as luxuriant forest, it includes mountain areas which, despite their small surface area, display fascinating endemism. In these regions, the specificity of edaphic factors is mirrored by a highly specialised, isolated flora adapted to survive adverse conditions. The Serra dos Carajá...
Article
Stryphnodendron Mart. is a widespread genus in the Neotropics and its species are widely used for their timber, in popular medicine, and for tanning. The similarities in their external morphology make species identification difficult in this genus. This study describes and compares the wood anatomy of the seven species of Stryphnodendron most frequ...
Article
Full-text available
Tachigali amarumayu, a new species of caesalpinioid legume restricted to terra firme forests in southwestern Amazonia, is described, illustrated, and compared with the morphologically similar species T. prancei, T. rugosa, and T. setifera.
Article
Full-text available
Resumo Este estudo apresenta o tratamento florístico dos táxons de Leguminosae registrados na vegetação de canga da Serra dos Carajás, estado do Pará. Foram inventariados na área de estudo 74 táxons específicos/infraespecíficos, incluindo tanto as espécies nativas como as adventícias já estabelecidas, pertencentes a 34 gêneros, sendo os mais repres...
Article
The history, taxonomy, distribution, habitat and cultivation requirements of the unusual legume tree Andira anthelmia (Vellozo) J.F. MacBride, are discussed; a full botanical description, pollination, colour illustration and dissection drawings are also provided.
Article
Full-text available
Studies have identified the central region of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest as an area of high biodiversity and endemism. Strong anthropo-genic pressure has made protected areas in Rio de Janeiro State important sites for biodiversity conservation as they contain many areas of extreme biological importance. We sought to document and qualitatively d...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Large floristic datasets that purportedly represent the diversity and composition of the Amazon tree flora are being widely used to draw conclusions about the patterns and evolution of Amazon plant diversity, but these datasets are fundamentally flawed in both their methodology and the resulting content. We have assembled a comprehensi...
Article
Full-text available
Se da a conocer la sinopsis taxonómica, etnobotánica y ecológica del género Tachigali Aubl. (Leguminosae), en la región del Cusco. Los resultados revelan la presencia de nueve especies: Tachigali chrysaloides, T. guianensis, T. macbridei, T. paniculata, T. setifera, T. vasquezii y otras tres morfoespecies. Todas presentan su distribución restringid...
Article
Full-text available
The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK...
Article
Full-text available
Closer collaboration among ecologists, systematists, and evolutionary biologists working in tropical forests, centred on studies within long-term permanent plots, would be highly beneficial for their respective fields. With a key unifying theme of the importance of vouchered collection and precise identification of species, especially rare ones, we...
Article
Full-text available
The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK...
Article
Full-text available
We describe and illustrate a new myrmecophytic caesalpinioid legume species, Tachigali spathulipetala , from the highly endangered Brazilian Atlantic Forest domain. The new species is morphologically similar to T. pilgeriana and T. beaurepairei, but differs in having heteromorphic but mostly spathulate petals, and domatia-like cavities or callositi...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This paper presents the taxonomic, ethnobotanical, ecological synopsis of the Tachigali genus Aubl. (Leguminosae), from Cusco region in Peru. The results reveal the presence of nine species: Tachigali chrysaloides, T. guianensis, T. macbridei, T. paniculata, T. setifera, T. vasquezii and three other morpho species. All of these species are...
Article
Full-text available
Aldina (Leguminosae) is among the very few ecologically successful ectomycorrhizal lineages in a family largely marked by the evolution of nodulating symbiosis. The genus comprises 20 species exclusively distributed in Amazonia and has been traditionally classified in the tribe Swartzieae because of its radial flowers with an entire calyx and numer...
Article
Full-text available
An updated inventory of Brazilian seed plants is presented and offers important insights into the country’s biodiversity. This work started in 2010, with the publication of the Plants and Fungi Catalogue, and has been updated since by more than 430 specialists working online. Brazil is home to 32,086 native Angiosperms and 23 native Gymnosperms, sh...
Article
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Resumo O Brasil é um país megabiodiverso, reunindo quase 12% da vida natural do planeta. A Mata Atlântica é reconhecida como Patrimônio Mundial e Reserva da Biosfera, constituindo um dos hotspots do mundo. Este estudo contribui para determinar as áreas com maior biodiversidade da Região Hidrográfica do Atlântico Sudeste (RHAS), região de maior ende...
Article
Full-text available
O artigo analisa a obra de Frei Vellozo (1741-1811) intitulada “Flora Fluminensis”, com interpretações dos campos disciplinares da botânica e da história. No período de 1783 a 1790, a equipe liderada por Frei Vellozo percorreu o território do Rio de Janeiro com objetivo de produzir um levantamento detalhado das plantas. Passados 39 anos, o trabalho...