Harald Wilfing

Harald Wilfing
University of Vienna | UniWien · Department of Evolutionary Anthropology

PhD. Assoc. Prof.
Human Ecology Research Group, Department of Evolutionary Anthropology & Head of Collection

About

72
Publications
8,471
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850
Citations

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
Cities face an evident demographic change, making assistive technologies (AAL) an interesting choice to support older adults to autonomously age in place. Yet, supportive technologies are not as widely spread as one would expect. Hence, we investigate the surroundings of older adults living in Vienna and analyse their “socio relational setup”, cons...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Climate change causes global effects on multiple levels. The anthropogenic input of greenhouse gases increases the atmospheric mean temperature. It furthermore leads to a higher probability of extreme weather events (e.g., heat waves, floods) and thus strongly impacts the habitats of humans, animals, and plants. Against this background, r...
Article
Human impacts contribute to the reduction of biodiversity. To describe biodiversity loss and identify its causes, biologists (in particular ecologists) use a wide range of models. Globalised human interventions cause most biodiversity losses. Therefore, global biodiversity is taken as the level of observation. This also allows for the appreciation...
Article
Full-text available
Growing awareness of the fashion industry’s negative impact on people and the environment has led to considerable growth of the sustainable fashion market. At the same time, Black Friday purchases increase annually as the sales event develops into a global phenomenon. As sustainable fashion brands are choosing to participate in the event, many comm...
Article
Cities need to adapt to ageing societies because the average age of habitants is increasing rapidly alongside the global trend of urbanisation. Apparent effects on both society and individual livelihoods will continue to increase in the coming decades. Great hopes are projected on technology to support solutions for the ageing society and urban pla...
Article
Ecosystem changes currently question the traditional allocation of fishing rights and quotas in the fishery of Northeast Atlantic mackerel and Norwegian spring-spawning herring in the Northeast Atlantic. Variability in the distribution of these highly migratory species escalated in a political conflict between member states of the European Union, I...
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Full-text available
The term 'sustainability science' has been established to denote an innovative field of research which is problem driven and aims at understanding the dynamics of coupled social-ecological systems. Sustainability science as a child of the early 21st century takes up challenges that have been formulated under the headers of post-normal science and M...
Article
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The gold standard for the diagnosis of cholera is stool culture, but this requires laboratory facilities and takes at least 24 hours. A rapid diagnostic test (RDT) that can be used by minimally trained staff at treatment centers could potentially improve the reporting and management of cholera outbreaks. We evaluated the Crystal VC™ RDT under field...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The gold standard for the diagnosis of cholera is stool culture, but this requires laboratory facilities and takes at least 24 hours. A rapid diagnostic test (RDT) that can be used by minimally trained staff at treatment centers could potentially improve the reporting and management of cholera outbreaks.
Article
Full-text available
Typhoid fever remains a significant health problem in many developing countries. A rapid test with a performance comparable to that of blood culture would be highly useful. A rapid diagnostic test for typhoid fever, Tubex®, is commercially available that uses particle separation to detect immunoglobulin M directed towards Salmonella Typhi O9 lipopo...
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The establishment of new interdisciplinary fields such as ecological economics, human ecology or technology assessment can be interpreted as a logical consequence of striving for new sustainability sciences that address current global, multi-dimensional and multi-scale challenges. These set out to bridge the gap between the natural and the social s...
Article
Full-text available
The diagnosis of typhoid fever is confirmed by culture of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi (S. typhi). However, a more rapid, simpler, and cheaper diagnostic method would be very useful especially in developing countries. The Widal test is widely used in Africa but little information exists about its reliability. We assessed the performance of th...
Article
The records of height on some 700,000 18-year-old Austrian males, called for examination as to their fitness for conscription, were analysed. The data covered 14 conscription years (1980-93), representing males born in the years 1962-75. The sample covered over 90% of the total male population of those cohorts in Austria. The data were analysed by...
Article
The overexploitation of natural resources and the increasing number of social conflicts following from their unsustainable use point to a wide gap between the objectives of sustainability and current resource management practices. One of the reasons for the difficulties to close this gap is that for evolving complex systems like natural and socio-e...
Article
Full-text available
The environmental histories of three Austrian villages were investigated over an extended time period, from the medieval land clearing to the present. Theoretical considerations on social metabolism and colonization of nature were used as a common starting point. The interdisciplinary investigation was based on a threepartite model of the interacti...
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Human societies have inhabited parts of the Central European country of Austria for thousands of years. The development process shaping the landscape by this long period of human impact remains poorly understood. The present study is an attempt to research landscape history on a local scale and compares an alpine, pre-alpine and midland-village are...
Article
Human societies have inhabited parts of the Central European country Austria for thousands of years. The development process of the landscape shaped by this long period of human impact remains poorly understood. The present study is an attempt to research landscape history on a local scale and compares an alpine, pre-alpine and midland-village area...
Article
Computer generated three-dimensional stereolithographic models of middle Pleistocene skulls from Petralona and Broken Hill are described and compared. The anterior cranial fossae of these models are also compared with that of another middle Pleistocene skull, Arago 21. Stereolithographic modelling reproduces not only the outer surfaces of skulls, b...
Article
By means of a new method of measurement which defines a total of eight measuring points along the median sagittal plane of the skull, methodical aspects are explained. The advantages of this method consist in its easy use and exact reproducibility of the calculated data thus obtained. On account of the fact that it permits to obtain the median sagi...
Chapter
A sample of hair found with the man from the Hauslabjoch was made available for the determination of inorganic components particularly trace elements. Hair is known to preserve information about the trace element status of an organism. The sulfur (cysteine)-rich organic constituents of hair have high affinities for heavy metals. A high body burden...
Article
New findings on the morphology and anatomy of the Neolithic man of the Hauslabjoch and on the type and condition of his equipment are presented and discussed. The results of such analyses, including those obtained by modern radiographic techniques, support the theory of a ''personal disaster with a departure in full flight''.
Article
A comparison of the dorsal boundary of the hard palate among various primate species reveals three variations of form. The tendency towards intraspecific variation, particularly among the Prosimians and to a lesser degree in Simians, eliminates the possibility of a taxonomic interpretation. Tupaias show morphological characteristics which are consi...
Article
A simple and user-friendly model for trigonometric description of the neurocranium based on newly defined points of measurement is presented. This model not only provides individual description, but also allows for an evaluation of developmental and phylogenetic aspects.
Article
Hair samples of 46 prehistoric mummies from five different pre-Inca sites in Peru were analyzed for Ca, Sr, Ni, Mn, and Ba by DCP/AES. The five sites displayed differing burial customs: whereas the dead of Cahuachi (n=13), Huayuri (n=2) and Brujo (n=5) had been interred unwrapped in simple stone pits, the mummies of Las Trancas (n=17) and Pacatnamu...
Article
Hair samples of a female orang-utan (Pongo pygmaeus) suffering from Trisomy 22 and three healthy orang-utans had been investigated in regard of their resilience, colour, medulla, cross sectional view, shaft diameter and cuticula structure. There were no characters noticed concerning the orang's hair with Trisomy only. The remarkable sex-specific di...
Article
Full-text available
During the last decades, the idea of sustainability has changed significantly, as well as the referring concepts. Rather simple concepts, like "goal-oriented" strategies, can easily be distinguished from more systemic approaches regarding for example "complex adaptive systems". Especially attempts referring to systemic approaches have to be based o...
Article
Full-text available
Presuming that sustainability always deals with complex adaptive systems evaluations require the identification and analysis of elements, structures and their interactions simultaneously. Thereby special attention has to be given to the different perceptions of the involved actors on these dynamic interactions and the relevant elements. Dealing wit...

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
Analyses socialisation patterns in university education Re-constructs epistemic cultures of biology, physics, literature studies and history (PI: Markus Arnold; project team: M. Erlemann, M. A. Glaser, K. Kastenhofer, M. Schmid)