Harald Meller

Harald Meller
Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt · Direction

Prof. Dr.

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257
Publications
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6,158
Citations

Publications

Publications (257)
Article
Full-text available
Human expansion in the course of the Neolithic transition in western Eurasia has been one of the major topics in ancient DNA (aDNA) research in the last ten years. Multiple studies have shown that the spread of agriculture and animal husbandry from the Near East across Europe was accompanied by large-scale human expansions. Moreover, changes in sub...
Article
Full-text available
Dental health is closely linked to an individual’s health and diet. This bioarcheological study presents dental caries and stable isotope data obtained from prehistoric individuals (n = 101) from three Early Neolithic sites (c. 5500-4800 BCE) in central Germany. Dental caries and ante-mortem tooth loss (AMTL) were recorded and related to life histo...
Article
Full-text available
In: H. Meller/A. Reichenberger/R. Risch (Hrsg.), Zeit ist Macht. Wer macht Zeit? 13. Mitteldeutscher Archäologentag 2020. Tagungen Landesmus. Vorgesch. Halle 24 (Halle [Saale] 2021) 149–163.
Article
Full-text available
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been infecting humans for millennia and remains a global health problem, but its past diversity and dispersal routes are largely unknown. We generated HBV genomic data from 137 Eurasians and Native Americans dated between ~10,500 and ~400 years ago. We date the most recent common ancestor of all HBV lineages to between ~...
Book
Full-text available
13. Mitteldeutscher Archäologentag 2020 / 13th Archaeological Conference of Central Germany 2020
Book
Full-text available
Die Publikation zur Bronzehand von Prêles präsentiert die Ergebnisse der Table ronde vom Herbst 2019, an welcher der singuläre Fund eingehend vorgestellt und diskutiert wurde. Die überraschende Entdeckung der annähernd lebensgrossen Hand aus Bronze mit Goldblech im Oktober 2017 bei Prêles (Plateau de Diesse) im Berner Jura löste ein grosses Echo a...
Chapter
The Circum-Harz group of the Central German Únětice Culture (c. 2200–1550 BCE), which finally unified the Late Neolithic Corded Ware and Bell Beaker Cultures, exhibits a remarkably high level of social complexity. Based on the funerary record and the structured composition of the metal hoards, it has been suggested that this social entity was devel...
Article
Full-text available
Jahresschrift für Mitteldeutsche Vorgeschichte 98, 2021, 9-62. Abstract Why the Nebra Sky Disc Dates to the Early Bronze Age. An Overview of the Interdisciplinary Research Results It is not unusual that archaeological finds come under renewed scrutiny. This is an important part in the progress of scientific research. All the more so when importan...
Chapter
Full-text available
Full citation: Borg, G. and Meller, H. (2021) From the Mountaiuns through the Rivers to the Sky – the Carnon River Mining District as source for the gold of the Sky Disk of Nebra. Forschungsberichte des Landesmuseums für Vorgeschichte Halle, vol. 20, p. 7 – 22. The chapter gives an illustrated description of the Carnon River, which drains the Corn...
Article
Background The prevalence of hard tissue formations in the dental pulp varies considerably. Beside ageing processes and irritations of the dental pulp, etiological associations with cardiovascular disease and dietary habits have been discussed, which are of particular research interest. The aim of this pilot study is to provide new insights on stru...
Article
Full-text available
Archäologische Informationen 43, 2020, 117-131. https://doi.org/10.11588/ai.2020.1.81403
Article
Full-text available
It is not unusual that archaeological finds come under renewed scrutiny. This is actually an important part in the progress of scientific research. All the more so when important and ground-breaking discoveries are involved, like the Nebra Sky Disc, which is listed among the UNESCO “Memory of the World”. However, in most cases a new assessment is b...
Book
Full-text available
There is almost no phenomenon as difficult to identify in the archaeological record as ritual violence. Yet we know that violence and rituals are fundamental historical forces that have not only radically altered societies, but also ›regulated‹ them over long periods of time. They have thus contributed as much to the establishment of accepted socia...
Book
Full-text available
H. Meller/M. Schefzik (Hrsg.), Die Welt der Himmelsscheibe von Nebra - Neue Horizonte. Begleitband zur Sonderausstellung im Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte Halle (Saale) vom 4. Juni 2021 bis 9. Januar 2022 (Halle [Saale 2020]).
Article
Full-text available
Zus. mit Torsten Schunke. In: H. Meller/R. Risch/K. W. Alt/F. Bertemes/R. Micó (Hrsg.), Rituelle Gewalt - Rituale der Gewalt / Ritual Violence - Rituals of Violence. 12. Mitteldeutscher Archäologentag vom 10. bis 12. Oktober 2019 in Halle (Saale) / 12th Archaeological Conference of Central Germany October 10-12, 2019 in Halle (Saale). Tagungsbände...
Article
Full-text available
Zus. mit A. Reichenberger. H. Meller/R. Risch/K. W. Alt/F. Bertemes/R. Micó (Hrsg.), Rituelle Gewalt - Rituale der Gewalt / Ritual Violence - Rituals of Violence. 12. Mitteldeutscher Archäologentag vom 10. bis 12. Oktober 2019 in Halle (Saale) / 12th Archaeological Conference of Central Germany October 10-12, 2019 in Halle (Saale). Tagungsbände des...
Article
Full-text available
Starting from 12,000 years ago in the Middle East, the Neolithic lifestyle spread across Europe via separate continental and Mediterranean routes. Genomes from early European farmers have shown a clear Near Eastern/Anatolian genetic affinity with limited contribution from hunter-gatherers. However, no genomic data are available from modern-day Fran...
Article
Full-text available
In: C. Meyer/P. Held/C. Knipper/N. Nicklisch (Hrsg.), Der Zahn der Zeit. Mensch und Kultur im Spiegel interdisziplinärer Forschung. Festschrift für Kurt W. Alt. Veröffentlichungen des Landesamtes für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt 77 (Halle [Saale] 2020) 69–83.
Article
Full-text available
In: H. Meller/A. Reichenberger/S. Kimmig-Völkner (Hrsg.), Ringe der Macht – Rings of Power. Internationale Tagung vom 09. bis 10. November 2018 in Halle (Saale) 283-300.
Article
Full-text available
Zusammen mit M. Zirm. In: H. Meller/S. Friederich/M. Küßner/H. Stäuble/R. Risch (Hrsg.), Siedlungsarchäologie des Endneolithikums und der frühen Bronzezeit - Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Settlement Archaeology. 11. Mitteldeutscher Archäologentag vom 18. bis 20. Oktober 2018 in Halle (Saale) 319-324.
Article
Full-text available
The Circum‐Harz group of the Central German Únětice Culture (2200‐1600 BC) was a highly stratified society, which arose from the merging of the Corded Ware and Bell Beaker Cultures. This process was advanced by princes who established their legitimacy as rulers on symbolic references to both cultures as well as on newly created traditions and histo...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeogenetic studies have described the formation of Eurasian ‘steppe ancestry’ as a mixture of Eastern and Caucasus hunter-gatherers. However, it remains unclear when and where this ancestry arose and whether it was related to a horizon of cultural innovations in the 4th millennium BCE that subsequently facilitated the advance of pastoral societ...
Article
In the bioarchaeological analysis of burials from a medieval graveyard at Hettstedt, Central Germany, a male skeleton of about 40 to 50 years at death with an unusual bony structure in the left maxillary sinus was discovered. Macroscopic examination exhibited a balloon‐shaped osseous lesion with solid cortical surface 2.5 x 1.5 cm in size. Micro‐CT...
Book
Full-text available
Ein Zusammenleben außerhalb einer staatlichen Organisationsform ist für die Menschen in der westlichen Welt nur schwer vorstellbar. Gleichwohl trifft man auf allen Kontinenten der Erde herausragende kulturelle Äußerungen an, die fernab von staatlichen oder staatsähnlichen Strukturen entstanden. Sie erscheinen dennoch nicht möglich ohne die Erwirtsc...
Book
Full-text available
The 1oth Archaeological Conference of Central Germany addressed the subject of societies which do not appear to fit into the current understanding of history or which cannot be explained by it. None of the references we know from historical and ethnographic sources really help us to explain monumental earthworks which enclose dozens of hectares of...
Article
Full-text available
The later phase of the Central European Early Neolithic witnessed a rise in collective lethal violence to a level undocumented up to this date. This is evidenced by repeated massacres of settled communities of the Linearbandkeramik (ca. 5600-4900 cal BC), the first full farming culture in this area. Skeletal remains of several dozen victims of this...
Preprint
Full-text available
Archaeogenetic studies have described the formation of Eurasian 'steppe ancestry' as a mixture of Eastern and Caucasus hunter-gatherers. However, it remains unclear when and where this ancestry arose and whether it was related to a horizon of cultural innovations in the 4th millennium BCE that subsequently facilitated the advance of pastoral societ...
Article
Full-text available
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the most widespread human pathogens known today, yet its origin and evolutionary history are still unclear and controversial. Here, we report the analysis of three ancient HBV genomes recovered from human skeletons found at three different archaeological sites in Germany. We reconstructed two Neolithic and one...
Data
Multiple sequence alignment of the 493 representative and five ancient HBV genomes. The multiple sequence alignment was stripped of any sites that had gaps in more than 95%.
Data
Number of reads mapping against the references shown in Supplementary file 1 before and after duplicate removal.
Data
Number of contigs and combined contig length of the de novo assembly for chosen K-values.
Data
Number of reads mapping against hg19 before and after duplicate removal and percentage of the genome where coverage is at least one.
Data
Results of the recombination analysis using the methods RDP, GENECOV, Chimera, MaxChi, BootScan, SiScan, 3Seq within the RDP v4 software package with all modern full reference genomes (n = 493) and five ancient genomes.
Data
Accession numbers for the reference genomes used in the first alignment step to catch HBV diversity in the sample. Since monkey HBV strains are not classified into genotypes the column is left blank.
Data
Maximum-likelihood tree based on the multiple sequence alignment of the 493 representative and five ancient HBV genomes with 2000 replicates.
Data
Neighbour-Joining tree based on the multiple sequence alignment of the 493 representative modern and five ancient HBV genomes with 10000 replicates.
Data
Final consensus length after retrieving gap information from the multiple sequence alignment with Geneious.
Data
Basic statistics for the mapping against the references shown in table S1. Shown are mean coverage, mean coverage for the covered region, genome length, number of missing bases and covered bases
Article
Full-text available
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the most widespread human pathogens known today, yet its origin and evolutionary history are still unclear and controversial. Here, we report the analysis of three ancient HBV genomes recovered from human skeletons found at three different archaeological sites in Germany. We reconstructed two Neolithic and one...
Preprint
Full-text available
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the most widespread human pathogens known today, yet its origin and evolutionary history are still unclear and controversial. Here, we report the analysis of three ancient HBV genomes recovered from human skeletons found at three different archaeological sites in Germany. We reconstructed two Neolithic and one...
Article
Full-text available
Investigation of human diet during the Neolithic has often been limited to a few archaeological cultures or single sites. In order to provide insight into the development of human food consumption and husbandry strategies, our study explores bone collagen carbon and nitrogen isotope data from 466 human and 105 faunal individuals from 26 sites in ce...
Data
Frequency distribution of δ13C and δ15N in ‰ of human bone collagen. Curve progressions display normal distribution (n = 466). (TIF)
Data
Summary of human samples investigated. The Mittelelbe-Saale sites are listed in chronological order, while multi-phase sites are listed numerous times. Basic information is given on geographic location, the archaeological context of the investigated individuals, individual data and isotopic data. (XLSX)
Data
Summary of faunal samples investigated. The Middle Elbe-Saale sites are listed in chronological order, while multi-phase sites are listed numerous times. Individual data of each faunal sample (ID, feature, culture, species) and isotopic data (skeletal element, collagen yield, % C, % N, C/N atomic, δ13C, δ15N) are given. For additional information o...
Data
Summary of animal samples excluded for quality reasons. (XLSX)
Data
δ15N and δ13C measurements in animals stratified by species (above) and period (below). Bars display average values. (TIF)
Data
Estimated interquartile ranges of δ15N (above) and δ13C values (below) of human samples with 95% confidence intervals for each archaeological culture. The numbers are shown graphically and numerically. P-values refer to a test for trend over time. (TIF)
Data
Summary of human samples excluded for quality reasons. (XLSX)
Data
Summary of archaeological information. Overview of archaeological cultures of the Middle Elbe-Saale Region. Chronological period, name of culture, abbreviation, dating and distribution are listed as well as burial and settlement practices, further information and references. (XLSX)
Data
Distribution of δ13C and δ15N in ‰ in different age groups. A = overall sample, B = archaeological periods. Small lines mark single samples, points mark outliers. (TIF)