Harald Hammon

Harald Hammon
Research Institute for Farm Animal Biology

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264
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Publications

Publications (264)
Article
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The objectives of this study were (1) to characterize the interindividual variation in the relationship between antepartum (ap) backfat thickness (BFT) and subsequent BFT loss during early lactation in a large dairy herd using cluster analysis; (2) to compare the serum concentrations of metabolites (nonesterified fatty acids, β-hydroxybutyrate), me...
Conference Paper
The composition of breast milk is influenced by maternal nutrition and plays a pivotal role in offspring development. Among others, milk oligosaccharides (OS) promote the growth of beneficial intestinal bacteria, modulate host-epithelial immune response, and prevent pathogen adhesion. Prebiotics are indigestible dietary fiber to the host, serve as...
Article
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) hold gene regulatory potential, but require substantial further functional annotation in livestock. Applying two metabogenomic approaches by combining transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses, we aimed to identify lncRNAs with potential regulatory function for divergent nutrient partitioning of lactating crossbred cows...
Article
Full-text available
Mastitis has a high incidence in dairy cows. Experimental infection with Escherichia coli increased the number of leukocytes in milk and the gene expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 in mammary gland tissues. A link between CXCR4 expression and lipopolysaccharide sensing was demonstrated in other species using in vitro models. The receptor th...
Article
Repeated measurements analysis of variance – simultaneous component analysis (ASCA) has been developed to handle complex longitudinal omics datasets and combine novel information with existing data. Herein, we aimed at applying ASCA to 64 liver proteomes collected at 4-time points (day −21, +1, +28, and + 63 relative to parturition) from 16 Holstei...
Article
This study aimed at investigating the synergistic effects of essential fatty acids (EFA) and conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) on the liver proteome profile of dairy cows during the transition to lactation. 16 Holstein cows were infused from 9 wk. antepartum to 9 wk. postpartum into the abomasum with either coconut oil (CTRL) or a mixture of EFA (lin...
Article
Full-text available
Postnatal metabolism depends on maturation of key metabolic pathways around birth. In this regard, en-dogenous glucose production is impaired in calves born preterm. Concerning protein metabolism, the rates of protein turnover are greater during the neonatal period than at any other period of postnatal life. The mam-malian target of rapamycin (mTOR...
Article
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Fatty acids are known for their regulatory role in inflammation and oxidative stress. The present study investigated 38 calves born from dams, abomasally supplemented with coconut oil, essential fatty acids (EFA), conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or EFA + CLA, according to immunological traits and the oxidative and anti-oxidative status for the first...
Article
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The objective of the present study was to elucidate the effect of feeding either colostrum or milk-based formula on the mRNA abundance of genes related to pathogen recognition [toll-like receptors (TLR1-10)], antimicrobial defense [β-defensin 1 (DEFB1), and peptidoglycan recognition protein 1 (PGLYRP1)], and tight junctions (claudin 1 = CLDN1, clau...
Article
Full-text available
Prebiotic supplements and high-protein (HP) diets reduce body weight and modulate intestinal microbiota. Our aim was to elucidate the combined effect of an inulin/oligofructose (FOS) and HP diet on body weight gain, energy metabolism and faecal microbiota. Forty male C57BL/6NCrl mice were fed a control (C) diet for 2 weeks and allocated to a C or H...
Article
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Improving feed utilization efficiency in dairy cattle could have positive economic and environmental effects that would support the sustainability of the dairy industry. Identifying key differences in metabolism between high and low feed-efficient animals is vital to enhancing feed conversion efficiency. Therefore, our objectives were (1) to determ...
Presentation
Introduction: The transition from late pregnancy to early lactation requires comprehensive metabolic adaptations to the changing nutritional status in dairy cows. The extent of body fat mobilization during this transition varies between cows and usually shows positive correlations with the ante partum (ap) body condition of the animal. To unravel t...
Article
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Phosphoproteomics is a cutting-edge technique that can be utilized to explore adipose tissue (AT) metabolism by quantifying the repertoire of phospho-peptides (PP) in AT. Dairy cows were supplemented with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA, n = 5) or a control diet (CON, n = 5) from 63 d prepartum to 63 d postpartum; cows were slaughtered at 63 d postpa...
Article
Full-text available
We tested the hypothesis that the maternal supply of essential fatty acids (EFA), especially α-linolenic acid, and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), affects glucose metabolism, the endocrine regulation of energy metabolism and growth, and the intestinal development of neonatal calves. We studied calves from dams that received an abomasal infusion of...
Article
Full-text available
Sufficient maternal supply of essential fatty acids (EFA) to neonatal calves is critical for calf development. In the modern dairy cow, EFA supply has shifted from α-linolenic acid (ALA) to linoleic acid (LA) due to the replacement of pasture feeding by corn silage–based diets. As a consequence of reduced pasture feeding, conjugated linoleic acid (...
Article
Full-text available
Sufficient glucose availability is crucial for exploiting the genetic potential of milk production during early lactation, and endocrine changes are mainly related to repartitioning of nutrient supplies toward the mammary gland. Long-chain fatty acids, such as essential fatty acids (EFA) and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), have the potential to imp...
Article
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This study intended to classify ad libitum-fed calves according to their milk replacer (MR) meal size using the K-means clustering approach. This study aimed to investigate the effects of MR meal size on feed intake, growth performance, and blood metabolic and hormones of ad libitum MR-fed calves. German Holstein calves (16 male and 16 female) were...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The liver is a central organ in a cow's ability to adapt to the metabolic demands of lactation. We herein tested the liver proteome would differ between cows being supplied either with essential fatty acids (EFA) and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or control from 9 wk ante to 9 wk postpartum. Late-gestation Holstein cows were abomasally infused wit...
Article
Full-text available
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers are known for their health-promoting effects in mammals and metabolic functions in dairy cows and are synthesized in the forestomach depending on essential fatty acid (EFA) intake. The current preliminary study investigated effects of a maternal fatty acid supplementation (MFAS) during late pregnancy and early...
Article
The objective of this study was to test the effects of essential fatty acids (EFA), particularly α-linolenic acid (ALA), and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation on metabolic and endocrine traits related to energy metabolism, including the somatotropic axis, in mid-lactation dairy cows. Four cows (126 ± 4 d in milk) were used in a dose-es...
Article
Dairy cows are exposed to increased inflammatory processes in the transition period from late pregnancy to early lactation. Essential fatty acids (EFA) and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) are thought to modulate the inflammatory response in dairy cows. The present study investigated the effects of a combined EFA and CLA infusion on the fatty acid (F...
Article
Full-text available
The administration of oral rehydration solutions (ORS) is an effective method to treat dehydration and acidosis in calves suffering from diarrhea. The ORS can be prepared in water or milk. The aim of the present study was to elucidate how fluid and acid-base balance change after feeding milk compared with ORS prepared in water or milk to diarrheic...
Article
Full-text available
Common silage and concentrate-based diets in dairy and beef production may deliver insufficient amounts of essential fatty acids (EFA), thereby also reducing conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) in body tissues and milk. An impaired maternal EFA and CLA supply can have an important impact on calf postnatal development. The current study investigates how...
Article
Full-text available
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can influence transcriptional and translational processes in mammalian cells and are associated with various developmental, physiological and phenotypic conditions. However, they remain poorly understood and annotated in livestock species. We combined phenotypic, metabolomics and liver transcriptomic data of bulls div...
Article
Rations including high amounts of corn silage are currently very common in dairy production. Diets with corn silage as forage source result in a low supply of essential fatty acids, such as α-linolenic acid, and may lead to low conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) production. The present study investigated the effects of abomasal infusion of essential fa...
Presentation
Dairy calves are able to digest and metabolize large amounts of milk when liquid feed is freely available. However, ad libitum milk- or milk replacer (MR)-fed calves largely variate in their feeding behaviour and individual feed intake during the preweaning period. The aim of the present study was to detect possible similarities between milk feedin...
Article
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Feeding management of the postnatal and preweaning calf has an important impact on calf growth and development during this critical period and affects the health and well-being of the calves. After birth, an immediate and sufficient colostrum supply is a prerequisite for successful calf rearing. Colostrum provides high amounts of nutrient as well a...
Article
Full-text available
Here we assessed the effects of dietary essential fatty acids on the developmental competence of oocytes in cows and on the functionality of follicular granulosa cells (GC). Lactating German Holstein cows were supplemented from week 9 ante partum (ap) until week 8 post-partum (pp) in four dietary groups designed as (i) control (CTRL: coconut oil),...
Article
Full-text available
Haptoglobin (Hp), one of the major positive acute-phase proteins in cattle, is released in response to proinflammatory cytokines. Colostrum intake might influence the response of the innate immune system including Hp gene expression. Thus, we hypothesized that the plasma concentrations and tissue mRNA expression of Hp in neonatal calves may be infl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Einfluss einer maternalen Supplementierung mit 10% Inulin/FOS zu einer Hochfett-oder Hochproteindiät in Mäusen auf den Trächtigkeitsverlauf und die Entwicklung der Nachkommen F Koch1; M Langhammer2; E Wytrwat2; A Tuchscherer2; HM Hammon1; M Mielenz1; B Kuhla1; CC Metges1 1Institute of Nutritional Physiology "Oskar Kellner", Nutritional imbalances o...
Conference Paper
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Impact of a maternal supplementation of 10% inulin/FOS to a high-protein or high-fat diet during pregnancy and lactation in mice on body weight gain, glucose tolerance, mammary gland development and offspring body weight
Article
Colostrum provides high amounts of nutritive and non-nutritive substrates, which are essential for calf nutrition and passive immunization. Colostral growth factors and hormones have beneficial effects on postnatal maturation and may affect substrate utilization and energy expenditure in neonatal calves. We tested the hypothesis that energy metabol...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Genomic regions associated with divergent livestock feed efficiency have been found predominantly outside protein coding sequences. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) can modulate chromatin accessibility, gene expression and act as important metabolic regulators in mammals. By integrating phenotypic, transcriptomic, and metabolomic data with...
Article
The objective of this study was to test the effects of essential fatty acids (EFA), particularly α-linolenic acid, and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation on fatty acid (FA) composition, performance, and systemic and hepatic antioxidative and inflammatory responses in dairy cows. Four cows (126 ± 4 d in milk) were investigated in a 4 × 4...
Article
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The original article [1] contained an error whereby the captions to Figs 2 and 3 were mistakenly inverted; this has now been corrected.
Article
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Background: A major challenge in modern medicine and animal husbandry is the issue of antimicrobial resistance. One approach to solving this potential medical hazard is the selection of farm animals with less susceptibility to infectious diseases. Recent advances in functional genome analysis and quantitative genetics have opened the horizon to ap...
Article
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Diets of dairy cows are often based on maize silage (MS), delivering lower amounts of n-3 fatty acids (FA) compared to grass silage-based diets. The fatty acid composition of the cell membrane can affect the cell function. We evaluated the effects of an MS-based diet on bovine red blood cell (RBC) membrane FA composition and dietary effects on cont...
Article
Intensive milk feeding and butyrate supplementation in calves stimulate body growth and affect gastrointestinal development. The aim of the present study was to investigate the synergistic effects of ad libitum milk replacer (MR) feeding and butyrate supplementation of MR on rumen and small intestinal growth and on gene expression in the small inte...
Article
Full-text available
Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) facilitates the transport of retinol in the body but is also an adipokine and fatty acid transporter. Our study was aimed at investigating the associations between RBP4 abundance and fat deposition in cattle. Blood samples of 246 crossbred bulls were taken at 8 months of age and at slaughter at 18 months of age for...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Prebiotics such as inulin and oligofructose (FOS) are non-digestible nutritional compounds, which increase gastric filling, intestinal motility and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production. FOS supplementation to a high-fat but not control diet prevented body weight gain and exerted positive effects on insulin resistance and lipid metabolism (1). H...
Article
Our aim was to compare the energy balance estimated (EBest) according to equations published by various energy feeding systems (German Society for Nutrition Physiology, French National Institute for Agricultural Research, and National Research Council) and the EB calculated by use of calorimetrically measured heat production (EBhp) of 20 high-yield...
Article
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Animal welfare in dairy calf husbandry depends on calf rearing and is probably improved by intensive milk feeding programs. In addition, butyrate supplementation in milk replacer (MR) stimulates postnatal growth and may affect the immune system in calves. We have investigated the combined effects of ad libitum MR feeding and butyrate supplementatio...
Article
Full-text available
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) emerged as important regulatory component of mechanisms involved in gene expression, chromatin modification and epigenetic processes, but they are rarely annotated in the bovine genome. Our study monitored the jejunum transcriptome of German Holstein calves fed two different milk diets using transcriptome sequencing (R...
Article
Full-text available
A microelectronic biosensor was subjected to in vivo exposure by implanting it in the vicinity of m. trapezii (Trapezius muscle) from cattle. The implant is intended for the continuous monitoring of glucose levels, and the study aimed at evaluating the biostability of exposed semiconductor surfaces. The sensor chip was a microelectromechanical syst...
Article
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There is increasing evidence that nutrition during early mammalian life has a strong influence on health and performance in later life. However, there are conflicting data concerning the appropriate milk diet. This discrepancy particularly applies to ruminants, a group of mammals that switch from monogastric status to rumination during weaning. Lit...
Article
Ad libitum milk feeding and butyrate (B) supplementation have the potential to stimulate postnatal growth and development in calves. The somatotropic axis is the main endocrine regulator of postnatal growth and may be affected by both ad libitum milk replacer (MR) feeding and B supplementation in calves. We hypothesized that ad libitum MR feeding a...
Article
Full-text available
High performing dairy cows experience distinct metabolic stress during periods of negative energy balance. Subclinical disorders of the cow’s energy metabolism facilitate failure of adaptational responses resulting in health problems and reduced performance. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) with its sympathetic and parasympathetic branches plays...
Article
The development of the gastrointestinal tract in newborn calves is essential for sufficient nutrient uptake. An intensive milk feeding during the neonatal period may impair the rumen development in calves. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of milk replacer (MR) feeding in unlimited amounts for the first 5 wk of age on the gastrointes...
Article
Full-text available
The rates of protein turnover are higher during the neonatal period than at any other time in postnatal life. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and the ubiquitin-proteasome system are key pathways regulating cellular protein turnover. The objectives of this study were (1) to elucidate the effect of feeding colostrum versus milk-based formula...
Article
The enhanced growth performance of calves fed a higher plane of nutrition pre-weaning is well documented, and the effect of butyrate on the development of the gastrointestinal tract in calves has been evaluated. The aim of this study was to examine the synergistic effects of ad libitum milk replacer (MR) feeding and butyrate supplementation on grow...
Conference Paper
Ad libitum milk replacer (MR) feeding as well as butyrate (B) have independently shown that both stimulate postnatal growth and development in calves. We hypothesized that the combination of intensive MR feeding and B supplementation expedites the development of the gastrointestinal tract in preweaning calves in a synergistic manner. Holstein male...
Conference Paper
Ad libitum milk replacer (MR) feeding and butyrate (B) have independently shown that both stimulate postnatal growth in dairy calves. We hypothesized that the combination of intensive MR feeding and B supplementation accelerates body growth and the maturation of the somatotropic axis in a synergistic manner in preweaning calves. Holstein calves (32...
Article
Body fatness and degree of body fat mobilization in cows vary enormously during their reproduction cycle and influence energy partitioning and metabolic adaptation. The objective of the study was to test bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) as a method for predicting fat depot mass (FDM), in living cows. The FDM is defined as the sum of subcu...
Article
Full-text available
IGFs and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) are abundantly present in milk and in dairy products. Compared to the IGFs, the IGFBP have received less attention in milk, although truncated IGFBPs and IGFBP-glycosylation have been described in milk. Thereby, complex control of local IGF-effects can be assumed on the levels of IGFBPs, proteases, and proteas...
Conference Paper
Abstract Conventional feeding programmes for dairy calves include restricted milk or milk replacer (MR) feeding and early weaning, but intensive feeding results in enhanced growth performance with postulated long-term-effects. Butyrate affects the development and efficacy of the gastrointestinal tract. We hypothesised an enhanced growth performance...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of prepartum and postpartum (PP) supplementation with 2 isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on reproductive parameters and some related metabolic factors in dairy cows. High-producing, multiparous Holstein Friesian cows (n = 60) were allotted to 3 treatment groups: the CLA1 group (n = 20)...
Conference Paper
Previous studies have shown that an elevated milk feeding intensity during the first weeks of life play an important role for growth and development in preweaning calves (1,2). Furthermore, butyric acid (BA) is known to stimulate intestinal cell growth and maturation, especially in the small intestine (3). We hypothesized that a combination of inte...