Harald G. Dill

Harald G. Dill
Leibniz Universität Hannover · Institute of Mineralogy

Prof.(mult.) Dr. rer. nat. habil. Dr. h.c. Dipl.Geol (M.Sc.)

About

481
Publications
259,997
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5,323
Citations
Introduction
(1) Pegmatite, (2) clay minerals (environment analysis), (3) sand and placer deposits, (4) rare elements (electronic or strategic elements) www.hgeodill.de https://scholar.google.ch/citations?hl=en&hl=en&pli=1&user=EYrTN3EAAAAJ
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - October 2014
Masaryk University
Position
  • Visiting professor
Description
  • High-Tech Metals - increasing demand and insufficient supply - A challenge for economic geologists
October 2013 - October 2013
Masaryk University
Position
  • Visiting professor
Description
  • Uranium and thorium from the primary deposit through the final waste disposal
September 2013 - January 2014
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Economic geology (non-metallic and metallic mineral deposits), applied sedimentology, applied geomorphology, technical mineralogy
Education
October 1976 - July 1978
Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
Field of study
  • Mineralogy, economic geology
October 1975 - September 1976
RWTH Aachen University
Field of study
  • Economic geology, mining
October 1971 - September 1975
University of Wuerzburg
Field of study
  • Geology, mineralogy, geography

Publications

Publications (481)
Presentation
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Die Bundeswehr, eine materiell und mental von Politikern und vom MAD in den letzten Jahren entkernte Armee, die zu einer Verteidigung unseres Vaterlandes nicht mehr im Stande ist, macht immer wieder durch eine unreflektierte Befolgung des Traditions-Erlasses der Bundeswehr von 2018 von sich Reden. Dies betrifft besonders das Verbot von Redewendunge...
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Regional history and geology
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Abstract: In this study, six basic Quaternary landform series (LFS) and their sedimentary deposits (LFS1 aeolian, LFS 2.1 to 2.2 mass wasting, LFS 3 cryogenic-glacial, LFS 4.1 to 4.6 fluvial, LFS 5.1 to 5.2 coastal-marine, LFS 6.1 to 6.3 lacustrine) are subdivided into subtypes and examined with regard to their sedimentological parameters and their...
Article
The Quaternary volcanogenic landscape and the volcanogenic sediments of the Netherlands Antilles (NA) (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao) reflect the most recent stage of the evolution of the Cretaceous to early Cenozoic Great Arc of the Caribbean Plate. They provide a “geoscientific keyhole” to look at its geodynamic and lithological evolution at different...
Article
Quaternary aeolian landforms (AL) can convert into aeolian mineral deposits of economic grade through concentration of metals (Ti, Fe, Zr, Sn, REE, Au, PGE) , industrial minerals (silica) and gems (diamonds), purification (winnowing) of trash minerals (feldspar, mica) and the provision of accommodation space for uranium and base metals. Therefore,...
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A holistic-modular approach has been taken to study the evolution of three straight to low-sinuosity drainage systems (=SSS) in an uplifted basement block of the Central European Variscides. The development of the SSS is described by means of a quadripartite model. (1) The geological framework of the SSS: Forming the lithological and structural fea...
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Regierende und die mit ihnen assoziierten Behörden klagen häufig über eine gewisse Politikverdrossenheit in Deutschland. Das Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV) spricht neuerdings sogar von einem neuen Phänomenbereich "Verfassungsschutzrelevante Delegitimierung des Staates". Woran mag das liegen? Das Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach führte eine...
Article
The Isles of Jersey and Guernsey, GB, are situated in the Bight of St. Malo which ranks among the upper-macrotidal environments with one of the highest tidal ranges ever measured on the globe. They are built up of metasedimentary and –magmatic basement rocks followed by a suite of gabbro-diorite-granite intrusive rocks. Based on sedimentological, g...
Article
Mineral assemblages encompassing heavy (HM), light (LM) and clay minerals (CM) can be used as marker minerals for geodynamic and weathering processes. The highly diverse lithology of the Precambrian basement rocks around and the rift-related magmatic rocks of the East African Rift system (EARS) form an ideal platform to use sediment-mineralogical t...
Presentation
Full-text available
Von blassen Gestalten und roten Heringen [The origin of the Central European desert featuring a conspicuous expression of "moral values" a result of the anthropogenic climate change-From the pale figure to the red herring] Harald G. Dill Nur wenige Menschen erblicken als Wunderkinder das Licht der Welt. Die meisten Menschen gewinnen Profil auf vers...
Presentation
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On overview of economic geology at the beginning of the 21st century
Article
The Badamlu karst bauxite deposit, located 55 km southeast of Miandoab city in northwestern Iran occurs in karstic depressions of carbonates of the late Permian Nessen Formation. The studied bauxitic ores have a dominant pelitomorphic texture, and locally developed ooidic, pisoidic, and clastic textures in a pelitomorphic matrix. Mineralogically, t...
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In the current study, different heavy minerals typical of gold placer deposits were identified by means of micro-Raman spectroscopy, and their chemical composition analyzed and discussed (garnet, kyanite, staurolite, zircon, allanite, monazite, xenotime, rutile, anatase, cassiterite, titanite, barite). Even complex solid solution series, such as th...
Article
High volatile bituminous coal C and B is currently exploited at Spitsbergen-Svalbard, Norway. Several coal seams formed during the Palaeocene, of which some were reworked by mass wasting (MW), (glacial)-fluvial (GF) and coastal-marine wave-dominated (WM) processes under periglacial conditions during the Quaternary. This supergene alteration resulte...
Article
Very coarse-grained meandering to straight fluvial drainage systems evolved during the Holocene (<7950 BP) in a terrain underlain by crystalline basement rocks of Precambrian to Paleozoic age and Mesozoic sedimentary rocks which are separated from each other by an area intersected by fault zones of Cenozoic age. Faulting provoked ridges in the fore...
Article
Abstract: The badlands of the “Desierto de la Tatacoa” (DDT) form part of the alluvial-fluvial system and are characterized by a landform trilogy: (1) gully zone, (2) wadi zone, (3) hillwash plain/ mesa zone. This facies differentiation is controlled by the fluvial regimes and their degree of sinuosity of channels. The hydraulic and hydrographic sy...
Article
Tetrad effect REE Argillic and propylitic alterations Cu-Pb-Fe epithermal Khan Kandi district Iran ABSTRACT The impact of the tetrad effect on the accumulation of REE during base metal mineralization can be deduced from four segments of the normalized REE distribution patterns. Quantifying this effect in each part of the REE graph has proven to be...
Article
The Central European Variscides and their epicontinental basins and grabens (Mesoeurope sensu Stille) subsided into the uplifted basement as well as the Alpidic Orogens, encompassing the Alpine Mts. Range, the Dinarides, the Northern Carpathians and the depressions in between (Neoeurope) are rife with a great variety of clay mineral assemblages. In...
Article
The impact of the tetrad effect on the accumulation of REE during base metal mineralization can be deduced four segments of the normalized REE distribution patterns. To quantify this effect in each part of the REE graph has proven to be a powerful tool when it comes to the investigation of the origin of ore deposits. In the current research a mathe...
Article
Full-text available
The Arbanos Limestone is a part of the Ruteh Formation of Upper Permian age located in NW Iran. No detailed geochemical characterizations of these limestones have been carried out to date. In this research, formation mechanisms of tetrad effect phenomenon in the lanthanide distribution patterns in these limestones are surveyed by applying different...
Article
During my first months in office I had a personal discussion with the head of the institute during which he conveyed a message to me that I never forgot: “A good geologist is a geologist who has seen much”. Prof. Dr. Peter Laznicka, the author of this book has seen very much. ..................................................... It is a book, class...
Article
In the periglacial South Atlantic Ocean five coastal landform series (CLFS): CLFS1 (Falkland Islands / Islas Malvinas), CLFS2 (Tierra del Fuego), CLFS3 (South Georgia + Scotia Ridge), CLFS 4 (South Shetland Archipelago) and CLFS 5 (Antarctic Peninsula) have been established and studied with regard to their geomorphology and sedimentary petrography....
Article
The origin of the landscape spreading across NW Morocco (Meseta, Atlas Mts. Foreland) is geodynamically controlled by two collisional and one extensional regime, while climate changes had only a minor impact on the shaping the landscape. The existing landscape pertains to the series characterized by highly to partially eroded mountain blocks of Pal...
Article
Along the western edge of the Bohemian Massif, SE Germany, graphitic carbon occurs in metabasic rocks plus calcsilicates, metabiolites, and paragneisses (graphite I), in pegmatites (graphite II) and in mineralized structure zones (semigraphite and impsonite) The current studies unveiled these graphitic carbon compounds are strikingly different with...
Article
Kurzfassung: Astlose Baumstämme, Rannen genannt finden sich in verschieden Abschnitten des Main-Regnitz- Flusssystems. Sie liegen häufig in grobkörnigen sandigen Talauen-Sedimenten. Die Längsausrichtung dieser Baumstämme ist auch in anderen fluviatilen Ablagerung (meist vernetzte Flusssysteme) wie Beispiele aus Thailand und Kanada zeigen, zu beobac...
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Kurzfassung: Im Gebiet Pleystein (Nord-Oberpfalz) entwickelte sich ausgehend von den in dieser Region anstehenden pegmatitischen und aplitischen Gesteinen eine sogenannte pegmatische Landschaftsform (Subform der Granit-Landschaft) seit dem späten Mesozoikum. Die jüngste Studie befasst sich mit den im Zuge der holozänen Taleintiefung abgelagerten ko...
Preprint
We have studied the structural control of pegmatites (F-REE-Li vein-type granite pegmatite) associated with the albite-enriched granite facies (AEG) of the Madeira A-type granite (~1.83 Ga). This facies corresponds to the Madeira world-class Sn-Nb-Ta-F (cryolite) deposit at the Pitinga mine. These REE-rich pegmatites [xenotime-(Y) and gagarinite-(Y...
Article
Full-text available
We have studied the structural control of pegmatites (F-REE-Li vein-type granite pegmatite) associated with the albite-enriched granite facies (AEG) of the Madeira A-type granite (~1.83 Ga). This facies corresponds to the Madeira world-class Sn-Nb-Ta-F (cryolite) deposit at the Pitinga mine. These REE-rich pegmatites [xenotime-(Y) and gagarinite-(Y...
Article
The Archipélago Rosario-Barú evolved off-shore of the Caribbean Coast in N Colombia during the Holocene. From the geodynamic point of view its host rocks belong to the rather stable foreland of the modern Andean fold belt, from the sedimentological point of view the environment has, however, to be ranked among the highly mobile zones. The swiftly r...
Article
In some areas of the Variscan orogen felsic mobilizates (pegmatitic and aplitic rocks) are closely associated with stratiform and stockwork-like bodies enriched in Ca minerals (e.g. wollastonite, diopside-hedenbergite s.s.s., grossular-spessartine s.s.s., siderite..) and bodies aligned to them similar in structure but abundant in quartz, plagioclas...
Article
Pegmatoids and aploids of the Zengerhof area (Oberpfalz, Germany): Their basic contact zones and subcrustal magmatic dykes (Meta-lamprophyre) Geological mapping of the Zengerhof area revealed schorl- and spessartine-bearing Na aploids and Na-H pegmatoids which are composed of alkaline feldspar, quartz and muscovite. They are associated with basic...
Article
Eine petrologisch-strukturgeologische Profilaufnahme zwischen Hagendorf und Miesbrunn durch die erzfreie Zone zwischen Selten-Element-Pegmatiten (Nord-Oberpfalz) Zusammenfassung Durch die verschiedenen Abbaue auf Feldspat und einige prominente Felsfreistellungen (Kreuzberg-Pegmatit) verfügt die Hagendorf-Pleysteiner Pegmatitprovinz über hervorrage...
Article
The upper reaches of the Bistrita drainage system were selected as a natural test site to determine the geogenic and anthropogenic input into fluvio-lacustrine systems in humid mid-latitude morphoclimatic zones. The reason for this selection lies in the complex geology and its metallogenic evolution leading to a great variety of Fe, Mn, U, and poly...
Presentation
Full-text available
Green technologies installed for the supply and storage of electricity from renewable energies are based on different platforms such as photovoltaic systems, solar thermal systems, hydroelectric power plants, geothermal heat and power plants, lithium-ion battery storage systems, vanadium redox flow technology, bio fuel production, and wind turbines...
Article
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Gemstones form in metamorphic, magmatic, and sedimentary rocks. In sedimentary units, these minerals were emplaced by organic and inorganic chemical processes and also found in clastic deposits as a result of weathering, erosion, transport, and deposition leading to what is called the formation of placer deposits. Of the approximately 150 gemstones...
Article
Metacarbonate rocks (marble, calcsilicate rock, skarn) hosting strata- and structurebound Fe-, As-Sb, Bi-, Ni-Co, Cu-Pb-Zn, U-, W- ore minerals as well as talc, clay minerals, barite and fluorite are widespread in the country rocks south of the collisional calc-alkaline felsic to intermediate intrusive rocks of the Fichtelgebirge Pluton, Germany. A...
Preprint
The Urmia Lake recession, and the resulting increase in vast barren area around it, has been rapid in recent decades and thus has attracted attention of environmentalists and geoscientists alike. However, evidence for its different strandlines and the largest extension of the lake during the late Quaternary has not been reported yet. The principal...
Article
The Holocene mud volcano exposed at Totumo (younger than 4150 ± 50 yr BP) lines up together with some other landforms of its kind along the Caribbean Coast in northern Colombia. It currently vents a mud of the silicate-phosphate-bearing sulfur-sodium chloride type. The mud volcanoes evolved in an active continental margin setting of the South Ameri...
Article
The Zr-Ti-Fe placers along the coast of Rio Negro and Buenos Aires Provinces, Argentina, evolved within the reaches of the Malvinas Current (1 st order hydrodynamic regime). Together with some regional 2 nd order local currents it is of major influence on the mineral assemblage of these terrigenous linear shoreline deposits. The nearshore-marine pl...
Article
The geology of pegmatite systems encompasses lithology, shape, and structure while the chemistry of major and trace elements is indicative of the ore composition; both are the “pillars” of the CMS classification scheme (Chemical composition-Mineral assemblage-Structural geology) for barren and rare-metal pegmatites, including their granitic affilia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Non-metallic and sedimentary mineral deposits associated with active continental margins Harald G. Dill Gottfried-Wilhelm-Leibniz University Hannover , Germany Active continental margins which are marked by subduction zones and can be mapped in modern fold belts around the Pacific Ocean and from the Pyrenees through to the SE Asian mountain rid...
Article
Pegmatites and aplites share the common major constituents with the granitoid suite as well as various gneissic lithologies, e.g., orthogneisses, aplitic gneisses. Not surprising, the pegmatitic landscape has landforms resembling some found in landscapes derived from metamorphic and granitic rocks that genetically next of kin of pegmatites. The wea...
Article
Beach sands are ideal traps to collect heavy minerals (HM) from different geodynamic settings and mineral deposits. The coastal sediments contain a mixture of HM derived from the submarine shelf and from source rocks in the hinterland. This is true in a transgressive periglacial regime, where drowned valleys and estuaries are instrumental in draini...
Article
The Western Falkland Islands are characterized by landforms and sediments of Quaternary age originating from the interplay of periglacial and marine processes. These have left their imprints on siliciclastic sediments and subbituminous coal, peatland, and podzolic soil. Our depositional study focuses on interpreting a stratigraphic sequence which c...
Article
Supergene argillitization on basement blocks shows a great variety of deposits with regard to their mineralogical composition and morphology, particularly those which developed during the Late Cretaceous and the succeeding Cenozoic era, driven by vertical displacements along highland boundary faults. The geodynamic setting and the morpho-climatic z...
Article
Geomagnetic (magnetic susceptibility), geoelectrical (resistivity and conductivity, self-potential/SP, induced polarization/IP), and radiometric measurements (gamma radiation of K, U, and Th) are well adapted to the needs and wants of geoscientists and exploration geologists, in particular, who widely use them in wireline tools and for ground surve...
Article
The spatial distribution of Cu and its pathfinder elements in quartz porphyrites along Wadi Araba was studied in order to gain an insight about the geologic framework of Cu mineralization in the area. A geochemical exploration data set of 242 samples was revisited. Multivariate statistical and geostatistical analysis were performed on the data set....
Article
This study was conducted on samples taken from the “Fagul Cetății – Iazul nr. 4” tailings pond in the Eastern Carpathians, Romania and is focused on exploring the way in which heavy metals from sulphide rich material are spatially distributed in relation to the geochemical conditions. For comparison, concentrated ore samples from the same area, gen...
Article
Pegmatitic rocks take on a special role. On one hand they closely resemble one of the most abundant rocks in the earth's crust, the granitoids; on the other hand they strongly contrast with these plutonic rocks by spreading the boundary from metamorphic to intrusive rocks. They are outstanding as to the texture and grain size and they have in parts...
Article
The kaolinite-group minerals kaolinite, dickite, nacrite, halloysite including its metaform and their associates allophane and imogolite are phyllosilicates characterized by a rather simple chemical composition of Si, Al, O, and H. These elements contribute for the most part to the built-up of the continental earth crust, which down to a depth of a...
Article
The kaolin-fan deposits under consideration are sedimentary in origin and they bridge the gap between residual kaolin deposits proximal to the fan apex in crystalline basement rocks and syn(dia)genetic sandstone-hosted kaolin deposits on the fan apron. The “kaolin ore beds” on the other hand, developed in an arenaceous braided-river drainage system...
Conference Paper
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Article
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Zusammenfassung. Die Pegmatite und Aplite von Burkhardsrieth in der Oberpfalz bilden die südliche Randfazies der Pegmatitprovinz von Hagendorf-Pleystein. Es handelt sich um selten-element-freie Muskowit-Quarz-Feldspat Pegmatite, Metaaplite und Pegmatoide. Als mineralogische Besonderheit sind Andalusit und Fe-und Cd-reiche Sphalerite zu nennen. Das...
Article
Dill, H.G. (2016): Die »Ochsenaugen«-Fluorite und die Pegmatite zwischen Irchenrieth und Remmelberg (Oberpfalz) – Geologische Blät-ter für Nordost-Bayern, 66: 75-89, 2 Abb., 2 Tab., 2 Taf., Erlangen. Zusammenfassung. In den Pegmatiten der Zone von Erbendorf-Vohenstrauß konnte erst-mals Fluorit im südlichsten Vorkommen bei Irchenrieth nachgewiesen...
Article
Full-text available
For those who want to get an overiew a documentary produced by the Bavarian Broadcasting Cooperation (BR) is recommended: "Bomber zu Sägegatter - Spurensuche in der Oberpfalz" ( When a USAAF bomber turns into reciprocating saws - On the search for traces in the Oberpfalz /Upper Palatinate). http://www.br.de/mediathek/video/sendungen/schwaben-und-a...
Article
The Hagendorf–Pleystein Pegmatite Field (HPPF) is the largest pegmatite concentration in Central-Europe, which has been intensively studied for its mineralogy, mainly at Hagendorf-South pegmatite stock. It was not until recently that the lateral and depth zonations of the HPPF could be clarified when the newly discovered tabular aplite at Reinhards...
Article
Supergene minerals form under near-ambient conditions on the Earth’s surface. Supergene mineralization is controlled by the parent rock composition, climatic conditions, geomorphological environment, and chemical compounds added during mineral processing. They appear in alteration zones called “orecretes.” Bronze Age miners exploited these easily...
Book
Preface: Pegmatitic rocks are very coarse-grained rocks, generally of granitic composition; they contain as major constituents the three rock-forming minerals feldspar, quartz and mica, which in places develop mega-crystals or show up in a graphic intergrowth. On the opposite end of the grain-size scale, their little sisters are placed, finer-grai...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract. Pegmatites and aplites are a treasure box for mineralogists in terms of finding new minerals or refining the structure of rare metal-bearing minerals. The economic geology of these rocks is less well studied. They are of interest mainly as a raw material for the ceramic industry (feldspar and quartz), and also for rare elements such as Be...
Article
Pegmatitic rocks are very coarse-grained basement rocks abundant in quartz, feldspar or/and mica, in places, endowed either with mega crystals of the aforementioned rock-forming minerals or rare-element minerals. Pegmatites are treated in this study together with aplitic rocks, which are compositionally similar to pegmatites but strikingly differen...
Research
DILL, H.G. (2015) The geology of pegmatites and the CMS classification scheme.- 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015, 16-17, Książ, Poland.
Data
Full-text available
Chapter
Contact metasomatism and contact metamorphism is closely related with the pegmatites of the HPPP and places the thermal “hot spot” for the early mineralization in the area between Pleystein and Gsteinach. Wollastonite is the diagnostic mineral found in the skarn and calcsilicates next to the Kreuzberg pegmatite. The intimate intertonguing of scheel...
Chapter
Pegmatites are representatives of a unique lithology, in view of their mega-crystals and colorful minerals spread across in the felsic groundmass, but on the other hand they are not unique in terms of the lithological processes, involving magmatic, metamorphic, hydrothermal and sedimentary processes, if by common consensus we accept weathering and...
Chapter
Three minerals contribute to the built-up of Earth’s crust by almost ¾ and predominate in the group of industrial minerals. Feldspar is the top scorer with 56 vol.%; quartz is second most in abundance and accounts for 12 vol.% while phyllosilicates of the mica group are fifth among the top 10 with 4 vol.%. They are the major rock-forming constituen...
Chapter
Pegmatitic rocks are not randomly distributed across the Variscan/Hercynian basement in Central Europe. The evolution of pegmatites s.l. in the course of a complex orogeny of Meso-Europe took rather long, from the Devonian (419 Ma) through the Permian (252 Ma). In terms of structural geology and geodynamics, pegmatitic deposits primarily occur in e...
Chapter
The mineralogy of the pegmatites and aplites along the western edge of the Bohemian Massif cannot be sidelined. More than 250 minerals known from the most prominent members of these pegmatites and 272 species have been dealt with in this chapter. The minerals are treated irrespective of their siting within the Dana- or Strunz crystallographic syste...
Chapter
Aplites and pegmatites can be correlated with their country rocks using the temporal, the compositional/chemical and physical relationships. The emplacement of pegmatitic rocks began during the early Paleozoic (470–440 Ma) which are encountered as metapegmatites in nappe units in the Bohemian Massif, proper, and in the Ötztal Massif within the Alpi...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Bei Saltendorf, am Nordrand des Naabgebirges, eines nach Westen vorspringenden Grundgebirgssporns wurden bei Steinbrucharbeiten gangförmige (per ascensum) und gangartige (per descensum) Fluoritmineralisationen angefahren. Die jüngsten Funde betreffen eine Fluoritbrekzie in einer »granite wash«. Das Vorkommen liegt zwischen zwei gro...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung: Halloysit ist ein seltenes Kaolinit-Gruppen-Mineral, das in einer hydratisierten Normalform (10 Å) und in einer dehydratisierten Metaform (7 Å) auftritt. Im nordbayerischen Grundgebirge sind nur wenige Vorkommen dieses Minerals bekannt. Die Halloysitentstehung wird diskutiert im Kontext mit der Anreicherung der Selten-Erden- Elemen...
Article
This book will broaden readers’ understanding of pegmatites in a special geodynamic setting, dealing with the emplacement of the Hagendorf-Pleystein Pegmatite Province (HPPP) in the Central European Variscides. This treatise illustrates the complex processes leading to the formation and partial destruction of the pegmatites, documenting the geochro...
Article
An exploration strategy for groundwater was established and followed in the northern Namibian Cuvelai-Etosha Basin (CEB). The data derived from transient electromagnetics, rotary-drilling, coring and sample investigation were used to refine stratigraphy and hydrostratigraphy, and to develop a 3D map of aquifers within the Cubango Megafan. The resul...

Questions

Questions (2)

Projects

Projects (8)
Project
The most important aims of this project are: 1- Determination of the source of rare earth elements (REE) in carbonate rocks. 2- Environmental analysis of carbonates rocks which are the host rocks of different ore deposits and mineral deposits. 3 - Investigation of the depositional conditions of carbonate rocks with different tectonic settings and its relationship with the occurrence of lanthanide tetrad effect phenomenon. 4- The role of pedogenic processes in the mobility and distribution of trace and rare earth elements in the karst areas.