Haoyun Zhang

Haoyun Zhang
Pennsylvania State University | Penn State · Social Life and Engineering Sciences Imaging Center

Doctor of Psychology

About

19
Publications
2,299
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
146
Citations

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
As we age, language reflects patterns of both stability and change. On the one hand, vocabulary and semantic abilities are largely stable across the adult lifespan, yet lexical retrieval is often slower and less successful (i.e., slower picture naming times, increased tip of the tongue incidents). Although the behavioral bases of these effects have...
Article
When bilinguals switch languages they regulate the more dominant language to enable spoken production in the less dominant language. How do they engage cognitive control to accomplish regulation? We examined this issue by comparing the consequences of training on language switching in two different contexts. Chinese-English bilinguals were immersed...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated how natural language use influences inhibition in language-unbalanced bilinguals. We experimentally induced natural patterns of language use (as proposed by the Adaptive Control Hypothesis) and assessed their cognitive after-effects in a group of 32 Polish–English bilinguals. Each participant took part in a series of three l...
Article
Neuroimaging studies often either look at functional activation in response to an explicit task, or functional connectivity (i.e., interregional correlations) during resting-state. Few studies have looked at the intensity of brain activity or its relationship with age, behavior, and language. The current study investigated both intensity (i.e., the...
Article
Full-text available
Aging is often associated with declines in language production. For example, compared to younger adults, older adults experience more tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) states, show decreased speed and accuracy in naming objects, and have more pauses and fillers in speech, all of which indicate age-related increases in retrieval difficulty. While prior work h...
Article
Aging is often associated with cognitive and neural decline, but how these factors interact is still not fully understood. Recently, functional connectivity, or the degree to which brain regions are concurrently active, has provided insight into age-related differences. However, functional connectivities during task and rest differ and few studies...
Poster
Full-text available
According to the Adaptive Control Hypothesis, only intense use of two languages in the same situation (called dual-language context) confers cognitive benefits in response inhibition. To test this hypothesis, we designed an innovative longitudinal study: induced specific patterns of language use experimentally and measured their cognitive after-eff...
Article
Healthy older adults commonly report increased difficulties with language production. This could reflect decline in the language network, or age-related declines in other cognitive abilities that support language production, such as executive function. To examine this possibility, we conducted a whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity (RS...
Article
Research has suggested that using two or more languages on a daily basis helps older adults maintain a heightened functional state and improves neurocomputational efficiency. In this review, we discuss studies that have examined the effect of life-long bilingualism on age-related cognitive and neural decline, with a focus on discrepancies between d...
Article
Prior work has shown that when a word with an initial voiceless stop has a contrasting initial voiced stop neighbour, Voice Onset Times (VOTs) are longer. Higher phonological neighbourhood density (PND) has also been shown to facilitate word retrieval times (RTs), and be associated with longer VOTs. However, these effects have rarely been investiga...
Article
Full-text available
Older adults typically show decline in a variety of cognitive functions including inhibitory control and language production, with corresponding age-related increases in fMRI activation. However, it remains unclear whether such increases are compensatory or whether they reflect neural decline. One factor that may influence these brain-behavior rela...
Article
Language production and cognitive control are complex processes that involve distinct yet interacting brain networks. However, the extent to which these processes interact and their neural bases have not been thoroughly examined. Here, we investigated the neural and behavioral bases of language production and cognitive control via a phonological go...
Article
Full-text available
Whether using two languages enhances executive functions is a matter of debate. Here, we take a novel perspective to examine the bilingual advantage hypothesis by comparing bi-dialect with mono-dialect speakers' performance on a non-linguistic task that requires executive control. Two groups of native Chinese speakers, one speaking only the standar...
Data
Language History Questionnaire. (DOCX)
Data
Minimal Dataset. (ZIP)
Data
Personal Background & SES Questionnaire. (DOCX)
Article
The relationship between two components of cognitive control, that is, proactive control and reactive control, and fluid intelligence was investigated by measuring 75 participants' event-related potentials in the AX version of the continuous performance test. The results showed that the mean amplitudes of N2 associated with the two components of co...
Article
The present study examined how a short period of language switching training affects nonverbal cognitive control, as measured by the AX version of the Continuous Performance Test. A group of Chinese-English bilinguals were trained over 10 days on a picture naming task that required switching between languages. We recorded their behavioral performan...

Network

Cited By

Projects