Hao-Ching Wang

Hao-Ching Wang
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Institute for Translational Medicine

About

46
Publications
8,991
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1,268
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2009 - August 2013
Academia Sinica
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) in shrimp is caused by Vibrio strains that harbor a pVA1-like plasmid containing the pirA and pirB genes. It is also known that the production of the PirA and PirB proteins, which are the key factors that drive the observed symptoms of AHPND, can be influenced by environmental conditions and that this...
Article
Considerable sequence data are produced in genome annotation projects that relate to molecular levels, structural similarities, and molecular and biological functions. In structural genomics, the most essential task involves resolving protein structures efficiently with hardware or software, understanding these structures, and assigning their biolo...
Article
Full-text available
In plants, HEN1-facilitated methylation at 3′ end ribose is a critical step of small-RNA (sRNA) biogenesis. A mutant of well-studied Arabidopsis HEN1 (AtHEN1), hen1-1, showed a defective developmental phenotype, indicating the importance of sRNA methylation. Moreover, Marchantia polymorpha has been identified to have a HEN1 ortholog gene (MpHEN1);...
Article
The pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has been associated by dysregulation of histone deacetylases (HDACs). Previously, acridine-based HDAC inhibitors have shown potential in ameliorating HDAC activity and enhancing neurite outgrowth. In this study, the acridine ring was modified using various phenothiazine derivatives. Several resulting com...
Article
Recently, L-amino acid oxidases (LAAOs) have been identified in several fish species as first-line defense molecules against bacterial infection. Here, we report the cloning and characterization of a fish LAAO gene, EcLAAO2, from orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides). The full-length cDNA is 3030 bp, with an ORF encoding a protein of 511 am...
Chapter
The protein classification problem is considered in this paper. In the proposed algorithm, we use graphs to represent proteins, whereby every amino acid in a protein corresponds to every vertex in a graph, and the links between the amino acids correspond to the edges between the vertices in the graph. We then classify the proteins according to simi...
Article
Full-text available
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is a lethal shrimp disease. The pathogenic agent of this disease is a special Vibrio parahaemolyticus strain that contains a pVA1 plasmid. The protein products of two toxin genes in pVA1, pirAvp and pirBvp, targeted the shrimp’s hepatopancreatic cells and were identified as the major virulence factors...
Article
Uracil-DNA glycosylases (UDGs) are conserved DNA-repair enzymes that can be found in many species, including herpesviruses. Since they play crucial roles for efficient viral DNA replication in herpesviruses, they have been considered as potential antiviral targets. In our previous work, Staphylococcus aureus SAUGI was identified as a DNA mimic prot...
Article
Viral glycoproteins are expressed by many viruses, and during infection they usually play very important roles, such as receptor attachment or membrane fusion. The mature virion of the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is unusual in that it contains no glycosylated proteins, and there are currently no reports of any glycosylation mechanisms in the p...
Article
Phytoplasmas are bacterial plant pathogens which can induce severe symptoms including dwarfism, phyllody and virescence in the infected plant. Because phytoplasmas infect many important crops such as peanut and papaya, they have caused serious agricultural losses. The phytoplasmal effector causing phyllody 1 (PHYL1) is an important pathogenic facto...
Article
Full-text available
Vaccinia mature virus requires A26 envelope protein to mediate acid-dependent endocytosis into HeLa cells in which we hypothesized that A26 protein functions as an acid-sensitive membrane fusion suppressor. Here, we provide evidence showing that N-terminal domain (aa1-75) of A26 protein is an acid-sensitive region that regulates membrane fusion. Cr...
Article
Full-text available
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is a newly emergent penaeid shrimp disease which can cause 70-100% mortality in Penaeus vannamei and Penaeus monodon, and has resulted in enormous economic losses since its appearance. AHPND is caused by the specific strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus that harbor the pVA1 plasmid and express PirA vp a...
Article
For many, "DNA mimic protein" (DMP) remains an unfamiliar term. The key feature of these proteins is their DNA-like shape and charge distribution, and they affect the activity of DNA-binding proteins by occupying their DNA-binding domains. Functionally, DMPs regulate mechanisms such as gene expression, restriction, and DNA repair as well as the nuc...
Article
Full-text available
A new clade, Trichoderma formosa, secretes eliciting plant response-like 1 (Epl1), a small peptide elicitor that stimulates plant immunity. Nicotiana benthamiana pretreated with Epl1 for three days developed immunity against tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) infection. The transcriptome profiles of T. formosa and N. benthamiana were obtained by deep seque...
Article
Purpose: MPT0L145 has been developed as a FGFR inhibitor exhibiting significant anti-bladder cancer activity in vitro and in vivo via promoting autophagy-dependent cell death. Here, we aim to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Experimental design: Autophagy flux, morphology and intracellular organelles were evaluated by western blotting, trans...
Article
Full-text available
DNA mimicry is a direct and effective strategy by which the mimic competes with DNA for the DNA binding sites on other proteins. Until now, only about a dozen proteins have been shown to function via this strategy, including the DNA mimic protein DMP19 from Neisseria meningitides. We have shown previously that DMP19 dimer prevents the operator DNA...
Data
Proposed Neisseria HU/DNA binding model. The Lys 78 residues of the Neisseria HU dimer are located at the center of the DNA binding region. Spatially, the Lys 64 residues are located at the ends of the flexible arms. All of these features are important for HU-DNA binding. (PDF)
Data
Comparison of two different experimentally-confirmed DMP19 structures. The conformational differences shown here may affect the oligomerization and thus the functionality of DMP19. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
In aquaculture, shrimp farming is a popular field. The benefits of shrimp farming include a relatively short grow-out time, high sale price, and good cost recovery. However, outbreaks of serious diseases inflict serious losses, and acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is an emerging challenge to this industry. In South American white shr...
Article
Full-text available
Uracil-DNA glycosylases (UDGs) are highly conserved proteins that can be found in a wide range of organisms, and are involved in the DNA repair and host defense systems. UDG activity is controlled by various cellular factors, including the uracil-DNA glycosylase inhibitors, which are DNA mimic proteins that prevent the DNA binding sites of UDGs fro...
Article
Full-text available
Shrimp white spot disease (WSD), which is caused by white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), is one of the world's most serious shrimp diseases. Our objective in this study was to use an immunomagnetic reduction (IMR) assay to develop a highly sensitive, automatic WSSV detection platform targeted against ICP11 (the most highly expressed WSSV protein). Aft...
Article
Full-text available
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is a severe, newly emergent penaeid shrimp disease caused by Vibrio para- haemolyticus that has already led to tremendous losses in the cultured shrimp industry. Until now, its disease-causing mecha- nism has remained unclear. Here we show that an AHPND-causing strain of V. parahaemolyticus contains a...
Article
Full-text available
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is a severe, newly emergent penaeid shrimp disease caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus that has already led to tremendous losses in the cultured shrimp industry. Until now, its disease-causing mechanism has remained unclear. Here we show that an AHPND-causing strain of V. parahaemolyticus contains a 70-...
Article
Full-text available
Crown ethers are small, cyclic polyethers that have found wide-spread use in phase-transfer catalysis and, to a certain degree, in protein chemistry. Crown ethers readily bind metallic and organic cations, including positively charged amino acid side chains. We elucidated the crystal structures of several protein-crown ether co-crystals grown in th...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: Iron is an essential nutrient for nearly all living organisms, including both hosts and invaders. Proteins such as ferritin regulate the iron levels in a cell, and in the event of a pathogenic invasion, the host can use an iron-withholding mechanism to restrict the availability of this essential nutrient to the invading pathogens. Howe...
Article
Full-text available
The T4 phage protein Arn (Anti restriction nuclease) was identified as an inhibitor of the restriction enzyme McrBC. However, until now its molecular mechanism remained unclear. In the present study we used structural approaches to investigate biological properties of Arn. A structural analysis of Arn revealed that its shape and negative charge dis...
Article
DNA mimic proteins have DNA-like negative surface charge distributions, and they function by occupying the DNA binding sites of DNA binding proteins to prevent these sites from being accessed by DNA. DNA mimic proteins control the activities of a variety of DNA binding proteins and are involved in a wide range of cellular mechanisms such as chromat...
Article
Full-text available
DNA mimic proteins are unique factors that control the DNA binding activity of target proteins by directly occupying their DNA binding sites. The extremely divergent amino acid sequences of the DNA mimics make these proteins hard to predict, and although they are likely to be ubiquitous, to date, only a few have been reported and functionally analy...
Article
Full-text available
DNA mimic proteins are unique factors that control the DNA-binding activity of target proteins by directly occupying their DNA-binding sites. To date, only a few DNA mimic proteins have been reported and their functions analyzed. Here, we present evidence that the Neisseria conserved hypothetical protein DMP12 should be added to this list. Our gel...
Article
Full-text available
DNA mimic proteins occupy the DNA binding sites of DNA-binding proteins, and prevent these sites from being accessed by DNA. We show here that the Neisseria conserved hypothetical protein DMP19 acts as a DNA mimic. The crystal structure of DMP19 shows a dsDNA-like negative charge distribution on the surface, suggesting that this protein should be a...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: In this study we identified viral gene targets of the important redox regulator thioredoxin (Trx), and explored in depth how Trx interacts with the immediate early gene #1 (IE1) of the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). Results: In a pull-down assay, we found that recombinant Trx bound to IE1 under oxidizing conditions, and a coimmunoprecip...
Article
Full-text available
The protein expression profiles of the lymphoid organ, taken from mock and systemic Vibrio harveyi-infected Penaeus monodon at 6 and 48 h post infection, were revealed. The considerable changes in the expression level of several proteins were observed between the mock and V. harveyi-infected shrimps. From 30 analyzed protein spots with 27 different...
Article
The endoglucanase EglA from Piromyces rhizinflata found in cattle stomach belongs to the GH5 family of glycoside hydrolases. The crystal structure of the catalytic domain of EglA shows the (β/α)(8)-barrel fold typical of GH5 enzymes. Adjacent to the active site of EglA, a loop containing a disulfide bond not found in other similar structures may pa...
Article
Full-text available
High temperature (32 to 33°C) has been shown to reduce mortality in white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)-infected shrimps, but the mechanism still remains unclear. Here we show that in WSSV-infected shrimps cultured at 32°C, transcriptional levels of representative immediate-early, early, and late genes were initially higher than those at 25°C. However...
Article
Full-text available
Viral and bacterial diseases can cause mass mortalities in commercial shrimp aquaculture. In contrast to studies on the antiviral response, the responses of shrimps to bacterial infections by high throughput techniques have been reported only at the transcriptional level and not at the translational level. In this study, a proteomic analysis of shr...
Article
Full-text available
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is a large (≈300 kbp), double-stranded DNA eukaryotic virus that has caused serious disease in crustaceans worldwide. ICP11 is the most highly expressed WSSV nonstructural gene/protein, which strongly suggests its importance in WSSV infection; but until now, its function has remained obscure. We show here that ICP11...
Article
Full-text available
Immediate-early proteins from many viruses function as transcriptional regulators and exhibit transactivation activity, DNA binding activity, and dimerization. In this study, we investigated these characteristics in white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) immediate-early protein 1 (IE1) and attempted to map the corresponding functional domains. Transactiv...
Article
Caspases play a central and evolutionarily conserved role in mediating and executing apoptosis. Here, we report the cloning and characterization of a caspase from Penaeus monodon, Pm caspase. The full-length Pm caspase cDNA is 1386bp, encoding a polypeptide of 304 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 34.3kDa. BLASTP analysis against the...
Article
To better understand the pathogenesis of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) and to determine which cell pathways might be affected after WSSV infection, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) was used to produce protein expression profiles from samples taken at 48 h post-infection (hpi) from the stomachs of Litopenaeus vannamei (also called Penae...
Article
In this proteomic analysis of gills from yellow head virus (YHV)-infected Penaeus vannamei, we identified 13 spots with up-regulated protein expression levels and five spots with down-regulated levels. LC-nanoESI-MS/MS indicated that the up-regulated proteins included enzymes in the glycolytic pathway, the tricarboxylic acid cycle and amino acid me...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) gene expression levels in the cells of 2 hosts (Penaeus monodon and Litopenaeus vannamei). Microarray and expressed sequence tag (EST) analysis of the mRNA profiles in WSSV-infected P. monodon cells were used to identify WSSV genes that were very highly expressed. Results showed that the mRNA...

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