Hans-Ulrich Kauczor

Hans-Ulrich Kauczor
Universität Heidelberg · Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology

Prof. Dr.

About

1,676
Publications
122,494
Reads
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33,647
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - December 2013
Heidelberg University Hospital
January 2004 - December 2013
Universität Heidelberg
January 1992 - December 2012
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

Publications

Publications (1,676)
Article
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Background/objectives The aim of this study was to compare intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion weighted (DW) MRI and CT perfusion to assess tumor perfusion of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods In this prospective study, DW-MRI and CT perfusion were conducted in nineteen patients with PDAC on the day before surgery. IVIM an...
Article
Purpose/Objective(s) Adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACCs) are rare epithelial tumors mostly situated in the head and neck region and characterized by infiltrative growth. The tumor stroma of ACCs includes cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) expressing Fibroblast Activation Protein (FAP), a new target for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. Her...
Article
Purpose To examine the performance of radiologists in differentiating COVID-19 from non-COVID-19 atypical pneumonia and to perform an analysis of CT patterns in a study cohort including viral, fungal and atypical bacterial pathogens. Methods Patients with positive RT-PCR tests for COVID-19 pneumonia (n=90) and non-COVID-19 atypical pneumonia (n=29...
Article
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Background Chyle leak is a common complication following pancreatic surgery. After failure of conservative treatment, lymphography is one of the last therapeutic options. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether lymphography represents an effective treatment for severe chyle leak (International study Group on Pancreatic Surgery, grade C)...
Article
Background Many studies emphasize the role of structured reports (SRs) because they are readily accessible for further automated analyses. However, using SR data obtained in clinical routine for research purposes is not yet well represented in literature. Purpose To compare the performance of the Qanadli scoring system with a clot burden score mine...
Article
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Objectives Pulmonary perfusion abnormalities are prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are potentially reversible, and may be associated with emphysema development. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the clinical meaningfulness of perfusion defects in percent (QDP) using DCE-MRI. Methods We investigated a subset of...
Article
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Background Lung emphysema is an important phenotype of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and CT scanning is strongly recommended to establish the diagnosis. This study aimed to identify criteria by which physicians with limited technical resources can improve the diagnosis of emphysema. Methods We studied 436 COPD patients with prospec...
Article
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Purpose Magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) can detect dorsal root ganglia (DRG) hypertrophy in patients with oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OXIPN) but is difficult to apply in clinical daily practice. Aims of this study were (i) to assess whether DRG volume is reliably measurable by routine computed tomography (CT) scans, (ii) to meas...
Article
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Background: Cancer-associated fibroblasts are found in the stroma of epithelial tumors. They are characterized by overexpression of the fibroblast activation protein (FAP), a serine protease which was already proven as attractive target for chelator-based theranostics. Unfortunately, the value of gallium-68 labeled tracers is limited by their batc...
Article
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To evaluate the relationship of cardiac function, including time-volume-curves, with lung volumes derived from pulmonary function tests (PFT) and MRI in subjects without cardiovascular diseases. 216 subjects underwent whole-body MRI and spirometry as part of the KORA-FF4 cohort study. Lung volumes derived semi-automatically using an in-house algori...
Article
Purpose Due to the difficult differentiation from non-specific postoperative soft tissue formation (PSF), early diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma recurrence remains challenging. Thus, we investigated the diagnostic potential of dual-energy (DE) contrast-enhanced CT. Method After potentially curative pancreatic carcinoma resection, 31 consecutive p...
Article
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Background In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), gender-specific differences in the prevalence of symptoms and comorbidity are known. Research question We studied whether the relationship between these characteristics depended on gender and carried diagnostic information regarding cardiac comorbidities. Study design and methods The ana...
Article
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The number of new colorectal cancer cases continues to increase in individuals under 50 years of age in the Western world. Underlying reasons for this observation remain unclear. Here, we compare demographic, clinical, and lifestyle characteristics by age at diagnosis in a large cohort of newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients. We aim to identi...
Article
Rationale: Previous cross-sectional studies demonstrated that chest magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is sensitive to detect early lung disease in infants and preschool children with cystic fibrosis (CF) without radiation exposure. However, the ability of MRI to detect progression of lung disease and the impact of early diagnosis in preschool child...
Article
Purpose: Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) comprise over 200 parenchymal lung disorders. Among them, fibrosing ILDs, especially idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in particular are associated with a poor prognosis, while some others ILDs like sarcoidosis have a much better prognosis. A high proportion of ILD manifests as fibrotic ILD (fILD). Lung c...
Article
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Background Infection control measures for COVID-19 might have affected management and clinical state of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We analysed to which extent this common notion is fact-based. Methods Patients of the COSYCONET cohort were contacted with three recurring surveys (COVID1, 2, 3 at 0, 3 and 6 months). T...
Article
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Purpose Postoperative lymphorrhea can occur after different surgical procedures and may prolong the hospital stay due to the need for specific treatment. In this work, the therapeutic significance of the radiological management of postoperative lymphorrhea was assessed and illustrated. Method A standardized search of the literature was performed i...
Article
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The “bullseye” sign has been exclusively reported in patients suffering from COVID-19 pneumonia. It is theorized that this newly recognised CT feature represents a sign of organizing pneumonia. Well established signs of organizing pneumonia also reported in COVID-19 patients include linear opacities, the “reversed halo” sign (or “atoll” sign), and...
Article
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Objectives To investigate the value of spectral-detector computed tomography (SDCT) parameters for the quantitative differentiation between atelectasis and pneumonia on contrast-enhanced chest CT. Material and methods Sixty-three patients, 22 clinically diagnosed with pneumonia and 41 with atelectasis, underwent contrast-enhanced SDCT scans during...
Article
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Background There is a clinical need for imaging-derived biomarkers for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Observed pulmonary T1 (T1(TE)) depends on the echo-time (TE) and reflects regional pulmonary function. Purpose To investigate the potential diagnostic value of T1(TE) for the assessment of lung disease in COPD pati...
Article
Background: Adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACCs) are rare epithelial tumors mostly situated in the head and neck region and characterized by infiltrative growth. The tumor stroma of ACCs includes cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) expressing Fibroblast Activation Protein (FAP), a new target for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. Here we des...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate dual-energy CT (DE) and dedicated metal artifact reduction algorithms (iMAR) during CT-guided biopsy in comparison to single-energy CT (SE). Methods: A trocar was placed in the liver of six pigs. CT acquisitions were performed with SE and dose equivalent DE at four dose levels(1.7-13.5mGy). Iterative reconstructions were per...
Article
Purpose: We aimed to investigate whether quantitative diffusivity variables of healthy ovaries vary during the menstrual cycle and to evaluate alterations in women using oral contraceptives (OC). Methods: This prospective study (S-339/2016) included 30 healthy female volunteers, with (n = 15) and without (n = 15) intake of OC between 07/2017 and...
Article
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Introduction: To explore the feasibility, safety, and efficiency of ethiodized oil tumor marking combined with irreversible electroporation (IRE) for small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) that were invisible on unenhanced computed tomography (CT). Methods: A retrospective analysis of the institutional database was performed from January 2018 to...
Article
Objective: Evaluation of software tools for segmentation, quantification, and characterization of fibrotic pulmonary parenchyma changes will strengthen the role of CT as biomarkers of disease extent, evolution, and response to therapy in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients. Methods: 418 nonenhanced thin-section MDCTs of 127 IPF patients...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has worldwide individual and socioeconomic consequences. Chest computed tomography has been found to support diagnostics and disease monitoring. A standardized approach to generate, collect, analyze, and share clinical and imaging information in the highest quality possible is urgently needed. We developed systematic, computer...
Article
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Objectives: Virtual non-calcium (VNCa) images could improve assessment of plasma cell dyscrasias by enhancing visibility of bone marrow. Thus, VNCa images from dual-layer spectral CT (DLCT) were evaluated at different calcium suppression (CaSupp) indices, correlating results with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values from MRI. Methods: Thi...
Article
Background: Current guidelines for lung cancer screening via low-dose computed tomography recommend annual screening for all candidates meeting basic eligibility criteria. However, lung cancer risk of eligible screening participants can vary widely, and further risk stratification could be used to individually optimize screening intervals in view...
Preprint
Quantitative information on tumor heterogeneity and cell load could assist in designing effective and refined personalized treatment strategies. It was recently shown by us that such information can be inferred from the diffusion parameter D derived from the diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) if a relation between D and cell density can be established. H...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to analyze size and growth dynamics of focal lesions (FL) as well as to quantify diffuse infiltration (DI) in untreated smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) patients and correlate those MRI features with timepoint and cause of progression. We investigated 199 whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (wb-MRI) scans originatin...
Article
Rationale: Previous studies showed that lumacaftor-ivacaftor therapy results in partial rescue of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) activity and moderate improvement of spirometry in Phe508del homozygous patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, the effects of lumacaftor-ivacaftor on lung clearance index (LCI), lung mor...
Preprint
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Detector-based spectral computed tomography is a recent dual-energy CT (DECT) technology that offers the possibility of obtaining spectral information. From this spectral data, different types of images can be derived, amongst others virtual monoenergetic (monoE) images. MonoE images potentially exhibit decreased artifacts, improve contrast, and ov...
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Background Axillary ultrasound (AUS) is a standard procedure in the preoperative clinical identification of axillary metastatic lymph node (LN) involvement. It guides decisions about local and systemic therapy for patients with early breast cancer (EBC). But there is only weak evidence on the diagnostic criteria and standard interpretation. The aim...
Article
Purpose This study aimed to evaluate contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) features for prediction of arterial tumor invasion in pancreatic cancer (PDAC) patients in the event of arterial encasement >180° after neoadjuvant (radio-)chemotherapy (NAT). Methods Seventy PDAC patients with seventy-five arteries showing encasement >180° after co...
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Introduction Deep Learning has been proposed as promising tool to classify malignant nodules. Our aim was to retrospectively validate our Lung Cancer Prediction Convolutional Neural Network (LCP-CNN), which was trained on US screening data, on an independent dataset of indeterminate nodules in an European multicentre trial, to rule out benign nodul...
Preprint
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Background: Differentiation of cystic pancreatic neoplasms remains a challenging task for radiologists with main aim of characterizing malignant and premalignant conditions. Purpose: The study aimed to compare radiological features of lymphoepithelial cysts (LEC) with other cystic pancreatic lesions, which could help to differentiate them in order...
Article
Purpose This study aimed to investigate the role of cross-sectional imaging in differentiating between benign and malignant splenic lesions based on various imaging features. Methods Database of imaging reports from January 2015 to December 2017 were searched dedicatedly for "spleen" or "splenic" terms to identify patients with splenic lesions fou...
Article
Use of molecular targeting agents and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has increased the frequency and broadened the spectrum of lung toxicity, particularly in patients with cancer. The diagnosis of drug-related pneumonitis (DRP) is usually achieved by excluding other potential known causes. Awareness of the incidence and risk factors for DRP is...
Article
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Increasing use of molecular targeting agents and immune checkpoint inhibitors has increased the frequency and broadened the spectrum of lung toxicity, particularly in patients with cancer. In this position paper from the Fleischner Society, the authors provide diagnostic criteria and management recommendations of drug-related pneumonitis for radiol...
Article
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Background Despite synchronization to respiration, respiration-navigated (RN) 3D turbo-spin-echo MRCP is limited by susceptibility to motion artifacts. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of pancreaticobiliary duct visualization of a non-RN MRCP alternative based on balanced steady-state free precession imaging (BSSFP) with overlapping...
Book
This book reviews the basics of pulmonary functional imaging using new CT and MR techniques and describes the clinical applications of these techniques in detail. The intention is to equip readers with a full understanding of pulmonary functional imaging that will allow optimal application of all relevant techniques in the assessment of a variety o...
Article
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the potential of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) as imaging biomarker for epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: In forty-two patients, preoperative apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of therapy-naive PDAC were compared wit...
Article
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Hypoxia is a hallmark of pancreatic cancer (PDAC) due to its compact and extensive fibrotic tumor stroma. Hypoxia contributes to high lethality of this disease, by inducing a more malignant phenotype and resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. Thus, non-invasive methods to quantify hypoxia could be helpful for treatment decisions, for monitoring,...
Article
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Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is an ablation procedure in which cell death is induced by ultrashort electrical pulses. In this unicentric retrospective study we investigated the influence of needle positioning on ablation success. 15 IREs with residual tumor after ablation, detected in the first follow-up MRI, were included, and compared with...
Article
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An evaluation of energy thresholding and acquisition mode for metal artifact reduction in Photon-counting detector CT (PCD-CT) compared to conventional energy-integrating detector CT (EID-CT) was performed. Images of a hip prosthesis phantom placed in a water bath were acquired on a scanner with PCD-CT and EID-CT (tube potentials: 100, 120 and 140...
Article
Objective Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) is a convenient method to visualize left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi. We determined whether diagnostic accuracy improves by including dual-energy as compared to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Furthermore, the influence of protocol parameters on radiation dose were quantified.Methods P...
Article
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Objectives Loss of body weight is often seen in pancreatic cancer and also predicts poor prognosis. Thus, maintaining muscle mass is an essential treatment goal. The primary aim was to investigate whether progressive resistance training impacts muscle and adipose tissue compartments. Furthermore, the effect of body composition on overall survival (...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background To evaluate the relationship of cardiac function, including time-volume-curves, with lung volumes derived from pulmonary function tests (PFT) and MRI in subjects without cardiovascular diseases. Methods 216 subjects underwent whole-body MRI and spirometry as part of the KORA-FF4 cohort study. Lung volumes derived semi-automatically usin...
Article
Purpose To examine the relationship between superficial lesions (such as bruises, hematomas, deep abrasions, and soft tissue emphysema) and internal post-traumatic injuries, assessed using whole-body computed tomography (WBCT), and to determine if these are valid markers for internal injuries. Methods and Materials 250 patients who underwent WBCT e...
Article
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In the management of patients with postoperative lymphatic fistula (LF) in different locations, iodized oil-based lymphangiography (LAG) from trans-pedal or intranodal route is an established diagnostic approach with the potential to plan further interventional treatments. However, specific lymphatic interventions are indicated depending on differe...
Article
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Background To demonstrate the efficacy of percutaneous computed tomography (CT)-guided afferent lymphatic vessel sclerotherapy (ALVS) in the treatment of postoperative lymphatic leakage (LL) after ineffective therapeutic transpedal lymphangiography (TL). Methods A retrospective review in this institute involving 201 patients was conducted from May...
Article
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PURPOSE Image analysis is one of the most promising applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in health care, potentially improving prediction, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases. Although scientific advances in this area critically depend on the accessibility of large-volume and high-quality data, sharing data between institutions faces vario...
Article
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Background and aim: Assessment of appropriateness of CT pulmonary angiograms (CTPA) in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) is based on risk stratification algorithms such as simplified the Geneva Score (sGS) in combination with D-dimer blood tests. The aim of this study was to validate the diagnostic yield and appropriateness of CTPA e...
Article
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Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, accounting for almost a fifth of all cancer-related deaths. Annual computed tomographic lung cancer screening (CTLS) detects lung cancer at earlier stages and reduces lung cancer-related mortality among high-risk individuals. Many medical organizations, including the United States...