Hans Von Suchodoletz

Hans Von Suchodoletz
University of Leipzig · Institute for Geography

Dr.

About

83
Publications
23,311
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1,398
Citations
Citations since 2017
50 Research Items
749 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Introduction
I am a physical geographer with a focus on Quaternary geology, geomorphology and geoarchaeology, and aim to reconstruct the Pleistocene and Holocene landscape evolution and human-environmental interactions. During my research I study fluvial, colluvial, aeolian and lacustrine terrestrial sediment archives and paleosols as well as their surrounding landscape contexts. My spatial research focus is on naturally fragile landscapes such as drylands, mountain regions and loess-covered areas.

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
The Jizera River in Czechia is a typical mid‐sized Central European watercourse. Its floodplain shows a morphological contrast between the laterally stable low‐sinuous current channel and preserved palaeomeanders. The aim of this paper was to date and explain the obvious metamorphosis of the channel pattern from meandering to low‐sinuous. We analys...
Data
These data contain supplementary data [input parameters for hydrological modeling, drilling core descriptions, analytical data, paleoecological data, unbiased trench photos, photos of thin sections and paeoecological finds, figure of regional tectonic pattern] of the article Suchodoletz et al. (2022): Human-environmental interactions and seismic ac...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term human-environmental interactions in naturally fragile drylands are a focus of geomorphological and geoarchaeological research. Furthermore, many dryland societies were also affected by seismic activity. The semi-arid Shiraki Plain in the tectonically active southeastern Caucasus is currently covered by steppe and largely devoid of settlem...
Article
Full-text available
The Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 2 is considered the coldest, driest and stormiest period during the last Glacial-Interglacial cycle in large parts of Eurasia. This resulted from strongly decreased northern hemisphere temperature and related maximum extension of northern ice sheets that strongly reinforced large-scale circulation modes such as wester...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Playas are endorheic sediment basins in drylands that are temporally filled with water. During dry seasons, their surfaces are generally covered with a thick crust of clay-rich clastic material and soluble salts. Strong winds can mobilize that fine-grained material, including the salts, from the playa surfaces as aeolian dust that strongly affects...
Article
Full-text available
The paper investigates potentials and challenges during the interpretation of prehistoric settlement dynamics based on large archaeological datasets. Exemplarily, this is carried out using a database of 1365 Neolithic sites in the Weiße Elster river catchment in Central Germany located between the southernmost part of the Northern German Plain and...
Article
Full-text available
The resilience of Neanderthals towards changing climatic and environmental conditions, and especially towards severely cold climates in northern regions of central Europe, is still under debate. One way to address this is to investigate multi-layered occupation in different climatic intervals, using independently-compiled paleoenvironmental and chr...
Chapter
Die geoarchäologische Forschung ist in starkem Maße vom jeweiligen Naturraum und seiner geomorphologischen und klimageographischen Ausstattung abhängig. Das Kapitel betrachtet zunächst fluviale Systeme in humiden und ariden Räumen, das heißt Flusslandschaften im Hinblick auf ihre Bedeutung für die menschliche Besiedelungsgeschichte und ihre Erforsc...
Chapter
Zu den Kernthemen der Geoarchäologie zählt der Umgang mit verschiedenartigen natürlichen, quasinatürlichen und anthropogen abgelagerten Sedimenten, die Rückschlüsse auf unterschiedliche geomorphologische Prozesse und menschliche Aktivitäten zulassen. Im ersten Abschnitt betrachtet das Kapitel diese Prozesse eingehend und stellt unterschiedliche Sed...
Article
Full-text available
The complex and non-linear fluvial river dynamics are characterized by repeated periods of fluvial erosion and re-deposition in different parts of the floodplain. Understanding the fluvial architecture, i.e. the threedimensional arrangement and genetic interconnectedness of different sediment types, is therefore fundamental to obtain well-based inf...
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript documents geological master data and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data of a standardized 8*8 km sampling grid of the entire Weiße Elster catchment in Central Germany. Further, the manuscript documents XRF data of a refined 4*4 km sampling grid in the proximity of Salsitz floodplain transect as well as grain size data and XRF data of Sal...
Article
Full-text available
Wetland environments, with their excellent conservation conditions, provide geoarchaeological archives of past human activities. However, the subsurface soil is difficult to access due to high groundwater tables, unstable sediments, and the high cost of excavation. In this study, we present a ground-based non- and minimal-invasive prospection conce...
Article
Full-text available
Hydro-sedimentary processes such as soil erosion, sediment transport, deposition, and re-deposition influence the environmental evolution of floodplains, especially in loess-covered catchments. Holocene floodplain deposits are thus a source of information on previous hydro-sedimentary dynamics and land use in the catchment. Resulting from forest cl...
Article
Full-text available
The prevailing view suggests that the Eemian interglacial on the European Plain was characterized by largely negligible geomorphic activity beyond the coastal areas. However, systematic geomorphological studies are sparse. Here we present a detailed reconstruction of Eemian to Early Weichselian landscape evolution in the vicinity of a small fingerl...
Article
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This article discusses the first basic framework of Quaternary landscape evolution in a main large river valley of the drylands of northeastern Iran and the first geomorphic frame for human migrations in the important migration corridor of central Asia.
Article
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During the last decades, rivers and their deposits in different regions were intensively studied to better understand the late-Quaternary landscape evolution and former human activities. One proxy for paleoecological and paleoclimatic reconstructions is the analysis of gastropods (snails) from carbonatic river sediments. In the scope of this study,...
Data
This data contains the supplement of "Snail assemblages in Holocene floodplain research – an example from the southern Caucasus", i.e. the data table of the snail assemblages.
Article
Full-text available
Fluvial sediments are valuable paleoenvironmental archives of the Quaternary. Since besides environmental factors they are also affected by local tectonics or intrinsic processes, large instead of small catchments should be studied. In drylands covering ca. 45% of the global terrestrial surface large river systems are generally missing, and most ri...
Article
Full-text available
The Holocene paleoclimate of the Caucasus region is rather complex and not yet well understood: while existing studies are mainly based on pollen records from high‐altitude and humid lowland regions, no records are available from the semi‐humid to semi‐arid south‐eastern Caucasian lowlands. Therefore, this study investigated compound‐specific δ²H a...
Article
Full-text available
Leaf wax n-alkanes are increasingly used for quantitative paleoenvironmental reconstructions. However, this is complicated in sediment archives with associated hydrological catchments since the stored n-alkanes can have different ages and origins. 14C dating of the n-alkanes yields independent age information for these proxies, allowing their corre...
Article
Full-text available
Preface: Special Issue "Geoarchaeology and past human-environment interactions", E&G Quaternary Sci. J., 68, 237-240, https://doi.org/10.5194/egqsj-68-237-2020, 2020. 1 Geoarchaeology: emerging fields and current challenges Geoarchaeology incorporates various research areas at the interface between geosciences and archaeology. The discipline had al...
Article
Geoarchäologische Erkenntnisse zur stratigraphischen Position archäologischer Fundstellen im unteren Pleißetal
Article
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The site of Uichteritz (Saxony-Anhalt, Germany) is a Quaternary gravel quarry hosting several Middle-Pleistocene fluvial units of the Saale River. This fluvial archive contains detailed information on (1) the timing of Middle Pleistocene fluvial aggradation and erosion periods in the region, (2) the driving forces for those alternations, as well as...
Article
Full-text available
Undisturbed sediments are an important source for the reconstruction of the Holocene development of valleys. Wide floodplains with relatively small rivers in a region settled since 5500 BCE offer opportunities for investigations regarding climatic and anthropogenic landscape change. In the context of a motorway construction, excavations were carrie...
Article
Full-text available
Leaf wax n-alkanes are increasingly used for quantitative reconstructions of past environmental changes. However, this is complicated in sediment archives with associated hydrological catchments since the stored n-alkanes can have different ages and origins. Direct 14C-dating of the n-alkanes has a great potential to derive independent age informat...
Data
- SOM-1: Location of the XRF-samples from the catchment of the investigated FSPS - SOM-2: A: Results from purified sedimentary n -alkanes of FSPS; B: n -alkane results from black shales from the uppermost Alazani subcatchment - SOM-3: XRF element data used for this study
Article
Full-text available
Leaf wax-derived long-chain n-alkanes are increasingly used for paleovegetation reconstructions, but have hardly been applied to fluvial sediments so far. However, such analyses could significantly enhance knowledge of the former vegetation in many regions devoid of non-fluvial sediment archives. Therefore, this exemplary study investigates potenti...
Article
Full-text available
Long-chain n-alkanes originate from leaf waxes of higher terrestrial plants, they are relatively resistant against physical and chemical degradation and are preserved in sediment archives for at least millennial timescales. Since their homologue patterns discriminate between vegetation forms, they were increasingly used for paleovegetation reconstr...
Data
- SOM-1: Geographical data and site characterization for sample locations - SOM-2: Description of the sampled sites with photographs - SOM-3: n-Alkane results from plants and topsoils, Environmental parameters, Comparison endmember model with different ratios
Article
Full-text available
Mountain regions such as the Lesser Caucasus are a focus of ongoing environmental changes. To understand their future evolution, information about their former geomorphic and environmental dynamics is required. The former fluvial dynamics derived from fluvial sediment archives can offer such insights. However, the fluvial dynamics of the Lesser Cau...
Article
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The mid-Holocene climate of Northwest Arabia is characterised by a significant increase in aridity which gave rise to changes in water management strategies including sophisticated techniques at later stages. The Rasif site, situated in Northwest Saudi Arabia, reveals a Late Neolithic society with multi-roomed domestic structures (1st phase, 6th mi...
Article
Full-text available
On Lanzarote (Canary Islands) Late Quaternary Saharan dust and volcanic material were trapped in Miocence to Pliocene valleys dammed by volcanic lava flows. These trapped sediments are potentially interesting as they can be natural archives useful to reconstruct the terrestrial palaeoclimate history of the NW African margin. Nevertheless, slope was...
Data
This data set presents (i) the table with climate data that were used to calculate annual precipitation and potential amount of soil seepage water at the investigated sites, and (ii) data that were used to calculate the (pedogenic) enhancement of magnetic susceptibility at the investigated sites.
Article
Full-text available
A well-based knowledge about the former distribution of Chernozems and Phaeozems is necessary to (i) better understand the factors influencing formation and degradation of these highly fertile soils, and (ii) better explain prehistoric settlement patterns that were also determined by natural factors such as soil fertility. During this archaeopedolo...
Data
Climate and discharge data used for statistical correlations
Data
R-script : Calculation of the correlations between regional climate data and Alazani discharge
Article
Full-text available
In the context of global climate change, flooding becomes an increasingly serious threat to modern societies, and future flooding can only be understood using long-term geological flood records also encompassing Holocene climate variability. Unlike other regions, Holocene flooding in the Caucasus region is only poorly understood so far: Whereas som...
Data
Descriptions, detailed drawings, analytical results and positions of dating samples of the investigated sections
Article
Full-text available
The southern Caucasus was intensively settled through the Neolithic period to present. Studies of late Quaternary fluvial dynamics and landscape development at the lower Shulaveris Ghele River in southeastern Georgia aid understanding of the Quaternary history of this region. Our studies show that following river aggradation to form a fan-shaped al...
Article
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The Sahara is the world's largest dust source with significant impacts on trans-Atlantic terrestrial and large-scale marine ecosystems. Contested views about a gradual or abrupt onset of Saharan aridity at the end of the African Humid Period dominate the current scientific debate about the Holocene Saharan desiccation. In this study, we present a 1...
Article
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One reaction of rivers toward allogenic triggers is the large-scale river channel migration in the form of avulsions or progressive lateral migrations (combing) that are widespread phenomena around the world during the late Quaternary. Because they potentially cause significant human and economic losses and significantly change geomorphic processes...
Article
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This paper describes dune sand-paleosol-sequences of four pits in Northern Fuerteventura (Canary Islands). The elaborated stratigraphy is reinforced with luminescence dating to provide a first chronological estimation. Apart from a Holocene colluvial layer, the sequence spans the period from ca. 50 ka to ca. 280 ka. Paleosols were formed during gla...
Article
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In order to obtain information about landscape activity and stability during the Late Quaternary in the Transcaucasian region, fluvial sediments of the lower Algeti River in SE-Georgia were studied by means of geomorphologic, sedimentologic and geochronologicmethods. These investigations showthat sediments aggraded by the Late Pleistocene braided A...
Article
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The hydrology of western Central Asia is highly sensitive to climatic perturbations. In order to understand its long-term variability and to infer linkages between precipitation and atmospheric and oceanic systems, we conducted a thorough sedimentary and geochemical study on a composite core retrieved in lake Son Kul (central Kyrgyzstan). A multi-p...
Article
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In Zauschwitz (Western Saxonian loess area, Central Germany), a ca. 7 m thick loesspalaeosol sequence underlain by fluvial gravels and sands was investigated in order to study regional palaeoenvironmental changes during the late Weichselian Pleniglacial. The lithostratigraphic classification of the loess-palaeosol sequence was combined with polymin...
Chapter
Full-text available
The eastern Canary Islands (Lanzarote and Fuerteventura) are located at the transition between the Mediterranean and the Saharan climate region off NW-Africa. Thus, they are a key area for the investigation of palaeoenvironmental changes. During the last years we investigated two different kinds of palaeoenvironmental archives there: 1) vega sedime...
Article
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The sedimentological and geochemical properties of a 747 m long laminated sequence from hypersaline Lake Yoa in northern Chad have been investigated, representing a unique, continuous 6100 year long continental record of climate and environmental change in the eastern Central Sahara. These data were used to reconstruct the Mid to Late Holocene hist...
Article
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The 118 km long Algeti River originates in the northern Lesser Caucasus and is a right tributary of the Kura (Mtkvari) River, the main receiving stream of the eastern Transcaucasian Depression located between the Greater and the Lesser Caucasus. The meandering lower course of the Algeti River crosses the Marneuli Depression, a tectonic basin at the...
Article
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The significance of Saharan dust deposits for ecosystems has been demonstrated in several studies, showing its influence on pedogenesis and soil chemical and physical parameters by the addition of nutrient elements. This contribution is especially important for volcanic soils poor in plant-available phosphorous as those of the island of La Palma (C...
Article
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As evidenced by a number of lake sediment records, the climate in central Asia has experienced a significant change from wet to dry during the Holocene. However, it is still highly debated on which component of atmospheric circulation, either mid-latitude westerlies or Asian monsoon, should be responsible for the climate change in central Asia. By...