Hans Peter Peters

Hans Peter Peters
Freie Universität Berlin | FUB · Institute for Media and Communication Studies

Dr. rer. soc.
Editor, Public Understanding of Science

About

146
Publications
25,607
Reads
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2,734
Citations
Citations since 2017
21 Research Items
1162 Citations
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Introduction
Interested in public communication of science, cross-cultural analyses of scientists' involvement in public communication, scientists as public experts, and how media and public conceptualize science and its relationships with the broader society. Editor of "Public Understanding of Science".
Additional affiliations
May 1981 - December 2020
Forschungszentrum Jülich
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
April 1981 - September 1984
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Field of study
  • Social Sciences
October 1976 - February 1981
Universität zu Köln
Field of study
  • Physics; Social Sciences

Publications

Publications (146)
Article
Full-text available
As scientists continue to embrace the Internet as both producers and consumers of information, the lines between journalism, blogging and public relations become increasingly blurred. Will this trend usurp traditional media's role in science reporting, or provide new contexts and interactions that enhance it?
Article
The present article presents an up-to-date account of the current media relations of scientists, based on a comprehensive analysis of relevant surveys. The evidence suggests that most scientists consider visibility in the media important and responding to journalists a professional duty-an attitude that is reinforced by universities and other scien...
Chapter
International surveys of biomedical researchers and of public information officers, along with further evidence, show a medialization of science in the interactions of (biomedical) science and journalism. It is argued that this implies the institutionalization, professionalization and strategic utilization of media contacts by scientific sources on...
Article
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A survey reveals that media contacts of scientists in top R&D countries are more frequent and smooth than was previously thought.
Article
More than two decades ago the Public Engagement with Science and Technology (PEST) paradigm gained influence in the field of science communication, marked by the publication of the third report of the House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology in the year 2000. The approach advocated in the report went beyond the traditional Public U...
Article
Full-text available
Sharon Dunwoody gained international reputation for her research on science journalism and media risk communication. Drawing on her publications published over more than four decades and the author’s long-lasting collaboration with her, this commentary elaborates on three of her most characteristic beliefs and orientations and suggests that they ma...
Article
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Organizational science communication of higher education institutions (and research institutes outside the university sector) came into view of scholars of “science journalism” soon after the begin of systematic studies of the scientist-journalist relationship. While the pioneering French study of scientists’ relationship with the mass media by Bol...
Article
Special Issue 30 Years of PUS: Past and Future of 'Science & Public' - Scholarship, Social Context, Practice, https://journals.sagepub.com/toc/pusa/31/3
Chapter
Through traditional mass media, social media and websites we frequently encounter experts who analyse the current economic situation, explain risks and give advice on health problems, warn against global warming or comment on the chances and risks of technologies. Against permanent low-level background visibility of experts across many topics of pu...
Chapter
In Germany, science popularisation through public talks of scientists, public shows, museums, popular science magazines and even newspapers dates back to the 19th century. The post-war development of science communication in West Germany was characterised by the (modified) adoption of two Anglo- Saxon models: US science journalism leading to profes...
Article
This essay discusses models of science communication. It concludes that while public trust in science and the relationship between science and society are important, the core function of science is creation and provision of knowledge and hence this should be prioritized in the public communication of science. The turn from “public understanding of...
Article
The relevance of public relations (PR) efforts of scientific organizations for public communication of science is increasingly recognized. PR departments are not mere mediators between scientists and journalists but represent the stakeholder interests of their organizations in the public sphere and are communicative actors themselves. Previous Taiw...
Article
Editorial outlining my views and plans as new editor of "Public Understanding of Science".
Chapter
Umfragen zeigen: Das Verhältnis von Wissenschaftlern zu Journalisten, früher oftmals beklagt, ist wesentlich besser als sein Ruf. Und das gilt trotz teils unterschiedlicher Auffassungen über die Art der Beziehung. Manche Wissenschaftler erwarten vom Journalismus, dass er als ihr Sprachrohr fungiert, sie bei der Durchsetzung ihrer Interessen unterst...
Chapter
Im Fokus des Kapitels steht die Beteiligung von WissenschaftlerInnen an der medialen öffentlichen Kommunikation. Befragungen zeigen, dass die meisten Wissenschaftler Wissenschaftskommunikation für wichtig halten, Nutzen damit verbinden und sich auch selbst daran beteiligen. Wissenschaftler mit Medienerfahrung äußern sich überwiegend positiv oder am...
Chapter
Full-text available
This is the (unauthorized) reprint of a short article published in issue 1/1982 of "Soziologie. Mitteilungsblatt der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie" describing some results of my thesis written as part of my state examination in 1981. While the empirical results are sound in my opinion, their interpretation seems a little simplistic and outd...
Article
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O presente estudo traz as percepções de cientistas brasileiros sobre a cobertura de temas da ciência pela mídia e da relação que eles têm com jornalistas. De caráter qualitativo, insere-se em um estudo nacional, no qual foi realizada uma enquete. A partir da enquete, identificamos alguns aspectos que foram aprofundados por meio de entrevistas semie...
Conference Paper
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The paper summarizes the four contributions to a panel on scientific uncertainty in the mass media, looking on how the media deal with uncertainty, what it means for the audience, and how to improve media coverage of scientific uncertainty.
Article
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Based on 21 individual case studies, this article inventories the ways journalism deals with scientific uncertainty. The study identifies the decisions that impact a journalist's perception of a truth claim as unambiguous or ambiguous and the strategies to deal with uncertainty that arise from this perception. Key for understanding journalistic act...
Article
This introduction sets the stage for the special issue on the public communication of scientific uncertainty that follows by sketching the wider landscape of issues related to the communication of uncertainty and showing how the individual contributions fit into that landscape. The first part of the introduction discusses the creation of media cont...
Article
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In order to map scientists' views on media channels and explore their experiences interacting with journalists, the authors conducted a survey of about 1,000 Brazilian scientists. Results indicate that scientists have clear and high expectations about how journalists should act in reporting scientific information in the media, but such expectations...
Article
Zeitungen, Zeitschriften, Hörfunk und Fernsehen greifen in ihrer Berichterstattung gern und häufig auf "Experten" als Informationsquellen zurück. Experten finden sich in Artikeln und Sendungen über Umwelt, Gesundheit und technische Innovationen, aber auch in solchen über politische Ereignisse und Projekte, gesellschaftliche Trends und sogar Sport....
Article
The relationship between scientists and journalists is much better than its image would suggest. Scientists not only believe that public communication is a duty, but also that media visibility is beneficial. Scientific culture differs from that of journalism, which causes partially discrepant expectations; but in most cases these do not preclude sa...
Article
The article presents results from surveys of life scientists in Taiwan (n = 270) and in Germany (n = 326). Fewer Taiwanese than German researchers have frequent contact with the media and they rate their experiences with journalists less positively. Furthermore, they are less prepared to adapt to journalistic expectations and to a greater extent th...
Chapter
Full-text available
See also: https://books.google.de/books?id=QsLJBAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Neue+Governance+der+Wissenschaft:+Reorganisation+-+externe+Anforderungen+%E2%80%93+Medialisierung&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiU6_r4yMbcAhWBDewKHTsACcwQ6AEIJzAA#v=onepage&q=Neue%20Governance%20der%20Wissenschaft%3A%20Reorganisation%20-%20externe%20Anforderungen%20%E2%80%93%20M...
Chapter
Seit den 1970er-Jahren prägen Kontroversen um Technologien die westlichen Gesellschaften und führten zu Legitimationskrisen bestimmter wissenschaftlichtechnischer Entwicklungen wie etwa Kernenergie, Gentechnik oder Chemie. Die Legitimationsproblematik erfasste auch das technikproduzierende System, einschließlich des Staates als Förderer der Technik...
Article
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Because the neurosciences affect many areas of society and culture, they receive much public attention. Brain research and other focuses of neuroscience are regularly featured in the mass media, calling on neuroscientists to serve as sources. Based on 30 semi-structured interviews with neuroscientists in the United States and Germany, this article...
Article
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For several decades scholars have studied media reporting on scientific issues that involve controversy. Most studies so far have focused on the western world. This article tries to broaden the perspective by considering China and comparing it to a western country. A content analysis of newspaper coverage of vaccination issues in the UK and China s...
Article
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The transformation of today’s mass media system leads to uncertainty about communication behaviors concerning scientific issues. So far, few researchers have investigated this issue among scientists. We conducted a survey of neuroscientists in Germany and the United States in which we asked them about their own information-seeking behaviors and the...
Conference Paper
Among other factors, beliefs about the public, about the relationship between science and the public, and about communication effects are likely to influence how scientists communicate with the public. Scientists, for example, may apply an information dissemination perspective or look for interaction and dialog, they may adopt a paternalistic attit...
Data
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Scientific policy advice is usually perceived as a formalized advisory process within political institutions. Politics has benefited from this arrangement because the science-based rationalization of policy has contributed to its legitimacy. However, in Western democratic societies, scientific expertise that is routinely mobilized to legitimate pol...
Article
Because the neurosciences affect many areas of society and culture, they receive much public attention. Brain research and other focuses of neuroscience are regularly featured in the mass media, calling on neuroscientists to serve as sources. Based on 30 semi-structured interviews with neuroscientists in the United States and Germany, this article...
Chapter
Wissenschaftler sind in vielfacher Weise und in verschiedenen Rollen, direkt oder vermittelt, in wissenschaftsexterne Kommunikationsprozesse eingebunden, in denen Wissenschaft auf verschiedene Weisen und in mannigfaltigen Kontexten thematisiert wird. Sie bilden Lehrer und Ärzte aus, die dann wissenschaftliches Wissen an Schüler und Patienten weiter...
Chapter
Full-text available
Available online at: http://www.pcst2012.org/images/PCST2012_Book_of_Papers.pdf
Chapter
See also: https://books.google.de/books?id=zxV173kHaIgC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%C3%96ffentliche+Wissenschaft+und+Neue+Medien.+Die+Rolle+der+Web+2.0-Kultur+in+der+Wissenschaftsvermittlung.&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj_04yWycbcAhVH26QKHXEuDWAQ6AEIJzAA#v=onepage&q=%C3%96ffentliche%20Wissenschaft%20und%20Neue%20Medien.%20Die%20Rolle%20der%20Web%202.0-Kultur...
Article
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That media reporting on technologies has a strong impact on the corresponding beliefs and attitudes of the audience is an often expressed but hardly proven as-sumption. A number of hypotheses have been proposed and empirically tested. Due to methodological difficulties the results were often inconclusive. The work described here uses an approach di...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the results of a survey carried out at two space outreach events in the UK aimed at characterising “the public for space exploration” and measuring public support for space exploration. Attitude towards space exploration and policy preferences were used as measures of public support. The sample involved 744 respondents and was...
Article
Scientific policy advice is usually perceived as a formalized advisory process within political institutions. Politics has benefited from this arrangement because the science-based rationalization of policy has contributed to its legitimacy. However, in Western democratic societies, scientific expertise that is routinely mobilized to legitimate pol...
Article
Full-text available
Welche energiepolitische Strategie wird am ehesten der Gesellschaft und ihrer weiteren Entwicklung gerecht? Das Projekt "Sozialverträglichkeit von Energieversorgungssystemen" versucht zur Beantwortung dieser Frage beizutragen. Sozialverträglichkeit bedeutet die Übereinstimmung einer Entwicklung in einem gesellschaftlichen Bereich (etwa Technik, Wir...
Book
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Das Jülicher Projekt hat sich vor allem mit dem Aspekt der politischen Konsensfähigkeit eines Energiesystems befaßt, deren Bedingungen analysiert werden. Unter Sozialverträglichkeit wird die Übereinstimmung einer Entwicklung in einem gesellschaftlichen Bereich (etwa Technik, Wirtschaftsordnung oder auch Energiepolitik) mit den in der Gesellschaft v...
Article
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Zwei parallele Forschungsprojekte zur "Sozialverträglichkeit- von Energieversorgungssystemen" wurden initiert: Das eine Projekt wurde unter der Leitung von Prof. Meyer-Abich und Prof. Schefold in der Vereinigung Deutscher Wissenschaftler an den Universitäten Essen und Frankfurt von 1980 bis 1984 durchgeführt; das andere Projekt wurde unter der wiss...
Article
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Die vier Pfade der Enquete-Kommission "Zukünftige Kernenergiepolitik", die 1979 als technisch mögliche Versorgungssysteme für die Zukunft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland entwickelt worden sind, wurden durch ein Forschungsteam der Kernforschungsanlage Jülich auf ihre soziale Verträglichkeit hin untersucht. Sozialverträglichkeit wurde dabei als Ausmaß...
Article
Full-text available
Results from a cross-national quantitative study of 3,301 visitors to four large physics research centers in Europe focus on short-term learning and motivational effects. The authors collected data from these visitors before and after visiting the centers as part of a research project funded by the European Union. Overall, visitors' knowledge of th...
Article
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Durante al menos una década, el cambio climático global ha sido un tema muy importante en la cobertura de los medios de comunicación alemanes. Teorías acerca de los medios, tales como los de la "cultivación" y la "agenda setting" nos llevan a suponer que la cobertura informativa sobre el cambio climático tendrá un impacto sobre la percepción de rie...
Chapter
Die Wissenschaft sieht sich zunehmend mit der Anforderung konfrontiert, politik- und handlungsrelevantes Wissen bereitzustellen. Gleichzeitig wird ein Rückgang an Vertrauen in die Wissenschaft beklagt und die Forderung nach risikosensibler sowie problem- und nutzenorientierter Forschung erhoben. Aus diesem Spannungsfeld heraus ergeben sich vielfält...
Article
An international mail survey of 1,354 biomedical researchers in five countries has revealed that interaction with the media is widespread among this group and that this interaction is largely perceived in a positive light. Possible reasons are offered as to why the perception persists that the scientist-journalist relationship remains troubled, des...
Chapter
Full-text available
Sociologists have diagnosed an increasing ‘medialization’ of science—that is, an orientation towards the mass media, with the consequence that media criteria become relevant within science. The medialization of science is seen in this chapter as a consequence of the medialization of politics. Based on empirical surveys of German researchers, public...
Article
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For at least a decade, global climate change has been a very important topic in German mass media coverage. Theories of media effects such as “cultivation” and “agenda setting” lead us to expect that climate change reporting will have an impact on the risk perception of the media audience. Furthermore, because of the medialization of politics, medi...
Chapter
In a “media society”, the science-media interface is crucial for effective science communication. Two German mail surveys of scientists and journalists show a co-orientation, but also systematic differences between both professional groups with respect to interaction-relevant expectations. In particular, scientists and journalists disagree about wh...
Chapter
Die kurz- und mittelfristige Anpassung an den Klimawandel im Küstenschutz kann mit den etablierten Bemessungsverfahren, der etablierten Küstenschutzstrategie und der derzeitigen Organisation bei einer allerdings entsprechenden Erhöhung der finanziellen Ressourcen realisiert werden. Dazu ist es erforderlich, dass der beschleunigte Meeresspiegelansti...
Article
Full-text available
Using ‘general trust in institutions’ and ‘concepts of nature’ as examples, the article analyzes the influence of cultural factors on sense-making of food biotechnology and the resulting public attitudes in the USA and Germany. According to the hypotheses investigated, different levels of trust and appreciation of nature explain part of the well-kn...
Article
Purpose This paper aims at studying implicit knowledge management practices in research groups using a theoretical model of knowledge creation. The goal is to identify factors that contribute to high knowledge productivity. Based on the findings of a study of German research groups, implications for developing countries shall be discussed. Design/...
Article
Waste management has become a major environmental issue in Germany. The siting of waste incineration especially arouses strong local opposition. The study presented here is related to such a case (i.e., a planned waste incineration facility in a small West German village). The study is based on a telephone survey aimed at the information needs of t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Based on a mail survey of journalists and experts we analyzed the science-journalism interface in the German discourse on global climate change. The purpose was to better understand how scientific knowledge is integrated into public discourses and to explore what happens to the meaning of scientific knowledge when it enters the realm of the media....

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