Hannu Tenhunen

Hannu Tenhunen
KTH Royal Institute of Technology | KTH · EECS

PhD, MScEE, Dr.h.c

About

978
Publications
248,423
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
11,207
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2006 - present
University of Turku
Position
  • visitng professor
August 2003 - December 2013
Tallinn University of Technology
Position
  • Honorary Doctor (Dr.h.c.)
January 1992 - present
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (978)
Article
Full-text available
The real-time recognition of pain level is required to perform an accurate pain assessment of patients in the intensive care unit, infants, and other subjects who may not be able to communicate verbally or even express the sensation of pain. Facial expression is a key pain-related behavior that may unlock the answer to an objective pain measurement...
Article
The impact that artificial intelligence (AI) has made across several industries in today’s society is clearly seen in applications ranging from medical diagnosis to customer service chatbots, to financial trading. It is also evident that AI has a huge role to play in emerging and future applications and will be increasingly used in mission-critical...
Chapter
Smart grid is a new revolution in the energy sector in which the aging utility grid will be replaced with a grid that supports two-way communication between customers and the utility company. There are two popular smart-grid reference architectures. NIST (National Institute for Standards and Technology) has drafted a reference architecture in which...
Chapter
This article describes a framework for load shedding techniques using dynamic pricing and multi-agent system. The islanded microgrid uses solar panels and battery energy management system as a source of energy to serve remote communities who have no access to the grid with a randomized type of power in terms of individual load. The generated framew...
Article
Full-text available
While the effectiveness of fog computing in Internet of Things (IoT) applications has been widely investigated in various studies, there is still a lack of techniques to efficiently utilize the computing resources in a fog platform to maximize Quality of Service (QoS) and Quality of Experience (QoE). This paper presents a resource management model...
Article
A novel compact bowtie slotted circular patch antenna with quad-band notched characteristics is demonstrated in this work. The presented prototype is ascertained on FR-4 substrate. Initially, an Ultra-Wideband (3.1-10.6 GHz) antenna is achieved. Later, undesirable bands between 3.55-5.16, 5.52-5.73, 6.44-6.78 and 7.61-10.6 GHz are eliminated by inc...
Article
The availability of secure, efficient, and reliable communication systems is critical for the successful deployment and operations of new power systems such as microgrids. These systems provide a platform for implementing intelligent and autonomous algorithms that improve the power control process. However, building a secure communication system fo...
Article
The energy sector is experiencing a revolution that is fuelled by a multitude of factors. Among them are the aging grid system, the need for cleaner energy and the increasing demands on energy sector. The demand-response program is an advanced feature in smart grid that strives to match suppliers to their demands using price-based and incentive pro...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract An electronically beam‐steerable antenna (BSA) is envisioned. The presented BSA is a possible solution to overthrow the limitations inherent to phased antenna arrays. The design consists of a gap coupling inset feed rectangular patch (driven element) and 3 × 1 passive parasitic patches deployed on both sides of the driven patch. Prototype...
Article
Full-text available
A nested octagon passive chipless radio frequency identification (RFID) tag with an encoding capacity of 12 bits has polarization diversity and 1:1 slot-to-bit correspondence. Its compact 23 × 23 mm footprint yields a bit density of 2.26 bits/cm2. The tag is fabricated on a flexible Rogers RT/duroid® 5880 laminate.
Conference Paper
This work focuses on the formation reshaping in an optimized manner in autonomous swarm of drones. Here, the two main problems are: 1) how to break and reshape the initial formation in an optimal manner, and 2) how to do such reformation while minimizing the overall deviation of the drones and the overall time, i.e., without slowing down. To addres...
Chapter
This work focuses on the formation reshaping in an optimized manner in autonomous swarm of drones. Here, the two main problems are: 1) how to break and reshape the initial formation in an optimal manner, and 2) how to do such reformation while minimizing the overall deviation of the drones and the overall time, i.e. without slowing down. To address...
Article
Internet of Things (IoT) devices and technology are increasingly being integrated into smart grids. These devices come with a lot of security vulnerabilities. To combat this, IoT protocols have been extended with security mechanisms. However, these mechanisms introduce extra processing that can lead to additional delay. This additional delay can af...
Article
This paper explores cipher-destroying and secret key emitting Hardware Trojan (HT) in Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cores. It reports a malicious trojan circuit which is implanted in the 10th round of encryption modules to make the AES core vulnerable for system design. Stealthiness of the combinational trojan against the dimension of signal l...
Article
A novel low-profile metal mountable UHF RFID tag antenna is presented. The tag antenna design consists of two resonating patches with different resonant frequencies fed through a joint inductive loop. This design topology offers benefits such as bandwidth enhancement in the single band and the possibility of attaining a tunable dual-band coverage i...
Article
With the increasing air pollution each day, it is very important to keep a check at the air quality we are breathing in. This can be made possible by designing an environmental sensor that is low-cost, robust, readily available, and easy to manufacture. In this research work, we propose a 12-bit smart chipless radio frequency identification tag hav...
Chapter
Event cameras, i.e., the Dynamic and Active-pixel Vision Sensor (DAVIS) ones, capture the intensity changes in the scene and generates a stream of events in an asynchronous fashion. The output rate of such cameras can reach up to 10 million events per second in high dynamic environments. DAVIS cameras use novel vision sensors that mimic human eyes....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have been playing an increasingly active role in supporting search and rescue (SAR) operations in recent years. The benefits are multiple such as enhanced situational awareness, status assessment, or mapping of the operational area through aerial imagery. Most of these application scenarios require the UAVs to cover...
Preprint
Event-based cameras are vision devices that transmit only brightness changes with low latency and ultra-low power consumption. Such characteristics make event-based cameras attractive in the field of localization and object tracking in resource-constrained systems. Since the number of generated events in such cameras is huge, the selection and filt...
Preprint
Event cameras, i.e., the Dynamic and Active-pixel Vision Sensor (DAVIS) ones, capture the intensity changes in the scene and generates a stream of events in an asynchronous fashion. The output rate of such cameras can reach up to 10 million events per second in high dynamic environments. DAVIS cameras use novel vision sensors that mimic human eyes....
Preprint
Moving towards autonomy, unmanned vehicles rely heavily on state-of-the-art collision avoidance systems (CAS). However, the detection of obstacles especially during night-time is still a challenging task since the lighting conditions are not sufficient for traditional cameras to function properly. Therefore, we exploit the powerful attributes of ev...
Preprint
This work focuses on the formation reshaping in an optimized manner in autonomous swarm of drones. Here, the two main problems are: 1) how to break and reshape the initial formation in an optimal manner, and 2) how to do such reformation while minimizing the overall deviation of the drones and the overall time, i.e., without slowing down. To addres...
Article
Full-text available
This letter presents a 22-bit data-dense chipless radio frequency identification (RFID) tag with a multiparameter sensing feature. The tag has a radius of 7.4 mm, and it is excited with dual-polarized incident plane waves. Kapton™HN-based tag is loaded with copper as a radiating material and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as a CO₂ sensor. The...
Conference Paper
Moving towards autonomy, unmanned vehicles rely heavily on state-of-the-art collision avoidance systems (CAS). However, the detection of obstacles especially during night-time is still a challenging task since the lighting conditions are not sufficient for traditional cameras to function properly. Therefore, we exploit the powerful attributes of ev...
Conference Paper
Event cameras, i.e., the Dynamic and Active-pixel VisionSensor (DAVIS) ones, capture the intensity changes in the scene and generates a stream of events in an asynchronous fashion. The output rate of such cameras can reach up to 10 million events per second in high dynamic environments. DAVIS cameras use novel vision sensors that mimic human eyes....
Article
Nonintrusive Appliance Load Monitoring (NIALM) is used to analyze individual’s house energy consumption by distinguishing variations in voltage and current of appliances in a household. The method identifies load consumption of each appliance from the aggregated home energy consumption. NIALM will also provide information of load consumptions of ea...
Article
Full-text available
Two important aspects in dealing with autonomous navigation of a swarm of drones are collision avoidance mechanism and formation control strategy; a possible competition between these two modes of operation may have negative implications for success and efficiency of the mission. This issue is exacerbated in the case of distributed formation contro...
Article
Full-text available
This work focuses on the development of an effective collision avoidance algorithm that detects and avoids obstacles autonomously in the vicinity of a potential collision by using a single ultrasonic sensor and controlling the movement of the vehicle. The objectives are to minimise the deviation from the vehicle's original path and also the develop...
Preprint
Autonomous or teleoperated robots have been playing increasingly important roles in civil applications in recent years. Across the different civil domains where robots can support human operators, one of the areas where they can have more impact is in search and rescue (SAR) operations. In particular, multi-robot systems have the potential to signi...
Preprint
Moving towards autonomy, unmanned vehicles rely heavily on state-of-the-art collision avoidance systems (CAS). However, the detection of obstacles especially during night-time is still a challenging task since the lighting conditions are not sufficient for traditional cameras to function properly. Therefore, we exploit the powerful attributes of ev...
Article
In this paper, we propose a generalized wrapper-based feature selection, called GeFeS, which is based on a parallel new intelligent genetic algorithm (GA). The proposed GeFeS works properly under different numerical dataset dimensions and sizes, carefully tries to avoid overfitting and significantly enhances classification accuracy. To make the GA...
Conference Paper
This work focuses on an autonomous swarm of drones, a multi-agent system, where the leader agent has the capability of intelligent decision making while the other agents in the swarm follow the leader blindly. The proposed algorithm helps with cost cutting especially in the multi-drone systems, i.e., swarms, by reducing the power consumption and pr...
Chapter
This work focuses on an autonomous swarm of drones, a multi-agent system, where the leader agent has the capability of intelligent decision making while the other agents in the swarm follow the leader blindly. The proposed algorithm helps with cost cutting especially in the multi-drone systems, i.e., swarms, by reducing the power consumption and pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the constant improvement of electronics and development by research community, professionals and enthusiasts around the world, Internet of Things (IoT) based devices have seen a massive increase. These devices are now connected to our daily life in multiple ways and facilitate smooth operation of large, autonomous and semi-autonomous systems i...
Article
Full-text available
Moving towards autonomy, unmanned vehicles rely heavily on state-of-the-art collision avoidance systems (CAS). A lot of work is being done to make the CAS as safe and reliable as possible, necessitating a comparative study of the recent work in this important area. The paper provides a comprehensive review of collision avoidance strategies used for...
Chapter
Full-text available
Traditional cloud-centric architectures for Internet-of-Things applications are being replaced by distributed approaches. The Edge and Fog computing paradigms crystallize the concept of moving computation towards the edge of the network, closer to where the data originates. This has important benefits in terms of energy efficiency, network load opt...
Conference Paper
Demand Side Management, DSM, is a program supported by the smart-grid which aims at matching the energy consumption and production. Several techniques for demand-side management have been proposed, including load-shedding, time of use pricing, real-time pricing, and critical peak pricing. In this work, we propose a distributed load-shedding algorit...
Chapter
Retinal cameras, such as dynamic vision sensors (DVF), transmit asynchronous events with ultra-low latency (\(\sim \)10 \(\upmu \)s) only at significant luminance changes, unlike traditional CMOS cameras which transmit the absolute brightness of all pixels including redundant backgrounds. Due to these significant characteristics, they offer great p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A novel microstrip patch antenna with dual band notch operation and coplanar waveguide feed (CPW) is proposed in this paper. The initial antenna design efficiently covers the ultra-wideband (UWB) range from 3.1 GHz to 10.6 GHz with VSWR<2. Afterward, the antenna patch is embedded with slotted structures to introduce notches. The upper WLAN (5.54 GH...
Chapter
Full-text available
Visual odometry (VO) and visual simultaneous localization and mapping (V-SLAM) have gained a lot of attention in the field of autonomous robots due to the high amount of information per unit cost vision sensors can provide. One main problem in VO techniques is the high amount of data that a pixelated image has, affecting negatively the overall perf...
Chapter
Smart grid is a new revolution in the energy sector in which the aging utility grid will be replaced with a grid that supports two-way communication between customers and the utility company. There are two popular smart-grid reference architectures. NIST (National Institute for Standards and Technology) has drafted a reference architecture in which...
Article
Search and rescue (SAR) operations can take significant advantage from supporting autonomous or teleoperated robots and multi-robot systems. These can aid in mapping and situational assessment, monitoring and surveillance, establishing communication networks, or searching for victims. This paper provides a review of multi-robot systems supporting S...
Conference Paper
Visual odometry (VO) is one of the most challenging techniques in computer vision for autonomous vehicle/vessels. In VO, the camera pose that also represents the robot pose in ego-motion is estimated analyzing the features and pixels extracted from the camera images. Different VO techniques mainly provide different trade-offs among the resources th...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Particle Telescope (PATE) of FORESAIL-1 mission is described. FORESAIL-1 is a CubeSat mission to polar Low Earth Orbit. Its scientific objectives are to characterize electron precipitation from the radiation belts and to observe energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) originating from the Sun during the strongest solar flares. For that purpose, the 3-un...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Traditional cloud-centric architectures for Internet-of-Things applications are being replaced by distributed approaches. The Edge and Fog computing paradigms crystallize the concept of moving computation towards the edge of the network, closer to where the data originates. This has important benefits in terms of energy efficiency, network load opt...
Article
In this paper a novel, compact 10-bit chipless radio frequency identification (RFID) tag with stable readable characteristics is proposed. The tag is composed of several concentric novel kite-shaped loop resonators. The desired data sequence is obtained by the insertion or removal of nested elements, offering a 1:1 data bit to resonance corresponde...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A recent trend in the IoT is to shift from traditional cloud-centric applications towards more distributed approaches embracing the fog and edge computing paradigms. In autonomous robots and vehicles, much research has been put into the potential of offloading computationally intensive tasks to cloud computing. Visual odometry is a common example,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Offloading computationally intensive tasks such as lidar or visual odometry from mobile robots has multiple benefits. Resource constrained robots can make use of their network capabilities to reduce the data processing load and be able to perform a larger number tasks in a more efficient manner. However, previous works have mostly focused on cloud...
Conference Paper
The need of data compression at smart Edge/Fog-based gateways is undeniable as data compression can significantly reduce the amount of data that has to be transmitted over a network. This, in turn, has a direct impact on reducing transmission latency and increasing network bandwidth. In time-critical and data sensitive IoT applications such as heal...
Article
Full-text available
A miniaturized, polarization insensitive, and fully passive chipless radio frequency identification tag is proposed in this research article. The realized tag is based on slotted elliptical structures in a nested loop fashion with identical lengths and widths of slot resonators. Alteration of data sequence is accomplished by addition and eliminatio...
Article
Full-text available
The Particle Telescope (PATE) of FORESAIL-1 mission is described. FORESAIL-1 is a CubeSat mission to polar Low Earth Orbit. Its scientific objectives are to characterize electron precipitation from the radiation belts and to observe energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) originating from the Sun during the strongest solar flares. For that purpose, the 3-un...
Article
Full-text available
A novel and miniaturized semi-elliptical 20-bit fully passive chipless RFID sensor tag is proposed in this article. The realized sensor tag is made up of semi-elliptical shaped open-end slots within the compact size of 25 mm × 17 mm. The multi-substrate analysis of the proposed tag is examined using non-flexible and flexible materials. The articula...