Hannu Salmi

Hannu Salmi
University of Turku | UTU · Department of Cultural History

Professor

About

76
Publications
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Introduction
I am professor of cultural history at the University of Turku and Academy Professor 2017–2021. My research interests focus, of course, on cultural history but also on digital history and digital humanities, the cultural history of the nineteenth century (especially music history), history of film and the media, and the history of emotions and the senses.

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
Full-text available
Linking large digitized newspaper corpora in different languages that have become available in national and state libraries opens up new possibilities for the computational analysis of patterns of information flow across national and linguistic boundaries. The significant contribution this article presents is to demonstrate how word vector models c...
Article
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This article discusses the reception of Cassius Clay/Muhammad Ali in Finnish media from 1960 to 1965, during the emergence of satellite broadcasting networks. The focus is especially on his two matches against Sonny Liston in 1964 and 1965, which had particular cultural and political resonance in Finland. Alongside other European sports fans, Finns...
Chapter
The Soviet mass media created the image of Montand as an admired celebrity in the Soviet Union. It constructed his fame by importing, domesticating and promoting his films, recordings and photographs, and translating books from the West, along with their own domestic production of radio programmes, newsreels, and newspaper and journal articles. A v...
Chapter
Yves Montand’s life is intertwined with the passions and aspirations of Europe in the twentieth century. It extends from the aftermath of World War I to the dawn of the post-Cold War era. Chapter 4 briefly outlines his life prior to his arrival in Moscow in 1955. He was born on 13 October 1921 in the province of Tuscany in Italy, in the small villa...
Chapter
Yves Montand’s visit to the Soviet Union was a major media event. It was widely discussed by the press beforehand, both in France and in the USSR, but it was also a cinematic event. When Montand and Signoret landed at the Vnukovo airport, film cameras were waiting outside the aircraft. This chapter focuses on the film Yves Montand Sings (Poet Iv Mo...
Chapter
The preparations for Montand’s tour, and the tour itself, took place in the context of extreme international turbulence both in the West and within the Soviet bloc. Khrushchev sought to defuse the situation through the ‘Thaw’ and the policy of peaceful coexistence, but an unforeseen consequence was the manifestation of more public signs of dissent,...
Chapter
The repertoire that Montand delivered on his tour programme was unchanged from his performances in Paris, already familiar to Soviet audiences through recordings and radio. Part of the pleasure they derived from his concerts therefore included that of hearing material they already knew, delivered in person by the artist himself, who enjoyed cult st...
Chapter
Montand’s Soviet tour occurred during the Thaw era, an unusual period in Soviet history. Beginning gradually after Stalin’s death in 1953, the Thaw era’s relaxation of political repression and the opening of the Soviet Union to the outside world made Montand’s Soviet tour possible. Montand became an emblem of the Thaw within the Soviet Union, when...
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It appears that the idea of Montand’s possible Soviet tour was first raised with Russian cultural broker Sergei Obraztsov during the latter’s visit to Paris in 1954. From that encounter to the departure of Montand and his wife Simone Signoret for the Soviet Union, preparations for the event were subject to hesitations and tergiversations against th...
Article
This volume is the first book-length account of Yves Montand’s controversial tour of the Soviet Union at the turn of the years 1956/57. It traces the mixed messages of this internationally visible act of cultural diplomacy in the middle of the turbulent Cold War. It also provides an account of the celebrated French singer-actor’s controversial care...
Article
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The article explores the early decades of the nineteenth century as an era of what we call embryonic modernity. It focuses on Finland which, in 1809, became a Grand Duchy of the Russian empire. The article concentrates on early mass phenomena as embryos of an emerging modern culture. We scrutinize our subject through three different lenses, startin...
Article
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The digital collections of newspapers have given rise to a growing interest in studying them with computational methods. This article contributes to this discussion by presenting a method for detecting text reuse in a large corpus of digitized texts. Empirically, the article is based on the corpus of newspapers and journals from the collection of t...
Article
Kahvin keittäminen ja nauttiminen ovat olennainen osa suomalaista arkea. Toisen maailmansodan jälkeen kahvin valmistaminen suodattamalla yleistyi vuosikymmen vuosikymmeneltä, ja myös automaattiset kahvinkeittimet tulivat kuluttajamarkkinoille 1950-luvulla. Artikkeli tutkii kotien modernisaatiota kahvin valmistamisen näkökulmasta 1950-luvun alusta 1...
Article
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Artikkeli valaisee Fredrik Cygnaeuksen kirjoittamaa ja Fredrik Paciuksen säveltämää kantaattia Henrik Gabriel Porthan, joka sai kantaesityksensä keväällä 1860. Artikkelin tavoitteena on selvittää unohdetun sävellyksen syntyä, sen tulkintaa Porthanista sekä teoksen vastaanoton historiaa.
Book
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Digital history is an emerging field that draws on digital technology and computational methods. A global enterprise that invites scholars worldwide to join forces, it presents exciting and novel ways we might explore, understand and represent the past. Hannu Salmi provides the most compelling introduction to digital history to date. Beginning with...
Article
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Artikkeli käsittelee Computational History and the Transformation of Public Discourse in Finland, 1640–1910 (COMHIS) hankkeen osana tehtyä, suomalaisessa sanomalehdistössä tapahtunutta tekstien uudelleenkäyttöä, jota on tutkittu hankkeessa kehitetyn tekstinlouhintamenetelmän avulla. Tarkastelu keskittyy tämän laajemman ilmiön yhteen muotoon, niin s...
Article
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The assassination of Nikolay Bobrikov, the Governor-General of Finland, on 16 June 1904 was a turning point in Finnish history. It was reported in hundreds, if not thousands, of newspapers worldwide. This article follows the spread of that news, particularly its spread over the first week after the assassination. The study draws on the digital news...
Article
This article explores Finnish newspapers and periodicals produced between 1771 and 1920 with a focus on the reuse of texts. While the reprinting of particular texts in a range of different locations can be regarded as an old and well-acknowledged practice in the press, not until the digitization of these historical documents has a systematic examin...
Conference Paper
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This paper is based on the study of text reuse in the Finnish press from 1771-1920. In the Computational History and the Transformation of Public Discourse in Finland (COMHIS) project, we found 61 million occurrences of similarity, which formed 13.8 million clusters of reuse. This material also included strikingly slow processes of repetition, and...
Conference Paper
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In her book Cholera in Post-Revolutionary Paris: A Cultural History, Catherine J. Kudlick has analyzed the role of cholera in shaping political life and class identity in nineteenth-century France and pointed out the cultural ramifications of a disease. In early nineteenth century, cholera terrified Europeans and seemed to have no boundaries. The d...
Article
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Drawing on a new materialist approach, this article discusses the concepts of the virtual and virtual topology, and their fruitfulness for historians' empirical work. It starts by following Gilles Deleuze's argument that the virtual, the transformative potential of the real, has to be distinguished from the possible, which is merely an imagined dou...
Article
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Virality has been an issue of growing interest since the 1990s, as well in public discourse as in cultural studies. The expression has its roots in microbiology and medicine, in the study of infectious biological systems. Viruses replicate in the host cell and cause diseases through their gradual spread. Oxford Dictionary of English took the word “...
Article
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Toivo Särkän ohjaama 1918 – Mies ja hänen omatuntonsa (1957) oli toisen maailmansodan jälkeisen suomalaisen elokuvan painokkain kuvaus kansalaissodan tapahtumista. Jarl Hemmerin romaanin filmatisointi oli Särkän pitkäaikainen tavoite, ja se sai ensi-iltansa kansainvälisellä foorumilla, Berliinin elokuvajuhlilla kesäkuussa 1957. Artikkeli analysoi e...
Book
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In discussions on urbanism, the need to involve new actors has been a major theme of recent debate. In this field, throughout Europe, various ways of allowing citizens to take a more direct part in planning is stressed. It is also important to look at the role or lack of the role played by particular research fields. Architecture plays a major role...
Research
This is a search interface for text reuse clusters from Finnish newspapers and journals 1771-1910. The database Text Reuse in Finnish Newspapers and Journals, 1771–1910 has been created by the consortium Computational History and the Transformation of Public Discourse in Finland, 1640–1910, funded by the Academy of Finland, 2016–2019. The search in...
Presentation
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This is a presentation at the European Dimensions of Popular Print Culture Conference (EDPOP) in Trento on 14-16 June 2017. The paper discussed the possibilities of text reuse detection in the study of the circulation of popular prints, especially from the perspective of intermedial relations between newspapers and broadside ballads in Finland. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present the results of text reuse detection, based on the corpus of scanned and OCR-recognized Finnish newspapers and journals from 1771 to 1910. Our study draws on BLAST, a software created for comparing and aligning biological sequences. We show different types of text reuse in this corpus, and also present a comparison to the software Passim,...
Conference Paper
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We present a software for retrieving and exploring duplicated text passages in low quality OCR historical text corpora. The system combines NCBI BLAST, a software created for comparing and aligning biological sequences, with the Solr search and indexing engine, providing a web interface to easily query and browse the clusters of duplicated texts. W...
Chapter
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The catastrophe known as the Great Fire of Turku was the largest conflagration in the history of the Nordic countries. Three quarters of the city were destroyed in the fire that started on 4 September 1827, at 9 o’clock in the evening. The fire raged through the night, in some parts of the city until 6 September, and the soil was hot for weeks afte...
Article
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It is often argued that Finnish historians were the first ones in Scandinavia to publish a comprehensive cultural history of their country. The four-volume Suomen kult-Tuurihistoria (Cultural History of Finland) was published in 1933-1936. By now, several cultural histories have been produced. "Finland" has been the focus and the defining concept o...
Presentation
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Pidin esitelmän Tunteiden historia Suomessa -seminaarissa Tampereen yliopistossa 31.10.2016. Esitelmän tarkoitus oli rakentaa kuvaa tunteiden historian historiasta Suomessa ja kertoa samalla omasta suuntautumisesta tällä hetkellä. These are the pp files of my keynote talk at the History of Emotions in Finland seminar at the University of Tampere on...
Chapter
As Enlightenment notions of predictability, progress and the sense that humans could control and shape their environments informed European thought, catastrophes shook many towns to the core, challenging the new world view with dramatic impact.This book concentrates on a period marked by passage from a society of scarcity to one of expenditure and...
Chapter
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On 12 November 1841 it was still dark, hours before sunrise, when Franz Liszt entered the city of Osnabrück in Lower Saxony. His watch had just turned 6:00 a.m. when he arrived at his local hotel and took a three hours’ nap before breakfast. In the afternoon, he improvised a matinée performance at the home of a local citizen and in the evening he g...
Book
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The notions of culture and civilization are at the heart of European self-image. This book focuses on how space and spatiality contributed to defining the concepts of culture and civilization and, conversely, what kind of spatial ramifications "culture" and "civilization" entailed. These questions have vital importance to the understanding of this...
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This volume discusses a practical approach to cultural transfer and exchange through the concept of »memory box«. Ideas of displacement, transfer, and cultural memory are explored through case studies from Scotland to Italy and Germany and from Finland and France to the American colonies. The authors develop an understanding of memory boxes as cult...
Chapter
This volume discusses a practical approach to cultural transfer and exchange through the concept of »memory box«. Ideas of displacement, transfer, and cultural memory are explored through case studies from Scotland to Italy and Germany and from Finland and France to the American colonies. The authors develop an understanding of memory boxes as cult...
Book
Frontiers of Screen History provides an insightful exploration into the depiction and imagination of European borders in cinema after World War II. While films have explored national and political borders, they have also attempted to identify, challenge, and imagine frontiers of another kind: social, ethnic, religious, and gendered. This book inves...
Chapter
This article focuses on the role of cinema in imagining the city and its influence on urban lifestyles, city space, and future visions. It considers the regional differences and temporal discrepancies that can be found both in the process of urbanization and the spread of cinematic technology. It argues that, since the early twentieth century, cine...
Article
This article gives a short introduction to the distinctly different wartime experiences of the film industries in the Nordic countries during World War II.
Chapter
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In the middle of the summer, on Wednesday 9 July 1975, the Finnish Broadcasting Company (FBC) aired a documentary entitled World Television. According to the FBC’s programme information, the aim was to present ‘thoughts and images of the communicational role of television in the future’. In addition to fictional sequences, the documentary showed st...
Article
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This final section presents a literary excerpt and three personal reflections on the theme of Aboagora, as well as on the experience of taking part in Aboagora. It opens with a story written by Ruth Behar, dealing with her personal experience of mastering the English language. Professor Behar read this story as an artistic comment within a workshop...
Article
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Cultural historical research has deliberately challenged “historical realism,” the view that history is comprised entirely of observable actions that actually occurred, and instead has emphasized the historical significance of thoughts, emotions, and representations; it has also focused on the invisible, the momentary, and the perishable. These lat...
Article
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In 1893, Friedrich Engels branded history 'the cruelest goddess of all.' This sorrowful vision of the past is deeply rooted in the Western imagination, and history is thus presented as a joyless playground of inevitability rather than a droll world of possibilities. There are few places this is more evident than in historical cinema which tends to...
Book
Nineteenth-Century Europe offers a much-needed concise and fresh look at European culture between the Great Revolution in France and the First World War. It encompasses all major themes of the period, from the rising nationalism of the early nineteenth century to the pessimistic views of fin de siècle. It is a lucid, fluent presentation that appeal...
Book
Wagner and Wagnerism in Nineteenth-Century Sweden, Finland, and the Baltic Provinces explores how Wagner's operas were performed and received in the theaters of Stockholm and other cities of the region and how excerpts from them were arranged for amateur performances in private homes. Wagner's music and his polemical writings aroused lively discuss...
Article
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The Swedish historian David Ludvigsson (Uppsala University) has recently published an impressive study on historical documentary under the title The Historian-Filmmaker's Dilemma. Historical Documentaries in Sweden in the Era of Häger and Villius. The book does not try to be a complete account of Swedish audiovisual history but, rather, concentrate...
Book
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Richard Wagner (1813-1883) has often been regarded as a symbol of «Germanness.» Despite this view, few studies have been undertaken regarding his nationalistic thinking. Imagined Germany focuses on Wagner's idea of Deutschtum, especially during the unification of Germany, 1864-1871. Salmi discusses how Wagner defined Germanness, what stereotypes, i...
Article
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Article
Hannu Salmi, Ph. D., is a docent in general history at the University of Turku and a reseacher at the Academy of Finland. He has written on German cultural history, on the history of Finnish cinema as well as on the methodology of film history. 1. Frederick Jackson Turner: "The Significance of the Frontier in American History", A Documentary Histor...
Article
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Aineisto on Opiskelijakirjaston digitoimaa ja Opiskelijakirjasto vastaa aineiston käyttöluvista

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
This research project investigates the human relationship with the disappeared, endangered, introduced, and non-native as well as invasive marine animals and plants in Finland. These species and their changed populations have been previously studied almost entirely in the field of natural sciences. This project examines human relations with the changing marine biodiversity from humanistic viewpoints. In this way, the project aims to provide new knowledge for other scholars, decision-makers, and the broader public of how the changes in the Baltic Sea biodiversity have been understood and perceived in Finnish culture and society in the long term, and how these changes have affected Finnish perceptions of sea and archipelago environment. It also offers new knowledge that facilitates the cultural adaptation of introduced species and the changes in the marine environment as well as gives new angles to understand the Anthropocene as a global phenomenon. The project is funded by the Academy of Finland 2021-2025. https://sites.utu.fi/humbio/en/
Project
Newspapers were the first big data for a mass audience. Their dramatic expansion over the nineteenth century created a global culture of abundant, rapidly circulating information. The significance of the newspaper, however, has largely been defined in metropolitan and national terms in the scholarship of the period. The collection and digitisation that was performed by local institutions further situated newspapers within a national context. Oceanic Exchanges: Tracing Global Information Networks in Historical Newspaper Repositories, 1840–1914 (OcEx) brings together leading efforts in research concerning computational periodicals from the US, Mexico, Germany, the Netherlands, Finland and the UK to examine patterns of information flow across national and linguistic boundaries in nineteenth-century newspapers. By revealing the global networks through which texts and concepts travelled, OcEx creates an abundance of new evidence about how readers around the world perceived each other through the newspaper. Consortium PI: Ryan Cordell, Northeastern University. For further details, see https://oceanicexchanges.org/
Project
The three hundred year period between 1650 and 1950 traces the emergence, diversification, and developing hegemony of the town in the history of Europe. As places which fostered and disseminated key social, economic, political and cultural developments, towns were central to the creation of gendered identities and the transmission of ideas across local, national and transnational boundaries. This network of established and postgraduate historians from thirteen countries is examining the ways that the European urban experience was gendered over time and across borders, and their research and subsequent publications will revolve around the operation of gender in three distinct, but interrelated, areas of urban study: the economic, the political (particularly political culture) and the spatial. These three central themes speak directly to newer ideas of exploring the dynamics of culture – both as definition and as practice.