Hannu I. Heikkinen

Hannu I. Heikkinen
University of Oulu · Department of Cultural Anthropology

Professor

About

57
Publications
30,317
Reads
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707
Citations
Introduction
I am specialised in environmental anthropology and applied anthropology, political ecology and cognitive anthropology. My research interests touch also human wellbeing topics understood in a broad sense. Current projects handle e.g. climate change adaptation, enhancing social sustainability of mining and development of proactive wellbeing applications.
Additional affiliations
August 2011 - present
University of Oulu
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Full-text available
Social innovation literature focuses commonly on roles of cooperation in addressing co‐evolution of civil society initiatives and state‐based governance toward sustainable solutions. However, roles of conflicts in driving social change are scarcely addressed in social innovation literature. We elaborated a concept of bottom‐linked environmental gov...
Article
Full-text available
Indigenous peoples live their modernity alongside majority populations and global change processes. This is the case with indigenous Saami who descend from a long lineage of nomadic reindeer-herding families and who now live and herd reindeer in and around the small tourism town of Kilpisjärvi (Gilbbesjávri), Finland. Saami reindeer nomadism was a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Denne rapporten har sin opprinnelse i en slik kunnskapsutveksling mellom reindriftsutøvere fra de nordiske landene. Resultatene som presenteres er basert på erfaringer, kunnskap, innsikt og aktivt engasjement i skriveprosessen fra reindriftsutøvere som deltok fra ulike regioner i reindriftsområdene i Norge, Sverige og Finland. Vi håper at dette sam...
Chapter
Full-text available
The stakeholder concept has dominated academic discussions for a number of years and has functioned as a normative guide for natural resource management. However, there are at least three characteristics in stakeholder approaches: (1) all-inclusivity; (2) prioritization of economic interests; (3) ahistorical view on rights, which risk continued mar...
Article
Full-text available
Matching knowledge Demand, research Funding and knowledge Supply (DFS) is important in order to enhance societally and policy relevant research, target funding appropriately and enhance the connectivity between science, policy and society. The DFS field around reindeer management in Finland offers a fertile case study to examine interconnected and...
Article
Abstract. In this article, we identify and discuss the possibilities, limitations, and challenges of sustainable tourism development in Southwest Greenland through a consideration of dimensions of social and cultural capital. We present our findings concerning the current context-specific promises and problems of tourism development and then discus...
Article
Full-text available
We examine roles and knowledge by which researchers can enhance connections between science, policy, and society. We arranged a participatory scenario workshop with representatives from environmental administration to discuss how different land-use governance arrangements link to sustainability of reindeer herding in northern Finland. We used fast...
Article
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Previous literature on social equity has focused on procedure, distribution and recognition related to land use governance. We propose novel approach to examine social equity by following ideational turn with an aim to explore globally used and locally persistent myths that (mis)inform governance in practice and effect on the three dimensions of so...
Article
This paper explores the adaptation possibilities of reindeer herding regarding environmental changes at the Northernmost Swedish-Finnish border region. Four herding communities of Könkämäeno-Muonionjoki River Valley were chosen due to the cultural and environmental diversity of the region and the similarities of livelihood challenges. The objecti...
Article
This paper explores the adaptation possibilities of reindeer herding regarding environmental changes at the Northernmost Swedish-Finnish border region. Four herding communities of Könkämäeno-Muonionjoki River Valley were chosen due to the cultural and environmental diversity of the region and the similarities of livelihood challenges. The objective...
Article
Full-text available
Utría National Park is a remote biodiversity hotspot in Colombia. It encompasses ancestral territories of the Embera indigenous peoples and borders territories of Afro-descendant communities in El Valle. We explore environmental value conflicts regarding the use of the park as a Wicked Problem that has no clear solution. Juxtaposing how the territo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work, it was tested if a computer game and wearable sensors could be used to motivate young men to increase their everyday activity. The game itself was planned so that the possibility to play the game and success in it was dependent of how much activity the subject achieved during his everyday life. A pilot version of a computer game, call...
Article
Full-text available
Equality among stakeholders and sustainable environmental impacts are important themes for good environmental governance. Good governance is a tricky theme to address as localized environmental decision making is deeply connected to issues and actors at various governance levels, from the local to the global, embedded with power relations. The exam...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The world is changing, therefore preparedness to cope with changes, to adapt and to mitigate negative impacts is of utmost importance. Scenario analysis has been frequently used to anticipate future changes. Scenarios can function as a bridge between science and policy and inform policy makers and other stakeholders to orient towards future changes...
Article
Full-text available
Reindeer herding is an emblematic livelihood for Northern Finland, culturally important for local people and valuable in tourism marketing. We examine the livelihood resilience of Finnish reindeer herding by narrowing the focus of general resilience on social-ecological systems (SESs) to a specific livelihood while also acknowledging wider contexts...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we analyse two empirically identified challenges for examining the interplay of global change and local concerns: (i) making science meaningful for local tourism stakeholders and (ii) analyzing the effect of global discourses on local worries. We put forward the use of Ontological politics and Assemblage Theory as heuristics in ord...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Tekes Strategic research - Creation of new knowledge and competences in areas of expertise that are expected to be important for businesses in the future.
Article
The authors have empirically examined the persuasive properties of digital games from a multidisciplinary perspective. Besides the relevant cultural and psychological theories related to the game phenomenon, the authors have included a case study where a persuasive online activation service was tested among young men (N=280, average 17.9 year old)...
Article
Full-text available
The major part of the attractiveness of Nordic tourism relies on natural resources and features such as the landscape, the flora, the fauna and the four seasons. Lately, it has been predicted that climate change will alter these preconditions of nature-based tourism destinations, which may have severe consequences for the tourism industry. Neverthe...
Article
The processes related to the globalization and climate change are challenging the well-being in Finnish North. The aim of this article is to identify the factors related to the global change which will affect the well-being of people in Finnish North, and to discuss the possible means of adjustment and adaptation as response to the emerging new set...
Article
In recent decades, the mining industry has expanded globally especially in the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions. Mines often boost rural economies, but may have also negative impacts on environment and local livelihoods, such as tourism and reindeer herding. That is why acceptability and undeniable right to operate – the social licence (SL) to mine ha...
Article
Knowledge integration in transdisciplinary projects can help to achieve a more comprehensive, balanced and relevant understanding of real-world problems and their potential solutions. In this paper, a project on reindeer management in northern Finland, RENMAN, is used to identify and examine some challenges that transdisciplinary projects face rega...
Article
At a global level, it is estimated that nearly two-thirds of ecosystem services have been degraded in just fifty years. The additional stresses imposed by climate change will require extraordinary adaptation. This paper synthesises main result of a large Finnish project studying the vulnerability of key ecosystem services to climate change and the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Inactive and unhealthy lifestyles are common among adolescent men. The planned intervention examines the effectiveness of an interactive, gamified activation method, based on tailored health information, peer networks and participation, on physical activity, health and wellbeing in young men. We hypothesize that following the interventio...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Integrated conservation and development objectives are increasingly sought with protected area – sustainable tourism partnerships, and related certifications are promising to deliver integrated targets. However, in this article we show that European wide PAN Parks certification seems not to be supporting integrated objectives from the poi...
Article
Full-text available
Integrated conservation and development objectives are increasingly sought with protected area - sustainable tourism partnerships, and related certifications are promising to deliver integrated targets. However, in this article we show that European wide PAN Parks certification seems not to be supporting integrated objectives from the point of view...
Article
Full-text available
In socio-ecological research, the focus and the conceptual grounding as well as the scales of analysis have shifted several times in recent decades between global and local dynamics and the general rules of evolution and specific local adaptations. Nowadays, the main paradigm emphasises the embeddedness of socio-ecological systems and conceptual to...
Article
Full-text available
Nature conservation is often seen as incompatible with pastoralism: conserved predators can cause significant harm to livestock, or livestock may conquer space from natural species. Currently, nature conservation and related policies are increasingly framed through the notion of ecosystem services, which form basis for human well-being. What are th...
Article
The predicted climate warming has raised many questions and concerns about its impacts on the environment and society. As a respond to the need of holistic studies comprising both of these areas, The Academy of Finland launched The Finnish Research Programme on Climate Change (FICCA 2011-2014) in spring 2010 with the main aim to focus on the intera...
Article
Full-text available
Resilience has become a key concept for assessing sustainability in relation to socio-environmental change in the North. This article considers various case studies in northern Finland relating to reindeer herding, forestry and nature conservation to draw upon lessons learned for resilience studies. Mainstream literature on northern resilience focu...
Article
In this article we examine the power relations of forest management in connection with private forest owners' decision-making processes in Finland. Questions of power are considered through an examination of management decisions regarding even-aged and uneven-aged silvicultural systems. The application of different silvicultural methods has been a...
Article
Full-text available
Tässä ympäristöantropologisessa tutkimuksessa selvitettiin metsänomistajien perusteluita ja käsityksiä metsänhoidon vaiheista haastattelemalla 24 henkilöä (39 haastattelukertaa), jotka omistavat metsää Pohjois-Pohjanmaalla. Laadullisen aineiston avulla selvitettiin tasaikäisen ja eri-ikäisen metsän kasvatukseen liittyvää päättelyä. Metsänomistajien...
Article
Preserving biodiversity and establishing healthy and thriving populations of predator animals are the expressed aims of many wildlife and ecosystem conservation projects and initiatives. However, such conservation strategies are often in conflict with the traditions, practices and land-use priorities of local communities. This article concentrates...
Article
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Environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs) and rural social movements have become influential actors in natural resource governance. This article analyzes forestry dispute strategies in three cases from northern Finland, applying Actor-Network Theory (ANT), with special attention to its concept of translation, to analyze emerging multilev...
Article
Environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs) and rural social movements have become influential actors in natural resource governance. This article analyzes forestry dispute strategies in three cases from northern Finland, applying Actor-Network Theory (ANT), with special attention to its concept of translation, to analyze emerging multilev...
Article
My area of focus generally comprises the adaptation of reindeer husbandry in the Reindeer herding area of Finland. Study comprises both indigenous Sami and Finnish reindeer herders. Reindeer herding is an old and impressive livelihood that supports a unique cultural continuity of both Sami and Finnish populations in northern Finland. Through centur...
Article
Current public discourse in Finland concerning reindeer herding has focused on the overgrazing problem and conflicts between herding and competitive forms of land use. Both herders and government administrators agree on the problems of herding, but conceptualize their causes differently. Administrators insist that sustainability in herding is reach...
Article
Reindeer herding is an old and impressively adapted livelihood supporting a unique cultural continuity of both Sámi and Finnish populations in northern Finland. Through centuries both have adapted to the changing social, cultural and ecological circumstances. This article focuses on reindeer herders as active conformists who try to adapt personally...
Article
Full-text available
K. 2006. Conflict management as a means to the sustainable use of natural resources. Silva Fen-nica 40(4): 687–728. Democratic societies' emphasis on individual rights and freedoms inevitably opens them up to political disputes. Conflict management should thus be seen as an integral part of democratic institutional design. The evolution and managem...
Article
Full-text available
We will (1) show that reindeer herders in Finland have a long tradition of entrepreneurship; (2) identify administrative and policy obstacles to fulfilling the entrepreneurial capacities and (3) recommend actions to remove the obstacles to indigenous entrepreneurship among herders. Successful herders in Finland have embraced key entrepreneurial vir...
Article
Recent developments in the field of political ecology have resonance for themes in northern Geography. In this review, we briefly summarize areas of emerging theory in the field, pointing to the way Political Ecology has come to explore difficult questions for reconciling constructivist accounts of environmental change with material ecologies and f...
Article
Full-text available
"Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) has been hailed as an icon in past and present, representing northern people and environment.Whereas the Sami, the aboriginal people of northernmost Europe, see it as their thread of life, both in cultural and economic terms. The neighboring Finns to the South have integrated this animal as another additional element i...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Archived project
Archived project
Multidisciplinary MOPO project combines traditional health promotion, modern technology and measurement of physical activity. The aim of the study is to provide knowledge on the physical activity, relationship towards physical activity, information behavior, fitness, health, nutrition, life habits and cultures of young men. A novel wellness coaching service for preventing marginalization and promoting physical activity and health in young men is developed in the project. The information obtained in the study can be used to promote the wellness of young adults in education, study and decision-making of the professionals of social and health services. www.tuunaamopo.fi