Hannes Taubenböck

Hannes Taubenböck
German Aerospace Center (DLR) | DLR · German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD)

Professor

About

419
Publications
121,842
Reads
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7,655
Citations
Citations since 2016
203 Research Items
5993 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,200
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,200
Additional affiliations
October 2022 - present
University
Position
  • Professor holding the chair "Global Urbanization & Remote Sensing"

Publications

Publications (419)
Article
Full-text available
When we think about living environments of the urban poor, slums might be the most immediate association. These slums evoke a more or less stereotype impression of built environments: complex, high dense alignments of small makeshift or run-down shelters. However, this perceived characteristic morphology is neither globally homogeneous nor is this...
Thesis
Full-text available
This habilitation centers on research questions related to urban geography with a special focus on urban form. The focus is also set on the exploration of remote sensing data and derived mapping products for analyzing spatial effects of past and current urbanization processes at very different spatial scales – from settlement patterns at continenta...
Article
Full-text available
With 37 million inhabitants, Tokyo is the world's largest city in UN statistics. With this work we call this ranking into question. Usually, global city rankings are based on nationally collected population figures, which rely on administrative units. Sprawling urban growth, however, leads to morphological city extents that may surpass conventional...
Article
Full-text available
What we understand by the simple term ‘city’ is in fact describing highly diverse domains: different economies, demographics, ways of living, land uses, built-up morphologies, among other things. The built landscape alone ranges from low-density, one-storey suburban settlements to high-density accumulations of skyscrapers. Models have repeatedly at...
Article
Full-text available
Today, 56.6% of the world's population is urban and the trend is rising; in Germany, the urbanization process is almost complete at 80.3%. This is the ubiquitously used narrative. Surprisingly, the figures behind it are rarely questioned. The spatial statistics responsible for this meta-narrative are, however, prone to ambiguity. They suffer from a...
Article
In this paper, we present methods to assess the homogeneity of the settlement landscape and to identify settlement clusters in terms of location and size. Due to various input data, methodologies, and spatial concepts, there are only a few international comparative research studies with quantitative, spatial approaches to date. Existing studies are...
Article
Full-text available
Urban planners are concerned to design the city in a way that supports quality of life. To catch how the settings of elements in space influence our subjective perception is difficult to evaluate, especially since objective measures are normally calculated at arbitrary scales. To better focus on the actual surrounding of individuals, people-centere...
Article
Full-text available
Obtaining a dynamic population distribution is key to many decision-making processes such as urban planning, disaster management and most importantly helping the government to better allocate socio-technical supply. For the aspiration of these objectives, good population data is essential. The traditional method of collecting population data throug...
Article
Full-text available
Housing forms of poverty are often associated with the Global South, especially through the depiction of slums. In this study, we systemize physical housing forms representing poverty in Europe. The continent features a huge diversity of such forms, rooting in different politics, cultures, histories and lifestyles. We discover and categorize these...
Article
Full-text available
Landslides are often deadly natural events. Steep slopes and certain loose soil types are predestined areas for them. Moreover, in the context of climate change, extreme weather events such as heavy rainfall, which often trigger landslides, are becoming even more likely. While all this is well known, it, therefore, stands to reason that this knowle...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure is an essential component of risk models and describes elements that are endangered by a hazard and susceptible to damage. The associated vulnerability characterizes the likelihood of experiencing damage (which can translate into losses) at a certain level of hazard intensity. Frequently, the compilation of exposure information is the cost...
Preprint
Full-text available
As unconventional sources of geo-information, massive imagery and text messages from open platforms and social media form a temporally quasi-seamless, spatially multi-perspective stream, but with unknown and diverse quality. Due to its complementarity to remote sensing data, geo-information from these sources offers promising perspectives, but harv...
Article
Urban expansion patterns whether rather “dispersed” or “compact”, have profound impacts on vegetation net primary productivity (NPP), which substantially alters the ecosystem functioning and its resources. However, there remains limited understanding of which pattern is more conducive towards NPP. Different studies have different and even contradic...
Article
Full-text available
Ethics is a central and growing concern in all applications utilizing Artificial Intelligence (AI). Earth Observation (EO) or Remote Sensing (RS) research relies heavily on both Big Data and AI or Machine Learning (ML). While this reliance is not new, with increasing image resolutions and the growing number of EO/RS use-cases that have a direct imp...
Article
Full-text available
The surface urban heat island (SUHI) affects the quality of urban life. Because varying urban structures have varying impacts on SUHI, it is crucial to understand the impact of land use/land cover characteristics for improving the quality of life in cities and urban health. Satellite-based data on land surface temperatures (LST) and derived land us...
Article
Small water bodies and their temporal changes are, especially in urban areas, closely related to people’s daily life and they have an impact on the living environment. For small water bodies mapping with optical remote sensing images, it is challenging to establish a balance between reducing incorrect water detection and increasing the integrity of...
Conference Paper
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Several environmental and socio-economic neighbourhood factors have been reported to majorly impact human health, but their interplay is not yet well understood as simultaneous analyses are sparse. We aimed to identify the driving contextual factors and assess their predictive ability for cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality i...
Article
Full-text available
High-resolution population mapping is of high relevance for developing and implementing tailored actions in several fields: From decision making in crisis management to urban planning. Earth Observation has considerably contributed to the development of methods for disaggregating population figures with higher resolution data into fine-grained popu...
Conference Paper
Accessibility to raw materials, cheap labour and lenient labour laws make rural areas attractive to many industries in West Africa. The set-up of small-scale solid mineral industries is popular in rural West Africa. These industries are labour intensive and require small to large areas of land. This is just one of the examples of industrialisation...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring and understanding urban development requires up-to-date information on multiple urban land-use classes. Manual classification and deep learning approaches based on very-high resolution imagery have been applied successfully, but the required resources limits their capacity to map urban land use at larger scales. Here, we use a combinatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This pilot project is connected to a larger initiative to open-source the assisted mapping platform for Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team based on Very High Resolution UAV imagery. The study test and evaluate multiple U-Net based architectures on building segmentation of Refugee Camps in East Africa.
Article
For the real estate market, housing prices as well as housing vacancy rates (HVRs) are key indicators. However, for the latter indicator, there is no official data set for Chinese cities. Collecting HVR in a traditional way requires enormous personnel efforts and is therefore very expensive and time consuming. In this study, we introduce a framewor...
Article
Full-text available
Buildings are the predominant objects that characterize the urban structure. For many cities, local governments establish building databases for administration as well as urban planning and monitoring. However, newly constructed buildings are often only included with a considerable time delay in the official digital cadastral maps due to processes...
Article
Full-text available
—In the context of supervised learning techniques, it can be desirable to utilize existing prior knowledge from a source domain to estimate a target variable in a target domain by exploiting the concept of domain adaptation. This is done to alleviate the costly compilation of prior knowledge, i.e., training data. Here, our goal is to select a singl...
Conference Paper
Out of the multiple possible dimensions of inequality such as income, health or education, inequality of income is the highest. This study complements similar research on income inequality and socio-economic and spatial disparities with a comprehensive analysis of spatial descriptors of inequality in Germany. Using anonymized gross income tax decla...
Preprint
Full-text available
Extreme urban heat exposure due to anthropogenic climate change and population growth is rising. Yet, efficient tools to evaluate potential intervention strategies to reduce heat exposure are still lacking. Here we implement a spatial regression model that is able to predict with high accuracy the Land Surface Temperature (LST) of urban environment...
Article
Full-text available
Global population growth and land development are highly imbalanced, marked by 43% of population increase but 150% of builtup area expansion from 1990 to 2018. This results in the widely concerned ghost city phenomenon and runs against the sustainable development goals. Existing studies identify ghost cities by population densities, but ignore the...
Poster
Full-text available
Accessibility to raw materials, cheap labour and lenient labour laws make rural areas attractive to many industries in West Africa. The set-up of small-scale solid mineral industries is popular in rural West Africa. These industries are labour intensive and require small to large areas of land. This is just one of the examples of industrialization...
Conference Paper
Accessibility to raw materials, cheap labour and lenient labour laws make rural areas attractive to many industries in West Africa. The set-up of small-scale solid mineral industries is popular in rural West Africa. These industries are labour intensive and require small to large areas of land. This is just one of the examples of industrialization...
Conference Paper
Urban green plays a vital role in the urban ecosystem, providing benefits for society, ecology and economy. Particularly in cities, urban green infrastructure mitigates the urban heat island effect, promotes air quality and biodiversity, and provides spaces for recreation and leisure, among others. Despite these positive effects, detailed spatial i...
Poster
Full-text available
Complex migration processes are pervasive on the African continent and are intrinsically linked to ongoing demographic, social, economic, and ecological changes. To better understand the complexity of these processes, there is a need for more and better data and knowledge on the flows, the drivers, and the effects of migration. Earth Observation is...
Chapter
The urban forest, i.e. the stock of urban trees, is a major component of urban green spaces. It can make significant contributions to urban sustainability and climate change adaptation. Urban forest governance and management play a key role in the extent to which these contributions are realized for good. This chapter presents a selection of promis...
Article
The phenomenon of "ghost cities" in China has attracted much attention in the past decade. However, the exact areal extents, specific spatial characteristics and economic development conditions of this phenomenon have been rarely investigated and recorded at intra-urban scale throughout China. Against this background, we base our study on a recentl...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a high interest in mathematical models describing and predicting the diverse aspects and implications of the virus outbreak. Model results represent an important part of the information base for the decision process on different administrative levels. The Robert-Koch-Institute (RKI) initiated a project whose main go...
Preprint
Full-text available
Obtaining a dynamic population distribution is key to many decision-making processes such as urban planning, disaster management and most importantly helping the government to better allocate socio-technical supply. For the aspiration of these objectives, good population data is essential. The traditional method of collecting population data throug...
Article
Full-text available
In modern societies, noise is ubiquitous. It is an annoyance and can have a negative impact on human health as well as on the environment. Despite increasing evidence of its negative impacts, spatial knowledge about noise distribution remains limited. Up to now, noise mapping is frequently inhibited by the necessary resources and therefore limited...
Article
In order to study spatial patterns of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and its impact factors, consistent and area-wide information is essential. With TROPOMI aboard Sentinel-5 Precursor (S-5P), daily tropospheric NO2 observations have become available with an unprecedented spatial resolution of 3.5 km × 5.5 km. However, a systematic study of tropospheric NO...
Article
Sand dunes are one of the most abundant aeolian landforms and play an important role in understanding how aeolian environments evolve. Since the 1970s, remote sensing has enabled large-scale investigations of dunes at comparatively low costs and with temporally continuous observations, which greatly advances our knowledge of aeolian systems. In thi...
Conference Paper
Landslides are the most frequent natural disaster in Colombia, coupled with cities growing unplanned and informal towards high-risk areas due to land scarcity. Earth Observation (EO) has a powerful capability for supporting risk reduction and adaptation. The ongoing German-Colombian research project ‘Inform@Risk’ is developing a low-cost and site-s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper a specific case study is introduced illustrating how Earth Observation (EO) can be used to assess exposure and vulnerability to landslide hazards and to strengthen resilience. Combining heterogeneous EO data can greatly improve knowledge on natural hazard risks for many urban dwellers.
Article
Full-text available
Urbanization is the second largest mega-trend right after climate change. Accurate measurements of urban morphological and demographic figures are at the core of many international endeavors to address issues of urbanization, such as the United Nations’ call for “Sustainable Cities and Communities”. In many countries – particularly developing count...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-task learning techniques allow the beneficial joint estimation of multiple target variables. Here, we propose a novel multi-task regression (MTR) method called ensemble of regressor chains with repetitive permutation scheme. It belongs to the family of problem transformation-based MTR methods which foresee the creation of an individual model...
Conference Paper
This work evaluates the possibility of detecting residual waste in an urban landscape in Medellín, Colombia, by a combination of a super-pixel segmentation and a supervised machine learning providing information for infrastructural services and serving as proxy for deprived areas
Conference Paper
Estimating housing vacancy rates (HVR) at the residential neighborhood or even at higher spatial levels is rarely carried out due to the challenges on availability and collection of appropriate data of high spatial resolution. In this study, we introduce a framework for estimating HVR at residential neighborhood level based on selected emerging dat...
Conference Paper
Using a harmonized definition of urban boundaries, population data and data on urban green, we address the varying accessibility of green spaces among European cities using urban scaling laws. The analysis reports superlinear scaling behavior for most of the observed countries.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work, unsupervised clustering on Earth Observation (EO) data was applied to investigate cities' morphology across the globe. Based on 110 cities, we found seven city types of similar morphologic patterns whose geographical distribution underpins the influence of urbanistic culture on the built landscape.
Preprint
Full-text available
Landslides are often deadly natural events. Steep slopes and certain loose soil types are predestined areas for them. Moreover, in the context of climate change, extreme weather events such as heavy rainfall, which often trigger landslides, are becoming even more likely. All this is well known. It therefore stands to reason that this knowledge will...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural activities and vegetation growth cause rapid small-scale vegetationchanges which dynamically alter habitat suitability. Time series enable to trackdown such variations of vegetation structure and are promising to examinetheir impact on animals’ life. Nevertheless, their potential to characterize vege-tation dynamics in ways pertinent t...
Conference Paper
We use TanDEM-X and Sentinel-2 observations to disaggregate earthquake risk-related exposure data. We use the refined exposure data and model earthquake loss. Results for the city of Santiago de Chile show that earthquake risk has been underestimated before due to aggregated exposure data.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The awareness that noise exposure is critical for human health is growing around the globe, and land-use regressions (LURs) are becoming a popular tool for producing noise exposure maps. One important factor for noise emissions is road traffic. The propagation in this regard is determined by the spatial layout of road infrastructure and the surroun...
Conference Paper
Small water bodies and their temporal changes are, especially in urban areas, closely related to the urban climate, people’s daily life, among others. Mapping of small water bodies with optical remote sensing images in complex urban landscapes is challenging: that is to establish a balance between reducing incorrect water detection and increasing t...
Conference Paper
According to the WHO, noise is a growing problem in urban areas and the second most common environmental cause of health issues in Europe. As a complementary approach to noise maps based on sound pressure levels, soundscape maps can be a useful tool for urban planning, providing more information about how people perceive acoustic environments. This...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate seismic risk modeling requires knowledge of key structural characteristics of buildings. However, to date, the collection of such data is highly expensive in terms of labor, time and money and thus prohibitive for a spatially continuous large-area monitoring. This study quantitatively evaluates the potential of an automated and thus more e...
Chapter
Globally, about one billion urban dwellers live in deprived areas (commonly referred to as slums). However, this figure is highly uncertain due to large data gaps. For example, in many cities, systematic underreporting occurs, which hampers the monitoring of the progress of SDG indicators. Earth observation (EO) data can be used to extract consiste...
Chapter
„Denn die einen sind im Dunkeln und die andern sind im Licht und man siehet die im Lichte, die im Dunkeln sieht man nicht“ (Bertold Brecht, Dreigroschenoper). Blickt man aus dem All auf unseren nächtlichen Heimatplaneten, sieht man ein komplexes räumliches Muster aus Licht und Dunkel. Lichtemissionen zeugen grundsätzlich von der Anwesenheit von Men...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The spatial configuration of the built city is like DNA – it is unique to each city. And yet, it could be shown, that spatial configurations of cities are very similar in certain geographical regions on our globe and, in turn, very different from other regions. In this study, the classification scheme of local climate zones (LCZs) is applied to spa...