Hannah Dames

Hannah Dames
University of Zurich | UZH · Psychologisches Institut

Master of Science

About

20
Publications
2,213
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26
Citations
Introduction
I currently work as a PhD student at the Institute of Psychology, University of Zurich as well as the University of Freiburg. In my research I explore how our intention to remember or forget information influences long-term memory as well as working memory. I am particularly interested in how this affects our associative memory (stimulus-based associations or binding memory).
Additional affiliations
March 2020 - present
University of Freiburg
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (20)
Article
How does the intent to remember or forget information affect working memory (WM)? To explore this question, in four experiments, we gauged the availability of the to-be-forgotten information directly. Participants remembered six words presented sequentially in separate frames. After each word offset, the frame turned either blue or orange, indicati...
Article
Full-text available
Human behavior is guided by prior experience such as bindings between stimuli and responses. Experimentally, this is evident in performance changes when features of the stimulus-response episode reoccur either in the short-term or in the long-term. So far, effects of short-term and long-term bindings are assumed to be independent from one another....
Preprint
Humans are able to intentionally forget declarative memory content as demonstrated in directed-forgetting (DF) experiments. Yet, only few studies assessed whether DF affects associations in procedural memory. We tested how the intention to remember/forget a stimulus affected the formation and/or retrieval of stimulus-response (S-R) associations. To...
Preprint
Directed forgetting (DF) studies demonstrate that humans can intentionally forget item information. In the presented study, participants learned three lists of words. After studying the first two lists (L0+L1), we cued half of the participants to forget these lists before learning a new list (L2), the other half remembered all three lists. Typicall...
Article
Full-text available
Standing compared to sitting, for instance at work, is associated with positive physical and mental health consequences. Indeed, studies suggest that performance in cognitive conflict tasks (e.g., Color Stroop tasks) is improved when subjects perform the task while standing compared to sitting (Rosenbaum et al., 2018; Smith et al., 2019). However,...
Article
How individuals reason deductively has concerned researchers for many years. Yet, it is still unclear whether, and if so how, participants’ reasoning performance changes over time. In two test sessions one week apart, we examined how the syllogistic reasoning performance of 100 participants changed within and between sessions. Participants’ reasoni...
Preprint
Post-error cognitive control processes are evident in, first, post-error slowing (PES) and post-error increased accuracy (PIA). A recent theory (Wessel, 2018) proposes that post-error control disrupts not only ongoing motor activity but also current task-set representations, suggesting an interdependence of post-error control and memory. In two exp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Joint Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (JNMF) is a method for factor analysis that is capable of simultaneously decomposing two datasets into related latent state representations. Enabling factor analysis for contrasting applications, i.e., to find common and distinct structural patterns in data, JNMF has great potential for use in the field of cog...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Monitoring our errors enables humans to adapt behavior when actions fail to result in desired outcomes. Post-error adaptations have been studied extensively using simple laboratory tasks where people typically slow down after errors. Few studies, however, examined such behavioral adaptations in more complex tasks such as reasoning. In two experimen...
Article
Full-text available
Syllogistic reasoning, that is the drawing of inferences for categorical‐quantified assertions, is one of the oldest branches of deductive reasoning research with a history exceeding 100 years. In syllogistic reasoning experiments, “No Valid Conclusion” (NVC) is one of the most frequently selected responses and corresponds to the logically correct...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
No Valid Conclusion" (NVC) is one of the most frequently selected responses in syllogistic reasoning experiments and corresponds to the logically correct conclusion for 58% of the syllogistic problem domain. Still, NVC is often neglected in computational models or just treated as a byproduct of the underlying inferential mechanisms such as a last r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When does a reasoner respond that "no valid conclusion" (NVC) follows in a syllogistic reasoning task? Cognitive theories aim to trace it back to theory specific inference processes. In contrast, systemic theories explain it by depleted cognitive resources among others. This paper investigates possible theories to explain NVC responses in an experi...
Article
Users access the Internet not only to pursue specific goals (e.g. searching for information), but also to browse through content in a more exploratory fashion. The current study experimentally manipulates participants’ tasks in order to investigate how goal-directed (searching) or exploratory (browsing) website activities moderate the impact of key...
Chapter
Full-text available
Current trends, like digital transformation and ubiquitous computing, yield in massive increase in available data and information. In artificial intelligence (AI) systems, capacity of knowledge bases is limited due to computational complexity of many inference algorithms. Consequently, continuously sampling information and unfiltered storing in kno...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To this day, a great variety of psychological theories of reasoning exist aimed at explaining the underlying cognitive mechanisms. The high number of different theories make a rigorous comparison of cognitive theories necessary. The present article proposes to use Multinomial Processing Trees to compare two of the most prominent theories of syllogi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In der Praxis wird schnelles Nutzerfeedback zunehmend wichtiger – und häufig mit eingeschränkten Stichproben generiert. Der vorliegende Beitrag analysiert Unterschiede in der Wahrnehmung von Webseiten in Abhängigkeit zum Kundenstatus. Insgesamt 481 deutsch- und englischsprachige User besuchten in einem Online-Experiment Webseiten und evaluierten ze...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Es werden in 8 verschiedenen Projekten... ...Mechanismen des menschlichen Vergessens für einen technischen und organisationalen Kontext nutzbar gemacht. ...existierende Organisationstheorien weiterentwickelt im Hinblick auf die Frage, wie eine Passung zwischen den Prozessen, MitarbeiterInnen, Technologien und Strukturen der Organisation und der Informationsmenge, die intern und extern der Organisation generiert wird, hergestellt werden kann, in dem die Informationssysteme in Organisationen befähigt werden zu vergessen. ...interdisziplinär neue Methoden und Übertragungswege für Organisationen entwickelt, um die Balance zwischen stetig wachsenden Mengen an gespeicherten Informationen und einer Informationsreduktion durch Vergessen zu finden. Beteiligte Forschung: https://www.researchgate.net/project/Intentionales-Vergessen-von-arbeitsteiligen-geschaeftsprozessbezogenen-Aktivitaeten-in-der-Fertigung https://www.researchgate.net/project/AdaptPRO-Adaptive-Process-and-Role-Design-in-Organizations https://www.researchgate.net/project/Cyber-physical-forgetting-in-socio-digital-systems https://www.researchgate.net/project/Intentional-Forgetting-of-Everyday-Work-Behavior https://www.researchgate.net/project/EVOWIPE-Explizites-Vergessen-ontologiebasierten-Wissens-in-der-Produktentwicklung https://www.researchgate.net/project/Intentional-Forgetting-within-Organizations https://www.researchgate.net/project/Getrost-vergessen https://www.researchgate.net/project/Intentional-Forgetting
Project
- The project is part of the Schwerpunktprogramm "Intentional Forgetting in Organisations" (SPP 1921), namely ‘FADE’ funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) - To develop a formal framework that combines the models of forgetting developed in psychology with the methods of computer science (e.g., knowledge contraction)