Hanna Wass

Hanna Wass
University of Helsinki | HY · Department of Political and Economic Studies

About

55
Publications
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977
Citations

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has made it clear that the traditional “booth, ballot, and pen” model of voting, based on a specific location and physical presence, may not be feasible during a health crisis. This situation has highlighted the need to assess whether existing national electoral legislation includes enough instruments to ensure citizens’ safet...
Preprint
The COVID-19 pandemic has made it clear that the traditional “booth, ballot, and pen” model of voting, based on a specific location and physical presence, may not be feasible during a health crisis. This situation has highlighted the need to assess whether existing national electoral legislation includes enough instruments to ensure citizens’ safet...
Article
Full-text available
Diaconal and social workers spend their days implementing social policy and exercising discretional power while being regularly exposed to social inequalities. As an occupational group, they are heavily influenced by official government decisions, which might be expected to shape their political preferences. Our analyses, based on the Street-Level...
Article
Full-text available
The literature on the reproduction of political participation across generations has focused almost exclusively on parental effects. Yet, other family members may plausibly play an important role as well. This study explores the role of grandparents in the intergenerational transmission of the propensity to vote. Grandparental effects are theorized...
Article
Full-text available
A recent qualitative study of the highest income per mille in Finland showed that the wealthiest segment of society considers the welfare state to be costly, inefficient and demoralizing (Kantola & Kuusela 2019). On the basis of Finnish data from the European Social Survey 2008 (n=2,195) and 2016 (n=1, 925), we examine the extent to which the conne...
Article
Full-text available
Popular consent is an essential element for success and stability of democracies. Research has repeatedly demonstrated that “electoral winners” (i.e. voters casting a ballot for government parties) are more satisfied with democracy than supporters of the opposition parties. However, little is known about the dynamics of satisfaction during the elec...
Chapter
https://julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/162005/TEM_oppaat_10_2019_Tutkimusartikkeleita_kotoutumisesta_20012020.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
Article
Full-text available
We studied the impact of an individual’s family and community background on their voting propensity in the 2015 Finnish parliamentary elections by employing a sibling design on an individual-level register-based dataset. The results showed that a quarter of the total variance in voter turnout was shared between siblings. Considering the dichotomous...
Article
Surveys generally overestimate the overall level of voter turnout in elections due to both the misreporting of voting and nonresponse. It is sometimes argued that socioeconomic differences in turnout are exaggerated in surveys because social desirability has a more pronounced effect on eligible voters in more advantaged socioeconomic positions. How...
Article
Kevään 2019 eduskuntavaaleissa on käytössä kirjeäänestys, mikä on merkittävä muutos vaalilainsäädännön näkökulmasta: äänestäminen Suomen vaaleissa on ensimmäistä kertaa mahdollista ilman vaalivirkailijaa. Arviolta 300 000 Suomen kansalaista asuu ulkomailla. Vuoden 2018 presidentinvaaleissa äänioikeutettuja ulkosuomalaisia oli 251 201 eli 5,6 prosen...
Article
Vaikka ulkosuomalaisten määrä on ollut tasai-sessa kasvussa viimeisten parinkymmenen vuoden ajan, heidän poliittinen painoarvonsa on säilynyt vähäisenä. Ulkomailla asuu yli 250 000 äänioikeutettua, mutta vain noin kymmenen prosenttia heistä äänestää Suomen vaaleissa. Kevään 2019 eduskuntavaaleissa oli ensimmäistä kertaa mahdollista äänestää kirjeit...
Article
Previous studies show that people with poor health have a lower propensity to vote. With individual-level register data on sickness allowance episodes and voting in three Finnish elections, we address the following questions: (1) What degree of sickness allowance days negatively influences turnout? (2) Are sickness absences on election day more har...
Article
Full-text available
Becoming a parent is a profound change in one’s life that likely has consequences for political mobilization. This paper focuses on the earliest stages of parenthood, which have rarely been theorized nor empirically investigated. Close to childbirth, there may be substantial demobilizing effects due to hospital stays, immediate childcare responsibi...
Article
Full-text available
Katsauksessa kootaan yhteen terveyden vaikutuksesta poliittiseen kiinnittyneisyyteen tehtyjä tutkimustuloksia. Nämä ovat jaoteltu neljään osa-alueeseen: 1) terveyden yhteys poliittisen osallistumisen eri muotoihin, 2) terveyden yhteys arvoihin, asenteisiin, preferensseihin ja luottamukseen, 3) arvot ja asenteet välittäjinä terveyden vaikutuksessa p...
Book
Full-text available
Social scientists have only recently begun to explore the link between health and political engagement. Understanding this relationship is vitally important from both a scholarly and a policy-making perspective. This book is the first to offer a comprehensive account of health and political engagement. Using both individual-level and country-level...
Article
This study uses a discordant sibling-based design to assess the extent to which education is proxying for pre-adult experiences and predispositions rooted in the family. It draws on a unique data set that combines official voting records with Census data on siblings and their parents. The results show that the association between education and voti...
Article
Several studies suggest that people suffering from ill health or disabilities have a lower propensity to vote. Using six rounds of the European Social Survey, we examine whether the effect of health or functional disabilities on electoral participation is less or more pronounced in countries which utilize a wider range of facilitation instruments,...
Article
Occupation-based social class is an important, yet under-explored, factor in electoral participation. In this article, social class differences in voter turnout over time are measured, and how two other resources – namely income and health – mediate or modify this relationship is analysed. The analysis is based on an individual-level register-based...
Article
Background: While poor self-rated health is known to decrease an individual's propensity to vote, disaggregation of the components of health on turnout has thus far received only little attention. This study deepens on the understanding of such relationships by examining the association between chronic diseases and voting. Methods: The study use...
Article
As the connection between an individual's socioeconomic status and electoral participation originates from the socialization process in childhood and adolescence, inequalities in voting are often argued to be relatively stable throughout the life cycle. However, social mobility during adulthood may mitigate the effects of family background. Using i...
Article
Recent findings from the US indicate a clear positive causal effect of past eligibility on voting in subsequent elections. Based on individual-level register data from four elections held in Denmark and Finland, we find that past eligibility either decreases voting propensity or has a zero effect among young voters. The hype associated with the fir...
Article
Full-text available
Using the Finnish National Election Study 2011 and the Finnish Candidate Study 2011, we explore congruence in the representational preferences of candidates and voters, the extent to which contextual- and individual-level characteristics are related to preferences and whether the effects of these factors are similar across both groups. The analysis...
Article
Full-text available
An increasing number of eligible citizens in North America and Europe were born outside of these countries. As remarked by Heath et al. [2011. “Ethnic Heterogeneity in the Social Bases of Voting at the 2010 British General Election.” Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties 21 (2): 255–277], in the case that voters with migration background...
Article
Recent analyses have reported a generational pattern in electoral participation both in national and the European Parliament elections which suggests that a lower voting propensity among the younger cohorts remains relatively stable over time. Based on the Swedish national election studies 1960–2010, this article examines the magnitude of generatio...
Article
Highlights ► Turnout declines during the first years of eligibility. ► The relationship between age and turnout has a shape of a roller-coaster. ► This pattern can be detected only when using large scale data sets.
Article
Scholars in the field of electoral participation have for long been aware that turnout is strongly connected to sociopsychological variables such as religiosity, party identification, political interest and sense of political efficacy. The impact of personality characteristics has remained largely unexplored until recently. Based on the Jyväskylä L...
Article
From the normative point of view, there is a general agreement that representatives should act in line with the interests of those being represented. The knowledge about citizens' preferences for representation is very limited, however. This study examines MP's representative roles from the perspective of the citizens. It utilises a task definition...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the link between voter turnout and institutional features of electoral systems such as the threshold of exclusion and proportionality, and other empirical factors such as competition and the effective number of parties, i.e. factors that previous literature has suggested will probably be closely linked to district magnitude. As in Blais...
Article
Using survey data on Finnish local politicians (n = 364) we examine the extent to which political orientation affects attitudes towards and perceptions of competitive tendering in social and health service provision. Expectation of cost benefits turns out to be the most important factor accounting for willingness to increase the usage of competitiv...
Article
In contrast to many other countries, the Finnish open-list proportional representation (PR) system with its mandatory preferential voting provides an opportunity to study gender-based voting empirically. Using the 2007 Finnish national election study, the article presents an analysis of the grounds for same-gender voting, including motivations rela...
Article
Full-text available
Until recently, voters’ views on the representational roles of MPs have been a largely unexplored field in the studies of political behaviour. With the exception of the work by Carman, and Mendez‐Lago & Martínez, the few existing studies have mainly been conducted in the US and are fairly dated. In this study, we are partly filling this gap by exam...
Article
Deriving from the general theories of representation, as well as from the economic interest thesis on the issue of immigration, the paper examines the opinion congruence on the work-related immigration issue between voters, non-voters, elected MP candidates and non-elected MP candidates in the Finnish parliamentary elections of 2003. The study is b...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between age and turnout has been curve-linear as electoral participation first increases with age, remains relatively stable throughout middle-age and then gradually declines as certain physical infirmities set in (see e.g. Milbrath 1965). Alongside this life-cycle effect in voting, recent pooled cross-sectional analyses (see e.g....
Article
The study examines simultaneously the effects of age, generation and period in the Finnish parliamentary elections of 1975–2003 based on pooled data from Finnish Voter Barometers (N=8634). The probability of voting rises with age among three younger generations eligible to vote, and both during the period of increasing and stable turnout (1975–1983...
Article
This article examines the extent to which political socialization accounts for generational differences in electoral participation found in recent studies. Political socialization is defined as the learning process in which an individual adopts various political attitudes, values and patterns of actions from his or her environment. The analysis is...
Article
  We examine the association of four socioeconomic factors with turnout in Finland in three age groups. The analyses are based on individual-level register data from electoral wards from the parliamentary elections of 1999 linked to population registration data on personal characteristics covering the whole 25 to 69 year-old Finnish electorate. The...
Article
Based on individual-level register data from Denmark and Finland, we estimate the causal effect of past eligibility on turnout in two previously unexplored institutional contexts. Our dataset includes the official turnout for about 2.3 million adult Danes and about 81,000 Finns between the ages of 18 and 30. Applying the approach suggested by Mered...
Article
Full-text available
As representation is based on a reciprocal relationship between a representative and his/her constituency (Castiglione and Warren 2006, 11), a correspondence between citizens’ expectations and MPs’ own role perceptions is particularly relevant. In this study we contribute to a growing field of research by comparing MPs’, non-elected candidate’s and...

Projects

Projects (6)
Project
Research project 2019-2021 at the University of Helsinki, funded by the Finnish Cultural Foundation FACE examines Finnish emigrants' political participation, especially voting. A survey conducted with a sample of 10.000 Finnish citizens permanently living abroad constitutes the main part of the project. The survey is currently being prepared and the invitations to participate will be mailed to the prospective participants at the end of April.
Project
BIBU explores how globalization changes citizens’ political capacities, interests, and emotions, and how the political system responds to these changes. My role in the project is in the "Democracy incubator", where we develop democratic innovations. In particular, we are evaluating participatory budgeting processes at the City of Helsinki and some other municipalities.