Hanna Taipaleenmäki

Hanna Taipaleenmäki
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich | LMU

Ph.D

About

59
Publications
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1,851
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Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
Bone metastasis is a frequent complication in patients with advanced breast cancer. Once in the bone, cancer cells disrupt the tightly regulated cellular balance within the bone microenvironment, leading to excessive bone destruction and further tumor growth. Physiological and pathological interactions in the bone marrow are mediated by cell–cell c...
Article
Full-text available
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most frequent malignancy in older men with a high propensity for bone metastases. Characteristically, PCa causes osteosclerotic lesions as a result of disrupted bone remodeling. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) participate in PCa progression by conditioning the pre-metastatic niche. However, how EVs mediate the cross-talk b...
Article
Genetics studies the inheritance of genetic information encoded by the base pair sequence and its variants. Sequence variants can have severe consequences as seen in genetically inherited diseases (e. g. osteogenesis Imperfecta, hypophosphatasia). On the other hand, epigenetics deals with inherited and dynamically reversible modifications of chroma...
Article
The family of RNAs comprises several members, protein coding mRNAs and a larger group of non-coding RNAs, which include small, approximately 21-25 nucleotides long microRNAs (miRNAs). In addition to an evolving diagnostic use of RNAs, RNA-based drugs are emerging very rapidly in medicine, which is not only -but currently very prominently visible- d...
Article
Fragile bone is the root cause of osteoporosis. For inherited or acquired reasons, the fragile bone does not provide sufficient fracture resistance to withstand the physical strains of a normal lifestyle. Accordingly, clinical characteristics consist of fragility fractures that occur during daily life activities or low energy trauma. Hip fractures...
Article
Bone is the most common site of breast cancer recurrence. Despite the increasing knowledge about the metastatic process and treatment advances, the disease still remains incurable once the cancer cells actively proliferate in bone. Complex interactions between cancer cells and cells of the bone microenvironment (BME) regulate the initiation and pro...
Article
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Patients with advanced breast cancer are at high risk of developing bone metastasis. Despite treatment advances for primary breast cancer, metastatic bone disease remains incurable with a low relative survival. Hence, new therapeutic approaches are required to improve survival and treatment outcome for these patients. Bone is among the most frequen...
Article
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Osteoporosis is characterized by reduced bone mass and disruption of bone architecture, resulting in increased risk of fragility fractures and significant long-term disability. Although both anti-resorptive treatments and osteoanabolic drugs, such as parathyroid hormone analogues, are effective in fracture prevention, limitations exist due to lack...
Article
Full-text available
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Research
HubLE I In a Nutshell that describes the role of Tgif1 as a novel regulator of the osteoblast-breast cancer cell crosstalk in bone metastasis.
Article
A wide spectrum of immunological functions has been attributed to Interleukin 9 (IL-9), including effects on the survival and proliferation of immune and parenchymal cells. In; recent years, emerging evidence suggests that IL-9 expression can promote tissue repair in; inflammatory conditions. However, data about the involvement of IL-9 in kidney ti...
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Background: Osteoclast activation is a hallmark of breast cancer-induced bone disease while little is known about the role of osteoblasts in this process. Recently, we identified the homeodomain protein TG-interacting factor-1 (Tgif1) as a crucial regulator of osteoblast function. In this study, we demonstrate that lack of Tgif1 also restricts the...
Article
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The establishment of bone metastasis remains one of the most frequent complications of patients suffering from advanced breast cancer. Patients with bone metastases experience high morbidity and mortality caused by excessive, tumor-induced and osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Anti-resorptive treatments, such as bisphosphonates, are available to...
Article
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Bone is the most common metastatic site in breast cancer. Upon arrival to the bone, disseminated tumor cells can undergo a period of dormancy but often eventually grow and hijack the bone microenvironment. The bone marrow microenvironment consists of multiple cell types including the bone cells, adipocytes, endothelial cells, and nerve cells that a...
Article
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Bone metastases are frequent complications in patients with advanced cancer, which can be fatal or may rapidly impede the quality of life of patients. Current treatments for patients with bone metastases are palliative. Therefore, a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that precede the overt development of skeletal lesions could lead to...
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Purpose of Review This review provides an update on the recent literature describing the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in cancer formation and bone metastasis. We confined our focus on osteosarcoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Recent Findings In all areas covered, major discoveries on the role of miRNAs in t...
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Breast cancer bone metastases often cause a debilitating non-curable condition with osteolytic lesions, muscle weakness and a high mortality. Current treatment comprises chemotherapy, irradiation, surgery and anti-resorptive drugs that restrict but do not revert bone destruction. In metastatic breast cancer cells, we determined the expression of sc...
Article
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Osteoporosis is caused by increased bone resorption and decreased bone formation. Intermittent administration of a fragment of Parathyroid hormone (PTH) activates osteoblast-mediated bone formation and is used in patients with severe osteoporosis. However, the mechanisms by which PTH elicits its anabolic effect are not fully elucidated. Here we sho...
Article
Despite many therapeutic advances in recent years Multiple Myeloma (MM) still remains incurable in the majority of the patients. In addition, MM patients suffer significantly from co-morbidities including bone pain and renal insufficiency. Therefore, the development of novel treatments is warranted. The TAMR family consists of Tyro3, Axl and Mer wh...
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Bone metastases are a common and devastating feature of late-stage breast cancer. Metastatic bone disease is a consequence of disturbed bone remodeling due to pathological interactions between cancer cells and the bone microenvironment (BME). In the BME, breast cancer cells severely alter the balanced bone formation and bone resorption driven by os...
Article
Although inhibitors of bromodomain and extra terminal domain (BET) proteins show promising clinical activity in different hematologic malignancies, a systematic analysis of the consequences of pharmacological BET inhibition on healthy hematopoietic (stem) cells is outstanding. We found that JQ1 treatment decreases the numbers of pre-, immature and...
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Obesity represents a risk factor for development of insulin resistance and Type 2 Diabetes. In addition, it has been associated with increased adipocyte formation in the bone marrow (BM) along with increased risk for bone fragility fractures. However, little is known on the cellular mechanisms that link obesity, BM adiposity and bone fragility. Thu...
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Purpose of review: The small non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as important post-transcriptional regulators of various physiological and pathological processes. The purpose of this article is to review the important recent advances on the role of miRNAs in bone remodeling and metabolic bone disorders. Recent findings: In a physiological...
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Introduction: High NaCl intake is associated with increased urinary calcium elimination and parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion which in turn stimulates the release of calcium from the bone, resulting in increased bone resorption. However, while calciuria after NaCl loading could be shown repeatedly, several studies failed to reveal a significant...
Article
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Wnt signaling is implicated in bone formation and activated in breast cancer cells promoting primary and metastatic tumor growth. A compelling question is whether osteogenic miRNAs that increase Wnt activity for bone formation are aberrantly expressed in breast tumor cells to support metastatic bone disease. Here we report that miR-218-5p is highly...
Article
Statement of significance: Biodegradable implants are promising alternatives to standard steel or titanium implants to avoid implant removal after fracture healing. We therefore developed an intramedullary nail using a novel biodegradable magnesium-silver-alloy (Mg2Ag) and investigated the in vitro and in vivo effects of the implants on bone remod...
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The ability of human mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (hMSCs) to differentiate into various mesenchymal cell lineages makes them a promising cell source for the use in tissue repair strategies. Because the differentiation potential of hMSCs differs between donors, it is necessary to establish biomarkers for the identification of donors with high diff...
Article
Runx1 is a transcription factor essential for definitive hematopoiesis, and genetic abnormalities in Runx1 cause leukemia. Runx1 is functionally promiscuous and acts as either an oncogene or tumor suppressor gene in certain epithelial cancers. Recent evidence suggests that Runx1 is an important factor in breast cancer, however its role remains ambi...
Article
Multiple myeloma is a mostly incurable malignancy characterized by the expansion of a malignant plasma cell (PC) clone in the human bone marrow (BM). Myeloma cells closely interact with the BM stroma, which secretes soluble factors that foster myeloma progression and therapy resistance. Growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6) is produced by BM-derived...
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Background For treatment and prevention of metastatic disease, one of the premier challenges is the identification of pathways and proteins to target for clinical intervention. Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNAs, which regulate cellular activities by either mRNA degradation or translational inhibition. Our studies focused on the invasiv...
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The estrogen receptor α (ERα) controls cell proliferation and tumorigenesis by recruiting various cofactors to estrogen response elements (EREs) to control gene transcription. A deeper understanding of these transcriptional mechanisms may uncover therapeutic targets for ERα-dependent cancers. We show that BRD4 regulates ERα-induced gene expression...
Article
Bone metastasis is a common and devastating complication of late-stage breast and prostate cancer. Complex interactions between tumor cells, bone cells, and a milieu of components in their microenvironment contribute to the osteolytic, osteoblastic, or mixed lesions present in patients with metastasis to bone. In the past decade microRNAs (miRNAs)...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression that control osteoblast mediated bone formation and osteoclast-related bone remodeling. Deregulation of miRNA mediated mechanisms is emerging as an important pathological factor in bone degeneration (eg, osteoporosis) and other bone-related diseases. MiRNAs are intri...
Article
Delta like-1 (Dlk1)/preadipocyte factor-1 (Pref-1)/fetal antigen-1 (FA1) is a novel surface marker for embryonic chondroprogenitor cells undergoing lineage progression from proliferation to prehypertrophic stages. However, mechanisms mediating control of its expression during chondrogenesis are not known. Thus, we examined the effect of a number of...
Article
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Osteoblast differentiation and bone formation (osteogenesis) are regulated by transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms. Recently, a novel class of regulatory factors termed micro-RNAs (miRNAs) has been identified as playing an important role in the regulation of many aspects of osteoblast biology including proliferation, differentiation,...
Article
Mouse embryonic fibroblasts have been utilized as a surrogate stem cell model for the postnatal bone marrow-derived stromal stem cells (BMSC) to study mesoderm-type cell differentiation e.g. osteoblasts, adipocytes and chondrocytes. However, no formal characterization of MEF phenotype has been reported. Utilizing standard in vitro and in vivo assay...
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Maintenance of chondrocyte phenotype is a major issue in prevention of degeneration and repair of articular cartilage. Although the critical pathways in chondrocyte maturation and homeostasis have been revealed, the in-depth understanding is deficient and novel modifying components and interaction partners are still likely to be discovered. Our foc...
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Elucidating the molecular mechanisms that regulate human stromal (mesenchymal) stem cell (hMSC) differentiation into osteogenic lineage is important for the development of anabolic therapies for treatment of osteoporosis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, noncoding RNAs that act as key regulators of diverse biological processes by mediating translation...
Article
Chondrogenic differentiation in mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) has been actively studied due to their potential use in mesenchymal tissue repair. Our goal was to develop a simple isolation protocol for adherent mouse MSCs to simultaneously clear off hematopoietic cells and expand to obtain enough starting material for differentiation studies. CD3...
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNAs that bind to target mRNA leading to translational arrest or mRNA degradation. To study miRNA-mediated regulation of osteogenesis and chondrogenesis, we compared the expression of 35 miRNAs in osteoblasts and chondroblasts derived from mouse marrow stromal cells (MSCs). Differentiation of MSCs resulted in up- o...
Article
The Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 genome harbours a deg gene family consisting of three members, degP (htrA, slr1204), degQ (hhoA, sll1679) and degS (hhoB, sll1427). We studied the environmental regulation of the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 deg genes at the level of transcription and protein structures of the gene products to evaluate their hypothetica...