Han Kyoung Choe

Han Kyoung Choe
Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology | DGIST · Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences

PhD, Seoul National University

About

56
Publications
9,054
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,533
Citations

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
Hyperimmunity drives the development of Alzheimer disease (AD). The immune system is under the circadian control, and circadian abnormalities aggravate AD progress. Here, we investigate how an AD-linked mutation deregulates expression of circadian genes and induces cognitive decline using the knock-in (KI) mice heterozygous for presenilin 2 N141I m...
Article
Full-text available
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive dopaminergic neuronal loss. Motor deficits experienced by patients with Parkinson's disease are well documented, but non-motor symptoms, including mood disorders associated with circadian disturbances, are also frequent features. One common phenomenon is "sundowning syn...
Article
Full-text available
The brain’s mechanisms for categorizing different odors have long been a research focus. Previous studies suggest that odor categorization may involve multiple neurological processes within the brain with temporal and spatial neuronal activation. However, there is limited evidence regarding temporally mediated mechanisms in humans, especially milli...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive dopaminergic (DAergic) neuronal loss. Motor deficits experienced by patients with Parkinson’s disease are well documented, but non-motor symptoms, including mood disorders associated with circadian disturbances, are also frequent features. One common phenome...
Article
Full-text available
Intermittent fasting has become an increasingly popular strategy in losing weight and associated reduction in obesity-related medical complications. Overwhelming studies support metabolic improvements from intermittent fasting in blood glucose levels, cardiac and brain function, and other health benefits, in addition to weight loss. However, concer...
Article
The demand for multifunctional neural interfaces has grown due to the need to provide a better understanding of biological mechanisms related to neurological diseases and neural networks. Direct intracerebral drug injection using microfluidic neural interfaces is an effective way to deliver drugs to the brain, and it expands the utility of drugs by...
Article
In animals, proper locomotion is crucial to find mates and foods and avoid predators or dangers. Multiple sensory systems detect external and internal cues and integrate them to modulate motor outputs. Proprioception is the internal sense of body position, and proprioceptive control of locomotion is essential to generate and maintain precise patter...
Article
Full-text available
The mammalian molecular clock is based on a transcription-translation feedback loop (TTFL) comprising the Period1, 2 (Per1, 2), Cryptochrome1, 2 (Cry1, 2), and Brain and Muscle ARNT-Like 1 (Bmal1) genes. The robustness of the TTFL is attributed to genetic redundancy among some essential clock genes, deterring genetic studies on molecular clocks usi...
Article
Neural interfaces play an essential role to disclose neural networks and to assist paralyzed patients in past decades. As the conformability and longevity become vital issues for neural interfaces, flexible materials are increasingly engaged in the development of such devices. However, the development of devices comprised of polydimethylsiloxane (P...
Preprint
Full-text available
Hyperimmunity drives the development of Alzheimer disease (AD). The immune system is under the circadian control, and circadian abnormalities aggravate AD progress. Here, we investigated how an AD-linked mutation deregulates expression of circadian genes and induces cognitive decline using the knock-in (KI) mice heterozygous for presenilin 2 (Psen2...
Article
Full-text available
Circadian clock controls an organism's biological rhythm and regulates its physiological processes in response to external time cues. Most living organisms have their own time-keeping mechanism that is maintained by transcriptional-translational autoregulatory feedback loops involving several core clock genes, such as Period. Recent studies have fo...
Preprint
The mammalian molecular clock is based on a transcription-translation feedback loop (TTFL) containing Period1, 2 (Per1, 2), Cryptochrome1, 2 (Cry1, 2), and Brain and Muscle ARNT-Like 1 (Bmal1). TTFL robustness is endowed by genetic complementation between these components; therefore, multiple genes must be knocked out to physiologically investigate...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous physiological processes in nature have multiple oscillations within 24 h, that is, ultradian rhythms. Compared to the circadian rhythm, which has a period of approximately one day, these short oscillations range from seconds to hours, and the mechanisms underlying ultradian rhythms remain largely unknown. This review aims to explore and em...
Article
Circadian rhythm is an endogenous oscillation of about 24-h period in many physiological processes and behaviors. This daily oscillation is maintained by the molecular clock machinery with transcriptional-translational feedback loops mediated by clock genes including Period2 (Per2) and Bmal1. Recently, it was revealed that gut microbiome exerts a s...
Article
Full-text available
Maternal stress has long-lasting influences on the brain functions of offspring, and several brain regions have been proposed to mediate such programming. Although perinatal programming of crosstalk between the circadian and stress systems has been proposed, the functional consequences of prenatal stress on the circadian system and the underlying m...
Article
Full-text available
Activity-dependent regulation of gene expression is critical in experience-mediated changes in the brain. Although less appreciated than transcriptional control, translational control is a crucial regulatory step of activity-mediated gene expression in physiological and pathological conditions. In the first part of this review, we overview evidence...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Synchronous and pulsatile neural activation of kisspeptin neurons in the arcuate nucleus (ARN) are important components of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pulse generator, the final common pathway for central regulation of mammalian reproduction. However, whether ARN kisspeptin neurons can intrinsically generate self-sustai...
Article
Full-text available
Macroautophagy/autophagy is generally regarded as a cytoprotective mechanism, and it remains a matter of controversy whether autophagy can cause cell death in mammals. Here, we show that chronic restraint stress suppresses adult hippocampal neurogenesis in mice by inducing autophagic cell death (ACD) of hippocampal neural stem cells (NSCs). We gene...
Article
Full-text available
Multicistronic elements, such as the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) and 2A-like cleavage sequence, serve crucial roles in the eukaryotic ectopic expression of exogenous genes. For utilization of multicistronic elements, the cleavage efficiency and order of elements in multicistronic vectors have been investigated; however, the dynamics of mult...
Article
Aging is characterized by a progressive loss of several physiological functions that can cause various age-related disorders. Several factors have been identified as causes of aging to elucidate the decline in functions. Various aspects of physiological deterioration are controlled by the hypothalamus, a critical brain region that connects the neur...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian physiology and behavior are regulated by an internal time-keeping system, referred to as circadian rhythm. The circadian timing system has a hierarchical organization composed of the master clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and local clocks in extra-SCN brain regions and peripheral organs. The circadian clock molecular mechanism...
Article
Optogenetic interrogation of neural pathways relies on delivery of light-sensitive opsins into tissue and subsequent optical illumination and electrical recording from the regions of interest. Despite the recent development of multifunctional neural probes, integration of these modalities in a single biocompatible platform remains a challenge. We d...
Article
Meaningful social interactions modify behavioral responses to sensory stimuli. The neural mechanisms underlying the entrainment of neutral sensory stimuli to salient social cues to produce social learning remain unknown. We used odor-driven behavioral paradigms to ask if oxytocin, a neuropeptide implicated in various social behaviors, plays a cruci...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific Reports 6 : Article number: 21463; 10.1038/srep21463 Published online 19 February 2016 ; Updated 09 May 2016 The original version of this Article contained errors in the Abstract.
Article
Full-text available
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is a group of cells that functions as a biological master clock. In different SCN cells, oscillations of biochemical markers such as the expression-level of clock genes, are not synchronized but instead form slow circadian phase waves propagating over the whole cell population spatio-temporal struc- ture is a fixed...
Article
Meaningful social interactions modify behavioral responses to sensory stimuli. The neural mechanisms underlying the entrainment of neutral sensory stimuli to salient social cues to produce social learning remain unknown. We used odor-driven behavioral paradigms to ask if oxytocin, a neuropeptide implicated in various social behaviors, plays a cruci...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) frequently experience disruption of their circadian rhythms, but whether and how circadian clock molecules are perturbed by AD remains unknown. AD is an age-related neurological disorder and amyloid-β (Aβ) is one of major causative molecules in the pathogenesis of AD. Results In this study, we inves...
Article
Full-text available
Pulsatile secretion of hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is indispensable for controlling proper pituitary gonadotrope functions; however, the mechanism underlying GnRH pulse generation remains largely unknown. It is important to understand the cellular oscillator in individual GnRH neurons and temporal synchronization among GnRH n...
Article
Full-text available
In mammals, the master circadian pacemaker is localized in an area of the ventral hypothalamus known as the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Previous studies have shown that pacemaker neurons in the SCN are highly coupled to one another, and this coupling is crucial for intrinsic self-sustainability of the SCN central clock, which is distinguished fr...
Article
Full-text available
The circadian nature of mood and its dysfunction in affective disorders is well recognized, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Here, we show that the circadian nuclear receptor REV-ERBα, which is associated with bipolar disorder, impacts midbrain dopamine production and mood-related behavior in mice. Genetic deletion of the...
Article
Full-text available
Circadian clocks are the endogenous oscillators that harmonize a variety of physiological processes within the body. Although many urinary functions exhibit clear daily or circadian variation in diurnal humans and nocturnal rodents, the precise mechanisms of these variations are as yet unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that Per2 promote...
Article
The circadian clock is a self-sustaining oscillator that controls daily rhythms. For the proper circadian gene expression, dynamic changes in chromatin structure are important. Although chromatin modifiers have been shown to play a role in circadian gene expression, the in vivo role of circadian signal-modulated chromatin modifiers at an organism l...
Article
Full-text available
Pulsatile release of hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is essential for pituitary gonadotrope function. Although the importance of pulsatile GnRH secretion has been recognized for several decades, the mechanisms underlying GnRH pulse generation in hypothalamic neural networks remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate the ultradian rhyth...
Article
Full-text available
GnRH is a pivotal hypothalamic neurohormone governing reproduction and sexual development. Because transcriptional regulation is crucial for the spatial and temporal expression of the GnRH gene, a region approximately 3.0 kb upstream of the mammalian GnRH promoter has been extensive studied. In the present study, we demonstrate a transcription-enha...
Article
Full-text available
The environment of a pregnant mother has a life-long impact on later life of offspring. Maternal stress is known to cause low birth weight and programs several physiological dysfunctions in offspring. However, the direct effects of maternal stress on the developing fetus remain largely unknown. The present study focused on the effect of chronic mat...
Article
Full-text available
As a consequence of the Earth's rotation, almost all organisms experience day and night cycles within a 24-hr period. To adapt and synchronize biological rhythms to external daily cycles, organisms have evolved an internal time-keeping system. In mammals, the master circadian pacemaker residing in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the anterior h...
Article
Full-text available
Glucocorticoid (GC) is an adrenal steroid with diverse physiological effects. It undergoes a robust daily oscillation, which has been thought to be driven by the master circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus via the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal axis. However, we show that the adrenal gland has its own clock and that th...
Article
Full-text available
Auditory fear memory is thought to be maintained by fear conditioning-induced potentiation of synaptic efficacy, which involves enhanced expression of surface AMPA receptor (AMPAR) at excitatory synapses in the lateral amygdala (LA). Depotentiation, reversal of conditioning-induced potentiation, has been proposed as a cellular mechanism for fear ex...

Network

Cited By