Hamish Mackie

Hamish Mackie
Mackie Research and Consulting

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43
Publications
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Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Te Ara Mua – Future Streets is a before-after study of a neighbourhood street retrofit in Māngere, Auckland, New Zealand. The goal of the Te Ara Mua – Future Streets intervention was to make active travel modes safer and easier, and to reflect local cultural identity. This paper focuses on one aspect of the study evaluation – to understand if walki...
Article
We aim to understand how a streetscape intervention, Te Ara Mua- Future Streets, designed to improve the ease and safety of active modes, influenced perceptions of neighbourhood safety and security in Māngere, New Zealand. In this controlled intervention study, survey, focus group and in-depth interview data on neighbourhood perceptions were gather...
Chapter
Taking a socio-technical systems approach, the aim of this chapter is to describe the barriers and enablers to innovative street projects that promote wellbeing. We explore these barriers and enablers through the lens of five proposed, current, or delivered niche street re-design projects or programmes in Aotearoa New Zealand. Through a thematic an...
Article
Full-text available
In 2016 in New Zealand, pedestrians accounted for 7.6% (n=25) of all road fatalities and 6.6% (n=257) of serious injuries (Ministry of Transport, 2017). The aim of this research was to analyse a sample of pedestrian deaths and serious injury (DSI) cases to understand the contribution of Safe System gaps in serious harm outcomes. A sample of 100 ped...
Article
Introduction Built environment infrastructure that supports active travel may help increase rates of children's active travel to school. Knowledge gaps exist in terms of how small-to-medium scale, school-focused infrastructural changes might impact children's active school travel and associated variables along the pathway to behaviour change. The a...
Article
Full-text available
The cycling priorities and experiences of low‐income communities have traditionally received less research attention. This paper explores community perceptions of new cycling infrastructure within the Te Ara Mua – Future Streets project in the low‐cycling, low‐income, predominantly Pacific neighbourhood of Māngere Central, Auckland. Themes from sev...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Active school travel (AST) is important for child and environmental health. In New Zealand, AST has declined over recent decades and is relatively low compared to many other countries. A plethora of evidence related to children's AST exists, yet a holistic and context-specific understanding of factors related to the behaviour remains e...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction In New Zealand, as elsewhere, active school travel has declined over recent decades. The emergence of physical inactivity as a global health concern has heightened the need for strategies to reverse this decline. In this paper we question whether ‘exemplar schools’ - those with comparatively high active school travel rates – offer less...
Article
Full-text available
There is an increased risk of death or serious injury for occupants who did not wear a seat belt in a crash. In New Zealand, between 2006 and 2016, the non-use of seat belts accounted for 19-30% of the overall motor vehicle road deaths, and this figure shows no sign of decreasing. It is important to better understand the contextual factors associat...
Article
Background Future Streets is a street redesign intervention study that aims to slow traffic, change driver behaviour and make walking and cycling easier and safer in Mangere, a suburban neighbourhood in Auckland, New Zealand. It is a collaborative project between research team, local community and the city’s transport agency. Community engagement,...
Chapter
The first edited collection to examine how we can transition to a future of low carbon methods of travel and mobility.
Article
Background The social and financial burden of road traffic injury in New Zealand is high compared with many other developed countries. In addition, the population is affected by chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, all of which share physical inactivity as a risk factor. Road safety is currently a major objective o...
Article
Background Designing walking and cycling back into urban communities may be most effective at achieving a sustained shift from car trips to walking and cycling. Such a shift could deliver substantial benefits for mitigating climate change, public health, social and health inequities, and economic resilience. There is a lack of robust evidence about...
Article
The self-explaining roads (SER) approach uses road designs that evoke correct expectations and driving behaviours from road users to create a safe and user-friendly road network. Following the implementation of an SER process and retrofitting of local and collector roads in a suburb within Auckland City, lower speeds on local roads and less variati...
Article
This paper describes a project undertaken to establish a self-explaining roads (SER) design programme on existing streets in an urban area. The methodology focussed on developing a process to identify functional road categories and designs based on endemic road characteristics taken from functional exemplars in the study area. The study area was di...
Article
Transport modes walking and cycling, including cycling to school, have been neglected yet they could play a key role in combating obesity, climate change and traffic congestion as well as restoring "social capital" within communities. The objective of this research was to identify the specific barriers to school students cycling to school for six i...
Article
Log truck drivers in New Zealand have challenging working conditions with thirteen hour working days usually beginning in the early hours of the morning. This leaves little opportunity for exercise, recreation or family time and so health and relationship problems are common. Battling fatigue is also a constant challenge. The Log Transport Safety C...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to determine school student's postural and self-reported responses to realistic daily schoolbag carriage and to provide support for an upper schoolbag weight limit. Sixteen boys carried unloaded, 5%, 10%, 12.5% and 15% of body weight (BW) schoolbag loads, each for a simulated school day. The 10% BW condition was repe...
Article
Full-text available
The primary objective of the current study was to quantify the temporal patterns of school bag carriage over an actual school day using activity monitoring and structured interviews, in order to better understand the physical demands of school bag carriage. The temporal patterns of 40 students' school bag carriage over a 24-h period were defined by...
Article
Full-text available
Laser class sailors have to hike out, i.e. hook their feet under the toe straps near the centreline of the boat and hold their upper bodies over the edge of the boat, to counteract the heeling forces generated by the sails. To identify the parameters that are associated with maximal hiking performance, this cross-sectional observational study measu...
Article
Recently, several studies have addressed the physical demands of school student's load carriage, in particular the load weight carried, using physical demands indicators such as oxygen consumption, gait, and posture. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different load carriage configurations on shoulder strap tension forces a...
Article
The aim of this work was to investigate how close to pendulum-like behaviour the periodic motion of the human upper limb (or upper extremity) is, during normal walking at a comfortable speed of locomotion. Twenty-five healthy young persons (males and females) participated in the experiment. Biomechanical testing was undertaken (mass and centre of m...
Article
The loads that school students are carrying to, around and from school is an issue of increasing concern particularly as the long term effects of excessive load carriage on school students' musculoskeletal health is unknown. A greater understanding of the temporal patterns of students' load carriage, which usually involves backpacking, would assist...
Article
Four backpacks were evaluated for their desireability for use as school bags. Three of the four backpacks were specifically designed for school use based on previous research and ergonomic principles while the fourth (standard) backpack was chosen from two backpacks that their manufacturer considered to be the most likely to be used as a school bag...
Article
Office chairs have often been designed to promote a single 'correct' rather rigid and upright posture, yet it is acknowledged that allowing changes in posture is good ergonomics practice. The present study investigated office worker's preferences for a standard shaped typist's chair (ST) and a prototype multi-posture (PMP) office chair designed to...
Article
Evidence suggests that Reaction time (RT) is affected by human behaviour in that stimuli are processed and conducted faster and more accurately when they are presented directly to the specialised hemisphere and responded to more quickly when stimulus and response are mediated by the same hemisphere. The purpose of the current study was to investiga...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to examine the change in knowledge and use of sport science in 46 elite New Zealand Olympic class dinghy sailors' one year after the adoption of a sport science support (SSS) programme by Yachting New Zealand. Twenty eight (22 males, six females) sailors responded to a questionnaire which was administered during a tr...
Article
The objective of the present study was to determine the temporal patterns of physical activity in four classes of Olympic racing dinghy. Experimental design: Descriptive. Setting: A field (on-water) study. Participants: Nineteen elite New Zealand sailors (fifteen male and four female). Intervention: Not applicable. Measures: The temporal pattern (d...
Article
The primary purpose of this study was to quantify the up wards forces of the feet on the hiking strap and the forces in the mainsheet of four Olympic classes of racing dinghies (Europe, Laser. Finn and 470) during realistic on-water sailing in varying wind conditions. The secondary aim of the study was to measure the joint angles adopted by the sai...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to examine changes in sailors' physical characteristics during three different time periods immediately before the 1996 New Zealand Olympic trials, as a result of a newly introduced sport science programme. Twenty five (19 male and 6 female) Olympic development squad members volunteered as subjects and completed fitn...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to determine the change in elite dinghy sailor's knowledge and use of sport science, three years after the adoption of a sport science support (SSS) programme by Yachting New Zealand for its elite dinghy sailors. A questionnaire was administered to 28 (22 male, six female) elite sailors in April 1994 and to 33 (24 ma...
Article
The aim of this study was to measure forces acting on a laser sailor in order to obtain an indication of the physical demands in the major muscle groups used during dinghy racing. Force data were collected in the mainsheet and the hiking strap of a club level (body weight 94 kg) and an elite sailor (body weight 80 kg) in a range of wind conditions....
Article
The purpose of this research, carried out between 2008 and 2010, was to investigate the evidence for prioritising school travel initiatives, and to develop an evidence-based toolkit for the design of school travel systems, to supplement existing school travel initiatives. There are tangible economic, safety, health and environmental reasons for giv...
Article
Full-text available
Audio tactile profiled (ATP) edge and centre-lines provide an audio-tactile response when driven over, making drivers less likely to leave their lane. Materials such as ATP thermoplastic and cold applied plastic (CAP) are also much more expensive to install, which leads to a perceived trade-off between cost and safety. There may be the potential to...
Article
This project predicted the overall demand for freight transport in New Zealand by 2020. Using a variety of data sources, freight growth in the nation s regions was also estimated. A secondary objective was to estimate the proportion of the freight growth that could be transported by rail. Between 1997 and 2005, the number of heavy vehicles in New Z...

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Project (1)
Project
this is an equity focused community intervention study of walking and cycling infrastructure. Having co-designed and implemented street changes to make Māngere Central safer and easier to get around on foot, by bike, by wheelchair, scooter and skateboard, we are now measuring a range of outcomes for people's wellbeing and for the climate. see the website for more information www.futurestreets.org.nz