Hallvard Moe

Hallvard Moe
University of Bergen | UiB · Department of Information Science and Media Studies

PhD

About

77
Publications
33,123
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2,367
Citations

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
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The last two decades have witnessed major disruptions to the traditional media industry as a result of technological breakthroughs. New opportunities and challenges continue to arise, most recently as a result of the rapid advance and adoption of artificial intelligence technologies. On the one hand, the broad adoption of these technologies may int...
Article
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Digital disconnection or ‘digital detox’ has become a key reference point for media scholars interested in how media technology increasingly gains influence on our everyday lives. Digital disconnection from intrusive media is often intertwined with other types of human conduct, which is less highlighted. There is a potential for media scholars to e...
Article
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This paper analyzes news use during the COVID-19 pandemic, asking how people balance between conflicting needs for information and disconnection in an extraordinary situation. We analyze empirical data from a qualitative questionnaire study of Norwegian media users conducted in March–April 2020, a period of early pandemic lockdown. The acute lockdo...
Article
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This article argues that journalism scholars should strive to understand the democratic significance of everyday news use, and that such an interest requires us to tackle some methodological and conceptual challenges. We utilize the concept of public connection as a starting point for prioritizing aspects of everyday news use that are most relevant...
Article
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This article draws on the framework of “folk theories” to analyze how people perceive algorithms in the media. Taking algorithms as a prime case to investigate how people respond to datafication in everyday media use, we ask how people perceive positive and negative consequences of algorithms. To answer our question, we conduct qualitative thematic...
Article
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The concept of exposure diversity, the diversity of information that people actually access and use, has recently gained prominence in media policy debates. This aspect of media diversity, however, remains difficult to define, measure or implement in actual policy. In this article, we propose an empirical approach that operationalizes exposure dive...
Article
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This article explores implications of the central position of the smartphone in an age of constant connectivity. Based on a qualitative study of 50 informants, we ask how users experience and handle temporal ambivalences in everyday smartphone use, drawing on the concepts flow and responsibilization to conceptualize central dimensions of such ambiv...
Article
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This article mobilizes the capabilities approach to offer a new and empirically grounded critical perspective on how cultural policy should promote citizenship to audiences. The capabilities approach posits that public policies should be designed and measured in terms of what they actually enable subjects to do or be. Focusing on the case of Norway...
Article
Digital media enable processes of datafication: users' online activities leave digital traces that are transformed into data points in databases, kept by service providers and other private and public organisations, and repurposed for commercial exploitation, business innovation, surveillance -- and research. Increasingly, this also extends to sens...
Article
Deliberative systems theory is a promising candidate for a normative theory of democracy that combines ideal requirements with feasibility. Yet, recent theoretical elaborations and studies of citizens’ online media use inspired by the theory suffer from an incomplete account of the public sphere’s epistemic function, too rough interpretations of pa...
Article
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This article argues that our view of citizens as miserably failing to maintain their role in democracy is problematic, and that the problems stem from the “informed citizen” ideal: it is too demanding, but also misses the target. The article proposes an alternative normative concept for citizens’ public connection: distributed readiness citizenship...
Article
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This article investigates sense-making processes of news audiences when faced with destabilizing global events. The destabilizing event is Trump’s 2016 election win, which we study from the perspective of audiences far removed: in the Nordic region. Asking how we can understand shifts in the balance between the informational and ritual aspects of n...
Preprint
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Collecting and analyzing policy and industry documents is a basic part of most media policy research. The convenience of using existing material produced by public or private institutions can make the use of such documents seem relatively straightforward. However, the selection of relevant documents, their availability, collection and analysis also...
Article
This article compares Wikipedia as an arena and source for the public through analysis of articles on “Islam” across the three Scandinavian languages. Findings show that the Swedish article is continuously revised and adjusted by a fairly high number of contributors, with comparatively low concentration to a small group of top users. The Norwegian...
Article
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This article is concerned with how different agencies play out in shaping public debate online and, for this purpose, employs an approach that acknowledges the role not just of algorithms seen in isolation, but in context with users. The empirical case is YouTube video search results related to Islam in Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish. As such, the...
Article
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This article identifies gaps between normative ideals and realistic accounts of news use in democracy today. Starting from the widespread but unrealistic ideal of the informed citizen, and its more realistic development through notions of the monitorial citizen, we analyze comprehensive qualitative data on news users’ experiences. We describe these...
Article
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Sammendrag Hva kan vi bruke kvantitative undersøkelsesmetoder for tv-bruk til, og hvordan kan vi forstå avvik mellom dem? Vi argumenterer for at en sammenligning av svarene survey- og tv-meterdata gir oss – over tid og på tvers av genre – reiser en viktig diskusjon om metodiske utfordringer, men også setter oss i stand til å bedre forstå endringer...
Article
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This contribution compares personalisation strategies of public service media (PSM) and how these are reconciled with PSM’s core values, especially universality. To this end, it combines mapping of a sample of PSM with in-depth analysis of Flemish VRT and Norwegian NRK. The theoretical framework discusses universality in relationship to PSM’s histo...
Article
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This article presents an approach to cross-media use analysis suited to answering the question of how citizens from different sociocultural groups experience their freedom of information. The approach is based on normative democratic theory, is attentive to the dimensions of culture and media that lie beyond a predefined political dimension and is...
Chapter
The term social media describes Internet-based services that facilitate social networking as well as the creation and sharing of content among users. It is in no way a precise analytical term, but the phenomenon of social media grew during the first decade of the 21st century to become thoroughly integrated into various domains of public and privat...
Article
Media independence is a contested concept that carries different meanings in different contexts. As a normative ideal, independence can be discussed on many levels, and media organisations, journalists, researchers and regulators often invoke the term in contradictory ways. In contemporary European media policy, the conceptual contestation over the...
Article
This introduction to the special issue on social media and television audience engagement sketches the key dimensions that affect how audiences are transformed through the development of social platforms. Building on the five contributions to the special issue, we identify three dimensions that deserve further attention: (1) the character of nation...
Article
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Based on data from May 2013 to April 2014, this article is an analysis of how Norwegian journalists use Twitter to communicate with politicians. Despite focusing on the most active users of both types, we find little direct tweeting in general. Using quantitative measurements, we discern differences in use between different journalists. Zooming in...
Article
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This article presents a longitudinal big data analysis of the online news provision of the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK). Comparing data from 2009 with data from 2013 (approximately 150,000 news items), the analysis assumes a hybrid methodological approach combining human and computer coding to enquire about longitudinal trends in online...
Article
As more and more countries abandon it in the age of digital media, the licence fee on television sets is becoming a rarity. This article looks at a case - Norway - where the traditional funding scheme for public service broadcasting has so far been preserved. It reviews the organization of the Norwegian public service broadcaster, NRK, and scrutini...
Article
It is a key task for media research to uncover the assumptions underpinning fashion terms like buzzwords, and to show their functions in business, political debate and social life. In this article, we ask which purposes media buzzwords serve, and for whom. We also question the presumed newness of buzzwords. By critically addressing two correspondin...
Article
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Online news sites have become an Internet "staple", but we know little of the forces driving the popularity of such sites in relation to what could be understood as the latest iteration of the web – social media services. This research in brief article discusses empirical results regarding the uses of Twitter for news sharing. Specifically, we pres...
Book
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READ FREE ON THE WEB: dx.doi.org/10.3998/nmw.12367206.0001.001 The Media Welfare State: Nordic Media in the Digital Era comprehensively addresses the central dynamics of the digitalization of the media industry in the Nordic countries—Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, and Iceland—and the ways media organizations there are transforming to address t...
Article
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Social media are often discussed in terms of online novelties. However, especially within the broader field of political communication, the uses of such services, as Twitter, at the hands of political actors such as politicians and the parties to which they belong, have become something of a fixture of research in recent years. Although the study o...
Article
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How would media policy discourse benefit from more precise use of the ambiguous term " the market " ? The term's economic and metaphorical constructions are often conflated, say the authors. For example, the metaphor can be used ideologically to obscure private political and economic interests. While there is no single uncontroversial definition of...
Chapter
EU state-aid rules center on all government measures that affect public budgets while granting a selective advantage to a company or sector with market distortion as a consequence. Throughout the first decade of the 21st century, state-aid became the focal point for debate over PSB. As these traditional media institutions ventured into new media pl...
Article
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This article provides empirical insights into how one online service – Twitter – was used for political purposes during three separate election campaigns in Sweden, Denmark and Norway, specifically how Twitter users, with hyperlinks, connect with other channels for political communication. Methodologically, the study employs three large sets of dat...
Article
New media technologies are often met with political and public ambivalence, as they are perceived to threaten established activities, values and institutions, as well as bring progress and improve political, cultural and social life. Taking the Norwegian history of television as an empirical case study, this article relates to an international rese...
Article
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The uses of the popular microblogging service Twitter for political purposes have been discussed by scholars and political pundits alike. While suggestions have been made that the conversational aspects of the microblog could serve to instigate online deliberation between equals, rather few studies have investigated such claims empirically. This pa...
Article
Social networking sites have become staples in everyday life in many parts of the world. Public service broadcasters have ventured on to such services, aiming to reach new users. This move triggers a line of question about the borders between the public and the commercial, the control of content and the shifting power in media policy. Focusing on t...
Article
The uses of the popular microblogging service Twitter for political purposes have been discussed by scholars and political pundits alike. While suggestions have been made that the conversational aspects of the microblog could serve to instigate online deliberation between equals, rather few studies have investigated such claims empirically. This pa...
Article
In February 2013, over 35 million Italian citizens voted to renew the national parliament and Internet played an important and perhaps decisive role. From the 1st of January to 24 of February we collected data from all official Facebook and Twitter profiles of the presidential candidates. During the same period we also collected the average of poli...
Article
Full-text available
Among the many so-called microblogging services that allow their users to describe their current status in short posts, Twitter is probably among the most popular and well known. Since its launch in 2006, Twitter use has evolved and is increasingly used in a variety of contexts. This article utilizes emerging online tools and presents a rationale f...
Article
Taking the implementation and impact of emerging assessment methods for new public service media activities – the so-called ex ante tests – as a case in point, this article analyses evolving means of governance and accountability, and evaluates the thesis that claims the locus of governance power shifts from government to commercial competitors. Th...
Article
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This article provides an empirical basis for discussions of public service news on the Web. Through innovative use of computer-assisted data gathering and structuring, and a combination of quantitative methods, we present the results from a large-scale analysis of the online news content of the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, NRK. The study rev...
Article
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Emerging online arenas offer new possibilities for the study of online communication aided by computer-assisted methods of data collection. However, these possibilities also entail certain challenges. As online data collection such as “scraping” of web content becomes part of the methodological repertoire of non-technically inclined researchers, an...
Article
This article presents an analysis of public debate about a pressing political issue on a novel Web arena in a small linguistic community: the debate on Twitter about the implementation of the European Union's Data Retention Directive in Norway. Who participates in this communication, and how can we characterize different forms of use? The analysis...
Chapter
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Much communication policy research involves the analysis of documents. As a distinctive research method, however, document analysis is not especially well explicated in either textbooks on the methodology of media and communication studies or actual research contributions. This chapter reviews different uses and definitions of the terms 'document'...
Article
Based on analyses of survey data of the cultural practices of Norwegian students in 1998 and 2008, this article addresses the changing relations between class, education and cultural tastes of students in Norway – particularly focusing on what Bourdieu termed “cultural capital”. Proceeding from international and Norwegian debates regarding the natu...
Article
Even as the blog has become an established genre of computer-mediated communication, questions remain about how different blogs are from mass media, and what the transformative potential of blogging is. This article argues for the need for further explorations, especially outside the Anglo-American blogosphere. The article discusses key challenges...
Conference Paper
Among the many so called microblogging services that allow their respective users to describe their current status in short posts, Twitter is probably among the most popular and well known. Since its launch in 2006, Twitter use has evolved and is increasingly used in a variety of contexts. One are of use is politics. Although many of the initial ho...
Article
Full-text available
The development of public broadcasters’ Internet services has compelled practitioners and researchers alike to ponder public service beyond broadcasting. Yet, for public service as a key cultural policy tool, rethinking is also needed on the level of regulatory definitions. Are we witnessing a policy transformation into a media‐neutral public servi...
Article
This article presents a study of the implementation of new elements of media governance in the UK, Germany, and Norway. Seeking to amend the existing models, the three states have introduced different versions of so-called “public value tests” to assess the relevance, market impact, and cost/value of any new public service. The cases represent a me...
Book
"20. august 1960 gikk startskuddet for norsk tv. Denne boka er skrevet 50 år etter, og handler om de mange ulike aspektene ved tv: Fra tv som institusjon og kanal, til tv-markeder, regulering, produksjon, program og publikum. Selv om en rekke bøker analyserer tv fra ulike perspektiv, finnes det fra før av ingen norsk lærebok som samlet diskuterer t...
Book
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Public service broadcasting continues to attract scholarly attention. In this chapter, Moe and Syvertsen critically reviews theories and approaches to the study of public service broadcasting. Four theoretical traditions of studying public service are discussed. First, policy studies: analyses of the changing conditions for public service broadcast...
Chapter
Since the early 1990s, the EU has gained an important political role as it tries to manoeuvre between conflicting interests in regulating public service broadcasting. At the outset, the activities are granted a privileged exemption from the prevailing competition law approach. Yet, this position is increasingly challenged. The chapter identifies ke...
Article
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Twenty-six years after the Journal of Communication published a special issue entitled "Ferment in the Field," Professors Todd Gitlin, Jostein Gripsrud and Michael Schudson reflect on the state of the field of media and communications research. They discuss the conflict between critical and administrative research, the role of the intellectual in t...
Article
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Much of the research on communication and democracy continues to lean on Jurgen Habermas's work. However, many aspects of his approach have been intensely criticised in recent debates, both in communication studies and political theory, Habermas's emphasis on rational consensus as the aim of public communication has particularly been problematised....
Article
Across Western Europe, public broadcasters have built their internet presence into sprawling sites encompassing a multitude of services. This development illustrates the need for redefining the role of public service media in a digital era. The article scrutinizes dilemmas following the emerging EU competition law-inspired policy approach to public...
Article
The media should both disseminate information and facilitate dialogue. As a key policy tool, public service broadcasting has arguably contributed to the former task but it has been criticized for neglecting the task related to dialogic communication. Online communication, optimists claim, could fix the problem. It might boost participation, and pot...
Article
Facing a digital media system, European public service broadcasters have encountered increasing scrutiny from both competitors and regulators. As these institutions have ventured onto media platforms very unlike traditional broadcast radio and television, discussions about the scope of their activities have flourished. The case of the internet clea...
Article
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In this interview, Daniel C. Hallin offers hindsight concerning his collaborative project with Paolo Manc ini — C omparing Media Systems — Three Models of Media and Politics (2004). Hallin discusses methodological d ifficulties with comparative media research, answers both praise and criticism of their work, and contemplates the development and sta...
Article
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""The article discusses the background and origins of research on media institutions as afield, and especially assesses the development and status of Norwegian research on broadcasting institutions. It is demonstrated how the field has developed, both quantitatively and qualitatively, through three key phases: the era of broadcasting monopolies; th...
Article
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The hype surrounding the marketing of and writing about digital television has, since its advent in the 1990s, focused extensively on freedom and control for the viewer: new technology will render channels superfluous, offer unlimited content on-demand and provide full interactivity. Everyone will be in complete control of their very own televi- si...

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