Halime Kalkavan

Halime Kalkavan
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital · Department of Immunology

MD

About

18
Publications
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596
Citations

Publications

Publications (18)
Article
Full-text available
Immune-mediated effector molecules can limit cancer growth, but lack of sustained immune activation in the tumour microenvironment restricts antitumour immunity. New therapeutic approaches that induce a strong and prolonged immune activation would represent a major immunotherapeutic advance. Here we show that the arenaviruses lymphocytic choriomeni...
Article
Full-text available
The efficacy of immune surveillance and antigen-specific cancer immunotherapy equally depends on the activation of a sustained immune response targeting cancer antigens and the susceptibility of cancer cells to immune effector mechanisms. Using functional expression cloning and T-cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice, we have identified cyclooxygenas...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Graft versus host disease (GvHD) occurs in 20% of cases with patients having an MHC I matched bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Mechanisms causing this disease remain to be studied. Methods: Here we used a CD8+ T cell transgenic mouse line (P14/CD45.1+) and transgenic DEE mice bearing ubiquitously the glycoprotein 33-41 (GP33) antig...
Article
Melanomas are characterized by mutations that lead to constitutive activation of the MAPK pathway, with the BRAFV600E mutation found in around 50% of patients. The advent of drugs such as Vemurafenib that target the activated form of BRAF has led to dramatic responses in patients bearing this mutation. Although a few patients exhibit long-term bene...
Article
Understanding tumor resistance to T cell immunotherapies is critical to improve patient outcomes. Our study revealed a role for transcriptional suppression of the tumor-intrinsic HLA class I (HLA-I) antigen processing and presentation machinery (APM) in therapy resistance. Low HLA-I APM mRNA levels in melanoma metastases prior to immune checkpoint...
Preprint
Full-text available
With the integration of PD-1 and CTLA-4 targeting immune checkpoint blockade into cancer treatment regimes, the anti-tumoral cytotoxicity of tumor-specific CD8+ T cells is well established. However, while the unresponsiveness of CD8+ T cells against big tumors is mainly explained by T cell exhaustion, other factors contributing to CD8+ T cell failu...
Article
Full-text available
Whether cell types exposed to a high level of environmental insults possess cell type-specific prosurvival mechanisms or enhanced DNA damage repair capacity is not well understood. BRN2 is a tissue-restricted POU domain transcription factor implicated in neural development and several cancers. In melanoma, BRN2 plays a key role in promoting invasio...
Article
Targeting autophagy in cancer cells and in the tumor microenvironment are current goals of cancer therapy. However, components of canonical autophagy play roles in other biological processes, adding complexity to this goal. One such alternative function of autophagy proteins is LC3-associated phagocytosis (LAP), which functions in phagosome maturat...
Article
Full-text available
Intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) of proteins often regulate function upon post-translational modification (PTM) through interactions with folded domains. An IDR linking two α-helices (α1-α2) of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-xL experiences several PTMs that reduce antiapoptotic activity. Here, we report that PTMs within the α1-α2 IDR promote...
Article
Full-text available
Apoptosis shapes development and differentiation, has a key role in tissue homeostasis, and is deregulated in cancer. In most cases, successful apoptosis is triggered by mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP), which defines the mitochondrial or intrinsic pathway and ultimately leads to caspase activation and protein substrate cleavage...
Data
Supplementary Figures and Supplementary Tables
Article
Full-text available
Background/aims: Unexpected transmissions of viral pathogens during solid organ transplantation (SOT) can result in severe, life-threatening diseases in transplant recipients. Immune activation contributes to disease onset. However mechanisms balancing the immune response against transmitted viral infection through organ transplantation remain unk...
Article
2086 Background: Deregulation of the PI3K/AKT pathway has been preclinically involved in the pathophysiology of GBM. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is an important downstream mediator of PI3K/AKT signalling. The mTOR-inhibitor temsirolimus (Tem) achieves significant drug levels in brain. Thus, Tem may be effectively combined with irinotec...
Article
Full-text available
Hoerning A, Kalkavan H, Rehme C, Menke J, Worm K, Garritsen HSP, Büscher R, Hoyer PF. Quantitative real-time ARMS-qPCR for mitochondrial DNA enables accurate detection of microchimerism in renal transplant recipients. Pediatr Transplantation 2011: 15: 809–818. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract: The presence of microchimerism in peripheral bloo...

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Project (1)
Archived project
Defining the role of selected Bcl-2 family members during cancer therapy and understanding their regulation and function.