Hakon Sigurdsson

Hakon Sigurdsson
University of Iceland | HI · Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

PhD

About

25
Publications
7,639
Reads
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1,107
Citations
Citations since 2016
6 Research Items
533 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
Additional affiliations
July 2006 - present
University of Iceland
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Age-related eye disorders are chronic diseases that affect millions of people worldwide. They cause visual impairment and, in some cases, irreversible blindness. Drug targeting to the retina is still a challenge due to the difficulties with drug distribution, crossing eye barriers, and reaching intraocular tissues in an effective therapeutic concen...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to design and evaluate novel cyclodextrin (CD)-based aggregate formulations to efficiently deliver nepafenac topically to the eye structure, to treat inflammation and increase nepafenac levels in the posterior segment, thus attenuating the response of inflammatory mediators. The physicochemical properties of nine aggregate...
Article
Full-text available
Natamycin is the only drug approved for fungal keratitis treatment, but its low water solubility and low ocular penetration limit its efficacy. The purpose of this study was to overcome these limitations by encapsulating the drug in single or mixed micelles and poly(pseudo)rotaxanes. Soluplus and Pluronic P103 dispersions were prepared in 0.9% NaCl...
Article
Full-text available
The topical administration route is commonly used for targeting therapeutics to the eye; however, improving the bioavailability of drugs applied directly to the eye remains a challenge. Different strategies have been studied to address this challenge. One of them is the use of aggregates that are formed easily by self-assembly of cyclodextrin (CD)/...
Article
In this study, cyclodextrin-based aqueous eye drop suspension of the water insoluble drug telmisartan was developed. Formation of a drug/γ-cyclodextrin complex was enabled by preventing formation of a poorly water-soluble zwitterion using a volatile base that was removed upon drying of the complex powder. Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose was shown to...
Article
Full-text available
In pharmaceutical formulations cyclodextrins (CDs) are used to improve the aqueous solubility, stability, dissolution rate, bioavailability and/or local tolerance of drugs. Moreover, water-soluble polymers can be used to stabilize drug/CD complexes through formation ternary complexes. Alternative approach is to use CD-polymers, which can both enhan...
Article
Topically applied carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAIs) are commonly used to treat glaucoma. However, their short duration of action requiring multiple daily dosing can hamper patient compliance. The aim of this study was to develop novel aqueous CAI eye drop formulation containing self-assembled drug/cyclodextrin (D/CD) microparticles that enhance...
Article
γ-Cyclodextrin (γCD) networks with tunable texture and complexation efficacy were prepared by direct cross-linking of γCD in aqueous medium containing hydroxypropyl methylcellulose or polyacrylic acid sodium salt (PAcNa) resulting in hydrogels or semi-interpenetrating networks (semi-IPN), respectively. The composition of the networks determined the...
Article
Full-text available
Drug delivery to the posterior segment of the eye is important for potentially treating various disorders in retina, choroid, vitreous humor and optic nerve. Due to anatomic membrane barriers and the lacrimal drainage it can be quite challenging to obtain therapeutic drug concentrations in the posterior parts of the eye after topical drug administr...
Article
Purpose: This study aimed to: (1) determine the relative efficiencies of topical and systemic absorption of drugs delivered by eyedrops to the anterior and posterior segments of the eye; (2) establish whether dexamethasone-cyclodextrin eyedrops deliver significant levels of drug to the retina and vitreous in the rabbit eye, and (3) compare systemi...
Article
Full-text available
Due to anatomic barriers and lacrimal drainage it is difficult to obtain therapeutic drug concentrations in the posterior part of the eye after topical drug administrations. Lipophilic cyclodextrins, such as randomly methylated β-cyclodextrin (RMβCD), are known to act both as solubilizers of water-insoluble drugs in aqueous solutions and as penetra...
Article
The aim of this study was to add knowledge to the existing theories of mucoadhesion and to review mucoadhesive polymers based on their ability to form non-covalent bonds with mucus glycoprotein. Resonant mirror biosensor was used to study the candidate mucoadhesive polymers hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, Carbopol, hyaluronat...
Article
Although eye drops are the most common form of ocular drugs, they have several limitations. Drug absorption into the eye is, in general, less than 5%, addition of preservatives is often necessary, and many drugs cannot be formulated as eye drops. Formulating ocular drugs as powder may solve these problems. The aim of this study was to investigate o...
Article
Due to limited aqueous solubility of dorzolamide at physiologic pH, the pH of Trusopt eye drops (cont. 2% dorzolamide) has to be kept at about 5.65, and to increase the topical bioavailability of the drug from Trusopt the contact time of the drug with the eye surface is increased by increasing the viscosity of the eye drops to 100 cps. This low pH...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main obstacles in pharmaceutical applications of cyclodextrins is their increase of the formulation bulk. Even at maximum incorporation 500 mg of a solid drug/cyclodextrin complex will only contain between 50 and 125 mg of the drug, assuming a low molecular weight drug (MW 200 to 400 Dalton) and an average molecular weight cyclodextrin (...
Article
The effects of cyclodextrins on drug delivery through membranes were investigated. Hydrocortisone and 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin were used as a sample drug and sample cyclodextrin, respectively. Four different types of membranes were identified. Type I membranes form a lipophilic membrane barrier to drug delivery from aqueous vehicles through t...
Article
Determinations of drug fluxes through semi-permeable cellophanemembranes are used to evaluate cyclodextrin complexes and cyclodextrin containingdrug formulations. In the present study we investigated how the cyclodextrin concentration,the membrane thickness and the molecular weight cut off (MWCO) of the membraneinfluence drug fluxes. The cyclodextr...
Article
In this study the interactions between a cationic polymer and an anionic cyclodextrin were investigated. The system has the potential for use in a sustained release dosage forms for use on mucous membranes. As mucous membranes are negatively charged the objective of this study was to investigate whether a drug delivery system based on a cationic po...
Article
Determinations of drug fluxes through semi-permeable cellophane membranes are used to evaluate cyclodextrin complexes and cyclodextrin containing drug formulations. In the present study we investigated how the cyclodextrin concentration, the membrane thickness and the molecular weight cut off (MWCO) of the membrane influence drug fluxes. The cyclod...
Article
Full-text available
In this study the interactions between a cationic polymer and an anionic cyclodextrin were investigated. The system has the potential for use in a sustained release dosage forms for use on mucous membranes. As mucous membranes are negatively charged the objective of this study was to investigate whether a drug delivery system based on a cationic po...
Article
The cyclodextrin solubilization of three benzodiazepines, i.e. alprazolam, midazolam and triazolam, was investigated. The cyclodextrin solubilization was enhanced through ring-opening of the benzodiazepine rings and ionization of the ring-open forms. Additional enhancement was obtained through interaction of a water-soluble polymer with the cyclode...

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