Håkon Sælen

Håkon Sælen
University of Oslo · Center for International Climate and Environmental Research (CICERO)

PhD

About

37
Publications
20,339
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,338
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
1026 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
March 2016 - present
University of Oslo
Position
  • Researcer

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
In 2019, the road toll uproar in Norway contributed to a governmental crisis and road tolls became the most debated issue in the media. Using survey data of around 2,000 respondents, we explore what characterizes opponents of road tolls. Key findings are that attitudes relating to climate change, the environment, and right-wing populism are strongl...
Article
Full-text available
The ability of the Paris Agreement to achieve its ambitious long-term temperature goal depends on mechanisms that can promote a ramp-up of ambitions. Pledge-and-review may facilitate deeper cooperation over time by enhancing trust between parties. It has been proposed that starting out with easier cooperation that entails larger shares of domestic...
Technical Report
Full-text available
ABOUT COME RES COME RES-Community Energy for the uptake of renewables in the electricity sector. Connecting long-term visions with short-term actions-aims at facilitating the market uptake of renewable energy sources (RES) in the electricity sector. Specifically, the project focuses on advancing renewable energy communities (RECs) as per the EU's r...
Article
Full-text available
An improved understanding of public support is essential to design effective and feasible climate policies for aviation. Our motivation is the contrast between high support for air travel restrictions responding to the COVID-19 pandemic and low support for restrictions to combat climate change. Can the same factors explain individual support for re...
Article
Full-text available
Using a novel agent-based model, we study how US withdrawal might influence the political process established by the Paris Agreement, and hence the prospects for reaching the collective goal to limit warming below 2°C. Our model enables us to analyze to what extent reaching this goal despite US withdrawal would place more stringent requirements on...
Article
The Paris Agreement aims to limit global warming to “well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C.” It also establishes a cycle in which parties submit their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) every five years and regularly report on their implementation. The reports will be subjec...
Article
Full-text available
Under the Paris Agreement, parties self-determine their mitigation ambition level by submitting Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Extant assessments find that the collective ambition of current pledges is not line with the Agreement's goals and that individual ambition varies greatly across countries, but there have not been attempts at e...
Article
This paper investigates the empirical relationship between countries’ expressed concerns with fairness and the ambition levels in their pledged contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement, asking the following questions: 1) Are the NDCs of countries who express the most concern with fairness more or less ambitious than those of other countries? 2)...
Article
Full-text available
The Club Approach: A Gateway to Effective Climate Co-operation? – ERRATUM - Jon Hovi, Detlef F. Sprinz, Håkon Sælen, Arild Underdal
Preprint
Full-text available
Transitioning to more sustainable transport behaviours is key to achieving national and international climate change objectives. Households can contribute to the new low carbon economy by switching to more energy efficient vehicles. In addition to societal and environmental benefits, such a change should lead to private benefits for households thro...
Article
Full-text available
On 1 June 2017, President Trump announced that the US intends to leave the Paris Agreement if no alternative terms acceptable to his administration can be agreed upon. In this article, an agent-based model of bottom-up climate mitigation clubs is used to derive the impact that lack of US participation may have on the membership of such clubs and th...
Article
Full-text available
Under the 2015 Paris climate agreement, each party sets its own mitigation target by submitting a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) every five years. An important question is whether including conditional components in NDCs might enhance the agreement’s effectiveness. We report the results of a closely controlled laboratory experiment—based...
Article
Full-text available
How to differentiate efforts and obligations fairly between countries has been among the most central and controversial issues in climate negotiations. This article analyses countries’ fairness conceptions as expressed in position documents submitted during negotiations leading to the Paris Agreement. A regression analysis investigates which countr...
Article
Although the Paris Agreement arguably made some progress, interest in supplementary approaches to climate change co-operation persist. This article examines the conditions under which a climate club might emerge and grow. Using agent-based simulations, it shows that even with less than a handful of major actors as initial members, a club can eventu...
Article
We show that conditionally cooperative behavior depends on the cultural worldviews of players in a public goods game. While others have examined the interaction of culture and cooperative behavior by comparing results from different geographic locations, we consider individual cultural measures. Conditional cooperation and pure free-riding behavior...
Article
Full-text available
Climate clubs have been suggested as a gateway to substantial reductions in global emissions. The club approach begins with a small number of enthusiastic countries. This paper asks under what conditions such clubs are likely to evolve into effective cooperation through side-payments to new members. The question is addressed through a range of form...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the negotiations held under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention of Climate Change in Paris, December 2015. Prior to these negotiations, there was considerable uncertainty about whether an agreement would be reached, particularly given that the world’s leaders failed to do so in the 2009 negotiations held in Copenhagen...
Article
Full-text available
The limited success of the UNFCCC negotiations has enticed scholars, environmentalists, and policymakers alike to propose alternative approaches to climate cooperation. This article reviews the scholarly literature concerning one such proposed alternative — climate clubs. According to the club approach, it would be promising to start with small gro...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The purpose of this research note is to make a forecast of key outcomes from the upcoming COP 21 climate negotiations publicly available prior to the COP. This note is part of a larger project on forecasting the outcome of COP 21, and reports on the results from an expert survey.
Article
This study explores whether the electricity bill can be used as a medium to deliver information that encourages energy conservation in Norwegian households. Two main categories of information were tested: social comparative feedback and information about the monetary savings that can be made through specific energy-saving measures. The study combin...
Article
Cross-country skiing is important to many Norwegians as exercise and recreation during winter. The most heavily used areas for cross-country skiing are the forests near the capital city Oslo. Here, observed and predicted climate change lead to reduced snow days. A choice experiment estimates forest users' willingness to pay (WTP) for trips to the f...
Article
Full-text available
We show that two simple and nonintrusive ‘nudges’–reducing plate size and providing social cues–reduce the amount of food waste in hotel restaurants by around 20%. The results are statistically significant. They are also environmentally substantial as food waste is a major contributor to climate change and other forms of environmental degradation....
Article
Full-text available
Providing consumers with information that can lead to more energy-efficient choices can help reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions while reducing costs to consumers. A natural field experiment is conducted in collaboration with an electrical retailer to test strategies for influencing sales of household appliances. The experiment involves...
Article
We ask how the strength of the link from values and attitudes and to pro-environmental behaviour varies across different consumption domains. We base our analysis on a survey of the Norwegian population, focusing on values, attitudes, and pro-environmental behaviour relating to waste, food, transport and domestic energy. We show that that both valu...
Article
Pigouvian taxes are efficient -- but unpopular among voters -- and hence often politically infeasible. Earmarking of revenues has been widely reported to increase public support for taxes, but earmarking is generally not the most efficient use of the revenues. This trade-off between efficiency and political feasibility is the motivation for our pri...
Article
Full-text available
While strongly recommended by economists, it has often been politically difficult to impose taxes on externalities. There is a substantial literature on public attitudes towards environmental taxes. There has, however, been few comprehensive attempts to understand attitudes towards environmental taxes. The main research question in this paper is wh...
Article
Adaptation to climate change in Europe has only recently become a true policy concern with the management of extreme events one priority item. Irrespective of future climatic changes increasing the need for systematic evaluation and management of extremes, weather-related disasters already today pose substantial burdens for households, businesses a...
Article
This paper describes how relatively detailed knowledge about probabilities of natural hazards can be used to make decisions to develop areas and control the risk within hazard zones. The assessment serves two purposes. First, it shows how information can support decisions. Second, decision criteria put leads on what information is required. This is...
Article
Full-text available
Arguments about the appropriate discount rate often start by assuming a Utilitarian social welfare function with isoelastic utility, in which the consumption discount rate is a function of the (constant) elasticity of marginal utility along with the (much discussed) utility discount rate. In this model, the elasticity of marginal utility simultaneo...
Article
Full-text available
This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
Full-text available
This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
Full-text available
In the workhorse model of welfare economics, the elasticity of marginal utility, often denoted as @#019E, serves simultaneously to represent aversion to risk, aversion to spatial inequality, and preferences for intertemporal substitution. While Kreps-Porteus-Selden and Epstein-Zin preferences enable risk to be separated from intertemporal substitut...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)