Hajo Greif

Hajo Greif
Warsaw University of Technology · Philosophy

Dr. phil.

About

33
Publications
1,614
Reads
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53
Citations
Introduction
Hajo Greif works at the Department of Philosophy and Ethics in Administration, Warsaw University of Technology. His specialisation is in philosophy of science and technology, with connections to STS and history of science. Hajo's research focuses on topics in the history and philosophy of AI and cybernetics, modelling and simulation, and situated cognition.
Additional affiliations
December 2018 - present
Warsaw University of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2016 - December 2020
Technische Universität München
Position
  • Senior Researcher
March 2009 - February 2013
Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
This article takes issue with Kuhn’s description of the ‘Aristotle experience,’ an event that took place in 1947 and that he retrospectively characterized as a revelation that instantly delivered to him the key concepts of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962). We trace a certain transformation of this narrative over time: whereas it comme...
Article
Full-text available
The problem of epistemic opacity in Artificial Intelligence (AI) is often characterised as a problem of intransparent algorithms that give rise to intransparent models. However, the degrees of transparency of an AI model should not be taken as an absolute measure of the properties of its algorithms but of the model’s degree of intelligibility to hu...
Article
Full-text available
Paleontological evidence suggests that human artefacts with intentional markings might have originated already in the Lower Paleolithic, up to 500.000 years ago and well before the advent of ‘behavioural modernity’. These markings apparently did not serve instrumental, tool-like functions, nor do they appear to be forms of figurative art. Instead,...
Article
Full-text available
“Teleosemantic” or “biosemantic” theories form a strong naturalistic programme in the philosophy of mind and language. They seek to explain the nature of mind and language by recourse to a natural history of “proper functions” as selected-for effects of language- and thought-producing mechanisms. However, they remain vague with respect to the natur...
Article
The treatment of concepts as decision functions characteristic for computer science and Artificial Intelligence has its roots in the logical tradition of Gottlob Frege. In its modern incarnation, decision functions, embedded in concrete knowledge representations, describe either crisp or vague assignments of categorization decisions to objects. In...
Preprint
This is a critical exploration of the relation between two common assumptions in anti-computationalist critiques of Artificial Intelligence: The first assumption is that at least some cognitive abilities are specifically human and non-computational in nature, whereas the second assumption is that there are principled limitations to what machine-bas...
Article
This short philosophical discussion piece explores the relation between two common assumptions: first, that at least some cognitive abilities, such as inventiveness and intuition, are specifically human and, second, that there are principled limitations to what machine-based computation can accomplish in this respect. In contrast to apparent common...
Article
Book review: Robert J. Richards and Michael Ruse (2016). Debating Darwin. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. ISBN: 9780226384429, 320 pages, price: $30.00 (hardcover).
Article
The aim of this paper is to grasp the relevant distinctions between various ways in which models and simulations in Artificial Intelligence (AI) relate to cognitive phenomena. In order to get a systematic picture, a taxonomy is developed that is based on the coordinates of formal versus material analogies and theory-guided versus pre-theoretic mode...
Chapter
Full-text available
Given the personal acquaintance between Alan M. Turing and W. Ross Ashby and the partial proximity of their research fields, a comparative view of Turing’s and Ashby’s works on modelling “the action of the brain” (in a 1946 letter from Turing to Ashby) will help to shed light on the seemingly strict symbolic/embodied dichotomy: while it is a straig...
Book
Full-text available
What is the role of the environment, and of the information it provides, in cognition? More specifically, may there be a role for certain artefacts to play in this context? These are questions that motivate "4E" theories of cognition (as being embodied, embedded, extended, enactive). In his take on that family of views, Hajo Greif first defends and...
Article
Full-text available
There have been attempts to subsume Charles Darwin's theory of evolution under either one of two distinct intellectual traditions: early Victorian natural science and its descendants in political economy (as exemplified by Herschel, Lyell, or Malthus) and the romantic approach to art and science emanating from Germany (as exemplified by Humboldt an...
Article
Full-text available
Two aspects of cognitive coupling, as brought forward in the Extended Mind Hypothesis, are discussed in this paper: (1) how shall the functional coupling between the organism and some entity in his environment be spelled out in detail? (2) What are the paradigmatic external entities to enter into that coupling? These two related questions are best...
Chapter
In diesem Überblicksaufsatz zur Geschichte der Wissenschaftsphilosophie seit Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts werden einige der Antworten skizziert, die auf einen Komplex metaphilosophischer Fragen zum Verhältnis zwischen Philosophie und Naturwissenschaften gegeben wurden: Wird das philosophische Denken durch die Wissenschaften affiziert? Wenn ja, was kö...
Article
This paper commences from the critical observation that the Turing Test (TT) might not be best read as providing a definition or a genuine test of intelligence by proxy of a simulation of conversational behaviour. Firstly, the idea of a machine producing likenesses of this kind served a different purpose in Turing, namely providing a demonstrative...
Chapter
Die Frage, wie eine intelligente Umwelt denkt – und nicht was sie denkt – richtet sich an die impliziten und explizite Modelle, die, häufig unter dem Stichwort „Selbstorganisation", auf unterschiedlichen Ebenen in die Gestaltung von Ambient-Intelligence-Systemen (fortan AmI) eingehen. Insofern handelt dieser Beitrag weniger vom Denken der Maschinen...
Chapter
Die Facebook-Revolution?: Es gab und gibt Bestrebungen seitens diverser Regierungen, die unter anderem von sozialen Online-Netzwerken getragene Dynamik von Protestbewegungen nicht nur durch die üblichen Mittel der Zensur zu unterbinden. In den späten 2000er Jahren kam es an unterschiedlichen Orten und wiederholt zu gezielten Störungen und Abschaltu...
Book
Die neueren Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien zeichnen sich durch immer stärker vernetzte, dezentrale Strukturen aus. Zugleich wird Vernetzung im Sinne dezentral und flexibel organisierter Systeme auch eine immer bedeutsamere Metapher für gesellschaftliche Organisationsprozesse. In diesem Band, der sowohl sozial- als auch technikwissensc...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, findings of a study on the perception and policing of information-technology (ICT) related operational risks in banking are presented, with a view on identifying some part of the role that these technologies, and the specific organisational settings in which they are embedded, may have played in the making of the 2007+ financial cris...
Article
In this paper, findings of a study on the perception and policing of information-technology (ICT) related operational risks are presented, with a view on identifying some part of the role that these technologies, and the specific organisational settings in which they are embedded, may have played in the making of the 2007+ financial crisis. The stu...
Article
How do engineers and software developers perceive the link between the sustainability theme and their development activity? Chances and limits of using the sustainability concept in the sphere of ICT construction are commented based on the results of an empirical study conducted between 2006 and 2007, with design, system, and software engineers in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, the role of the concept of self-organisation as a model in the analysis and design of advanced networked systems is investigated. In a first step, criteria for the definition of scientific models and their explanatory roles are introduced on the background of theories of models in the philosophy of science: intended scope, selection...
Article
Möchte man etwas Gehaltvolles zum Thema „Information und Gesellschaft“ oder gar „Informationsgesellschaft“ sagen, lässt man sich zwangsläufig auf zwei semantisch und normativ hochgradig aufgeladene Begriffe und die möglichen Unklarheiten ihrer Beziehung zueinander ein. Selbst wenn man die Gesellschaft erst einmal in guter Hoffnung in ihrer semantis...
Book
Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien sind Schlüsseltechnologien des 21. Jahrhunderts. Sie sind nicht nur ein fester Bestandteil der täglichen Lebens- und Arbeitswelt, sondern strukturieren bereits den Weltzugang gesellschaftlicher Akteure, indem sie Form, Inhalt und Verfügbarkeit von Informationen über deren Umwelt prägen. Dieser Umstand fo...
Article
Full-text available
Wie nehmen IngenieurInnen und InformatikerInnen den Zusammenhang zwischen Nachhaltigkeit und ihrer eigenen Entwicklungstätigkeit wahr? Auf der Basis einer empirischen Studie und theoretischer Betrachtungen zum Thema Nachhaltigkeit im IKT-Bereich werden Möglichkeiten der Nachhaltig-keitsorientierung in der Technikgestaltung diskutiert. Oana Mitrea s...
Article
When talking about the relation between 18th century thought and the nature-culture problem in a society marked by the technological modification of nature in general, and of human nature in particular, there is something obvious, and there is something odd in referring to Charles Darwin and the doctrines of Darwinism. It is obvious that, in the pa...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
There are various key motives shared between Alan M. Turing’s and W. Ross Ashby’s work. Most notably, the two pioneers of Artificial Intlligence and Cybernetics both believed that “the action of the brain” can be subject to a method of modelling that casts it in a strict mathematical description and breaks it down into elementary operations in such a way that the model could be implemented in some kind of machine, in principle or in practice. In light of these obersvations, this inquiry in history and philosophy of science pursues two complementary aims: first, it is a historical investigation into the interactions between the related- but-distinct views. Second, it will help to answer two closely related systematic questions: 1. What are the relevant formal and material properties required of the “models of the action of the brain”? 2. What are the relevant formal and material properties ascribed to “the action of the brain”? Carving out some of the core commonalities and differences between Turing’s and Ashby’s work will make a contribution to resolving the seemingly strict, and intellectually sterile, dichotomy between the formal nature of modelling in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the principles of embodiment and environmental situatedness mobilised by its critics.