Haisheng Chen

Haisheng Chen
Chinese Academy of Sciences | CAS · Institute of Engineering Thermophysics

Ph.D

About

378
Publications
73,499
Reads
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13,427
Citations
Citations since 2016
222 Research Items
9712 Citations
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500

Publications

Publications (378)
Article
Hydrogen production from chemical looping steam reforming using an oxygen transport catalyst is definitely enhanced by CO2 in-situ capture, which shifts the chemical equilibrium and reduces the energy demands. The utilization of CO2 from this process as a reactant for chemicals and fuels could help to improve economic reasons and mitigate its impac...
Article
Liquid air energy storage (LAES) uses air as both the storage medium and working fluid, it falls into the broad category of thermo-mechanical energy storage technologies. Such a technology offers several advantages including high energy density and scalability, cost-competitiveness and non-geographical constraints, and hence has attracted a growing...
Article
This paper proposes a microgrid (MG) system integrating distributed renewable energy (RE) and hybrid energy storage system (HESS), which is an effective solution of power supply for remote areas and islands. The distributed generation (DG) unit of the system includes photovoltaic (PV) power and wind power, and the HESS includes lithium-ion (Li-ion)...
Article
Energy storage is an effective way to facilitate renewable energy (RE) development. Its technical performance and economic performance are key factors for large scale applications. As battery energy storage system (BESS) is one commercially-developed energy storage technology at present, BESS is utilized to connect to RE generation. BESS couple wit...
Article
To satisfy the requirements of large-scale utilization of renewable energy, the compressed air energy storage systems should exhibit a wide operating range. However, the flexibility of compressed air energy storage systems is limited by the turbomachinery character. Given that variable-speed operation can significantly broaden the flexibility of tu...
Article
The technical development of supercritical CO2, energy systems, CO2 capture, and other applications has become a hot topic in recent years. Therefore, molecular dynamics simulation (MD) of CO2, especially the investigation at the CO2 supercritical region is urgently needed. This study focused on the optimization of common CO2 potential model EPM2 (...
Article
This paper proposed a novel integrated system with solar energy, thermal energy storage (TES), coal-fired power plant (CFPP), and compressed air energy storage (CAES) system to improve the operational flexibility of the CFPP. A portion of the solar energy is adopted for preheating the boiler’s feedwater, and another portion is stored in the TES for...
Article
Thermal energy storage (TES) has been recognised as an effective way to overcome the temporal mismatch between energy generation and users’ requirements. The innovative spray-type packed bed TES technology has promising development prospects owing to its advantages of high efficiency and low cost. In this study, a 10 kW/10 kWh spray-type packed bed...
Article
Full-text available
Seasonal solar thermal-energy storage systems used for space heating applications is a promising technology to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A novel solar heating system with seasonal and cascade thermal-energy storage based on zeolite water is proposed in this study. The system's efficiency is improved through cascade storage and the release of...
Article
Full-text available
Modern electronics not only require the thermal management ability of polymer packaging materials but also need anti-voltage and mechanical properties. Boron nitride nanosheets (BNNS), an ideal thermally conductive and high withstand voltage (800 kV/mm) filler, can meet application needs, but the complex and low-yield process limits their large-sca...
Article
Integrated energy system characterizes with improving cascade utilization rate of energy and efficient energy conservation and substantial carbon reduction. Aiming at the total annual cost and annual carbon emission of integrated energy system, the capacity optimal configuration model of integrated energy system based on the principles of cooling d...
Article
Full-text available
With the global ambition of moving towards carbon neutrality, this sets to increase significantly with most of the energy sources from renewables. As a result, cost-effective and resource efficient energy conversion and storage will have a great role to play in energy decarbonization. This review focuses on the most recent developments of one of th...
Article
The Joule–Brayton cycle-based pumped thermal electricity storage (PTES) system has a simple structure, high energy density, and geographical independence, which has broad application prospects. This study carried out multi-dimensional optimisation, detailed loss and thermo-economic performance analyses for PTES systems with charging–discharging dur...
Article
During the discharge process of the compressed air energy storage (CAES) system, the decline in storage capacity of the air tank and the demand for flexible operation of the system may cause the last‐segment axial turbine (LSAT) to operate under low load conditions. It is particularly important to investigate the LSAT internal flow field and its in...
Article
In order to explore the off-design performance of a high-pressure centrifugal compressor (HPCC) applied in the compressed air energy storage (CAES) system, the author successfully built a high-pressure centrifugal compressor test rig for CAES, whose designed inlet pressure can reach 5.5 MPa, and carried out some experiments on adjustment of inlet g...
Article
The heat transfer characteristic of supercritical water is one of the crucial issues in SuperCritical Water-Cooled Reactors (SCWRs). The efficiency and safety of the SCWR system are largely dependent on the local heat transfer performance. This paper establishes the numerical model for supercritical water in a long vertical circular loop (inside di...
Article
The collector and the shrouded impeller are employed as the intake unit and the rotor respectively in the shrouded radial turbine which is applied to the high-pressure stage as a power generation device in the compressed air energy storage (CAES) system. In comparison to the volute and the tip clearance, the aerodynamic performance of the collector...
Article
Supercritical compressed air energy storage (SC-CAES) systems have particular merits of both high efficiency and high energy density. In SC-CAES systems, the use of packed bed cold storage has plentiful advantages of simple structure, safety and reliability. However, the previous studies of packed bed models traditionally adopted the assumption of...
Article
The dynamics of trans-/super-critical jet significantly influence system behaviors for applications in spray and combustion, power conversion and chemical reactions. In this study, a pixelated phase-shifting interferometer with high spatial and temporal resolution has been established to investigate the quantitative characteristics of the sub-/tran...
Article
The concept of spray-type packed bed thermal energy storage (medium and high temperature thermal energy storage, from 200 °C to 350 °C, Alumina pellets+T66 fluid) has been proposed in our previous investigation. Its low-cost and high-efficiency shows its promising application prospect. Further investigation of the new concept is carried out both nu...
Article
Precise measurement and visualization of trans-/supercritical jet processes are of great significance for the control of power engines, chemical reaction and industrial processes. The quantitative measurement of transcritical jet under the influence of high pressure effect and transient effect is the key issues in such analysis. In this study, an i...
Article
The evaluation of compressed air energy storage (CAES) system mostly focused on system efficiency and cost, while less attention has been paid to energy density in the past, and each performance expression was complex, making it difficult to obtain clear variation law of multiple indexes with key parameters, as well as the optimal coupling relation...
Article
Sliding-pressure operation of the centrifugal compressor in the charging process makes adiabatic compressed air energy storage (A-CAES) system maintain high roundtrip efficiency. However, the final stage compressor may produce choke at low backpressure. This paper proposes an A-CAES system with one ejector alongside the final stage compressor to al...
Article
Thermoelectric materials have attracted extensive attentions due to their extensive applications in thermoelectric refrigeration, waste heat recovery, aerospace and other fields. The effective improvement of thermoelectric properties of thermoelectric materials is of far-reaching significance to broaden their applications. One of the important meth...
Article
Dynamic parameter fluctuations of a fluid in the critical region exhibit abnormal phase behaviors. Explanation of the pseudo-critical line, even at the supercritical region, shows difficulties in the continuous traveling and crossing process of the near-by region. The present study shows molecular dynamics simulation of CO 2 fluid near the pseudo-c...
Article
The internal flow field and loss distributions are quite complicated in the high-pressure compressor with shroud and backside cavity applied in the compressed air energy storage (CAES) system. It’s necessary to develop physical understandings on the internal flow and losses inside the impeller, shroud cavity and backside cavity by the physical syne...
Article
Full-text available
In order to improve the accuracy of numerical simulation for compressor aerodynamic performance, and to understand the interaction and internal flow characteristics of each compressor component, this paper numerically calculates all mainstream channels coupled impeller backside cavity (IBC) in a centrifugal compressor for compressed air energy stor...
Article
Given the high energy consumption in the traditional Reverse Osmosis (RO) desalination system, it is necessary to enable energy-efficient and sustainable water production. This study proposed four hybrid systems of Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage (ACAES) and RO desalination with different topological structures. By establishing mathematical...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract As the fundamental building block of optical fiber communication technology, thermally drawn optical fibers have fueled the development and prosperity of modern information society. However, the conventional step‐index configured silica optical fibers have scarcely altered since their invention. In recent years, thermally drawn multifuncti...
Article
Compressed air energy storage (CAES) technology can play an important role in large-scale utilization of renewable energy, the peak shaving and valley filling of power system, and distributed energy system development. Multi-stage compression and expansion units are key components in CAES systems, while the two key processes exist insufficient stud...
Article
Thermochemical energy storage (TCES) has the advantages of high energy storage density and theoretically unlimited storage period and is a promising technology to achieve continuous operation of concentrated solar power (CSP) plants. Among the various medium- and high-temperature TCES systems, metal oxide systems have the advantages of open-loop op...
Article
The liquid turbine can replace throttling valves during the depressurization process of high-pressure liquid or supercritical fluid and improve the system efficiency of many industrial systems. However, there is no research about studying the internal flow and total pressure loss of liquid turbines, which can affect the turbine performance signific...
Article
Calcium looping (CaL) is considered as a promising process for thermochemical energy storage systems. A key challenge to CaL is the multicycle stability of calcium-based materials for long-term usage. Here, we present an MgO-supported molten salt strategy for calcium-based materials. The main novelty of this study lies in the formation of (Na0.8CaO...
Article
Full-text available
An experimental study on mixed convective heat transfer in a packed bed was carried out. By controlling the temperatures of the fluid and solid and mass flow and flow directions of the fluid, the formation and distribution of the temperature field in the packed bed were analyzed. In addition, the fluid flow and heat transfer process in the fluid–so...
Article
The supported phase change of molten salt is a promising approach for thermal energy storage. Here we reveal a diffusion-controlled latent heat transportation by a controllable graphite induced anisotropic interface. It focus on salt crystallization processes across the interfaces during phase changing, and underling relationship between interfacia...
Article
The role of near-critical properties has been considered as key point for the understanding of transient origins of fluid transport physics, especially in the boundary layers. Asymptotic model analysis with modified governing equations of the fluid has been utilized to study the characters of near-critical fluids subjected to a temperature pulse, u...
Article
Through the internal cooling from evaporation of tiny water droplets during the compression process, wet compression can effectively augment the net power output of gas turbine under high ambient temperature condition. In this paper, effects of wet compression on compressor performance were theoretically and experimentally investigated on one of st...
Article
Full-text available
As a variable-condition adjustment technology, the adjustable vaned diffusers (AVDs) can expand the working flow range of the compressor in the compressed air energy storage (CAES) system and improve its aerodynamic performance. In order to investigate the regulatory mechanism of AVDs and capture the details of vane loading distribution for the dif...
Article
Aqueous phase reforming (APR), regarded as one method for inexpensive H2 production, was widely studied due to lower temperature and unnecessary to vaporize water and fuels. In this study, the mesoporous CeO2, regarded as a metal oxide carrier, was first prepared by colloidal solution combustion, and then the Ni-Cu bimetallic supported on mesoporou...
Article
In this work, two different types of catalysts with MgO support for aqueous phase reforming of glycerol were prepared by the sol-gel method and calcining method, respectively, and the active metals (nickel or/and cobalt) were added by the initial wet impregnation (IWI) method. It is found that the catalyst supported by gelatinous MgO presents bette...
Article
Full-text available
Relying on a closed test rig of a high-power intercooling centrifugal compressor for compressed air energy storage (CAES), this study measured the static pressure and static temperature at different radii on the static wall of the impeller backside cavity (IBC) under variable rotating speeds. Simultaneously, the coupled computations of all mainstre...
Article
As a low-cost and high-density heat storage material, sodium acetate trihydrate with sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as a thickening agent and disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate (DSP) as a nucleating agent has the advantages of good thermal cycle stability and low supercooling degree. However, the optimal concentration and mechanism of...
Chapter
In this chapter the research and development of electrical energy storage technologies for stationary applications in China are reviewed. Particular attention is paid to pumped hydroelectric storage, compressed air, flywheel, lead-acid battery, sodium-sulfur battery, Li-ion battery, and flow battery energy storage. Research and development of elect...
Article
Flow field of shroud leakage flow for a single-stage axial turbine has been investigated in this article. The spiral groove seal (SGS) is adopted for shrouded rotor blade to reduce tip leakage and improve turbine aerodynamic performance. A series of three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are performed to investigate l...
Article
The purpose of this study is to investigate the applicability of volume average which is extensively used for analyzing the heat and fluid flow (both for single-phase and solid/liquid-phase change) in a closed cell porous medium numerically. Heat conduction equations for the solid frame and fluid (or phase change material) are solved for pore scale...
Article
Liquid turbines can replace throttling valves to recover waste energy and reduce vaporization in various industrial systems, such as liquefied natural gas, air separation, supercritical compressed air energy storage (SC-CAES) systems, et al. However, there were few studies about differences in the preliminary design method between general radial in...
Article
Unsteady characteristics of compressed air energy storage (CAES) systems are critical for optimal system design and operation control. In this paper, a comprehensive unsteady model concerning thermal inertia and volume effect for CAES systems with thermal storage (TS-CAES) is established, in which exergy efficiencies of key processes at each time a...
Article
Polymers are widely used in electronic packaging due to their easy processing, lightweight, excellent insulation, and good mechanical properties. However, as electronic devices gradually turn towards high energy density and low signal delay, polymers with high thermal conductivity and low dielectric properties are in large demand. Since polymers ha...
Article
In this study, renewable hydrogen production was achieved by coupling of water splitting and glycerol oxidation reforming by chemical looping technology (CLWS-GOR) using the novel Ce–Ni modified Fe-based oxygen carriers (OCs). The OCs were developed by combining metal chelating sol-gel and isometric impregnation method, which exhibited anti-sinteri...
Article
Chemical looping steam reforming (CLSR) of ethanol using oxygen carriers (OCs) for hydrogen production has been considered a highly efficient technology. In this study, NiO/MgAl2O4 oxygen carriers (OCs) were employed for hydrogen production via CLSR with and without CaO sorbent for in-situ CO2 removal (sorption enhanced chemical looping steam refor...
Article
Full-text available
The transformation of energy systems towards a net-zero future accelerates the development of innovative and highly efficient technologies to generate clean, sustainable and affordable energy services, among which Energy Storage plays a vital and irreplaceable role in the future energy systems. The special issue of Energy Reports on Energy Storage...
Article
In the past decade, compressed air vehicles have attracted much attention because of their zero pollution, high efficiency, environmental friendliness and relative maturity. To further explore the potential of compressed air technology in vehicles, three-stage and four-stage compressed air engine systems are optimized in present study by analyzing...
Article
Underwater compressed air energy (UW-CAES) systems own plentiful merits of high system efficiency, high energy density and stable operation. In terms of research gap of its coupling properties of thermodynamics and economics, along with research lack focusing on detailed design parameters, the comprehensive thermodynamic and economic coupling model...
Article
Although latent heat thermal energy storage using PCMs is widely used in the field of energy storage, a few challenges still remain. Among them, the PCM volume shrinkage during solidification has a serious impact on the current discharging process and the subsequent charging process. In this study, detailed analyses of unconstrained melting mode, e...
Article
Having the advantages of high efficiency and high energy storage density, pumped thermal electricity storage (PTES) is a promising mechanical energy storage technology that is typically suitable for large-scale energy storage. To obtain the combined influence of various factors and losses on the performance of a PTES system, an analytic optimizatio...
Article
The study on similitude modeling method of turboexpander with different working fluids is not only the key technical means and necessary method for the research and development of turboexpander with special working fluids, but also an effective way to further expand the application scope of turboexpander. In this paper, a new similitude modeling me...
Article
Full-text available
The impeller backside cavity (IBC) is a unique structure of centrifugal compressor in compressed air energy storage (CAES) systems, which affects the aerodynamic performance of centrifugal compressor, and the angle change of the downstream coupled adjustable vaned diffusers (AVDs) will affect the flow field inside the cavity and compressor performa...
Article
Sensor faults can cause incorrect estimations of gas path fault amplitudes in gas turbines. In this paper, an unscented Kalman-filter (UKF)-based simultaneous diagnostic scheme for gas-turbine gas path and sensor faults is proposed. A fault detection and isolation (FDI) system based on the UKF method avoids the requirement to establish different hy...
Article
Pumped thermal electricity storage (PTES) systems have attracted increasing attention, owing to high energy density, low cost, flexible adjustable energy storage duration, and lack of geographical restrictions. At present, theoretical research for PTES is relatively deep. Further reduction of investment costs is of great value to its development an...
Article
The time-varying mismatch between electricity supply and demand is a growing challenge for the electricity market. This difference will be exacerbated with the fast-growing renewable energy penetration to the grid, due to its inherent volatility. Energy storage systems can offer a solution for this demand-generation imbalance, while generating econ...
Article
Impurities are inevitable in crude glycerol, a by-product of biodiesel, which has a great influence on aqueous phase reforming (APR). This work investigates three impurities (CH3OH, CH3COOH, and KOH) in the aqueous phase reforming of glycerol (GAPR) using a mesoporous Ni–Cu/CeO2 catalyst at three temperatures. The experiment results indicate that t...
Article
Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) System is an important power output component of the energy storage technology. Radial inflow turbine is the main power output device in CAES system, it is operated at extraordinary operation condition (inlet pressure ≥ 75 bar and inlet temperature < 500 K) which is different from gas turbine and other turbomach...
Article
The trigeneration combined the electricity, cooling and heating makes adiabatic compressed air energy storage system (ACAES) popular as an energy storage technology. Based on thermodynamic analysis, this paper studies the influence on the system performance of four variable factors, including compression stages, expansion stages, water (heat storag...
Article
Full-text available
As a key energy equipment of the compressed air energy storage (CAES) system, the centrifugal compressor with shroud cavity is employed to avoid the leakage flow from the rotor, especially in the high-pressure stages. In order to clarify the leakage characteristics and its influences, the high-pressure centrifugal compressor with shroud cavity is t...
Article
Full-text available
The tooth surface friction effects and the resulting tooth surface contact temperature are important factors for the dynamic characteristics of a gear-rotor system in compressed air energy storage (CAES). Therefore, a 3∘ of freedom finite-element model of the system is set up in which the lubrication state of the gear pair, tooth surface friction,...