Hairul Anuar Hashim

Hairul Anuar Hashim
Universiti Sains Malaysia | USM · School of Health Sciences

PhD

About

101
Publications
234,157
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496
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2007 - present
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Position
  • Universiti Sains Malaysia
June 2004 - June 2007
University of Western Australia
January 2002 - December 2003
Springfield College
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Purpose: We examined the moderating effects of exercise habit strength on the relationship between emotional distress and short-term memory in primary school children. Methods: The sample consisted of 165 primary school students (10-12 years old). Participants completed measures of emotional distress, exercise habit strength, and the Digit Span...
Article
Purpose: This study compared the effects of 6 and 12 sessions of relaxation training on emotional distress, short-term memory, and sustained attention in primary school children. Methods: Participants (N = 132) aged 10 and 11 years old participated in this study. All participants and their parents provided written informed consent. Participants...
Article
This study examined psychometric properties of a Malaysian-language Sport Anxiety Scale-2 (SAS-2) in three separate studies. Study 1 examined the criterion validity and internal consistency of SAS-2 among 119 developmental hockey players. Measures of trait anxiety and mood states along with digit vigilance, choice reaction time, and depth perceptio...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Regular aerobic exercise and low-fat milk consumption can improve certain cognitive functions and reducing emotional distress. However, the impacts of combining these modalities are less explored. Thus, the present study examined the effects of combining aerobic exercise and low-fat milk intake among sedentary female students. Methods...
Chapter
Background. This study examined the power of exercise habit strength questionnaire (EHSQ) in discriminating hormonal and mood state responses in two different exercise intensities among male university students. Methods. Twenty-four participants with the mean age of 22.4 ± 1.7 years old participated in a 30- min run on the treadmill at moderate an...
Article
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Background. Imagery ability is one of the most potent factors influencing imagery effectiveness. Therefore, prior to imagery training, it is important to assess the participant's imagery ability, typically using a self-report questionnaire. Objectives. This study examined the factorial validity and internal consistency of the Malaysian adapted SIAQ...
Article
Recently, exergames have been widely applied as exercise platforms among older adults. However, studies on the influence of exergames on older adults' physical activity remain scarce. The review article highlights the potential benefit of exergames as a physical activity tool for older adults. The literature search followed the PRISMA guidelines on...
Article
Introduction: Emotional achievement is a new field of research that combines the emotions experienced by students. This study aims to determine students' emotional achievement based on a control value approach through two different teaching environments. Methods: Different teaching approaches (teacher-oriented) and (student-centred) are used by two...
Article
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Background: Given that few children engage in the minimal requirement of moderate‑to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), traditional games have been promoted as one of the strategies to improve MVPA levels to facilitate health enhancement, particularly in school settings. Nevertheless, little is known about the exercise intensity and enjoyment level...
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Background. The outbreak of Coronavirus-19 or COVID-19 has brought detrimental effects on the sports industry. Cancellation of sports trainings and competitions, movement restriction, and social isolation present an emotional challenge for athletes. Objectives. This cross-sectional study examined the prevalence of emotional distress among athletes...
Article
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The 18-item Sport Motivation Scale (SMS-II) is one of the most-utilised scales measuring athletes' motivation and its psychometric properties. However, we found no Malay version used to examine the Malaysian multi-ethnic population. Thus, the study aimed to translate and validate the SMS-II into the Malay version using confirmatory factor analysis....
Article
Background: Elite level athletic performance is universally acknowledged as not consequence of mere tenacious and strenuous practice. As crises from diverse sources may hinder optimal athletic performance, athletes need to adopt relevant and effective psychotherapeutic techniques for regulation of their psychological competence and required for per...
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Background This study aimed to verify a translated Malay version of the Achievement Emotions Questionnaire for Physical Education (AEQ-PE) by assessing the level of achievement emotions in six constructs among the Malaysian primary school pupils using the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Methods A total of 607 Malay pupils, comprising 240 (39.5...
Article
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This manuscript aimed to reports on the process of validity and reliability of the traditional games module through the development and usability of the Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) concept for Teaching and Learning (TnL) for Malaysian Primary School Children. The implementation and evaluation process involved the preparation of the mate...
Article
Accurate implant sizing is one of the major determinants in defining the success of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Current TKA implants are based on Caucasian knee morphometry which is well documented to be larger than Asian knees. Even more, with regards to sizing, implant mismatch tends to be more evident in the female population. This study was...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to validate the translated Malay version of the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q-M) scale among Malaysian primary school children using the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The Q-LES-Q-M measures the level of enjoyment and satisfaction experienced with relation to physical health,...
Book
A major aim of this book is to provide scientific evidence and in-depth exploration of the various types of measurements and protocols used in research in the area of sports, exercise and health. This book has been specifically prepared with the needs of both students and teaching staff in exercise and sports science in mind. However, we strongly b...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aerobic endurance training and circuit training program on cardiovascular endurance among junior archers. The study involved 21 junior archers (age= 15.0 ± 1.7 years) both from recurve and compound division of Terangganu and Penang State's team. The sample study was randomly divided into three...
Article
Background. Archery is a sport that demands a high level of fitness due to its long hours of training and competitive nature. Thus, archers need to have high fatigue tolerance and body figure to perform successfully. Objectives. This study aims to compare and correlate the anthropometric and physical fitness variables on archery shooting performanc...
Chapter
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Topik ini menerangkan secara ringkas tuntutan fisiologi bagi sukan memanah.
Article
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Introduction Nigella sativa (NS) is widely known to have anti-inflammatory effects on various inflammation models; however, there are no known NS studies that include EIMD as a model of inflammation. This study aimed to investigate the effects of NS on EIMD as a model of inflammation. Material and Methods A total of 33 youth football athletes were...
Chapter
This study investigated the effects of integrating biofeedback training into a 3-month periodized training program on psychophysiological outcomes among junior archery athletes. Twenty-one junior archers (age = 15.0 ± 1.7 years) participated in the study. Participants were matched according to their shooting scores and they were assigned into eithe...
Chapter
The study aims to validate the Malay-language version of the Revised Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2R) using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The data were collected from the state level adolescent Malaysian athletes across 21 different sports. A total of 685 athletes participated in the study (males 62%, females 38%), with the mea...
Chapter
The present study compared the immediate effects of a single session of seven and sixteen muscle groups progressive muscle relaxation training on galvanic skin response (GSR) variables: time to stabilization (Ts), stabilization score (Ss), tonic skin conductance adaptation level (ScAL), tonic skin conductance no.of skin fluctuation (SFs), mean of t...
Article
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This study determined optimal zones of heartrate,anxiety intensity and arousal for archery performance among Malaysian elite developmental archers. Using a cross-sectional study design, nineteen archers (Mean age = 15.37± 1.5) participated in the study. Participants underwent three months of routine training session with two competitionswithin the...
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The benefits of physical activity on academic achievements and cognitive performances have attracted a growing interest among researchers and practitioners. Identifying approaches that may foster its effects is crucial. This study examined the effect of integrating physical activity during mathematic lesson on mathematic test performances, short te...
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Background: Physical activity is thought to be decreased in children since the past few decades increasing risks of diseases related to overweight and obesity among children as they enter adulthood. Flexibility is an important physical fitness marker determining normal biomechanical function in sports and activities of daily life. Inadequate flexib...
Article
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Background: Flexibility is an important physical fitness marker playing a vital role in maintaining normal biomechanical function in sports and activities of daily life. Inadequate flexibility is a causative factor that may lead to muscle injury, particularly if the hamstring group of muscles is involved.
Article
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This study aims to determine the acute effects of complex training with a cluster set configuration on countermovement jump. A crossover counterbalance design was used in this study. Fourteen recreational male underwent three sessions of training, with a minimum of 72 hours between each session. In the complex training (CT) protocol, squats with 65...
Article
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Background: Warm-up including dynamic stretching is a popular and widely accepted practice as a pre-exercise routine for athletes. However, a shortage of studies investigating the impact of dynamic stretching on linear repeated-sprint performance exists. Objectives: The present study aims to look at the effect of different volumes of dynamic stret...
Article
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Mental toughness refers to a collection of psychological characteristic which are central to optimal performance. Athletes, coaches, and sport psychologists have consistently implicated mental toughness as one of the most important psychological characteristics related to success in sports. Over the last few decades, numerous studies have been cond...
Article
Present experiment was conducted to investigate the role of Conventional Physiotherapy (CP), Isokinetic Exercise Training (IET) and combined intervention (CI) of CP and IET in reducing pain and stiffness by improving proprioception in participants with knee osteoarthritis. 54 post-menopausal female participants in the age range of 45-65 years with...
Article
This study was conducted to investigate the role of biofeedback interventions carried out in different modalities, with an objective to improve reaction ability among the soccer players. Sixty-nine young male promising soccer players (matched in anthropometric, cardiovascular and performance status) identified as having moderately high trait anxiet...
Article
Balance training has been shown to be effective in preventing ankle sprainrecurrences in subjects with Lateral Ankle injury (LAI) but the biomechanical and/orneurophysiological pathways underlying the clinical outcomes are still unknown. This study wasconducted to determine if a 12-week balance training intervention can alter the mechanicalcharacte...
Article
Multimodal training is often the first choice of treatment in patients with grade II lateral ligament ankle injury; however, the effect of exercise on ankle proprioception is under debate. We investigated the effect of 12-week Multimodal training on ankle joint position sense using position-reposition test in subjects with grade II Lateral ankle li...
Article
Research objectives included assessing the effects of Perturbation and Functional Task Training on cardiovascular endurance, strength, balance and risk of falls, ability to perform daily activities and basic functional mobility, gait speed and the ability to go out in elderly osteoarthritis patients. Both Experimental groups: Perturbation Training...
Book
Full-text available
Link Laman Web Penerbit USM: http://www.penerbit.usm.my/index.php/buku/268-application-of-psyhometrics-in-sports-and-exercise Link Pembelian buku di karyausm.my: https://goo.gl/fMJTiG Link Pembelian buku di 11street.my: https://www.11street.my/productdetail/application-of-psyhometrics-in-sports-and-exercise-66687579
Article
Strategies that maximize positive mood states and minimize negative mood states may contribute to athletes' performance. These performance-maximizing strategies include Taper. This study compared the effects of a 2-week modified exponential taper on mood state and cycling time-trial performance among elite junior cyclists (N = 27; mean age = 16.95...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of tapering as recovery strategy to enhancing time trial performance among junior cyclists. Twenty seven male junior cyclist (Age= 16.9±0.8 years, Height=165.6±6.1 cm, Body Mass= 54.1±8.1 Kg) were assigned into either the control group (n=6), Exponential taper (n=7), or Modified Exponential taper (n=...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/30ce5a_56f67d3e03034d1f8a47aa57e9909e08.pdf
Technical Report
The ankle is one of the most common sports injuries and is also the most frequently re-injured. In the majority of cases, the ankle rolls inwards (inversion) under the weight of the rest of the body, resulting in damage to the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of peripheral afferent informatio...
Article
ABSTRACT Background: This study was done to identify the problems associated with physical dysfunction in relation to proprioception in osteoarthrosis (OA) of knee. OA is a degenerative joint disorder, which commonly occurs in knee of middle aged and elderly patients, with a high prevalence rate amongst individuals with higher body-mass index. As t...
Chapter
The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of a single bout of 15 minutes Cold Water Immersion (CWI) to alleviate DOMS symptoms following the plyometric exercise protocol. Sixteen physically healthy young males with the mean age of 21.6±2.3 years old, weight of 65.7±13.1 kg, height of 170.5±6.9 cm, BMI 22.4±3.3 kg.m-1 and fat percent...
Article
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Aims: The prevalence rate of ankle complexities is increasing at a constant rate among athletes. This study aimed to systematically describe the facts and findings related to the effectiveness of training programs on proprioception among athletes suffering from ankle ligament injury. Methods: A literature search in online libraries (Google Scholar,...
Article
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The benefits of psychological interventions to individuals at all level of sport participation is widely acknowledged. For mass sports, psychological intervention may be used to motivate individuals to engage in sport activities. On the other hand, psychological interventions are used to enhance athletes’ performance for competitive and high perfor...
Article
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Ramadhan is the fasting month in the Islamic calendar when consumption of water and food is abstained from. Previous studies of exercising during Ramadhan have shown mixed findings. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a single bout of moderate cycling exercise during the ritual fasting of Ramadhan on mood states, rating of perceiv...
Article
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A valid questionnaire is a precursor to a sound measurement process. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Revised Competitive State Anxiety Inventory – 2 (CSAI-2R). A total of 131 female Taekwondo athletes (Mean age =12.37 ± 2.52) from Damghan completed CSAI-2R at competition venues. Confirmatory factor anal...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated the effects of a 2-week modified exponential taper on physiological adaptation and time trial performance among junior cyclists. Participants (N = 27) with the mean age of 16.95 ± 0.8 years, height of 165.6 ± 6.1 cm and weight of 54.19 ± 8.1 Kg were matched into either modified exponential taper (n=7), normal exponent...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Physical activity and nutrition are essential for the prevention and treatment of many diseases. This study examined the effects of combining daily milk supplementation and an aerobic exercise routine on physical fitness indicators in adolescent girls. Methods: The study randomly assigned 83 17-year-old girls into four groups: milk only...
Article
The attribute of mental toughness terminologically could be explained as an interactive combination of stable humane characteristics which inspires him or her to strive persistently for excellence. Though the concept of mental toughness is used widely, but comprehensive understanding of the construct based on empirical evidence is scanty. This rese...
Article
Osteoarthritis is a disease with destruction of cartilage and damage of the subchondral bone. The prevalence of osteoarthritis has been on the rise due to increase in the elderly population. Isokinetic training has been used to improve the strength of muscles and to measure the peak torque of muscle in normal individuals and in patients with orthop...
Article
Full-text available
A psychometrically sound measurement instrument is crucialy in understanding needed athletes' psychological profile. Among indices of a psychometrically sound instrument are its factor structure and internal consistency. The present study examined the factorial validity and reliability of the Malaysian version of the Revised Competitive State Anxie...
Article
Full-text available
This study compares two versions of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) training (7 and 16 muscle groups) on oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rates, rating of perceived exertion and choice reaction time. Football (soccer) players (N = 26; M age = 13.4 yr., SD = 0.5) were randomly assigned to either 7 muscle groups PMR, 16 muscle groups PMR, or a con...
Article
Full-text available
Present study focuses on examining effectiveness of Electromyography (EMG) biofeedback in treatment of ailments and disorders related to knee-joint. In order to carry out the literature survey, terms knee and biofeedback were used as keywords in the databases such as, Physiotherapy evidence Database (PEDro), Cumulative Index of Nursing and allied H...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Osteoarthritis (OA) is among the most common and symptomatic health problems for many middle-aged and elderly individuals. It is especially common in females and overweight or obese individuals, particularly at the weight-bearing joints such as the knee. Increasing costs of treatment of osteoarthritis, especially in the developing countries, warran...
Article
Summary.—Regular aerobic exercise and milk consumption have been found to have positive effects on certain cognitive functions such as short-term memory and sustained attention. However, aggregated effects of combining these modalities have not been explored. This study examined the combined effects of milk supplementation and aerobic exercise on t...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examined the level of physical activity (PA) and the associations between PA, intention to exercise, exercise habit strength, PE enjoyment and sources of motivation and PA behavior among adolescents aged 13, 14, and 16 years old. Secondary school students (N = 503; Mean age 14.35 ± 1.26) completed self-report measures of physical...
Article
Full-text available
Present study was done with an intention to look into the problem of osteoarthrosis (OA) with particular reference to etiological concerns and the diverse methods of therapeutic interventions introduced to OA patients, which were virtually aimed at minimization of their problems (such as pain; difficulty in movements; range of motion (ROM) and obvi...
Code
Title of the Grant: Impact Of Psychobiological Conditioning On improvement in Movement Coordination in Athletes. Tenure of the Research Project: 24 months Value of the Grant: MYR 1,36,800 (equivalent to USD 45,752 or INR 23,59,800) Principle Research Supervisor: Prof. Dr Soumendra Saha
Code
PERINCIAN GERAN PENYELIDIKAN TAJAAN AGENSI LUAR - PROJEK BARU KEMENTERIAN PENGAJIAN TINGGI (BHG. SUKAN) Sports Research Grant of Ministry of Higher Education, Govt. of Malaysia (Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi -KPT). Title of the Grant: Effectiveness of some Psychotherapeutic Techniques to Modulate Catastrophic Emotionality of Soccer Players for High...
Code
KEPUTUSAN PERMOHONAN SKIM GERAN PENYELIDIKAN FUNDAMENTAL (FRGS) FASA 1/2013 Fundamental Research Grant (FRGS - Phase 1 - 2013) of Ministry of Higher Education, Govt. of Malaysia (Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi -KPT). Title of the Grant: Significance of Visuomotor Behaviour Rehearsal in explaining athletic performance disaster. Tenure of the Research...
Article
Purpose: The moderating effect of exercise habit strength and specific habit processes within the theory of planned behavior (TPB) was tested in children. Methods: Participants were primary school students (N = 380, mean age = 10.46 ± .52). The data were collected using self-report measures followed by one-mile run test performance. Data were an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the increased attention given to sport psychology and its benefits to sport performance, some athletes and coaches remain hesitant to use sport psychology services. There are many possible reasons for athletes not taking advantage of sport psychology services. This study was conducted to determine the attitudes of Malaysian junior athletes...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) is a short, structured diagnostic interview compatible with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV). It was designed for clinical practice, research in psychiatric, primary care settings and epidemiological surveys. This preliminary study aims to evalu...
Article
Full-text available
The current study was undertaken to examine the associations between self-determination, exercise habit, anxiety, depression, stress, and academic achievement among adolescents aged 13 and 14 years in eastern Malaysia. The sample consisted of 750 secondary school students (mean age = 13.4 years, SD = 0.49). Participants completed self-report measur...