## About

48

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January 2017 - present

September 2012 - September 2016

January 2012 - present

## Publications

Publications (48)

We investigate theoretically the momentum-dependent frequency and damping of low-lying collective excitations of superconductors and charged superfluids in the BCS-BEC crossover regime. The study is based on the Gaussian pair-and-density fluctuation method for the propagator of Gaussian fluctuations of the pair and density fields. Eigenfrequencies...

We consider collective excitations in the superfluid state of Fermi condensed charged gases. The dispersion and damping of collective excitations at nonzero temperatures are examined, and the coexistence and interaction of different branches of collective excitations: plasma oscillations, pair-breaking Higgs modes, and Carlson-Goldman phonon-like e...

We investigate theoretically the momentum-dependent frequency and damping of low-lying collective excitations of superconductors and charged superfluids in the BCS–BEC crossover regime. The study is based on the Gaussian pair-and-density fluctuation method for the propagator of Gaussian fluctuations of the pair and density fields. Eigenfrequencies...

We study the plasma branch of an homogeneous three-dimensional electron gas in an s-wave superconducting state. Although a sum rule guarantees that the departure of the plasma branch always coincides with the plasma frequency ωp, the dispersion and lifetime of plasmons is strongly affected by the presence of the pair condensate, especially when ωp...

We consider collective excitations in the superfluid state of Fermi condensed charged gases. The dispersion and damping of collective excitations at nonzero temperatures are examined, and the coexistence and interaction of different branches of collective excitations: plasma oscillations, pair-breaking Higgs modes, and Carlson-Goldman phonon-like e...

We study the fermionic quasiparticle spectrum in a zero-temperature superfluid Fermi gas, and in particular how it is modified by different disintegration processes. On top of the disintegration by emission of a collective boson ( 1\to2 1 → 2 , subject of a previous study, PRL , 073404), we consider here disintegration events where three quasiparti...

We study the plasma branch of an homogeneous three-dimensional electron gas in an $s$-wave superconducting state. We focus on the regime where the plasma frequency $\omega_p$ is comparable to the gap $\Delta$, which is experimentally realized in cuprates. Although a sum rule guarantees that the departure of the plasma branch always coincides with t...

In an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate quenched to the unitary regime, we predict the sequential formation of a significant fraction of condensed pairs and triples. At short distances, we demonstrate the two-body and Efimovian character of the condensed pairs and triples, respectively. As the system evolves, their size becomes comparable to the inte...

We study the fermionic quasiparticle spectrum in a zero-temperature superfluid Fermi gas, and in particular how it is modified by different disintegration processes. On top of the disintegration by emission of a collective boson ($1\to2$, subject of a previous study, PRL 124, 073404), we consider here disintegration events where three quasiparticle...

In an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate quenched to the unitary regime, we predict the sequential formation of a significant fraction of condensed pairs and triples. At short-distances, we demonstrate the two-body and Efimovian character of the condensed pairs and triples, respectively. As the system evolves, the size of the condensed pairs and tripl...

Studying the collective pairing phenomena in a two-component Fermi gas, we predict the appearance near the transition temperature Tc of a well-resolved collective mode of quadratic dispersion. The mode is visible both above and below Tc in the system's response to a driving pairing field. When approaching Tc from below, the phononic and pair-breaki...

Studying the collective pairing phenomena in a two-component Fermi gas, we predict the appearance near the transition temperature $T_c$ of a well-resolved collective mode of quadratic dispersion. The mode is visible both above and below $T_c$ in the system's response to a driving pairing field. When approaching $T_c$ from below, the phononic and pa...

We study the quench of a degenerate ultracold Bose gas to the unitary regime, where interactions are as strong as allowed by quantum mechanics. We lay the foundation of a cumulant theory able to simultaneously capture the three-body Efimov effect and ergodic evolution. After an initial period of rapid quantum depletion, a universal prethermal stage...

final version, in English (46 pages) and in French (47 pages)

In the presence of dipolar interactions, the excitation spectrum of a Bose gas can acquire a local minimum. The corresponding quasiparticles are known as rotons. They are gapped and do not decay at zero temperature. Here we study the decay of rotons in one-dimensional Bose gases at low temperatures. It predominantly occurs due to the backscattering...

We study the signatures of the collective modes of a superfluid Fermi gas in its linear response functions for the order-parameter and density fluctuations in the Random Phase Approximation (RPA). We show that a resonance associated to the Popov-Andrianov (or sometimes “Higgs”) mode is visible inside the pair-breaking continuum at all values of the...

We study the quench of a degenerate ultracold Bose gas to the unitary regime, where interactions are as strong as allowed by quantum mechanics. We lay the foundations of a cumulant theory able to capture simultaneously the three-body Efimov effect and ergodic evolution. After an initial period of rapid quantum depletion, a universal prethermal stag...

In the presence of dipolar interactions the excitation spectrum of a Bose gas can acquire a local minimum. The corresponding quasiparticles are known as rotons. They are gaped and do not decay at zero temperature. Here we study the decay of rotons in one-dimensional Bose gases at low temperatures. It predominantly occurs due to the backscattering o...

We investigate the fermionic quasiparticle branch of superfluid Fermi gases in the BCS-BEC crossover and calculate the quasiparticle lifetime and energy shift due to its coupling with the collective mode. The only close-to-resonance process that low-energy quasiparticles can undergo at zero temperature is the emission of a bosonic excitation from t...

We study the phononic collective modes of the pairing field and their corresponding signature in both the order-parameter and density response functions for a superfluid Fermi gas at all temperatures below Tc in the collisionless regime. The spectra of collective modes are calculated within the Gaussian pair fluctuation approximation. We deal with...

We study the signatures of the collective modes of a superfluid Fermi gas in its linear response functions for the order-parameter and density fluctuations in the Random Phase Approximation (RPA). We show that a resonance associated to the Popov-Andrianov (or sometimes "Higgs") mode is visible inside the pair-breaking continuum at all values of the...

The Anderson-Bogoliubov branch of collective excitations in a condensed Fermi gas is treated using the effective bosonic action of Gaussian pair fluctuations. The spectra of collective excitations are treated for finite temperature and momentum throughout the BCS-BEC crossover. The obtained spectra explain, both qualitatively and quantitatively, re...

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.239904

erratum in English (1 page) and in French (1 page)

The Leggett collective excitations for a two-band Fermi gas with s -wave pairing and Josephson interband coupling in the BCS-BEC crossover at finite temperatures are investigated within the Gaussian pair fluctuation approach. Eigenfrequencies and damping factors for Leggett modes are determined in a nonperturbative way, using the analytic continuat...

The Leggett collective excitations for a two-band Fermi gas with s-wave pairing and Josephson interband coupling in the BCS-BEC crossover at finite temperatures are investigated within the Gaussian pair fluctuation approach. Eigenfrequencies and damping factors for Leggett modes are determined in a nonperturbative way, using the analytic continuati...

We investigate the fermionic quasiparticle branch of superfluid Fermi gases in the BCS-BEC crossover and calculate the quasiparticle lifetime and energy shift due to its coupling with the collective mode. The only close-to-resonance process that low-energy quasiparticles can undergo at zero temperature is the emission of a bosonic excitation from t...

The pair-condensed unpolarized spin-$1/2$ Fermi gases have a collective excitation branch in their pair-breaking continuum (VA Andrianov, VN Popov, 1976). We study it at zero temperature, with the eigenenergy equation deduced from the time-dependent BCS theory and extended analytically to the lower half complex plane through its branch cut, calcula...

The Anderson–Bogoliubov branch of collective excitations in a condensed Fermi gas is treated using the effective bosonic action of Gaussian pair fluctuations. The spectra of collective excitations are treated for finite temperature and momentum throughout the BCS–BEC crossover. The obtained spectra explain, both qualitatively and quantitatively, re...

We demonstrate the existence of a collective excitation branch in the pair-breaking continuum of superfluid Fermi gases and BCS superconductors. At zero temperature, we analytically continue the equation on the collective mode energy in Anderson’s Random Phase Approximation or Gaussian fluctuations through its branch cut associated with the continu...

6-7 pages, 4 figures, in English et en français

We calculate the velocity and damping of Anderson-Bogoliubov collective excitations in a superfluid Fermi gas in the BCS-BEC crossover and in the whole temperature range below the transition temperature in the Gaussian pair fluctuation approximation. Rigorously expanding the Gaussian pair action at low wavenumber and energy proportional to wavenumb...

We demonstrate the existence of a collective excitation branch in the pair-breaking continuum of superfluid Fermi gases and BCS superconductors, as suggested by Littlewood and Varma in 1982. We analytically continue the RPA equation on the collective mode energy through its branch cut associated with the continuum, and obtain the full complex dispe...

We study the propagation of shock waves in superfluid Fermi gases in the BEC-BCS crossover. Unlike in other superfluid systems, where shock waves have already been studied and observed, Fermi gases can exhibit a subsonic dispersion relation for which the shock wave pattern appears at the tail of the wavefront. We show that this property can be used...

The dynamics of a weakly interacting Bose gas at low temperatures is close to integrable due to the approximate quadratic nature of the many-body Hamiltonian. While the short-time physics after an abrupt ramp of the interaction constant is dominated by the integrable dynamics, integrability is broken at longer times by higher-order interaction term...

We study the process of absorption or emission of a bosonic collective excitation by a fermionic quasiparticle in a superfluid of paired fermions. From the RPA equation of motion of the bosonic excitation annihilation operator, we obtain an expression of the coupling amplitude of this process which is limited neither to resonant processes nor to th...

Liquid helium and spin-1/2 cold-atom Fermi gases both exhibit in their superfluid phase two distinct types of excitations, gapless phonons and gapped rotons or fermionic pair-breaking excitations. In the long wavelength limit, revising and extending Landau and Khalatnikov's theory initially developed for helium [ZhETF 19, 637 (1949)], we obtain uni...

We study generation of non-local correlations by atomic interactions in a pair of bi-modal Bose-Einstein Condensates in state-dependent potentials including spatial dynamics. The wave-functions of the four components are described by combining a Fock state expansion with a time-dependent Hartree-Fock Ansatz, so that both the spatial dynamics and th...

We study the interactions among phonons and the phonon lifetime in a pair-condensed Fermi gas in the BEC-BCS crossover. To compute the phonon-phonon coupling amplitudes we use a microscopic model based on a generalized BCS Ansatz including moving pairs, which allows for a systematic expansion around the mean field BCS approximation of the ground st...

We derive the phonon damping rate due to the four-phonon Landau-Khalatnikov process in low temperature strongly interacting Fermi gases using quantum hydrodynamics, correcting and extending the original calculation of Landau and Khalatnikov [ZhETF 19, 637 (1949)]. Our predictions can be tested in state-of-the-art experiments with cold atomic gases...

On considère généralement que la fonction d’onde macroscopique décrivant un condensat de paires de fermions possède une phase parfaitement définie et immuable. En réalité, il n’existe que des systèmes de taille finie, préparés à température non nulle ; le condensat possède alors un temps de cohérence fini, même lorsque le système est isolé. Cet eff...

On considère généralement que la fonction d'onde macroscopique décrivant un condensat de paires de fermions possède une phase parfaitement définie et immuable. En réalité, il n'existe que des systèmes de taille finie, préparés à température non nulle ; le condensat possède alors un temps de cohérence fini, même lorsque le système est isolé. Cet eff...

On considère généralement que la fonction d'onde macroscopique décrivant un condensat de paires de fermions possède une phase parfaitement définie et immuable. En réalité, il n'existe que des systèmes de taille finie, préparés, qui plus est, à température non nulle ; le condensat possède alors un temps de cohérence fini, même lorsque le système dem...

We study the concavity of the dispersion relation $q\mapsto
\omega\_{\mathbf{q}}$ of the bosonic excitations of a three-dimensional
spin-$1/2$ Fermi gas in the Random Phase Approximation (RPA). In the limit of
small wave numbers $q$ we obtain analytically the spectrum up to order $5$ in
$q$. In the neighborhood of $q=0$, a change in concavity betwe...

Coherent gases of ultracold atoms confined in immaterial non-dissipative
traps are unique examples of isolated macroscopic quantum systems. The value of
their intrinsic coherence time is then a fundamental question. But it is also a
practical issue for all the applications which exploit macroscopic coherence,
such as interferometry, or quantum engi...

We propose and analyze a scheme to entangle the collective spin states of two spatially separated bimodal Bose-Einstein condensates. Using a four-mode approximation for the atomic field, we show that elastic collisions in a state-dependent potential simultaneously create spin-squeezing in each condensate and entangle the collective spins of the two...

Due to interactions and dispersion in the total atom number, the order
parameter of a pair-condensed Fermi gas experiences a collapse in a time that
we derive microscopically. As in the bosonic case, this blurring time depends
on the derivative of the gas chemical potential with respect to the atom number
and to the variance of that atom number. Th...