Hadi Dowlatabadi

Hadi Dowlatabadi
University of British Columbia - Vancouver | UBC · Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability (IRES)

About

166
Publications
44,922
Reads
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8,996
Citations
Citations since 2016
26 Research Items
4064 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600700
Additional affiliations
January 1991 - July 2001
Carnegie Mellon University
Position
  • Research Professor

Publications

Publications (166)
Preprint
Climate change is driven in part by the lifestyle choices individuals make every day, and yet the emissions associated with these choices are difficult for people to conceptualize and seldom considered in daily decision making. Here we examine the impact of personalized feedback on carbon emissions on intended climate action. In a pre-registered be...
Chapter
Transportation system disruption is widely recognized as a major source of spatial and economic impact in disasters, yet modeling these effects remains a challenge. This chapter develops a framework for modeling transport system disruption that is designed to support decision-making for disaster resilience. It focuses on a relatively simple yet vit...
Article
An agent-based object-oriented model for the fuel distribution network in coastal British Columbia in Canada is presented. Objects representing infrastructure components with varied attributes and behaviors are described together with objects representing transportation modes on land and on water. A novel feature of the modeling approach is its cap...
Article
Carshare membership in North America has grown approximately 25% per year over the past decade. Some have attributed this to pro-environmental values and low-impact lifestyles of millennials, the primary users of carsharing. Many municipal governments have adopted this belief and support carsharing through various accommodations and subsidies. Resu...
Article
Conventional project delivery in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction industry is plagued by: cost over-runs, delayed delivery, and poor quality control. Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) seeks to improve project outcomes by fostering collaboration among key stakeholders through shared risks and rewards as well as early and sustained eng...
Article
This paper explores how membership in different carsharing service types impacts vehicle ownership. We study the difference between carsharing services offering a one-way (free-floating) service utilizing 2-seaters (Car2go) to a two-way service utilizing a range of vehicles (Modo). By analyzing 3,405 survey responses from carsharing users in Vancou...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change modeling relies on projections of future greenhouse gas emissions and other phenomena leading to changes in planetary radiative forcing. Scenarios of socio-technical development consistent with end-of-century forcing levels are commonly produced by integrated assessment models. However, outlooks for forcing from fossil energy combust...
Article
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Principles of behavioral economics have been used to change human behavior effectively in a variety of disciplines. For the field of transportation, however, there have only been a few cases where behavioral economics was applied to change behavior in randomized field experiments. In our current study, we aimed to increase vehicle inspection behavi...
Article
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Governments are major investors in climate change mitigation, but aversion to public indebtedness has led to reliance on private finance to deliver public assets. Compounding this challenge, financing through Energy Service Contracts is ruled out by accounting rules. With public and traditional private funding avenues closed, government departments...
Research
Coastal and island communities in British Columbia (BC) are highly dependent on maritime transportation to support their basic needs, such as fuel deliveries. Historically, coastal communities maintained substantial local caches of supplies; however, with the advance of integrated supply chains and more frequent scheduled maritime service, just-in-...
Conference Paper
This paper addresses the problem of mitigating the risk of fuel shortage in coastal communities in British Columbia. In the aftermath of an earthquake the fuel supply chain may be compromised and communities may need to withstand a certain period of time without receiving new fuel shipments. On the one hand, maintaining high reserves assures maximu...
Article
Decades ago, prospects seemed strong for significantly expanded global coal consumption. Studies of energy futures depicted the full geologic extent of coal as a virtually unlimited backstop energy supply, drawing justification from legacy ratios of reserves-to-production (R-P) on the order of several centuries. Annual consumption and market prices...
Conference Paper
This paper addresses the need for new measures and models of infrastructure performance that can facilitate the strengthening of community resilience to disasters. While many infrastructure measures and models focus on performance in terms of disaster-induced damage, from the perspective of populations and cities that would be affected, there is a...
Book
Environmental constraints and market uncertainties create new challenges for electricity generation. In this title, originally published in 1991, the authors present a simulation model with a capability for highly detailed activity to identify cost-minimising investment options under different assumptions about demand, costs, regulation, and other...
Article
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Carsharing exemplifies a growing trend towards service provision displacing ownership of capital goods. We developed a model to quantify the impact of carsharing on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The study took into account different types of households and their trip characteristics. The analysis considers five factors by which carsharing can imp...
Article
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Remote or off-grid communities in Canada primarily rely on diesel generators for the provision of their electricity. Often surrounded by potential renewable resources, they are characterised as the low-hanging fruit of greenhouse gas mitigation strategies. While much is said about the promises of community energy projects, as well as technologies a...
Article
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Fossil fuel divestment campaigns have focused attention on the holdings of oil, gas, and coal companies in the portfolios of university endowments. In this paper, North American universities with endowments larger than USD 1 billion are characterized by how they may handle a divestment commitment based on their priorities of income (Grasshoppers) o...
Article
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Climate change policies that rapidly curtail fossil fuel consumption will lead to structural adjustments in the business operations of the energy industry. Due to an uncertain global climate and energy policy framework, it is difficult to determine the magnitude of fossil energy reserves that could remain unused. This ambiguity has the potential to...
Article
In recognition of the cumulative effects resulting from financial decisions, a growing number of campaigns are advocating for the removal of investment funds from companies responsible for high levels of carbon emissions. A systematic approach can aid in examining the social, economic and environmental impacts that extend beyond political motivatio...
Article
In contrast to capital control strategies (i.e., investments in new technology), the potential of operational control strategies (e.g., vehicle scheduling optimisation) to reduce the health and climate impacts of the emissions from public transportation bus fleets has not been widely considered. This case study demonstrates that heterogeneity in th...
Article
Despite a great deal of research on public perceptions of climate change science, very little empirical work has attempted to investigate how members of the lay public might evaluate the justice dilemmas inherent within climate policy decision-making. This exploratory study contrasts arguments about justice from a mitigation perspective, with those...
Article
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Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), while controversial, is seen as promising because it will allow the United States to continue using its vast fossil fuel resources in a carbon-constrained world. The public is an important stakeholder in the national debate about whether or not the U.S. should include CCS as a significant part of its climate...
Chapter
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The majority of anticipatory adaptation frameworks applied in developed countries tend to idealize the institutional and cultural readiness for their successful deployment. We explore the validity of these assumptions for Arctic Canada, where marginalized communities are experiencing extreme climate change, as well as contending with many other ext...
Chapter
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Insurance is a prominent, well-established mechanism for risk transfer in developed countries. While North American governments have stalled on both mitigation of and adaptation to climate change, the insurance industry (globally and in North America) is already viewing recent catastrophic events as being partially climate change related and explor...
Article
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The potential of operational strategies to reduce the public health impacts of transit systems by incorporating public health impacts as an objective in the vehicle scheduling problem was studied. The study was based on a real-world case study of the public transportation system in Vancouver, Canada. Distance-based PM 2.5 emissions factors were est...
Article
Macroscale emissions modeling approaches have been widely applied in impact assessments of mobile source emissions. However, these approaches poorly characterize the spatial distribution of emissions and have been shown to underestimate emissions of some pollutants. To quantify the implications of these limitations on exposure assessments, CO, NO(X...
Article
Conservation policies have changed over time in response to changes in human and ecological drivers. The impacts of climate (and other) concurrent changes prompt consideration of further iterations for both conservation means and objectives. In this paper we bring together previous disparate literatures and apply them to the question of how to adap...
Article
We develop a simple method for attributing the environmental impacts of tasks performed on ICT devices according to the amount of time spent by the user pursuing them and the amount of network bandwidth they require. We use broad categories of tasks and ensure that the total impacts of all tasks add to 100%. Using publicly available data, we develo...
Article
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Purpose – This paper aims to explore the relationship between green building design and workplace design practice, and to examine the role of organizational culture in shaping design and operation decisions with consequence for user experience. Design/methodology/approach – A literature review and introduction of key concepts establish the founda...
Article
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"Human and ecological elements of resource management systems co-adapt over time. In this paper, we examine the drivers of change in forest management policy in British Columbia since 1850. We asked: How has a set of system attributes changed over time, and what drivers contributed to change when it occurred? We simultaneously examined a set of thr...
Article
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Adapting conservation policy to the impacts of climate change has emerged as a central and unresolved challenge. In this paper, we report on the results of 21 in-depth interviews with biodiversity and climate change adaptation experts on their views of the implications of climate change for conservation policy. We find a diversity of views across a...
Article
The impacts of climate change imply substantive changes to current conservation policy frameworks. Debating and formulating the details of these changes was central to the agenda of the Fourth World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). In this paper, we document the promotion of, and resistance t...
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Comprehensive abatement strategies will be needed to limit global warming. A drastic reduction of black-carbon emissions could provide near-immediate relief with important co-benefits.
Article
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This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
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The article explores how feedback is provided in the design and delivery of two green Canadian office buildings and how this shapes the knowledge and adaptive behaviour of occupants. A central theme is whether occupants are treated as passive or active in establishing the comfort conditions of their immediate environment. In this exploration, the a...
Article
Full-text available
Distributive justice in climate change has been of interest both to the ethics and to the climate policy communities, but the two have remained relatively isolated. By combining an applied ethics approach with a focus on the details of a wide range of proposed international climate policies, this article proposes two arguments. First, three categor...
Article
Distributive justice in climate change has been of interest both to the ethics and to the climate policy communities, but the two have remained relatively isolated. By combining an applied ethics approach with a focus on the details of a wide range of proposed international climate policies, this article proposes two arguments. First, three categor...
Article
Full-text available
Consumer products are increasingly the focus of regulations aimed at reducing their end-of-life environmental impacts. Products can vary along many dimensions – technological complexity, physical durability, rate of technological change and material characteristics. These attributes interact in complex ways with the market and with regulations obvi...
Article
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Several recent situations illustrate how social norms can be made unstable as a result of breakthrough scientific advances such as genetic technologies. Technological advances can trigger the emergence of new solutions to complex problems, but in the process may challenge previously held norms. The prevention of β-Thalassaemia in the social setting...
Article
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Research traditions across the social sciences have explored the drivers of individual behavior and proposed different models of decision making. Four diverse perspectives are reviewed here: conventional and behavioral economics, technology adoption theory and attitude-based decision making, social and environmental psychology, and sociology. The i...
Article
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Higher energy prices and concern about climate change is drawing increasing attention to ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems. Their clear advantage lies in being able to provide heating using 25 to 30% of the energy consumed by even the most efficient conventional alternatives. Their drawback has been high capital costs and uncertainty about whe...
Article
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Insurance companies are a prominent mechanism for risk transfers. Many initiatives are looking toward private–public partnerships and new risk-management instruments to provide a cushion for climate change-related effects. For this aspiration to be fulfilled, insurers and institutions within which they operate need to learn about emergent risks and...
Article
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Currently envisaged mitigation of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions will be insufficient to appreciably limit climate change and its impacts. Adaptation holds the promise of ameliorating the impacts on a small subset of systems being affected. There is no question that both will be needed. However, climate change is only part of a broader multi-stre...
Article
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In this millennium, global drylands face a myriad of problems that present tough research, management, and policy challenges. Recent advances in dryland development, however, together with the integrative approaches of global change and sustainability science, suggest that concerns about land degradation, poverty, safeguarding biodiversity, and pro...
Article
Electric power systems can be disrupted by a variety of circumstances impacting failure and recovery rates. However, conflict-induced stress, primary fuel supply disruptions, and impediments to repair have rarely been incorporated into a systematic analysis of power planning and dispatch. In this paper, we augment the traditional Monte-Carlo reliab...
Article
In 2001-2002 the UK began taxing vehicles according to CO2 emission rates. Since then, there has been a significant increase in consumer choice of small cars and diesel engines. We estimate CO2 reductions and air quality impacts resulting from UK consumers switching from petrol to diesel cars from 2001 to 2020. Annual reductions of 0.4 megatons (Mt...
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This paper applies two recently developed trading algorithms to a water quality trading (WQT) market located in the Cub River sub-basin of Utah; a market that includes both point and nonpoint sources. The algorithms account for three complications that naturally arise in WQT markets: (1) combinatorial matching of traders, (2) trader heterogeneity,...
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A democratic ethics of biological technology must engage the public. This is not easy to do in a way that satisfies the demands of democratic ethics, or meets the pace of rapidly changing, complex technology. This paper describes a solution proposed by the University of British Columbia’s Norms Evolving in Response to Dilemmas interdisciplinary res...
Article
Making sound decisions about managing ecological risks necessarily involves relying on judgments by technical specialists informed by the best available scientific evidence. Yet, organizing those judgments in ways to assess the relative risks of different components of a technology, and considering priorities in managing those risks, is a difficult...
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This paper describes two case studies of demand-side water management in the Okanagan region of southern British Columbia, Canada. The case studies reveal important lessons about how local context shapes the process of adaptation; in these cases, adaptation to rising and changing water demand under a regime of increasingly limited supply in a semi-...
Article
This paper proposes and illustrates an approach to characterizing a risk management framework for risk problems that involve linkages across multiple scales of influence and impact, and multiple levels of institutional and regulatory control. The approach involves three principle steps, informed by writing on decision making and by applied experien...
Article
Energy intensity of the economy is often modeled as being determined by the combined effect of a fixed price elasticity of demand, and an exogenously specified, fixed technical change parameter denoted as the autonomous energy efficiency improvement (AEEI). Typically, the AEEI rate is set to 0.5–1.5% improvement per annum. Here, we study historic a...
Chapter
It is becoming increasingly clear that in order to reduce lifecycle impacts, manufacturers need to go beyond product design considerations alone. Important factors to be considered also include nontechnical factors such as business models, market attributes and consumer behaviour. This paper provides a comparative case study of five categories of p...
Article
The significance of multiple scales within processes of global environmental change has attracted increasing attention. Yet the fundamental tasks of linking multiple levels at which regulatory decisions are required to multiple scales of impacts have only recently been identified. This paper addresses the importance of attention to multiple scales...
Article
Historically, a sectoral approach (based on the industrial, transportation, commercial, and residential sectors) has shaped the way we frame and analyze issues of energy conservation and CO2 mitigation. This sectoral categorization, however, is limited in its capacity to reveal the total impacts of consumer activities on energy use and its related...
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▪ Abstract Concerns about safeguarding key infrastructures (such as energy, communications, banking, and roads) from deliberate attack are long-standing, but since the end to the cold war, emphasis has turned to the possible impacts of terrorism. Activities to address these concerns are sometimes called critical infrastructure protection (CIP), a c...
Article
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How much a policy is expected to cost and who bears the brunt of that cost play a significant role in the debates that shape regulations. We do not have a good track record of predicting costs and their ultimate distribution, but systematic reviews of past assessments have identified some of the factors that lead to errors. A wide range of expected...
Article
This paper investigates the role of suppliers of a new energy technology, when the market for that technology continues to be in a state of flux, and is characterised by continued regulatory and institutional developments. This paper first summarises the institutional drivers resulting in the widely divergent diffusion of distributed generation (DG...
Article
This paper employs ecological footprint analysis as a potential non-monetary metric of human consumption and ecological productivity in a simulation-modeling framework, applied to North America. The ecological footprint provides an indirect basis for considering the long-term ecological risk and sustainability of human settlements, regions or, in t...