G.W. Wieger Wamelink

G.W. Wieger Wamelink
Wageningen University & Research | WUR · Wageningen Enviromental Research

Dr ir

About

274
Publications
28,467
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Introduction
This year we started an glasshouse experiment to see if we are able to grow a series of plant species on artificial Martian and Moon soil
Additional affiliations
January 2000 - December 2007
Wageningen University & Research
Position
  • PhD

Publications

Publications (274)
Article
Full-text available
Question: Can the abiotic ranges of syntaxonomic units (associations) in terms of pH and nitrate concentration be estimated and then in principle be used to estimate critical loads for acid and nitrogen deposition? Location: Europe. Methods: Using splines, abiotic ranges of syntaxonomic units were estimated on the basis of measured soil pH and nitr...
Preprint
Full-text available
The increasing CO 2 in the Earth’s atmosphere is directly increasing global temperatures. Plant species around the world must directly and indirectly respond to this temperature change, either by adapting, migrating, or perishing. To evaluate the effect of temperature rises on European plant species, we combined vegetation data with the local avera...
Article
Full-text available
To feed humans on a future Mars settlement, a sustainable closed agricultural ecosystem is a necessity. On Mars, both the faeces of astronauts as well as any plant residues or other organic waste needs to be (re)used to fertilise the present regolith. The activity of earthworms may play a crucial role in this ecosystem as they break down and recycl...
Technical Report
The Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, WOT/WENR, Statistics Netherlands and the provincial authorities use indicators to identify and measure the status and trends in environmental parameters, such as plant nutrient availability, soil pH and the average groundwater levels in spring. In 2020 WENR and Jan Holtland (Holtland Advies) carried...
Chapter
If humans are going to establish a base on the Moon or on Mars, they will have to grow their own crops. An option is to use Lunar and Martian regolith. These regoliths are not available for plant growth experiments, therefore NASA has developed regolith simulants. The major goal of this project was to cultivate and harvest crops on these Mars and M...
Article
Full-text available
Species responding differently to climate change form ‘transient communities’, communities with constantly changing species composition due to colonization and extinction events. Our goal is to disentangle the mechanisms of response to climate change for terrestrial species in these transient communities and explore the consequences for biodiversit...
Article
Full-text available
The Martian surface is constantly exposed to a high dose of cosmic radiation consisting of highly energetic particles and multiple types of ionizing radiation. The dose can increase temporarily by a factor of 50 through the occurrence of highly energetic solar flares. This may affect crop growth in greenhouses on the Martian surface possibly making...
Technical Report
For the Environmental Data Compendium, including the Digital Environmental Balance, ecosystem quality and trends in availability of nutrients are assessed by using indices based on plant species. This report presents a study to determine the most suitable indicator system for assessing nitrogen availability to plants. Three existing indicator syste...
Article
Full-text available
The negative effect of human interference with biodiversity is well known. Unknown, however, was the major effect that human meddling has on habitat types that are rich in plant species from ancient epochs such as the Paleogene and Paleocene/Eocene and Oligocene eras. The influence is that big, also due the human interest in these habitats, that th...
Article
Plant species occurrence in Europe is affected by changes in nitrogen deposition and climate. Insight into potential future effects of those changes can be derived by a model approach based on field-based empirical evidence on a continental scale. In this paper, we present a newly developed empirical model PROPS, predicting the occurrence probabili...
Article
Forest understory plant communities in the eastern United States are often diverse and are potentially sensitive to changes in climate and atmospheric inputs of nitrogen caused by air pollution. In recent years, empirical and processed-based mathematical models have been developed to investigate such changes in plant communities. In the study repor...
Article
Full-text available
If humans are going to establish a base on the Moon or on Mars they will have to grow their own crops. An option is to use Lunar and Martian regolith. These regoliths are not available for plant growth experiments, therefore NASA has developed regolith simulants. The major goal of this project was to cultivate and harvest crops on these Mars and Mo...
Article
Full-text available
In Europe, centuries-long of overharvesting and hunting of large herbivores and carnivores has resulted in extinctions of large mammals, such as the lynx (Lynx lynx). With the expansion of lynx distributions via recolonisation and reintroduction programmes, it is possible that the lynx will again recolonise the Netherlands. This study identified th...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural intensification has caused a decline of semi-natural grasslands and loss of botanical diversity, making agricultural fields dominated by Lolium perenne the main grassland system in large areas of Europe. Increased insight into the factors determining their vegetation composition and plant species richness is needed to improve the effec...
Article
Full-text available
Question To assess the acidification process, nationwide information about soil pH on a site level is called for. Measurements of soil pH may be used, however there are not sufficient measurements available to map soil pH nationwide on site level. Instead we developed a soil pH map based on vegetation data. Location Natural terrestrial areas in Th...
Article
Full-text available
Plant species dispersal has been strongly enhanced by human activities. Introduced species have to cope with indigenous species and local conditions. They may avoid indigenous species by occupying new (abiotic) territory. Once a species is established it may become a pest, and may seriously threaten other species and ecosystems. In this paper we f...
Article
Full-text available
Atmospheric nitrogen (N) pollution is considered responsible for a substantial decline in plant species richness and for altered community structures in terrestrial habitats worldwide. Nitrogen affects habitats through direct toxicity, soil acidification, and in particular by favoring fast-growing species. Pressure from N pollution is decreasing in...
Article
Changes in climate and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition caused pronounced changes in soil conditions and habitat suitability for many plant species over the latter half of the previous century. Such changes are expected to continue in the future with anticipated further changing air temperature and precipitation that will likely influence the ef...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change and excess deposition of airborne nitrogen (N) are among the main stressors to floristic biodiversity. One particular concern is the deterioration of valuable habitats such as those protected under the European Habitat Directive. In future, climate-driven shifts (and losses) in the species potential distribution, but also N driven nu...
Data
Site- and scenario-specific effects of climate change and N deposition. (PDF)
Data
List of all distinctive plant species for the study sites. (PDF)
Data
Methods used for soil and climate input data for VSD+. (PDF)
Data
Future changes at the site level. (PDF)
Data
Methods and results for forest growth. (PDF)
Data
Future changes in the occurrence probability of plant species. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
AimDeposition of nitrogen is assumed to cause loss of botanical diversity, probably through increased production and exclusion of less competitive species. However, if production is (co-)limited by phosphorus, acceleration of the phosphorus cycle may be responsible for the diversity loss and, where that is the case, nitrogen emission reduction may...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction We quantified the effects of the site factors pH and nitrate (NO3) concentration in soil solution and groundwater level on the vegetation of terrestrial ecosystems for the Netherlands in response to changes in atmospheric nitrogen (N) and sulphur (S) deposition and groundwater level over the period 1990–2030. The assessment was made wi...
Article
Environmental quality standards (EQS) specify the maximum permissible concentration or level of a specific environmental stressor. Here, a procedure is proposed to derive EQS that are specific to a representative species pool and conditional on confounding environmental factors. To illustrate the procedure, a dataset was used with plant species ric...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Biodiversity hot-spots are regions containing evolutionary heritage from ancient or recent geological epochs, i.e. evolutionary ‘museums’ or ‘cradles’, respectively. We hypothesize that: (1) there are also ‘museums’ and ‘cradles’ within regions – some species pools of particular habitat types contain angiosperm (flowering plants) lineages from...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Europe the assessment of critical loads for acidity and nitrogen deposition has in the beginning mainly been focused on the leaching of nitrate to groundwater. Since it became clear that nitrogen deposition has a huge impact on species composition the need for a critical load for nitrogen deposition based on vegetation composition as a proxy for...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For conservation purposes, but also to understand plant species behavior, knowledge on their abiotic preferences is essential. Based on a large database with vegetation relevés and abiotic soil measurements the general species number and the number of rare species and red list species preferences along abiotic axes were investigated. The ranges of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When humans will settle on Mars or the moon they will have to eat there. Food may be flown in but a cheaper and more reliable alternative could be to cultivate plants at the site itself, preferably in native soils. We report on the first large scale controlled experiment to investigate the possibility of growing plants in Mars and moon soil simulan...
Chapter
This book provides a unique overview of research methods over the past 25 years assessing critical loads and temporal effects of the deposition of air pollutants. It includes critical load methods and applications addressing acidification, eutrophication and heavy metal pollution of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Applications include examples...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book provides a unique overview of research methods over the past 25 years assessing critical loads and temporal effects of the deposition of air pollutants. It includes critical load methods and applications addressing acidification, eutrophication and heavy metal pollution of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Applications include examples...
Chapter
Empirical critical loads are based on current evidence for relationships between the rate of pollutant deposition and changes to ecosystems observed in experiments and surveys. When considering longer-term change and effects of changes in deposition rate after periods of deposition in excess of the critical load, dynamic modelling approaches are us...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book provides a unique overview of research methods over the past 25 years assessing critical loads and temporal effects of the deposition of air pollutants. It includes critical load methods and applications addressing acidification, eutrophication and heavy metal pollution of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Applications include examples...
Article
Testen van de beoordelingsmethode voor natuurkwaliteit volgens de ‘Werkwijze Monitoring en beoordeling natuurkwaliteit EHS en Natura2000/ PAS’ op basis van in oktober 2014 beschikbare monitoringsgegevens en kaarten. De test betreft een beoordeling van de flora- en fauna-, structuur-, milieu- en ruimtelijke indicatoren voor natuurkwaliteit op gebied...
Article
Full-text available
In Zuid-Holland is de kust de afgelopen jaren op verschillende plaatsen verstevigd door zandsuppletie. Niet alleen omwille van een betere kustbescherming maar ook voor natuurontwikkeling en recreatie. In sommige gebieden ligt de opgespoten zeebodem echter bezaaid met slakken afkomstig van de metaalproductie. Tot nog toe was het niet duidelijk of de...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Model for Nature Policy (MNP) is being developed for the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) with the aim of evaluating Dutch nature policy at levels ranging from regional to national. The model uses the vegetation as a basis for its predictions, which it produces in the form of a ‘nature target types map’. Recently, however, area...
Article
Full-text available
Due to human activities many natural habitats have become isolated. As a result the dispersal of many plant species is hampered. Isolated populations may become extinct and have a lower probability to become re-established in a natural way. Moreover, plant species may be forced to migrate to new areas due to climate change. Species survival in thes...
Technical Report
Voor het bepalen van de effecten van ingrepen in de waterhuishouding op de terrestrische natuur zijn op dit moment verschillende modellijnen operationeel. In het Deltaprogramma is op landelijke schaal vooral het ecohydrologische model DEMNAT gebruikt om de gevolgen van maatregelen in de waterhuishouding op de terrestrische natuur op landelijke scha...
Article
Excessive nitrogen input in natural ecosystems is a major threat to biodiversity. A coastal dune area near Amsterdam in the Netherlands suffers from high atmospheric nitrogen deposition affecting sensitive habitats such as fixed coastal dunes with herbaceous vegetation ('grey dunes'). To mitigate its effect year round grazing was applied from 2007...
Article
Full-text available
When humans will settle on the moon or Mars they will have to eat there. Food may be flown in. An alternative could be to cultivate plants at the site itself, preferably in native soils. We report on the first large-scale controlled experiment to investigate the possibility of growing plants in Mars and moon soil simulants. The results show that pl...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity, including plant species diversity, is threatened worldwide as a result of anthropogenic pressures such as an increase of pollutants and climate change. Rare species in particular are on the verge of becoming extinct. It is still unclear as to why some plant species are rare and others are not. Are they rare due to: intrinsic reasons,...
Article
QuestionHow did frequency and local abundance of key bryophytes in Dutch fens change between 1940 and 2000? LocationThe Netherlands. MethodsA total of 1939 vegetation relevés, objectively assigned to the class Parvocaricetea and dating from the period 1940–1999 inclusive, were extracted from a national Netherlands database. From this relevé set, tw...
Article
Full-text available
Dit rapport geeft per habitattype een overzicht van de status en trend van de structuur- & functiekenmerken voor de artikel 17-rapportage van de Habitatrichtlijn. Om deze data op reproduceerbare wijze te verkrijgen, is gebruik gemaakt van de veldmetingen die zijn verricht voor het landelijk Meetnet Flora (LMF) en de Landelijke Vegetatie Databank (L...
Article
Full-text available
Bij het aantreden in 2010 van het kabinet Rutte I is het natuurbeleid drastisch veranderd. De plannen voor de Ecologische hoofdstructuur (EHS), het natuurnetwerk van Nederland, werden versoberd. De herziening van het natuurbeleid bood echter ook kansen om na ruim twintig jaar werken aan de EHS te kijken waar verbetering mogelijk is. Provincies ontw...