Guy Pare

Guy Pare
HEC Montréal - École des Hautes Études commerciales | HEC Montreal · Research Chair in Digital Health

Professor

About

211
Publications
112,530
Reads
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10,771
Citations
Citations since 2017
61 Research Items
5867 Citations
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Introduction
Additional affiliations
April 2015 - June 2015
Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France
Position
  • Researcher
October 2014 - March 2015
Victoria University of Wellington
Position
  • Visiting Scholar

Publications

Publications (211)
Article
Full-text available
Background: With the ever-increasing availability of mobile apps, consumer wearables, and smart medical devices, more and more individuals are self-tracking and managing their personal health data. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the diffusion of the digital self-tracking movement in Canada. It provides a comprehensive, yet d...
Article
Full-text available
Background Diabetes is a common chronic disease that places an unprecedented strain on health care systems worldwide. Mobile health technologies such as smartphones, mobile applications, and wearable devices, known as mHealth, offer significant and innovative opportunities for improving patient to provider communication and self-management of diabe...
Article
Recently there has been a great deal of advice published for information systems researchers aiming to conduct standalone literature reviews, and this advice has been, at times, confusing, contradictory and contested. In this opinion paper, we harmonize and resolve some crucial elements of this debate. In our view, literature review articles need t...
Article
The central role of information systems review articles has been recognised in a recent explosion of interest in editorials, research articles, and opinion papers investigating methods and approaches for conducting standalone reviews. In continuity with recent developments in this area, this descriptive review seeks to determine the extent to which...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Prospective physicians are expected to find artificial intelligence (AI) a key technology in their future practice. This transformative change has caught the attention of scientists, educators, and policymakers alike, with substantive efforts dedicated to the selection and delivery of AI topics and competencies in the medical curriculum....
Conference Paper
Artificial intelligence (AI) drives transformation across medical specialities, requiring current and future generations of physicians to navigate ever-changing digital environments. In this context, prospective physicians will play a key role in adopting and applying AI-based health technologies, underlining the importance of understanding their k...
Preprint
UNSTRUCTURED Background The number of elective outpatient surgeries in Canada has increased markedly in the last 10 years. Postoperative adverse events could be reduced integrating modern and optimal technologies to ensure quality and safety of postoperative care. Thereby, the department of Anesthesiology at the University of Montreal Medical Cente...
Article
Full-text available
Background The role of community pharmacists in enhancing patient care has received increased attention. However, there is a paucity of literature on the nature, frequency, and perceived impacts of patient-initiated consultations in community pharmacies. Objectives We aim to describe the profile of patients seeking advice from community pharmacist...
Article
Full-text available
Objective We aimed to explore the factors that influence medical students’ intention to integrate dHealth technologies in their practice and analyze the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on their perceptions and intention. Methods We conducted a two-phased survey study at the University of Montreal's medical school in Canada. The study population...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence (AI) is beginning to transform traditional research practices in many areas. In this context, literature reviews stand out because they operate on large and rapidly growing volumes of documents, that is, partially structured (meta)data, and pervade almost every type of paper published in information systems research or relat...
Article
Background Artificial intelligence (AI) is emerging in healthcare in various forms, including AI-based clinical decision support systems, machine learning, computer vision, natural language processing, big data analytics and AI-enhanced robotics. Given their potential impact on clinical processes and decision-making, AI-based health technologies (A...
Article
This study aims to characterises the maturity of IT management in hospitals, to identify the IT management configurations needed to achieve greater performance and to characterise the organisational and strategic IT contexts in which these configurations evolve. Drawing on survey data from 72 Canadian acute-care hospitals with the CIO as the main r...
Chapter
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to describe and assess the quality of the direct-to-consumer medical teleconsultation landscape in three Canadian provinces. An environmental scan of primary care teleconsultation platforms was conducted in January 2022 to identify medical teleconsultation platforms in Quebec (Qc), Ontario, and British Columbia (BC)....
Article
PDF (accepted manuscript): ______ https://bit.ly/302z3Eu ________________________ Digital platforms for knowledge work (DPKW), such as Upwork, Freelancer, and Fiverr, connect clients with millions of workers for a range of knowledge work services, including app development, graphic design, and data analytics. Research on this emergent phenomenon ha...
Article
Background: Self-neglect is a behavior found in older adults with cognitive deficits. It manifests through the refusal, or inability, to care for themselves and puts them at higher risk for institutionalization. In Quebec, administrators in home care services are increasingly open to offering smart environments as part of their services to this cl...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted the adoption of digital health technologies to maximize the accessibility of medical care in primary care settings. Medical appointment scheduling (MAS) systems are among the most essential technologies. Prior studies on MAS systems have taken either a user-oriented perspective, focusing on perceived ou...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study documents the adoption of telehealth by various types of primary healthcare (PHC) providers working in teaching PHC clinics in Quebec during the COVID-19 pandemic. It also identifies the perceived advantages and disadvantages of telehealth. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted between May and August 2020. The e-sur...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted the adoption of digital health technologies to maximize the accessibility of medical care in primary care settings. Medical appointment scheduling (MAS) systems are among the most essential technologies. Prior studies on MAS systems have taken either a user-oriented perspective, focusing on perceived ou...
Article
Background Heart failure (HF) is a complex and serious condition associated with substantial morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of mobile health technology (mHealth) interventions compared with usual care in patients with HF. Materials and Methods We searched MEDLI...
Article
Review papers are essential for knowledge development in IS. While some are cited twice a day, others accumulate single digit citations over a decade. The magnitude of these differences prompts us to analyze what distinguishes those reviews that have proven to be integral to scientific progress from those that might be considered less impactful. Ou...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: In recent years, governments, medical associations and other health care stakeholders have advocated digital health as a promising avenue to reduce inefficiencies, improve the delivery of health care services, increase the quality of primary care, and detect and manage infectious diseases. The present study aims to investigate the assim...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 crisis has drastically changed care delivery with teleconsultation platforms experiencing substantial spikes in demand, helping patients and care providers avoid infections and maintain health care services. Beyond the current pandemic, teleconsultation is considered a significant opportunity to address persistent health sys...
Article
Full-text available
Background Unhealthy behaviors, such as physical inactivity, sedentary lifestyle, and unhealthful eating, remain highly prevalent, posing formidable challenges in efforts to improve cardiovascular health. While traditional interventions to promote healthy lifestyles are both costly and effective, wearable trackers, especially Fitbit devices, can pr...
Article
Full-text available
Background The burden of population aging and chronic conditions has been reported worldwide. Older adults, especially those with high needs, experience social isolation and have high rates of emergency visits and limited satisfaction with the care they receive. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies present opportunities to address these challenges....
Preprint
BACKGROUND The burden of population aging and chronic conditions has been reported worldwide. Older adults, especially those with high needs, experience social isolation and have high rates of emergency visits and limited satisfaction with the care they receive. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies present opportunities to address these challenges....
Article
Full-text available
Literature reviews play a key role in academic research by describing, understanding, explaining, and testing the constructs and theories within a particular topic area. In recent years, various commentaries, debates, and editorials in the information systems (IS) field’s top journals have highlighted the importance of a trustworthy literature revi...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Unhealthy behaviors such as physical inactivity, a sedentary lifestyle, and unhealthful eating remain highly prevalent, posing formidable challenges in efforts to improve cardiovascular health. While traditional interventions to promote healthy lifestyles are both costly and effective, wearable trackers, especially Fitbit devices, can pr...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Emergency physicians are responsible for assessing the severity of a patient's burns, which determines whether the patient needs to be transferred to a burn center. Such a proper assessment represents a daunting task because severe burn injuries are rare. Inaccurate estimates often result in unjustified and costly transfers and unneede...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The COVID-19 crisis has led to a radical transformation of care delivery. To avoid contamination and maintain the required care for patients, teleconsultation is more widely used than ever before. Beyond contributing to managing the crisis, this practice is also considered a significant opportunity to address persistent health system cha...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the legitimation strategies adopted by information technology (IT) vendors and their respective influence on market share. We conducted an analysis of the public discourse on websites of top Electronic Medical Record (EMR) vendors in Ontario, Canada. A total of 815 segments extracted from these websites were analyzed. Our fi...
Article
Background Mobilizing pharmacists practicing in community pharmacies as a new player in primary care has recently emerged as a cost-effective strategy for clinical consultations related to minor ailments. However, little is known about these consultations initiated by patients. The objectives of this study were to describe patient initiated consult...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Laboratory testing occupies a prominent place in health care. Information technology systems have the potential to empower laboratory experts and to enhance the interpretation of test results in order to better support physicians in their quest for better and safer patient care. This study sought to develop a better understanding of wh...
Article
Literature reviews (LRs) play an important role in the development of domain knowledge in all fields. Yet, we observe a lack of insights into the activities with which LRs actually develop knowledge. To address this important gap, we (1) derive knowledge building activities from the extant literature on LRs, (2) suggest a knowledge-based typology o...
Article
Full-text available
Important problems remain regarding the efficiency and quality of laboratory testing in primary care. In view of this, a significant function of electronic medical record (EMR) systems is to enable the practice of laboratory medicine by primary care physicians. The present study aims to deepen our understanding of the nature and extent of physician...
Article
Background: With the drastic surge in the prevalence of diabetes, the use of medical resources for management of diabetic patients increased markedly. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of telehomecare (THC) use on clinical efficacy, nursing interventions and medical visits compared to the standard care in insulin-treated diabetic patients....
Article
Background: Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased steadily in recent years. Pregnant women with GDM are at risk for obstetrical and neonatal complications and require close multidisciplinary follow-up, which implies a significant use of hospital resources. Methods: A prospective noninferiority and controlled clinical tria...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop a clear and generalizable conceptualization of project team momentum, as well as a detailed and engaging research agenda on this concept. Design/methodology/approach A literature review was conducted to achieve the study’s objectives. The review acknowledges the meanings that researchers in the field...
Article
The characterization of the IT function in organizations represents a central topic of investigation in the information systems field. The main purpose of this study was to predict the contribution of the IT function to organizational performance by focusing on the centrality of IT and the IT management profile as primary determinants. A cross-sect...
Article
Telemonitoring leverages technology for the follow-up of patients with heart failure. Limited evidence exists on how telemonitoring influences senior patients’ attitudes and self-care practices. This study examines telemonitoring impacts on patient empowerment and self-care, and explores adoption factors among senior patients. A longitudinal study...
Article
Introduction: Laboratory testing in primary care is a fundamental process that supports patient management and care. Any breakdown in the process may alter clinical information gathering and decision-making activities and can lead to medical errors and potential adverse outcomes for patients. Various information technologies are being used in prim...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The accessibility of laboratory test results is crucial to the performance of emergency departments and to the safety of patients. This study aims to develop a better understanding of which laboratory information exchange (LIE) systems emergency care physicians (ECPs) are using to consult their patients' laboratory test results and whi...
Article
Background: Coordination between physicians and allied professionals is essential to the effective delivery of care services and is associated with positive patient outcomes. As information technology can radically transform how professionals collaborate, both researchers and healthcare accreditation bodies are devoting a growing interest to the m...
Article
Primary health care medical practices have made sizable information technology investments in recent years, primarily deploying electronic medical record (EMR) systems as well as Web-based e-learning applications. The basic assumption here is that developing information technology-based knowledge management capabilities may significantly improve th...
Article
Full-text available
Literature reviews (LRs) are recognized for their increasing impact in the information systems literature. Methodologists have drawn attention to the question of how we can leverage the value of LRs to preserve and generate knowledge. The panelists who participated in the discussion of “Standalone Literature Reviews in IS Research: What Can Be Lear...
Article
The deployment of electronic health record systems is deemed to play a decisive role in the transformations currently being implemented in primary care medical practices. This study aims to characterize electronic health record systems from the perspective of family physicians. To achieve this goal, we conducted a survey of physicians practising in...
Article
Full-text available
Background There has been indisputable growth in adoption of electronic medical record (EMR) systems in the recent years. However, physicians’ progress in using these systems has stagnated when measured with maturity scales. While this so-called ceiling effect has been observed and its consequences described in previous studies, there is a paucity...
Article
Background The Internet and eHealth technologies represent new opportunities for managing health. Age, sex, socioeconomic status, and current technology use are some of the known factors that influence individuals’ uptake of eHealth; however, relatively little is known about facilitators and barriers to eHealth uptake specific to older adults, part...
Data
Primary studies included in the systematic reviews. (DOCX)
Data
AMSTAR Operationalization. (DOCX)
Data
Excluded articles with reasons for exclusion. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Background Whether Web-based technologies can improve disease self-management is uncertain. My Asthma Portal (MAP) is a Web-based self-management support system that couples evidence-based behavioral change components (self-monitoring of symptoms, physical activity, and medication adherence) with real-time monitoring, feedback, and support from a n...
Article
Recently there has been a great deal of advice published for information systems researchers aiming to conduct standalone literature reviews, and this advice has been, at times, confusing, contradictory and contested. In this opinion paper, we harmonize and resolve some crucial elements of this debate. In our view, literature review articles need t...
Article
This study aims to provide a deeper understanding of how information technology (IT) functions transform over time in order to align themselves with organizational visions and motivations. We conducted a longitudinal case study in a large mental health institute where an attempt was made to transform the mission and profile of the IT function. To o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The complexity of today’s organizational IT-driven transformations, such as implementing ERPs and CRMs, urges companies to conduct upfront preparations to ensure implementation success. Organizational readiness is therefore regarded as a critical precondition that increases the chances of IT implementation success. To deepen the theoretical underst...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Primary care medical practices have made sizable IT investments in recent years, primarily deploying electronic medical record (EMR) systems as well as Web-based e-learning applications. The basic assumption here is that developing IT-enabled knowledge management capabilities may significantly improve the innovation and clinical performance of thes...
Article
Context Telepathology is a particular form of telemedicine that fundamentally alters the way pathology services are delivered. Prior reviews in this area have mostly focused on 2 themes, namely technical feasibility issues and diagnosis accuracy. Objectives To synthesize the literature on telepathology implementation challenges and broader organiz...
Article
Full-text available
Telepathology is a fast growing segment of the telemedicine field. As of yet, no prior research has investigated the impacts of large decentralized telepathology projects on patients, clinicians, and healthcare systems. This study aims to fill this gap. We report a benefits evaluation study of a large decentralized telepathology project deployed in...
Article
Full-text available
Given that the synthesis of cumulated knowledge is an essential condition for any field to grow and develop, we believe that the enhanced role of IS reviews requires that this expository form be given careful scrutiny. Over the past decade, several senior scholars have made calls for more review papers in our field. While the number of IS review pa...
Article
Full-text available
It becomes critical for health care organizations to develop strategies that aim to design new work practices and to manage knowledge. The introduction of learning organizations is seen as a promising choice for better knowledge management and continuing professional development in health care. This study analyzes the effects of a learning organiza...
Article
Full-text available
Background Numerous calls have been made for greater assimilation of information technology in healthcare organizations in general, and in primary care settings in particular. Considering the levels of IT investment and adoption in primary care medical practices, a deeper understanding is needed of the factors leading to greater performance outcome...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Growing interest on the effects of home telemonitoring on patients with chronic heart failure (HF) has led to a rise in the number of systematic reviews addressing the same or very similar research questions with a concomitant increase in discordant findings. Differences in the scope, methods of analysis, and methodological quality of s...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents and illustrates how the approach proposed by Eisenhardt (1989) for building theories from intensive qualitative research, more precisely case study research, can help information systems and medical informatics researchers understand and explain the inherently dynamic nature of IT implementation. The approach, which adopts a pos...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study we sought to better understand how EMR systems are actually being used by family physicians and what they perceive to be the performance outcomes for themselves and their medical practices. To achieve our objectives, we conducted a survey of family physicians in Quebec, Canada and obtained responses from 780 physicians. Key findings r...
Article
Full-text available
The Eastern Quebec Telepathology Network (called Réseau de Télépathologie de l'Est du Québec in French) was created to provide uniform diagnostic telepathology services in a huge territory with low population density. We report our first 3-year experience. The network was funded equally by the Québec ministry of Health and Canada Health Infoway, a...
Article
This study reports the first 3-year experience of the Eastern Québec Telepathology Network. Clinical activities started in January 2011 and involved 18 hospitals practicing oncologic surgery in the region. Clinical activities comprised primary diagnosis (including intraoperative consultations (IOC)), expert opinions between two pathologists, contin...
Article
Full-text available
Managing appointments in private medical practices and ambulatory care settings is a complex process. Various strategies to reduce missed appointments can be implemented. E-booking systems, which allow patients to schedule and manage medical appointments online, represents such a strategy. To better support clinicians seeking to offer an e-booking...