Guy Lories

Guy Lories
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain | UCLouvain · Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

Prof. Psychology

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24
Publications
1,353
Reads
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526
Citations
Citations since 2017
0 Research Items
80 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202305101520
201720182019202020212022202305101520
201720182019202020212022202305101520
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Publications

Publications (24)
Article
McCloskey and Lindemann [32] provide a simulation of brain damage on a neural network architecture and offer evidence that different lesions to a same network can lead to different error distributions. We briefly review the various kinds of networks that have been proposed to simulate various arithmetical fact retrieval phenomena and we present a s...
Conference Paper
This paper compares human and LSA-based coherence ratings of 223 essays written by learners of English as a foreign language at various levels of linguistic proficiency. While the LSA-based ratings correlate positively as expected with a measure of lexical variety, a negative correlation was found between these ratings and the human grading. This i...
Article
Full-text available
To compare ways of coping with breast cancer in acute and chronic periods and to approach their efficiency on psychological adaptation at each time. Psychometric evaluation of 151 breast cancer women the day before surgery (T1), and of 107 of them 6 months later (T2), with self-rated questionnaires (CHIP Scale, HADS), "t Student" tests, correlation...
Article
In three experiments, we examined comprehension judgments made after a piece of text had been read. We propose that such metacognitive judgments are based on the content of working memory at the exact moment of assessment. Generally speaking, this working metacognition hypothesis is in agreement with Koriat's cue utilization approach, which implies...
Article
Full-text available
The present study tried to specify how much processing speed, working memory capacity, and inhibition capability contribute to the effects of aging on language performance. An individual-differences approach was used to examine the component processes that predict performance in language comprehension and verbal long-term memory tasks. A total of 1...
Article
This book address one of the most intriguing questions of contemporary psychology, namely, that activities can apply to themselves. Are metacognitive activities similar to standard cognitive processes or is there something special to metacognition as opposed to cognition? How do people reflect on their cognitive processes? What are the differences...
Article
The task of the human operator in industrial process control is usually to keep a system within specific limits or to optimize some parameters. These activities are thought to imply a strong anticipation component: decisions take into account some assessment of the future course of events. But the nature of that assessment is currently not well def...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies show that human subjects can extract the structure of a set of sequences of discrete stimuli. The dynamic control tasks used by Berry and Broadbent (1984), on the other hand, contain a continuous aspect. Following Lories, Dubois, Gaussin (1997) the present experiment shows that subjects can perceive and reproduce some statistical a...
Article
Used a recognition test designed to assess the effect of distractor elimination strategies on feeling of knowing (FOK) accuracy. 20 undergraduates completed a 75-item general information survey, producing either binary FOK judgments, positive FOK judgments, or negative FOK judgments. The average correlation observed between number of eliminated dis...
Article
Amnesia leaves some memory abilities completely intact and others only partially so. Although these dissociations have been interpreted as evidence for separate memory systems, McClelland and Rumelhart (1986) suggest that a simple decrease in the learning rate might account for a dissociation between the retention of category and exemplar informati...
Article
Amnesic patients and control subjects were asked to reproduce arm movements of a given amplitude and to average amplitudes on series of three such movements. The error in averaging was found to be equal in patients and control subjects while reproduction performance was clearly affected by amnesia. The implications of these data for a theory of amn...
Article
What are the sources of metamemory judgments in question answering? Exp 1 showed that the level of confidence in the correctness of a recalled answer (CL) is a reliable measure (test–retest G = .87) and a valid predictor of recognition ( G = .55/.58). In contrast, the feeling of knowing the correct answer (FOK), although reliable ( G = .82), is a...
Article
Full-text available
Three random and 3 meaningful chess positions were presented to 19 strong and weak male chess players during a 60-sec time period. Recall was found to be superior in strong Ss for both kinds of material. This result is not explained by N. Charness's (see record 1977-07430-001) model of expert performance and supports the idea that processes other...
Article
Résumé Cet article considère les moyens par lesquels la perception et la mémoire humaine permettent de jouer aux échecs en expert. On parcourt les recherches récentes et on examine les possibilités ainsi soulevées, à la lumière de certains travaux d'intelligence artificielle. Les résultats obtenus dans les paradigmes de rappel et de reconnaissance...

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Projects (2)
Project
Characterization, component processes et neural substrates of episodic and autobiographical memories. Elaboration of assessment tools. Preserved memory abilities in patients with severe episodic and autobiographical memory deficits. Psychopharmacological dissociations between implicit and explicit memory.